List of state leaders in the 5th century BC

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State leaders in the 6th century BCState leaders in the 4th century BCState leaders by year

This is a list of state leaders in the 5th century BC (500–401 BC).

Africa: North[edit]

Carthage

Cyrene

Egypt: Late Period

Kush

Asia[edit]

Asia: East[edit]

China: Spring and Autumn period (771–c.453 BC)

  • Zhao, Marquis (518–491 BC)
  • Cheng, Marquis (490–472 BC)
  • Sheng, Marquis (471–457 BC)
  • Yuan, Marquis (456–451 BC)
  • Qi, Marquis (450–447 BC)
  • Hui, Duke (6th–5th century BC)
  • Huai, Duke (c.5th century BC)
  • Min, Duke (5th century BC)
  • Zhao, King (515–489 BC)
  • Hui, King (488–432 BC)
  • Jian, King (431–408 BC)
  • Ding, Duke (511–475 BC)
  • Chu, Duke (474–452 BC)
  • Jing, Duke (451–434 BC)
  • You, Duke (433–416 BC)
  • Lie, Duke (415–389 BC)
  • Ding, Duke (509–495 BC)
  • Ai, Duke (494–467 BC)
  • Dao, Duke (466–429 BC)
  • Yuan, Duke (428–408 BC)
  • Mu, Duke (407–377 BC)
  • Jing, Duke (547–490 BC)
  • An Ruzi, ruler (489 BC)
  • Dao, Duke (488–485 BC)
  • Jian, Duke (484–481 BC)
  • Ping, Duke (480–456 BC)
  • Xuan, Duke (455–405 BC)
  • Hui I, Duke (500–492 BC)
  • Dao, Duke (491–477 BC)
  • Ligong, Duke (476–443 BC)
  • Jing, Duke (516-451 BC)
  • Zhao, Duke (450-404 BC)
  • Dao, Duke (403-396 BC)
  • Ling, Duke (534-493 BC)
  • Chu, Duke (492-481 BC)
  • Zhuang, Duke (480-478 BC)
  • Helü, King (515–496 BC)
  • Fuchai, King (495–473 BC)
  • Sheng, Duke (500–463 BC)
  • Ai, Duke (462–455 BC)
  • Gong, Duke (455–424 BC)
  • You, Duke (423 BC)
  • Xu, Duke (422–396 BC)

China: Warring States period (c.453–221 BC)

  • Zhending, King (468–441 BC)
  • Ai, King (441 BC)
  • Si, King (441 BC)
  • Kao, King (440–426 BC)
  • Weilie, King (425–402 BC)
  • An, King (401–376 BC)
  • Jian, King (431–408 BC)
  • Sheng, King (407–402 BC)
  • Dao, King (401–381 BC)
  • Wuzi, ruler (424–409 BC)
  • Jing, Marquess (408–400 BC)
  • Xuan, Duke (455–405 BC)
  • Kang, Duke (404–386 BC)
  • Tai, Duke (404–384 BC)
  • Ligong, Duke (476–443 BC)
  • Zao, Duke (442–429 BC)
  • Huai, Duke (428–425 BC)
  • Ling, Duke (424–415 BC)
  • Jian, Duke (414–400 BC)
  • Wen, Marquess (445–396 BC)
  • Xian, Marquess (424–409 BC)
  • Lie, Marquess (409–387 BC)

Asia: South[edit]

India

  • Bimbisara (c.544–c.492 BC)
  • Ajatashatru (c.492–c.460 BCE)
  • Udayin, King (c.460–c.440 BC)
  • Anuruddha, King (c.440 BC–?)
  • Munda, King (?–c.437 BC)
  • Nāgadāsaka, King (c.437–c.413 BC)

Sri Lanka

Asia: West[edit]

  • Spartocus I, King (438–433 BC)
  • Satyrus I, King (433–389 BC)
  • Seleucus, King (433–393 BC)

Europe[edit]

Europe: Balkans[edit]

Europe: South[edit]

Eurasian Caucasus[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cadoux suspects this is a corruption of the archon's real name. ("Athenian Archons", p. 116)
  2. ^ Added from Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology, p. 205
  3. ^ Nine archons were appointed by lot by the tribes from 500 nominees chosen by the demes and that this was the method in the Archonship of Telesinus. See also the Areopagite constitution.
  4. ^ Unless otherwise noted, archons from 480/79 to 348/7 BC are taken from Alan E. Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology (Muenchen: Beck'sche, 1972), pp. 206-210.
  5. ^ Sophocles: The Oedipus Coloneus. 3d ed. 1900 By Sophocles, Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb. Pg 4. (cf. Micon was [the Archon of] 402 B.C., Callias of [the Archon of] 406 B.C. Between them came Alexias (405), Pythodorus (404, the Anarchy), and Eucleides (403).)
  6. ^ The Thracians 700 BC–AD 46 (Men-at-Arms) by Christopher Webber and Angus McBride, 2001, ISBN 1-84176-329-2, page 5
  7. ^ The Odrysian Kingdom of Thrace: Orpheus Unmasked (Oxford Monographs on Classical Archaeology) by Z. H. Archibald, 1998, ISBN 0-19-815047-4, page 104
  8. ^ Thracian Kings, University of Michigan
  9. ^ So the Fasti Capitolini. Diodorus Siculus XI.52.1 names C. Cornelius Lentulus as the colleague of Mamercus (Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology, p. 256)
  10. ^ so Dionysius of Halicarnassus (IX.37.2) and Fasti Capitolini, which Livy admits is an alternative to the man he names as Mamercus' colleague, Opet. Verginius (II.54.3). Diodorus Siculus (XI.65.1) names L. Stoudios Iulius as Mamercus' colleague. (Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology, p. 256)
  11. ^ So Livy III.25.1, Diodorus XI.88.1, and others; however the Fasti Capitolini makes him suffect consul and puts Carve[tus] or Carve[ntanus] in his place. (Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology, p. 256)
  12. ^ This later pair is given by Diodorus XII.3.1
  13. ^ Livy IV.12.6 records his praenomen as Lucius, while Diodorus XII.36.1 gives it as Titus.
  14. ^ Livy (IV.23.1–3) states Iulius and Verginius were consuls, based on the testimony of Licinius and Macer, while admitting Valerius Antias and Tubero both report Manlius and Sulpicius as consuls. Diodorus (XII.53.1) includes Manlius and Sulpicius as Consular Tribunes for the year. (Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology, p. 258)
  15. ^ Diodorus Siculus (XII.77.1) inserts these two.