Land of Milk.
|Motto: Ebirungi Biruga Omutuutu (Good things come from sweat)|
|• Mayor||Wilson Tumwiine|
|Population (2014 Census)|
|Time zone||+3 (East African Standard Time)|
- 1 Location
- 2 Population
- 3 History
- 4 Growth and expansion
- 5 Education
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Finance
- 8 Transport
- 9 Mbarara Bypass Road
- 10 Points of interest
- 11 Photos
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Mbarara is about 290 kilometres (180 mi), by road, southwest of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city. Mbarara is an important transport hub, lying west of Masaka on the road to Kabale, near Lake Mburo National Park. The coordinates of the Mbarara central business district are 00 36 48S, 30 39 30E (Latitude:-0.6132; Longitude:30.6582).
In 2002, the national census estimated the population of the town at 69,400. The Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population at 82,000 in 2010. In 2011, UBOS estimated the mid-year populatiation at 83,700. In August 2014, the national population census put the population at 195,013.
The town started growing rapidly since it was the capital of western Uganda and had roads connecting to Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
|This paragraph needs additional citations for verification. (October 2015)|
Mbarara is looking forward to a city status and on 1 July 2014 the neighboring subcounties of Biharwe, Kakiika and Nyakayojo were consolidated to it so that it can have the required population and size to get the City status. The town is also looking forward to getting the sub-counties of Rwanyamahembe, Birere, Masha, Bubaare and Rugando consolidated to get enough space of expansion with a Metropolitan containing suburbs of Bwizibwera, Rugando, Kashaka and Kaberebere. With this land, if granted, Mbarara will be the Largest City in Uganda by size and Second Largest City in Uganda by Population.
MBARARA GENESIS Early Travellers in Ankole and the Founding of Mbarara by an African, Asian and European Initiative. by David Weekes, (2014) ISBN 978-0-9-956501-4-9 describes its founding in 1899 on an old royal site which had been abandoned.
Growth and expansion
Mbarara came from behind and developed to surpass Entebbe, Masaka, Gulu, and Jinja as the second-largest town in Uganda after Kampala and also second to Kampala in importance, industry, and infrastructure, 3rd largest town in Uganda by population after Kampala and Kira and the fastest growing town in Uganda followed by Gulu.
Starting with 2000, modern buildings have been established including malls, arcades, plaza, and hotels. Modern hospitals have also been constructed including Mbarara Hospital, which is now a National Referral Hospital, Mbarara Community Hospital a private hospital located in Kyamugorani, Kakiika Division, and Mayanja Memorial Hospital located in Nyamityobora Kakoba Division.
On 7 August 2015 the Uganda cabinet approved Mbarara Municipality alongside other 5 municipalities to be granted a city status. As of 14 August 2015, the town is waiting for the approval of the parliament and the President.
Mbarara is a centre of various educational institutions starting from Baby Care, up to University and other tertiary institutions.
Mbarara is the home of Mbarara University of Science & Technology (MUST), founded in 1989.
With significance for all Ugandan cities, Mbarara was the host to the 2004 Annual General Meeting of the Uganda Local Governments Association on 1 October, which saw the changing of the organisation to its current structure in order to represent all Ugandan local governments. Mbarara remains an active member of this governmental association.
The following financial institutions maintain branches in Mbarara:
Most people who live in Mbarara are pedestrians. They walk from the nearby places and head to town for work. The other popular means of transport in Mbarara are Boda Bodas. They carry people from their place of residence to work places. The transport charge when travelling within Mbarara is between UGX 1000-3000.
Taxis and public cars are not common within Mbarara. They are mainly destined for long journeys. However, very few 5 seater public cars have started operations within the city. They are available only on two routes that is the Katete, Mbarara route and the Ruharo route.
Mbarara is a transport hub of Western Uganda
Mbarara Bypass Road
Main article see; Mbarara Northern bypass road.
