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Moomin (1990 TV series)

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A screenshot of the series' British English dubbed title, featuring Moominhouse behind the logo.
Also known as
  • Delightful Moomin Family: Adventure Diary (Japanese title – season 1)
  • Delightful Moomin Family: Adventure Diary (Japanese title – season 2)
  • Tales from Moominvalley (Hawaiian title)
  • Adventures from Moominvalley (YouTube title)
Based on
Developed byMasayuki Kojima
Story by
  • Akira Miyazaki (season 1)
  • Masaaki Sakurai (season 2)
Directed by
  • Hiroshi Saito (season 1)
  • Takeyuki Kanda (season 2)
Creative directors
  • Jiro Kohno (season 1)
  • Takashi Nakamura (season 2)
Music by
Country of origin
  • Japan
  • Netherlands
No. of seasons2
No. of episodes104 (list of episodes)
Executive producerDennis Livson
  • Kazuo Tabata
  • Mutsuo Shimizu
  • Masao Kodaira (season 2)
  • Hisao Shirai (season 1)
  • Sadafumi Sano (season 2)
  • Sachiko Miki (season 1)
  • Seiji Morita (season 1)
  • Chieko Takayama (season 2)
  • Masaki Sakamoto (season 2)
Running time23–24 minutes
Production companyTelecable Benelux B.V.
Original release
NetworkTV Tokyo (Japan)
VARA (Netherlands)
Yle (Finland)
Release12 April 1990 (1990-04-12) –
26 March 1992 (1992-03-26)
Comet in Moominland (1992 film)

Moomin[a] is a Dutch-Japanese[1][2] anime television series produced by Telecable Benelux B.V. and animated by Telescreen Japan. Based on the Moomin novels and comic strips by the Finnish illustrator and author Tove Jansson and her brother Lars Jansson,[3] it was the third anime adaptation of the property and the first to receive distribution in different countries worldwide. Moomin first aired on TV Tokyo from April 12, 1990, to October 3, 1991. The series had also been dubbed into English and aired on CBBC in United Kingdom during the same year.

Moomin takes place in the peaceful rural land of Moominvalley, where a young Moomin along with his parents Moominpappa and Moominmamma live in Moominhouse. The series follows the many adventures of Moomin and family, together with their friends, around Moominvalley and sometimes outside of it. Most of the stories involve discovering magical objects and creatures, adventures in different locations or dealing with everyday situations. While many episodes are faithful to or at least loosely based on the novels and comic strips, the series has its own consistent continuity.

The series helped fuel the "Moomin boom" of the 1990s, including an obsession with Moomin plush toys in Japan.[3] After great success of the series, a sequel called Delightful Moomin Family: Adventure Diary[b] was produced and aired on TV Tokyo from October 10, 1991, to March 26, 1992. The sequel series aired in several countries outside of Japan, where it was considered another season of Moomin, although it was never dubbed into English. The original series also spawned a theatrical prequel film Comet in Moominland which is based on the second novel of the same name and video games releases.

The series was dubbed into many languages (including, but not limited to, the aforementioned English, Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian, Dutch and Danish) and aired worldwide. In addition, a Northern Sami dub was made by NRK Sámi Radio and aired on NRK 1 in Norway and SVT1 in Sweden alongside the aforementioned Norwegian and Swedish dubs.


The Moomin family and friends. From left to right, Snufkin, Little My, Sniff, the Snork Maiden, Moominpappa, Moomin (Moomintroll) and Moominmamma.

The series begins with the arrival of spring in Moominvalley. Moomin, along with Little My, Moominpappa and Moominmamma wake up in Moominhouse, while Snufkin also comes back from his south travel on the first day of spring. The first eight episodes create a coherent storyline that is based on the third novel, Finn Family Moomintroll. During the story, Moomin and his friends find out the magical silk hat, that turns out to belong to the Hobgoblin. He later gets his hat back from the Moomin family. The Moomins later find a wrecked boat, fix it and travel to a lonely island which is full of Hattifatteners. Next, two small creatures called Thingumy and Bob with a large suitcase arrive to the Moominhouse, and they are followed by the Groke. After the Moomins manage to evict the Groke from their way by giving her Moomin's seashell, it turns out that Thingumy and Bob are keeping the large "King's Ruby" in their suitcase. After Thingummy and Bob return Moominmamma's missing handbag, the Moomins celebrate the event with a large junket, where suddenly the Hobgoblin also arrives. Finally the problem of the King's Ruby's ownership is solved with the Hobgoblin's magic.

