List of current heads of state and government

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems. Often a leader is both in presidential systems. Some states have semi-presidential systems, where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

The list includes the names of the recently elected or appointed heads of state who will take office on an appointed date.

Member states and observers of the United Nations[edit]

Legend: Names in small font generally denote acting, transitional, temporary leaders or representatives. Other notes and exceptions are provided in the References section below.
State Head of state Head of government
 Afghanistan PresidentAshraf Ghani[n 1] Chief Executive OfficerAbdullah Abdullah
 Albania PresidentBujar Nishani Prime MinisterEdi Rama
 Algeria PresidentAbdelaziz Bouteflika Prime MinisterAbdelmalek Sellal
 Andorra Episcopal Co-PrinceJoan Enric Vives Sicília
RepresentativeJosep Maria Mauri
French Co-PrinceFrançois Hollande[n 2]
RepresentativeThierry Lataste
Head of GovernmentAntoni Martí
 Angola
 Antigua and Barbuda QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Rodney Williams
Prime MinisterGaston Browne
 Argentina
 Armenia PresidentSerzh Sargsyan Prime MinisterHovik Abrahamyan
 Australia QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Peter Cosgrove
Prime MinisterTony Abbott
 Austria Federal PresidentHeinz Fischer Federal ChancellorWerner Faymann
 Azerbaijan PresidentIlham Aliyev[n 1] Prime MinisterArtur Rasizade
 Bahamas QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Dame Marguerite Pindling
Prime MinisterPerry Christie
 Bahrain King – Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister – Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
 Bangladesh PresidentAbdul Hamid Prime MinisterSheikh Hasina
 Barbados QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Elliott Belgrave
Prime MinisterFreundel Stuart
 Belarus PresidentAlexander Lukashenko[n 1] Prime MinisterAndrei Kobyakov
 Belgium KingPhilippe Prime MinisterCharles Michel
 Belize QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Colville Young
Prime MinisterDean Barrow
 Benin PresidentYayi Boni[n 1] Prime MinisterLionel Zinsou
 Bhutan KingJigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Prime MinisterTshering Tobgay
 Bolivia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Presidency:[n 4]
Dragan Čović (Chairman)
Mladen Ivanić (Member)
Bakir Izetbegović (Member)
Chairman of the Council of MinistersDenis Zvizdić
 Botswana
 Brazil
 Brunei
 Bulgaria PresidentRosen Plevneliev Prime MinisterBoyko Borisov
 Burkina Faso Acting PresidentMichel Kafando Acting Prime MinisterYacouba Isaac Zida
 Burundi
 Cambodia KingNorodom Sihamoni Prime MinisterHun Sen
 Cameroon PresidentPaul Biya[n 1] Prime MinisterPhilémon Yang
 Canada QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor GeneralDavid Johnston
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
 Cape Verde PresidentJorge Carlos Fonseca Prime MinisterJosé Maria Neves
 Central African Republic Head of State of the TransitionCatherine Samba-Panza[n 1] Acting Prime MinisterMahamat Kamoun
 Chad PresidentIdriss Déby[n 1] Prime MinisterKalzeubet Pahimi Deubet
 Chile
 China
PresidentXi Jinping Premier of the State CouncilLi Keqiang
 Colombia
 Comoros
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the PresidentJoseph Kabila Prime MinisterAugustin Matata Ponyo
 Congo, Republic of the
 Costa Rica
 Croatia PresidentKolinda Grabar-Kitarović Prime MinisterZoran Milanović
 Cuba
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic PresidentMiloš Zeman Prime MinisterBohuslav Sobotka
 Denmark QueenMargrethe II Prime MinisterLars Løkke Rasmussen
 Djibouti PresidentIsmaïl Omar Guelleh Prime MinisterAbdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
 Dominica PresidentCharles Savarin Prime MinisterRoosevelt Skerrit
 Dominican Republic
 East Timor PresidentTaur Matan Ruak Prime MinisterRui Maria de Araújo
 Ecuador
 Egypt PresidentAbdel Fattah el-Sisi Prime MinisterIbrahim Mahlab
 El Salvador
 Equatorial Guinea PresidentTeodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo[n 1] Prime MinisterVicente Ehate Tomi
 Eritrea
 Estonia PresidentToomas Hendrik Ilves Prime MinisterTaavi Rõivas
