|• Body||Makum Town Committee|
|Elevation||122 m (400 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||Police Station -03742345557|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-AS|
Makum (IPA: mɑːkəm) is a town and a town area committee in Tinsukia district in the Indian state of Assam. It should not be mistaken for Makum Pathar, (the place near Digboi where, crude oil was first struck in Asia). The name Makum is derived from the word Makam of Chinese origin literally means "meeting point". It is the meeting point of three premier towns of upper Assam namely Tinsukia Digboi and Doomdooma. The National Highway-37 and National Highway-38 meet at Makum. Makum railway station is the easternmost railway junction of the Indian Railways. The rail line became operational on 16 July 1883.
It is located only around 7 km east of Tinsukia town. It is well connected with all the major surrounding places by roads and railways. Passenger auto rickshaws for around 16 hours a day from Makum to Tinsukia and from Makum to Doomdooma. The Tata Magic service from Doomdooma to Tinsukia also benefits Makum.
As of 2011[update] India census, Makum had a population of 16,923. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Makum has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 62%. In Makum, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Makum is basically an industrial town. There were a large number of plywood factories in Makum, but now, most of these have been closed down. There are also a large number of tea factories in Makum. Other industries include the flour industry, candle industry, spice grinding industry, etc. There is also a timber treating plant in Makum. There are a large number of small tea growers in and around the town who supply their produce to these factories. However most of the people of Makum make their livelihood from services of different kinds and small businesses. During the early 1920s there was a company named Bir Singh & Co where tea machines were manufactured and the CTC machine was invented.
There are a large number of schools located in Makum, like Ganga Bishan Chowkhani Higher Secondary School, Gopalkrishna Balika Vidyalaya, Balya Bhawan, Nagaon High School, Zenith Pathsala, Railway School etc. A college, (Makum College) was established in makum in 1997, which provides higher secondary and degree education in arts and commerce. The only Forest Guards' training school of Assam is situated at this townn. Also there are several private computer education centre like Academy of Information Technology(AIT), Digitech, Orange IT Solutions etc. and Mahadev Internet cafe & Services to improve computer literacy in the town. There is also govt certified computer education centre situated approximately 2 km away from town and in the premises of Office of the Block Development Officer, Hapjan Development Block which is providing computer education at a very low cost.
In July 2009, a branch of the State Bank Of India, was opened in Makum, being only the second commercial bank to open up a branch in this town (the first one being United Bank of India). In 2013 Canara Bank has also opened a branch to serve rural mass around Makum. Assam Gramin Vikash Bank, the Regional Rural Bank of Assam is also functional here at the heart of the town. In the view of acquiring business, private sector banks like ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank has also started ATM service in the premises of Assam Oil Petro Pump. India Post, having a branch here as Makum Sub Post office is providing quality mailing service and financial service.
Makum once had a thriving community of Chinese, who settled down in the area in the 1830s. The Chinatown was closed in 1962, on the outbreak of the Sino-Indian War, as Assam was within close proximity to the border region. The Chinatown (now known as Chinapatty) is now inhabited by local population but a large part of the Chinese house structures are still the same as left by the Chinese. Author Rita Chowdhury wrote a book "Makam" ( মাকাম) on the ordeal of the Chinese community called Makam itself. The main character of "Makam" Kaushalya Dutta is from this locality (chinapatty). A Durga Puja which has been celebrated by the people of China patty since 1982 & it is too special because of without differentiation of community (e.g. Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Buddhist & Christian) are all connected through this Shree Shree Durga Puja Committee. We should salute them & learn from them the actual meaning of Humanity.
- TI Trade (2010-06-17). "The Assam Tribune Online". Assamtribune.com. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Population Finder". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- "India's shame". The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata). Retrieved 2012-09-30.