List of current heads of state and government

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This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems. Often a leader is both in presidential systems. Some states have semi-presidential systems, where the head of government role (i.e. executive branch) is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and head of state.

The list includes the names of recently elected or appointed heads who will take office on an appointed date.

Member and observer states of the United Nations[edit]

Legend:
  • Yellow highlighted cells indicate state leaders whose constitutionally interpreted positions (e.g. de jure) individually administer the governmental executive, legislature
  • Blue highlighted cells distinguish heads of state or party leaders chiefly regarded as exercising (e.g. de facto) further systemic influence, authority within their governance
  • Names in small font generally denote acting, transitional, temporary leaders or representatives
Other notes and exceptions are provided in the Notes section below.
State Head of state Head of government
 Afghanistan President – Ashraf Ghani[α] Chief Executive Officer – Abdullah Abdullah
 Albania President – Bujar Nishani Prime Minister – Edi Rama
 Algeria President – Abdelaziz Bouteflika Prime Minister – Abdelmalek Sellal
 Andorra Episcopal Co-Prince – Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Co-Prince's Representative – Josep Maria Mauri
French Co-Prince – François Hollande[β]
Co-Prince's Representative – Jean-Pierre Hugues
Head of Government – Antoni Martí
 Angola
 Antigua and Barbuda Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Rodney Williams
Prime Minister – Gaston Browne
 Argentina
 Armenia President – Serzh Sargsyan Prime Minister – Hovik Abrahamyan
 Australia Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Peter Cosgrove
Prime Minister – Malcolm Turnbull
 Austria Federal President – Vacant Federal Chancellor – Christian Kern
Acting Federal Presidential college[δ]
Doris Bures (Member); Karlheinz Kopf (Member); Norbert Hofer (Member)
 Azerbaijan President – Ilham Aliyev Prime Minister – Artur Rasizade
 Bahamas Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Dame Marguerite Pindling
Prime Minister – Perry Christie
 Bahrain King – Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister – Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
 Bangladesh President – Abdul Hamid Prime Minister – Sheikh Hasina
 Barbados Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Elliott Belgrave
Prime Minister – Freundel Stuart
 Belarus President – Alexander Lukashenko[α] Prime Minister – Andrei Kobyakov
 Belgium King – Philippe Prime Minister – Charles Michel
 Belize Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Colville Young
Prime Minister – Dean Barrow
 Benin
 Bhutan King – Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Prime Minister – Tshering Tobgay
 Bolivia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Presidency[ε] Chairman of the Council of Ministers – Denis Zvizdić
Bakir Izetbegović (Chairman)
Dragan Čović (Member)
Mladen Ivanić (Member)
 Botswana
 Brazil
 Brunei
 Bulgaria President – Rosen Plevneliev Prime Minister – Boyko Borissov
 Burkina Faso President – Roch Marc Christian Kaboré Prime Minister – Paul Kaba Thieba
 Burundi
 Cambodia King – Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister – Hun Sen
 Cameroon President – Paul Biya[α] Prime Minister – Philémon Yang
 Canada Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor General – David Johnston
Prime Minister – Justin Trudeau
 Cape Verde President – Jorge Carlos Fonseca Prime Minister – Ulisses Correia e Silva
 Central African Republic President – Faustin-Archange Touadéra[α] Prime Minister – Simplice Sarandji
 Chad President – Idriss Déby[α] Prime Minister – Albert Pahimi Padacké
 Chile
 China
President – Xi Jinping Premier of the State Council – Li Keqiang
 Colombia
 Comoros
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the President – Joseph Kabila Prime Minister – Augustin Matata Ponyo
 Congo, Republic of the President – Denis Sassou Nguesso[α] Prime Minister – Clément Mouamba
 Costa Rica
 Croatia President – Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović Prime Minister – Tihomir Orešković
 Cuba
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic President – Miloš Zeman Prime Minister – Bohuslav Sobotka
 Denmark Queen – Margrethe II Prime Minister – Lars Løkke Rasmussen
 Djibouti President – Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Prime Minister – Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
 Dominica President – Charles Savarin Prime Minister – Roosevelt Skerrit
 Dominican Republic