 Ethiopia PresidentMulatu Teshome Prime MinisterHailemariam Desalegn
 Fiji President – Ratu Epeli Nailatikau Prime MinisterFrank Bainimarama
 Finland PresidentSauli Niinistö Prime MinisterJuha Sipilä
 France PresidentFrançois Hollande[n 2] Prime MinisterManuel Valls
 Gabon PresidentAli Bongo Ondimba[n 1] Prime MinisterDaniel Ona Ondo
 Gambia, The
 Georgia PresidentGiorgi Margvelashvili Prime MinisterIrakli Garibashvili
 Germany Federal PresidentJoachim Gauck Federal ChancellorAngela Merkel
 Ghana
 Greece PresidentProkopis Pavlopoulos Acting Prime MinisterVassiliki Thanou-Christophilou
 Grenada QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Dame Cécile La Grenade
Prime MinisterKeith Mitchell
 Guatemala
 Guinea PresidentAlpha Condé[n 1] Prime MinisterMohamed Said Fofana
 Guinea-Bissau PresidentJosé Mário Vaz Prime MinisterBaciro Djá
 Guyana PresidentDavid Granger Prime MinisterMoses Nagamootoo
 Haiti PresidentMichel Martelly Prime MinisterEvans Paul
 Honduras
 Hungary PresidentJános Áder Prime MinisterViktor Orbán
 Iceland PresidentÓlafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime MinisterSigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
 India PresidentPranab Mukherjee Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
 Indonesia
 Iran
 Iraq PresidentFuad Masum Prime MinisterHaider Al-Abadi
 Ireland PresidentMichael D. Higgins TaoiseachEnda Kenny
 Israel PresidentReuven Rivlin Prime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu
 Italy PresidentSergio Mattarella President of the Council of MinistersMatteo Renzi
 Ivory Coast PresidentAlassane Ouattara[n 1] Prime MinisterDaniel Kablan Duncan
 Jamaica QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Patrick Allen
Prime MinisterPortia Simpson-Miller
 Japan EmperorAkihito Prime MinisterShinzō Abe
 Jordan KingAbdullah II Prime MinisterAbdullah Ensour
 Kazakhstan PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev[n 1] Prime MinisterKarim Massimov
 Kenya
 Kiribati
 Kuwait Emir – Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister – Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
 Kyrgyzstan PresidentAlmazbek Atambayev Prime MinisterTemir Sariyev
 Laos
PresidentChoummaly Sayasone Prime MinisterThongsing Thammavong
 Latvia PresidentRaimonds Vējonis Prime MinisterLaimdota Straujuma
 Lebanon
 Lesotho KingLetsie III Prime MinisterPakalitha Mosisili
 Liberia
 Libya Chairman of the House of RepresentativesAguila Saleh Issa Prime MinisterAbdullah al-Thani
 Liechtenstein Sovereign PrinceHans-Adam II
Regent – Hereditary Prince Alois
Head of GovernmentAdrian Hasler
 Lithuania PresidentDalia Grybauskaitė Prime MinisterAlgirdas Butkevičius
 Luxembourg Grand DukeHenri Prime MinisterXavier Bettel
 Macedonia PresidentGjorge Ivanov President of the GovernmentNikola Gruevski
 Madagascar PresidentHery Rajaonarimampianina Prime MinisterJean Ravelonarivo
 Malawi
 Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan AgongAbdul Halim Prime MinisterNajib Razak
 Maldives
 Mali PresidentIbrahim Boubacar Keïta Prime MinisterModibo Keita
 Malta PresidentMarie Louise Coleiro Preca Prime MinisterJoseph Muscat
 Marshall Islands
 Mauritania PresidentMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime MinisterYahya Ould Hademine
 Mauritius PresidentAmeenah Gurib Prime Minister – Sir Anerood Jugnauth
 Mexico
 Micronesia
 Moldova PresidentNicolae Timofti Prime MinisterValeriu Streleț
 Monaco Sovereign PrinceAlbert II Minister of StateMichel Roger
 Mongolia PresidentTsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime MinisterChimediin Saikhanbileg
 Montenegro PresidentFilip Vujanović Prime MinisterMilo Đukanović
 Morocco KingMohammed VI Prime MinisterAbdelilah Benkirane
 Mozambique PresidentFilipe Nyusi[n 1] Prime MinisterCarlos Agostinho do Rosário
 Myanmar
 Namibia PresidentHage Geingob[n 1] Prime MinisterSaara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila
 Nauru
   Nepal PresidentRam Baran Yadav Prime MinisterSushil Koirala
 Netherlands KingWillem-Alexander Prime MinisterMark Rutte
 New Zealand QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Jerry Mateparae[n 5]
Prime MinisterJohn Key
 Nicaragua
 Niger PresidentMahamadou Issoufou Prime MinisterBrigi Rafini
 Nigeria
 North Korea
First Chairman of the National Defence CommissionKim Jong-un[n 6]
