Mogador island (French: Ile Mogador) is the main island of the Iles Purpuraires near Essaouira in Morocco. It is about 3 kilometers long and 1.5 kilometers wide, and lies about 1.5 kilometers from Essaouira.
Around the end of the 1st century BC or early 1st century AD, Juba II established a Tyrian purple factory, processing the murex and purpura shells found in the intertidal rocks at Essaouira and the Iles Purpuraires. This dye colored the purple stripe in Imperial Roman Senatorial togas.
Roman merchants settled in the island under Augustus enlarging the trading post to a small city: a Roman house with foundations, and also artifacts and coins, were also found on the island. Mogador and the nearby Iles Purpuraires were tied  to Mauretania Tingitana and the Canary islands by merchant ships in the first and second centuries of the Roman Empire.
It has now been designated as a nature reserve, and it cannot be visited without an official authorization.
- DESJACQUES, J. y KOERBELE, P. (1955): "Mogador et les iles purpuraires", Hesperis 42: 199-202.
- ESCRIBANO, G. y MEDEROS, A. (1996a): "¿Ánforas romanas en las Islas Canarias?. Revisión de un aparente espejismo histórico", Tabona 9: 75-98.