As part of the modernization of the Mbarara-Katuna Road (2011 - 2015), a new northern bypass road is planned for the town. The bypass will start from the Coca-Cola Plant on Mbarara-Masaka Road at Makenke, pass through Rwebishuri, Nkokonjeru and join the Mbarara-Kabale Road at Katatumba Resort, about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi), southwest of the central business district. The bypass is expected to decongest the city center by taking the long-distance trucks destined for and coming from Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, off the Mbarara city streets. The 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) road is expected to cost about €170 million (US$210 million), of which the European Union is expected to lend about €122 million (US$153 million) with the government funding the balance from its own resources. (Official Exchange Rate: US$1 = Sh2,500). Construction has started with Reynolds Construction Company leading the way.
Points of interest
The following Points of Interest lie within the city limits or close to its edges:
- headquarters of Mbarara District Administration
- offices of Mbarara Municipal Council
- Headquarters of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mbarara
- Mbarara All Saints Church
- St. James Cathedral, Ruharo - The seat of Mbarara Anglican Diocese of the Church of Uganda
- Mbarara Brewery - A subsidiary of SABMiller; to be built at a cost of US$80 million.
- Mbarara Steel Plant - Owned and operated by the China Machine Building International Corporation (CMIC), a Chinese Government parastal company
- The headquarters of the 2nd Division of the Uganda People's Defense Force
- Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital - A 600-bed, public hospital, administered by the Uganda Ministry of Health. The teaching hospital of Mbarara University School of Medicine
- Mbarara Community Hospital - A private hospital that serves the community without regard to ability to pay.
- Mayanja Memorial Hospital - A private 100-bed hospital
- Holy Innocents Children's Hospital (HICH) - A private 100-bed general pediatric hospital, administered by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mbarara
- Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST) - One of the six public universities in Uganda. MUST has a strong relationship with Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Global Health.
- Uganda Bible Institute.
- Uganda Martyrs Primary School
- The Mbarara Campus of Uganda Martyrs University.
- The Western Campus of Uganda Management Institute
- Bishop Stuart University - A private Christian University, affiliated with the Church of Uganda
- International Window School Primary and Secondary; Boarding and Day school.
- Ntare School - A boys-only, boarding middle and high school
- Mbarara High School - A residential boys-only middle and high school
- Maryhill High School - A residential girls-only middle and high school
- Mbarara Airport - A public airport, located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), by road northwest of town
- Mbarara Bypass Road - A 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) bypass road, currently under construction, circling the northern half of the city.
The following financial institutions maintain branches in Mbarara:
- UBOS (27 August 2014). "The Population of The Regions of the Republic of Uganda And All Cities And Towns of More Than 15,000 Inhabitants". Citypopulation.de Quoting Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Map Showing Kampala And Mbarara With Distance Marker". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Google (1 July 2015). "Location of Mbarara at Google Maps" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
- "Estimated Population of Mbarara Town In 2002, 2010 & 2011" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Pelikan, Archive (30 July 2013). "Mbarara The Second Largest City In Uganda". Pelikan. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- AllAfrica, Archive (4 April 2004). "Mbarara gets a 2 Billion hospital". All Africa. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- AllAfrica, Archive (3 April 2004). "Museveni launches Mayanja Memorial Hospital". All Africa. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "About ULGA". Uganda Local Governments Association(ULGA). Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Newvision, Archive (26 May 2010). "Mbarara Gets Sh459 Billion Bypass". New Vision. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Wafula, Paul (11 February 2012). "South Africa Firm Plans To Invest Sh6.5 Billion In New Brewery". Daily Nation. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "SABMiller Opens Second Brewery In Uganda". ShareCast.com. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Vision, Reporter (24 September 2012). "China To Build US$100 Million Steel Plant In Mbarara". Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Turyakira, Fred (28 December 2010). "Private Hospitals Urged To Implement Government Programmes". New Vision. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "About Mayanja Memorial Hospital". Mayanja Memorial Hospital Foundation. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "About Uganda Bible Institute". Uganda Bible Institute. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Mbarara University Homepage
- Britannica Online Article About Mbarara
- Nile Breweries Raises Tetchy Land Question Over Mbarara Project