Jump to content

Regions of Morocco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Regions of Morocco
  • Also known as:
  • جهات المغرب (Arabic)
    ⵜⵉⵎⵏⴰⴹⵉⵏ ⵏ ⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ (Berber languages)
CategoryUnitary state
LocationKingdom of Morocco
Populations142,955 (Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab) – 6,861,737 (Casablanca-Settat)
  • Regional council
The 12 regions of Morocco since 2015 (including Western Sahara)
Moroccan administrative division

Regions are currently the highest administrative divisions in Morocco. Since 2015, Morocco officially administers 12 regions, including one (Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab) that lies completely within the disputed territory of Western Sahara and two (Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra and Guelmim-Oued Noun) that lie partially within it. The regions are subdivided into a total of 75 second-level administrative divisions, which are prefectures and provinces.[1]

A region is governed by a directly elected regional council. The president of the council is responsible for carrying out the council's decisions. Prior to the 2011 constitutional reforms, this was the responsibility of the Wali, the representative of the central government appointed by the King, who now plays a supporting role in the administration of the region.[2]

Regions since 2015[edit]

On 3 January 2010, the Moroccan government established the Consultative Commission for the Regionalization (CCR), which aimed to decentralize power to the regions, and confer greater autonomy to the regions coinciding with the Western Sahara. The commission published provisional names and numbers for the new regions,[3] and their names were officially fixed in the Bulletin Officiel dated 5 March 2015.[4] The new regional councils elected their presidents on 14 September 2015[5] and regional governors were appointed on 13 October 2015.[6]

Region Capital Population (2014)[7]
1 Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma Tangier 3,556,729
2 L'Oriental Oujda 2,314,346
3 Fès-Meknès Fez 4,236,892
4 Rabat-Salé-Kénitra Rabat 4,580,866
5 Béni Mellal-Khénifra Beni Mellal 2,520,776
6 Casablanca-Settat Casablanca 6,861,739
7 Marrakech-Safi Marrakesh 4,520,569
8 Drâa-Tafilalet Errachidia 1,635,008
9 Souss-Massa Agadir 2,676,847
10 Guelmim-Oued Noun[A] Guelmim 433,757
11 Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra[A] Laayoun 367,758
12 Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab[A] Dakhla 142,955

A.^ Lies partially or completely within the disputed territory of Western Sahara.

Main proposal
Main proposal
Alternative proposal with Midelt Province in Fès-Meknès (3) instead of Béni Mellal-Khénifra (5)
Alternative proposal with
Midelt Province in Fès-Meknès (3) instead of Béni Mellal-Khénifra (5)
Alternative proposal with Figuig Province in Oriental (2) instead of Drâa-Tafilalet (8)
Alternative proposal with
Figuig Province in Oriental (2) instead of Drâa-Tafilalet (8)
The different regional configurations proposed in 2010

1997 to 2010: Full unitary system[edit]

Between 1997 and 2010, Morocco had 16 regions.[8]

The old regions of Morocco (1997–2015)
Region Capital
1 Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira Dakhla
2 Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra Laâyoune
3 Guelmim-Es Semara Guelmim
4 Souss-Massa-Drâa Agadir
5 Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen Kénitra
6 Chaouia-Ouardigha Settat
7 Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Marrakesh
8 Oriental Oujda
9 Grand Casablanca Casablanca
10 Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer Rabat
11 Doukkala-Abda Safi
12 Tadla-Azilal Béni Mellal
13 Meknès-Tafilalet Meknès
14 Fès-Boulemane Fès
15 Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate Al Hoceima
16 Tangier-Tetouan Tangier

The entirety of Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira (1), the vast majority of Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra (2), and part of Guelmim-Es Semara (3) were situated within the disputed territory of Western Sahara. The sovereignty of Western Sahara is disputed between Morocco and the Polisario Front which claims the territory as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Most of the region is administered by Morocco as its Southern Provinces. The Polisario Front, based in headquarters at Tindouf in south western Algeria, controls only those areas east of the Moroccan Wall.

Regions before 1997[edit]

Before 1997, Morocco was divided into seven regions: Central, Eastern, North-Central, Northwestern, South-Central, Southern, and Tansift.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Morocco in Figures 2003: A document by the Moroccan Embassy in the USA" (PDF). themoroccanembassy.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Maroc: Fiche technique" (PDF) (in French). ARLEM. 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Moroccan Government website concerning the regionalization". regionalisationavancee.ma. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Décret fixant le nom des régions" (PDF). Portail National des Collectivités Territoriales (in French). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Ministère de l'Intérieur : l'élection des présidents des Conseils des régions s'est déroulée dans de bonnes conditions et dans un climat de transparence" [Ministry of the Interior: the regional council presidential elections took place under good conditions and in an air of transparency] (Press release) (in French). Maghreb Arabe Press. 14 September 2015. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  6. ^ "SM le Roi a procédé à la nomination les Walis des régions" [HM the King appointed the Walis of the regions]. La Vie Éco (in French). 14 October 2015. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2015.
  8. ^ "Régions". Portail national du Maroc. Government of Morocco. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  9. ^ "Morocco Regions". www.statoids.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2018.

External links[edit]