Raja Aziz Bhatti

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Raja Aziz Bhatti
Native name راجہ عزیز بھٹی
Born 1923
British Hong Kong
Died 12 September 1965(1965-09-12) (aged 37)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Allegiance  Empire of Japan
 British India
Service/branch  Imperial Japanese Navy
 Indian Air Force
 Pakistan Army
Years of service 1942–1945 (Imperial Japanese Navy)
1946–1947 (Royal Indian Air Force)
1948–1965 (Pakistan Army)
Rank Lieutenant (Imperial Japanese Navy)
Corporal (Royal Indian Air Force)
Major (Pakistan Army)
Unit 17 Punjab Regiment (Pakistan Army)
Battles/wars World War II
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Awards Nishan-e-Haider
Sword of Honour

Major Raja Aziz Bhatti (Urdu: راجہ عزیز بھٹی‎; 1923 – 12 September 1965)[1] was a Staff officer in the Pakistan Army who received Pakistan's highest award for valor. He was born in Hong Kong to a Punjabi Rajput family in 1928.[2] He moved to Pakistan before it became independent in 1947, living in the village of Ladian, Kharian, Gujrat. There he enlisted with the newly formed Pakistani Army and was commissioned to the Punjab Regiment in 1950.[3]

Early life and Army career[edit]

He was from a Muslim Rajput family. His father’s name was Abdullah Bhatti, and his mother’s name was Bibi Amna. He had four brothers, Nazir, Bashir, Sardar and Rashid, and two sisters, Rashida and Tahira. His brother Bashir was killed during the Second World War by the Japanese while leaving Hong Kong. He himself had six children, four sons named Major Zafar Javed Bhatti, Dr Zulfiquar Ahmad Bhatti, Rafique Ahmad Bhatti, and Iqbal Javed Bhatti, and two daughters named Riffat Bhatti and Zeenat Bhatti. Throughout his career, he was a brilliant officer and stood out among his peers. He did very well at the Academy and was awarded the Sword of Honour for being best in his batch of 300 officers, and the Norman Medal. He received his honours from Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.

Indo-Pak War 1965[edit]

Major Raja Aziz Bhatti was posted in the Burki area of Lahore sector. As the company commander, Major Bhatti chose to move his platoon forward under constant firing from Indian tanks and artillery. For three or more days he went without rest. He resisted for five days and nights defending a Pakistani outpost on the strategic BRB canal.

Martyrdom and Legacy[edit]

On 6 September 1965, as a Company Commander in the Burki area of the Lahore sector, Major Raja Aziz Bhatti choose to stay with his forward platoon under incessant artillery and tank attacks for five days and nights in the defence of the strategic BRB Canal. Throughout, undaunted by constant fire from enemy small arms, tanks and artillery. He was reorganizing his company and directing the gunners to shell the enemy positions. In order to watch every move of the enemy, he had to place himself in an elevated position, where he was exposed to Indian fury. He led his men from the front under constant attack from Indian Artillery batteries. Although he tried to counter every Indian offensive in his area, he was hit by an enemy tank shell in the chest while watching the enemy’s moves, and embraced martyrdom on 12 September 1965.[4]

A day before his Shahadat (Martyrdom), the commanding officer had sent to him word that since he had been fighting untiringly for the last five days and nights, he should take a little rest and that another officer was being sent to replace him. Major Aziz, who was filled with a battle spirit and the will for martyrdom replied, “Do not recall me. I don’t want to go back. I will shed the last drop of my blood in the defence of my dear homeland”.[5]

He is buried at his village in Ladian in the Gujrat district.

Each year, Major Bhatti is honoured in Pakistan on 6 September, also known as Defence Day of Pakistan. Major Raja Aziz Bhatti was awarded the Nishan-e-Haider, the nation’s highest military award for gallantry for the exemplary courage he displayed till his Martyrdom.

Awards and decorations[edit]


Nishan Haider Ribbon.gif Nishan-e-Haider (NH)


External links[edit]