Regions of Morocco

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Regions of Morocco
مناطق المغرب (Arabic)
Régions du Maroc (French)
Morocco Regions 2015 numbered.svg
Category Unitary state
Location Kingdom of Morocco
Number 12 Regions
Populations 142,955 (Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab) – 6,861,737 (Grand Casablanca-Settat)
Government Region government
Subdivisions Province, Prefecture
Moroccan administrative division
Coat of arms of Morocco.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Morocco
Judiciary

After the 1997 law of decentralization and regionalization organizing the territory into 16 regions, Morocco initiated a new program in 2010 aimed at giving a greater autonomy to its regions, especially those in the Western Sahara. Since 2015 Morocco officially administers 12 regions, including the disputed territory of Western Sahara. The region is the current highest administrative division of Morocco. The regions are subdivided into a total of 75 second-order administrative divisions, which are prefectures and provinces.[1] A Moroccan region is governed by a Wali, nominated by the King. The Wali is also governor of the province (or prefecture) where he resides.

Regions before 1997[edit]

Before 1997, Morocco was divided into 7 regions: Central, Eastern, North-Central, Northwestern, South-Central, Southern, Tansift.[2]

1997 to 2010: Full unitary system[edit]

The 1997 reorganization changed this to 16 regions.[3]

The old regions of Morocco (1997-2015).
Map
number
Region Capital
1 Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira Dakhla
2 Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra Laâyoune
3 Guelmim-Es Semara Guelmim
4 Souss-Massa-Drâa Agadir
5 Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen Kénitra
6 Chaouia-Ouardigha Settat
7 Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Marrakesh
8 Oriental Oujda
9 Grand Casablanca Casablanca
10 Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer Rabat
11 Doukkala-Abda Safi
12 Tadla-Azilal Béni Mellal
13 Meknès-Tafilalet Meknès
14 Fès-Boulemane Fès
15 Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate Al Hoceima
16 Tangier-Tetouan Tangier

The regions of Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira (1), the vast majority of Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra (2), and part of Guelmim-Es Semara (3) are within the disputed territory of Western Sahara. The sovereignty of Western Sahara is disputed between Morocco and the Polisario Front which claims the territory as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Most of the region is administered by Morocco as its southern provinces. The Polisario Front, based in headquarters at Tindouf in south western Algeria, controls only areas east of the Moroccan Wall.

Starting 2010: the Advanced Regionalization[edit]

Starting 2010, a new governmental program aimed at giving each of the regions of Morocco autonomy, much like the Spanish style, and a greater autonomy to the regions fully coinciding with the Western Sahara. So a governmental organization was formed to tackle this subject; it got the name of Consultative Commission for the Regionalization. The latter published the names of the new regions and their numbers,[4] which were officialy fixed in the Bulletin Officiel from March 5, 2015:[5]

Main proposal
Main proposal
Midelt province variation
Midelt province variation
Figuig province variation
Figuig province variation
The different regional configuration proposed in 2010

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morocco in Figures 2003: A document by the Moroccan Embassy in the USA
  2. ^ http://www.statoids.com/uma.html
  3. ^ "Régions". Portail national du Maroc. Government of Morocco. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Moroccan Government website concerning the regionalization
  5. ^ "Décret fixant le nom des régions" (pdf). Portail National des Collectivités Territoriales. Retrieved 2015-07-11.  (French)