 East Timor President – Taur Matan Ruak Prime Minister – Rui Maria de Araújo
 Ecuador
 Egypt President – Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Prime Minister – Sherif Ismail
 El Salvador
 Equatorial Guinea President – Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo[α] Prime Minister – Francisco Pascual Obama Asue
 Eritrea
 Estonia President – Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister – Taavi Rõivas
 Ethiopia President – Mulatu Teshome Prime Minister – Hailemariam Desalegn
 Fiji President – George Konrote Prime Minister – Frank Bainimarama
 Finland President – Sauli Niinistö Prime Minister – Juha Sipilä
 France President – François Hollande[β] Prime Minister – Manuel Valls
 Gabon President – Ali Bongo Ondimba[α] Prime Minister – Daniel Ona Ondo
 Gambia, The
 Georgia President – Giorgi Margvelashvili Prime Minister – Giorgi Kvirikashvili
 Germany President – Joachim Gauck Chancellor – Angela Merkel
 Ghana
 Greece President – Prokopis Pavlopoulos Prime Minister – Alexis Tsipras
 Grenada Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Dame Cécile La Grenade
Prime Minister – Keith Mitchell
 Guatemala
 Guinea President – Alpha Condé[α] Prime Minister – Mamady Youla
 Guinea-Bissau President – José Mário Vaz Prime Minister – Baciro Djá
 Guyana President – David A. Granger[α] Prime Minister – Moses Nagamootoo
 Haiti Interim President – Jocelerme Privert Prime Minister – Enex Jean-Charles
 Honduras
 Hungary President – János Áder Prime Minister – Viktor Orbán
 Iceland President – Guðni Th. Jóhannesson Prime Minister – Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson
 India President – Pranab Mukherjee Prime Minister – Narendra Modi
 Indonesia
 Iran
 Iraq President – Fuad Masum Prime Minister – Haider al-Abadi
 Ireland President – Michael D. Higgins Taoiseach – Enda Kenny
 Israel President – Reuven Rivlin Prime Minister – Benjamin Netanyahu
 Italy President – Sergio Mattarella President of the Council of Ministers – Matteo Renzi
 Ivory Coast President – Alassane Ouattara[α] Prime Minister – Daniel Kablan Duncan
 Jamaica Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Patrick Allen
Prime Minister – Andrew Holness
 Japan Emperor – Akihito Prime Minister – Shinzō Abe
 Jordan King – Abdullah II Prime Minister – Hani Al-Mulki
 Kazakhstan President – Nursultan Nazarbayev[α] Prime Minister – Karim Massimov
 Kenya
 Kiribati
 Kuwait Emir – Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister – Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
 Kyrgyzstan President – Almazbek Atambayev Prime Minister – Sooronbay Jeenbekov
 Laos
President – Bounnhang Vorachith Prime Minister – Thongloun Sisoulith
 Latvia President – Raimonds Vējonis Prime Minister – Māris Kučinskis
 Lebanon
 Lesotho King – Letsie III Prime Minister – Pakalitha Mosisili
 Liberia
 Libya
 Liechtenstein Prince – Hans-Adam II Head of Government – Adrian Hasler
Regent – Hereditary Prince Alois
 Lithuania President – Dalia Grybauskaitė Prime Minister – Algirdas Butkevičius
 Luxembourg Grand Duke – Henri Prime Minister – Xavier Bettel
 Macedonia President – Gjorge Ivanov Interim President of the Government – Emil Dimitriev
 Madagascar President – Hery Rajaonarimampianina Prime Minister – Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana
 Malawi
 Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong – Tuanku Abdul Halim Prime Minister – Najib Razak
 Maldives
 Mali President – Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta Prime Minister – Modibo Keita
 Malta President – Marie Louise Coleiro Preca Prime Minister – Joseph Muscat
 Marshall Islands
 Mauritania President – Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister – Yahya Ould Hademine
 Mauritius President – Ameenah Gurib Prime Minister – Sir Anerood Jugnauth
 Mexico
 Micronesia
 Moldova President – Nicolae Timofti Prime Minister – Pavel Filip
 Monaco Sovereign Prince – Albert II Minister of State – Serge Telle
 Mongolia President – Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime Minister – Jargaltulga Erdenebat
 Montenegro President – Filip Vujanović Prime Minister – Milo Đukanović
 Morocco King – Mohammed VI Head of Government – Abdelilah Benkirane
 Mozambique President – Filipe Nyusi[α] Prime Minister – Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
 Myanmar President – Htin Kyaw[α] State Counsellor – Aung San Suu Kyi
 Namibia President – Hage Geingob[α] Prime Minister – Saara Kuugongelwa
 Nauru
   Nepal President – Bidhya Devi Bhandari Prime Minister – Pushpa Kamal Dahal
 Netherlands King – Willem-Alexander Prime Minister – Mark Rutte
 New Zealand Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Jerry Mateparae[η]
Governor-General designate – Dame Patsy Reddy
Prime Minister – John Key
 Nicaragua
