Regions of Morocco

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Regions of Morocco
مناطق المغرب (Arabic)
Régions du Maroc (French)
Morocco Regions 97-11 numbered.svg
Category Unitary state
Location Kingdom of Morocco
Number 16 Regions
Populations 142,995 (Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira) – 4,250,750 (Grand Casablanca)
Areas 447 square miles (1,160 km2) (Grand Casablanca) – 47,423 square miles (122,830 km2) (Guelmim-Es Semara)
Government Region government
Subdivisions Province, Prefecture
Moroccan administrative division
Coat of arms of Morocco.svg
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As part of a 1997 decentralization and regionalization law passed by the legislature 16 new regions of Morocco were created. The region is the current highest administrative division of Morocco. The regions are subdivided into a total of 63 second-order administrative divisions, which are prefectures and provinces.[1] A Moroccan region is governed by a Wali, nominated by the King. The Wali is also governor of the province (or prefecture) where he resides.

Regions before 1997[edit]

Before 1997, Morocco was divided into 7 regions: Central, Eastern, North-Central, Northwestern, South-Central, Southern, Tansift.[2]

1997 to 2010: Full unitary system[edit]

The 1997 reorganization changed this to 16 regions.[3]

Region Capital
1 Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira Dakhla
2 Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra Laâyoune
3 Guelmim-Es Semara Guelmim
4 Souss-Massa-Drâa Agadir
5 Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen Kénitra
6 Chaouia-Ouardigha Settat
7 Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Marrakesh
8 Oriental Oujda
9 Grand Casablanca Casablanca
10 Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer Rabat
11 Doukkala-Abda Safi
12 Tadla-Azilal Béni Mellal
13 Meknès-Tafilalet Meknès
14 Fès-Boulemane Fès
15 Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate Al Hoceima
16 Tangier-Tetouan Tangier

The regions of Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira (1), the vast majority of Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra (2), and part of Guelmim-Es Semara (3) are within the disputed territory of Western Sahara. The sovereignty of Western Sahara is disputed between Morocco and the Polisario Front which claims the territory as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Most of the region is administered by Morocco as its southern provinces. The Polisario Front, based in headquarters at Tindouf in south western Algeria, controls only areas east of the Moroccan Wall.

Starting 2010: the Advanced Regionalization[edit]

Starting 2010, a new governmental program aimed at giving each of the regions of Morocco autonomy, much like the Spanish style, and a greater autonomy to the regions fully coinciding with the Western Sahara. So a governmental organization was formed to tackle this subject; it got the name of Consultative Commission for the Regionalization. The latter published the names of the new regions and their numbers:[4]

Main proposal
Main proposal
Midelt province variation
Midelt province variation
Figuig province variation
Figuig province variation
The different regional configuration proposed in 2010

See also[edit]