President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's AssemblyKim Yong-nam[n 7]
Premier of the CabinetPak Pong-ju
 Norway KingHarald V Prime MinisterErna Solberg
 Oman
 Pakistan PresidentMamnoon Hussain Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif
 Palau
 Palestine PresidentMahmoud Abbas Prime MinisterRami Hamdallah
 Panama
 Papua New Guinea QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Michael Ogio
Prime MinisterPeter O'Neill
 Paraguay
 Peru PresidentOllanta Humala[n 1] President of the Council of MinistersPedro Cateriano
 Philippines
 Poland PresidentAndrzej Duda President of the Council of MinistersEwa Kopacz
 Portugal PresidentAníbal Cavaco Silva Prime MinisterPedro Passos Coelho
 Qatar Emir – Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Prime Minister – Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
 Romania PresidentKlaus Iohannis Prime MinisterVictor Ponta
 Russia PresidentVladimir Putin Chairman of the GovernmentDmitry Medvedev
 Rwanda PresidentPaul Kagame[n 1] Prime MinisterAnastase Murekezi
 Saint Kitts and Nevis QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Acting Governor-GeneralSamuel Weymouth Tapley Seaton
Prime MinisterTimothy Harris
 Saint Lucia QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Dame Pearlette Louisy
Prime MinisterKenny Anthony
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Frederick Ballantyne
Prime MinisterRalph Gonsalves
 Samoa O le Ao o le MaloTufuga Efi Prime MinisterTuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
 San Marino
 São Tomé and Príncipe PresidentManuel Pinto da Costa Prime MinisterPatrice Trovoada
 Saudi Arabia
 Senegal PresidentMacky Sall Prime MinisterMohamed Dionne
 Serbia PresidentTomislav Nikolić President of the GovernmentAleksandar Vučić
 Seychelles
 Sierra Leone
 Singapore PresidentTony Tan Prime MinisterLee Hsien Loong
 Slovakia PresidentAndrej Kiska Prime MinisterRobert Fico
 Slovenia PresidentBorut Pahor President of the GovernmentMiro Cerar
 Solomon Islands QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Frank Kabui
Prime MinisterManasseh Sogavare
 Somalia PresidentHassan Sheikh Mohamud Prime MinisterOmar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
 South Africa
 South Korea PresidentPark Geun-hye[n 1] Prime MinisterHwang Kyo-ahn
 South Sudan
 Spain KingFelipe VI President of the GovernmentMariano Rajoy
 Sri Lanka PresidentMaithripala Sirisena[n 1] Prime MinisterRanil Wickremesinghe
 Sudan
 Suriname
 Swaziland KingMswati III Prime MinisterBarnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
 Sweden KingCarl XVI Gustaf Prime MinisterStefan Löfven
  Switzerland
 Syria PresidentBashar al-Assad Prime MinisterWael Nader Al-Halqi
 Tajikistan PresidentEmomalii Rahmon Prime MinisterKokhir Rasulzoda
 Tanzania PresidentJakaya Kikwete[n 1] Prime MinisterMizengo Pinda
 Thailand KingBhumibol Adulyadej Prime MinisterPrayuth Chan-ocha
 Togo PresidentFaure Gnassingbé[n 1] Prime MinisterKomi Sélom Klassou
 Tonga KingTupou VI Prime MinisterʻAkilisi Pohiva
 Trinidad and Tobago PresidentAnthony Carmona Prime MinisterKamla Persad-Bissessar
 Tunisia PresidentBeji Caid Essebsi Head of GovernmentHabib Essid
 Turkey PresidentRecep Tayyip Erdoğan Prime MinisterAhmet Davutoğlu
 Turkmenistan
 Tuvalu QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Iakoba Italeli
Prime MinisterEnele Sopoaga
 Uganda PresidentYoweri Museveni[n 1] Prime MinisterRuhakana Rugunda
 Ukraine PresidentPetro Poroshenko Prime MinisterArseniy Yatsenyuk
 United Arab Emirates President – Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister – Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
 United Kingdom QueenElizabeth II[n 3] Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
 United States
 Uruguay
 Uzbekistan PresidentIslam Karimov[n 1] Prime MinisterShavkat Mirziyoyev
 Vanuatu PresidentBaldwin Lonsdale Prime MinisterSato Kilman
  Vatican City SovereignPope Francis President of the Governorate – Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello
 Venezuela
 Vietnam
PresidentTrương Tấn Sang Prime MinisterNguyễn Tấn Dũng
 Yemen PresidentAbd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi[n 1] Prime MinisterKhaled Bahah
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe

Other states[edit]

The following states control their territory and are recognized by at least one UN member state.

State Head of state Head of government
 Abkhazia PresidentRaul Khadjimba Prime MinisterArtur Mikvabia
 Cook Islands[n 9] QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Queen's RepresentativeTom Marsters
Prime MinisterHenry Puna
 Kosovo PresidentAtifete Jahjaga Prime MinisterIsa Mustafa
 Niue[n 9] QueenElizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General – Sir Jerry Mateparae[n 5]
PremierToke Talagi
 Northern Cyprus PresidentMustafa Akıncı Prime MinisterÖmer Kalyoncu
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic PresidentMohamed Abdelaziz Prime MinisterAbdelkader Taleb Omar
 South Ossetia PresidentLeonid Tibilov Prime MinisterDomenty Kulumbegov
 Taiwan PresidentMa Ying-jeou President of the Executive Yuan
Mao Chi-kuo

The following states/governments control their territory, but are not recognized by any UN member states.

State/Government Also claimed by Head of state Head of government
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic  Azerbaijan PresidentBako Sahakyan Prime MinisterArayik Harutyunyan
 Somaliland  Somalia
PresidentMohamed Mohamoud Silanyo
 Transnistria  Moldova PresidentYevgeny Shevchuk Prime MinisterTatiana Turanskaya

Other governments[edit]

These alternative governments are recognized as a sovereign state by at least one UN member.[citation needed]

Government Also claimed by Head of state Head of government
General National Congress  Libya President of the GNCNouri Abusahmain Acting Prime MinisterKhalifa al-Ghawi
Syrian Interim Government  Syria PresidentKhaled Khoja Prime MinisterAhmad Tu'mah
Revolutionary Committee  Yemen
President of the Revolutionary CommitteeMohammed Ali al-Houthi

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w In this state the President is both head of state and government. The office of Prime Minister, Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers, or Chief Executive Officer exists in these states, but it does not hold any real power.
  2. ^ a b The President of France and the French Co-Prince of Andorra are positions held by the same person.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Queen Elizabeth II is separately and equally monarch of 16 sovereign states known collectively as the Commonwealth realms. In each of these countries, with the exception of the United Kingdom (where she predominantly resides), she is represented at the national level by a governor-general (unhyphenated in Canada as governor general). In some of these countries, opinion differs as to whether the Queen or governor-general should be designated as head of state; there is no questioning of the Queen's position as sovereign, above the governors-general, however.
  4. ^ The three-member presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of state collectively.
  5. ^ a b The Governor-General of New Zealand and the Governor-General of Niue are positions held by the same person
  6. ^ The term Supreme Leader is used as a description, for the sake of brevity, rather than being an official title of a single office. The actual offices held by Kim are: First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, First Chairman of the National Defence Commission, and Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.
  7. ^ The President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly accepts the credentials of foreign ambassadors, signs treaties, receives visiting heads of state and represents North Korea on all state visits – the ceremonial functions normally performed by a head of state in other countries. The Chairman of the Presidium has held these duties since 5 September 1998, when the Constitution of North Korea was revised.
  8. ^ The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is the collective Head of State and the government of the Swiss Confederation. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  9. ^ a b States in free association with New Zealand.

References[edit]

External links[edit]