 Niger President – Mahamadou Issoufou Prime Minister – Brigi Rafini
 Nigeria
 North Korea
Supreme Leader and Chairman of the State Affairs Commission – Kim Jong-un[θ]
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly – Kim Yong-nam[ι]
Premier of the Cabinet – Pak Pong-ju
 Norway King – Harald V Prime Minister – Erna Solberg
 Oman
 Pakistan President – Mamnoon Hussain Prime Minister – Nawaz Sharif
 Palau
 Palestine President – Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister – Rami Hamdallah
 Panama
 Papua New Guinea Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Michael Ogio
Prime Minister – Peter O'Neill
 Paraguay
 Peru President – Pedro Pablo Kuczynski[α] Prime Minister – Fernando Zavala
 Philippines
 Poland President – Andrzej Duda Prime Minister – Beata Szydło
 Portugal President – Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa Prime Minister – António Costa
 Qatar Emir – Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Prime Minister – Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
 Romania President – Klaus Iohannis Prime Minister – Dacian Cioloș
 Russia President – Vladimir Putin Prime Minister – Dmitry Medvedev
 Rwanda President – Paul Kagame[α] Prime Minister – Anastase Murekezi
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Tapley Seaton
Prime Minister – Timothy Harris
 Saint Lucia Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Dame Pearlette Louisy
Prime Minister – Allen Chastanet
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Frederick Ballantyne
Prime Minister – Ralph Gonsalves
 Samoa O le Ao o le Malo – Tufuga Efi Prime Minister – Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
 San Marino
 São Tomé and Príncipe President – Manuel Pinto da Costa Prime Minister – Patrice Trovoada
President-elect – Evaristo Carvalho
 Saudi Arabia
 Senegal President – Macky Sall Prime Minister – Mohammed Dionne
 Serbia President – Tomislav Nikolić Prime Minister – Aleksandar Vučić
 Seychelles
 Sierra Leone
 Singapore President – Tony Tan Prime Minister – Lee Hsien Loong
 Slovakia President – Andrej Kiska Prime Minister – Robert Fico
 Slovenia President – Borut Pahor Prime Minister – Miro Cerar
 Solomon Islands Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Frank Kabui
Prime Minister – Manasseh Sogavare
 Somalia President – Hassan Sheikh Mohamud Prime Minister – Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
 South Africa
 South Korea President – Park Geun-hye[α] Prime Minister – Hwang Kyo-ahn
 South Sudan
 Spain King – Felipe VI President of the Government – Mariano Rajoy
 Sri Lanka President – Maithripala Sirisena[α] Prime Minister – Ranil Wickremesinghe
 Sudan
 Suriname
 Swaziland King – Mswati III Prime Minister – Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
 Sweden King – Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister – Stefan Löfven
  Switzerland
Doris Leuthard (Vice President); Ueli Maurer (Member); Didier Burkhalter (Member);
Simonetta Sommaruga (Member); Alain Berset (Member); Guy Parmelin (Member)
 Syria President – Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister – Imad Khamis
 Tajikistan President – Emomali Rahmon[α] Prime Minister – Kokhir Rasulzoda
 Tanzania President – John Magufuli[α] Prime Minister – Kassim Majaliwa
 Thailand King – Bhumibol Adulyadej Prime Minister – Prayut Chan-o-cha
 Togo President – Faure Gnassingbé[α] Prime Minister – Komi Sélom Klassou
 Tonga King – Tupou VI Prime Minister – ʻAkilisi Pōhiva
 Trinidad and Tobago President – Anthony Carmona Prime Minister – Keith Rowley
 Tunisia President – Beji Caid Essebsi Head of Government – Youssef Chahed
 Turkey President – Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[μ] Prime Minister – Binali Yıldırım
 Turkmenistan
 Tuvalu Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Iakoba Italeli
Prime Minister – Enele Sopoaga
 Uganda President – Yoweri Museveni[α] Prime Minister – Ruhakana Rugunda
 Ukraine President – Petro Poroshenko Prime Minister – Volodymyr Groysman
 United Arab Emirates President – Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister – Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
 United Kingdom Queen – Elizabeth II[γ] Prime Minister – Theresa May
 United States
 Uruguay
 Uzbekistan President – Islam Karimov[α] Prime Minister – Shavkat Mirziyoyev
 Vanuatu President – Baldwin Lonsdale Prime Minister – Charlot Salwai
  Vatican City Sovereign – Pope Francis President of the Governorate – Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello
 Venezuela
 Vietnam
President – Trần Đại Quang Prime Minister – Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
 Yemen President – Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi[α] Prime Minister – Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe

Other states[edit]

The following states control their territory and are recognised by at least one UN member state.

State Head of state Head of government
 Abkhazia President – Raul Khajimba Prime Minister – Beslan Bartsits
 Cook Islands[ν] Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Queen's Representative – Tom Marsters
Prime Minister – Henry Puna
 Kosovo President – Hashim Thaçi Prime Minister – Isa Mustafa
 Niue[ν] Queen – Elizabeth II[γ]
Governor-General – Sir Jerry Mateparae[η]
Premier – Toke Talagi
 Northern Cyprus President – Mustafa Akıncı Prime Minister – Hüseyin Özgürgün
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
President – Brahim Ghali Prime Minister – Abdelkader Taleb Omar
 South Ossetia President – Leonid Tibilov Prime Minister – Domenty Kulumbegov
 Taiwan President – Tsai Ing-wen President of the Executive Yuan – Lin Chuan

The following states/governments control their territory, but are not recognised by any UN member states.

State/Government Also claimed by Head of state Head of government
 Nagorno-Karabakh  Azerbaijan President – Bako Sahakyan Prime Minister – Arayik Harutyunyan
 Somaliland  Somalia
 Transnistria  Moldova President – Yevgeny Shevchuk Prime Minister – Pavel Prokudin

Other governments[edit]

These alternative governments are recognised as a sovereign state by at least one UN member.[citation needed]

Government Also claimed by Head of state Head of government
 House of Representatives  Libya President of the HoR – Aguila Saleh Issa Prime Minister – Abdullah al-Thani
 Supreme Political Council  Yemen President of the SPC – Saleh Ali al-Sammad Acting Prime Minister – Talal Aklan
 Syrian Interim Government  Syria President – Anas al-Abdah Prime Minister – Jawad Abu Hatab

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y In this state, the president is both head of state and government; the office of prime minister may exist in these states, but it does not direct executive power—neither does the Argentine Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers, the Afghan Chief Executive Officer, nor the Burmese State Counsellor either.
  2. ^ a b The President of France and the French Co-Prince of Andorra are positions held by the same person.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Legally, Elizabeth is separately and equally monarch of 16 sovereign states alongside the United Kingdom known collectively as the Commonwealth realms. In each of these states, with the exception of the UK—where she permanently resides—she is duly represented at the national level by a governor-general.
  4. ^ The acting three-member Austrian Federal Presidential college—made up of the three Presidents of the National Council—is a collective and temporary head of state.
  5. ^ The three-member Bosnian presidency is the head of state collectively.
  6. ^ Temer assumed the Brazilian presidential powers and duties during the course of the suspension of President Dilma Rousseff on 12 May. Temer assumed the Brazilian presidency outright when President Rousseff was impeached on 31 August.
  7. ^ a b The Governor-General of New Zealand and the Governor-General of Niue are positions held by the same person.
  8. ^ The term Supreme Leader is used as a description, for the sake of brevity, rather than being an official title of a single office. There are three actual offices held by Kim: namely Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission and Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.
  9. ^ The President (otherwise known as Chairman) of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly accepts the credentials of foreign ambassadors, signs treaties, receives visiting heads of state, and represents North Korea on all state visits—ceremonial functions normally performed by Heads of State in other states. The president has held these duties since 1998, when the constitution was revised.
  10. ^ Since 2012, the Sammarinese Grand and General Council has held more parliamentary seats belonging to the former partner's political party (Christian Democratic Party) than those for the latter's party (Popular Alliance)—thus, it can be argued and inferred that the former exercises wider legislative capabilities between the partnership and from the diarchy through the coalition government and legislative body itself, and hence San Marino.
  11. ^ The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is the head of state and government collectively. Within this executive Council, the president serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  12. ^ In theory, Erdoğan is barred from wielding political power and as the Turkish head of state is, in strict accordance with the constitution of 1982 (which as of 2016 remains unamended since a 2010 referendum), legislatively bound to act in a ceremonial capacity. In spite of this, he has continued to maintain his cultivated strongman persona, and is widely perceived by both the Turkish public and media in general as, in practice, the sole paramount leader of Turkey—notwithstanding his resignation as prime minister and (unprecedentedly with his direct 2014 election, held two weeks earlier, as the first consented via universal suffrage) then immediate elevation to the Turkish presidency. Moreover, due to the non-conforming and seemingly unconstitutional nature of these circumstances, pertaining explanations have usually referred to his sustained partisan leverage exerted vis-à-vis his personally loyal Justice and Development Party (AKP), the ruling majority political party he founded and then formally led in 2001–14, as the extended root of his political capital.
  13. ^ a b States in free association with New Zealand.

External links[edit]

  • CIDOB Foundation (Spanish)—contextualised biographies of world political leaders
  • EmilePhaneuf—an archived, partial list of official websites for heads of state
  • Portale Storia (Spanish)—a list of current rulers by country
  • Rulers—a list of rulers throughout time and places
  • United Nations—a list of heads of state, heads of government, and foreign ministers
  • WorldStatesmen—an online encyclopedia of the leaders of nations and territories