Regions of Morocco

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Regions of Morocco
جهات المغرب (Arabic)
Tasgiwin n Murakuc (Berber)
Morocco Regions 2015 numbered.svg
Category Unitary state
Location Kingdom of Morocco
Number 12 Regions
Populations 142,955 (Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab) – 6,861,737 (Grand Casablanca-Settat)
Government Regional council
Subdivisions Provinces and prefectures
The 12 administrative Regions of Morocco (in their native Berber names)
Moroccan administrative division

Regions are currently the highest administrative divisions in Morocco. Since 2015 Morocco officially administers 12 regions, including one (Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab) that lies completely within the disputed territory of Western Sahara and two (Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra, Guelmim-Oued Noun) that lie partially within it. The regions are subdivided into a total of 75 second-order administrative divisions, which are prefectures and provinces.[1] A Moroccan region is governed by a President. The Wali who is appointed by the king as the representative of the central government does not govern the region which seems to be a common confusion among observers. The president of the region also heads the elected regional council.

Regions since 2015[edit]

On 3 January 2010 the Moroccan government established the Consultative Commission for the Regionalization (CCR), which aimed to decentralize power to the regions, and confer a greater autonomy to the regions coinciding with the Western Sahara. The commission published provisional names and numbers for the new regions,[2] and their names were officially fixed in the Bulletin Officiel dated 5 March 2015.[3] The new regional councils elected their presidents on 14 September 2015[4] and regional governors were appointed on 13 October 2015.[5]

Map
number
Region Capital
1 Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima Tangier
2 Oriental Oujda
3 Fès-Meknès Fès
4 Rabat-Salé-Kénitra Rabat
5 Béni Mellal-Khénifra Béni Mellal
6 Casablanca-Settat Casablanca
7 Marrakesh-Safi Marrakesh
8 Drâa-Tafilalet Errachidia
9 Souss-Massa Agadir
10 Guelmim-Oued Noun[A] Guelmim
11 Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra[A] Laâyoune
12 Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab[A] Dakhla

A.^ Lies partially or completely within the disputed territory of Western Sahara.

Main proposal
Main proposal
Alternate proposal with Midelt Province in Fès-Meknès (3) instead of Béni Mellal-Khénifra (5)
Alternate proposal with
Midelt Province in Fès-Meknès (3) instead of Béni Mellal-Khénifra (5)
Alternate proposal with Figuig Province in Oriental (2) instead of Drâa-Tafilalet (8)
Alternate proposal with
Figuig Province in Oriental (2) instead of Drâa-Tafilalet (8)
The different regional configurations proposed in 2010

1997 to 2010: Full unitary system[edit]

Between 1997 and 2010, Morocco had 16 regions.[6]

The old regions of Morocco (1997-2015).
Map
number
Region Capital
1 Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira Dakhla
2 Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra Laâyoune
3 Guelmim-Es Semara Guelmim
4 Souss-Massa-Drâa Agadir
5 Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen Kénitra
6 Chaouia-Ouardigha Settat
7 Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Marrakesh
8 Oriental Oujda
9 Grand Casablanca Casablanca
10 Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer Rabat
11 Doukkala-Abda Safi
12 Tadla-Azilal Béni Mellal
13 Meknès-Tafilalet Meknès
14 Fès-Boulemane Fès
15 Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate Al Hoceima
16 Tangier-Tetouan Tangier

The entirety of Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira (1), the vast majority of Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra (2), and part of Guelmim-Es Semara (3) were situated within the disputed territory of Western Sahara. The sovereignty of Western Sahara is disputed between Morocco and the Polisario Front which claims the territory as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Most of the region is administered by Morocco as its Southern Provinces. The Polisario Front, based in headquarters at Tindouf in south western Algeria, controls only those areas east of the Moroccan Wall.

Regions before 1997[edit]

Before 1997, Morocco was divided into 7 regions: Central, Eastern, North-Central, Northwestern, South-Central, Southern, Tansift.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]