Moomin takes place between a three-year period of time. Moomin and his family or friends manage to take part in two winter periods through the series, although the Moomins are normally supposed to fall into hibernation. However this hibernation may be by choice dependent on how severe the winter is, the winter of the third year being extremely cold and snowy. Through the series, Snork, the Snork Maiden's inventor brother, designs and creates two flying ships of different type; the first is destroyed due sabotage and the second one gets finished at the end of the series. Before the second winter period, the Moomins and their friends also get to know Alicia and her grandmother, who is a witch. She teaches Alicia to become a real witch and has a negative opinion about the Moomins and their nice nature. As the series goes on, the witch however begins to appreciate them. At the end of the series, Snork decides to go on a journey with his finished flying ship while Alicia and her grandmother also leave the Moominvalley for the third winter period. The series concludes when the winter arrives, the Moomins fall into hibernation and Snufkin travels to the south once again.


Moomin is the third anime adaptation based on the novels and comic strips. Before the production, author Tove Jansson was already displeased with the previous Moomin anime adaptation from 1969 due to how unfaithful the series' characters and stories were to her original source material.[4][5] Because of this, both of the first Moomin and New Moomin from 1972 were never distributed or aired outside Japan. Since 1981, Finnish animation and commercial producer Dennis Livson began to beg the rights from Tove and Lars Jansson to make another animated adaptation.[6] Eventually, Livson managed to win both of them over after they saw his previous produced animated series Alfred J Kwak, and rights for another series were obtained. A year later in Tokyo, Livson showed a small preview of the anime series for both Tove and Lars Jansson. According to Livson, Tove commented on the animation by saying "Dom lever ju" ("They are really alive!").[6]

Unlike previous two anime adaptations, Moomin was co-production of Dutch company Telecable Benelux B.V. (later re-titled as Telescreen since 1998 until the acquisition to brand management & media company m4e in 2008) and Japanese animation studios Telescreen Japan Inc. and Visual 80. Hiroshi Saitō and Masayuki Kojima were the series' main directors while Akira Miyazaki did the screenplay for the first 12 and many later episodes. Tove and Lars Jansson were also involved with the screenplay by doing certain changes in scripts.

Differences from the books[edit]

The series includes plotlines taken from following Moomin books: Finn Family Moomintroll (eight episodes), Moominland Midwinter (three episodes), Moominsummer Madness (three episodes), The Exploits of Moominpappa (three episodes), Moominpappa at Sea (two episodes) and several short stories from the collection Tales from Moominvalley (five episodes in total). Roughly twenty episodes in the original series and dozen more in the sequel series are based on stories taken from Tove and Lars Jansson's Moomin comic strips. The series does have differences from the books and comic strips, more strongly than European stop-motion series The Moomins that aired between 1977 and 1982, but not as much as the previous two anime adaptations. Certain events and characters from the books and comic strips are missing to fit the series' own continuity or for reasons unknown. Many new plotlines and some new characters have been added, especially in the later episodes. Some notable differences include:

  • Moomintroll is called simply "Moomin", except in the first episode in the Japanese version, where the narrator introduces him as "Moomintroll".
  • Little My appears in the series from the beginning, but appears only in later volumes in the books.
  • Lady of the Cold looks very different from the description in the books.
  • In the books the Moomins exchange the King's Ruby for the Hobgoblin's top hat and the Hobgoblin later arrives, to collect the King's Ruby, with a new hat. In the series however, Hobgoblin gets his top hat back in the second episode and in the seventh episode the Moomins instead exchange the King's Ruby for a heart-shaped sea-shell Snorkmaiden gave Moomin.
    • Also the wishes are different. In the series Mr Hemulen wishes for a new spade to replace the one he borrowed and broke from MoominPappa. Then Snorkmaiden wishes for eyes like the Wooden Lady and Moomin later wishes them back to normal after she ends up hating them. With the last wish Thingumy and Bob wish for a ruby just like the Hobgoblin's. In the book, Mamma wishes for Moomin to not miss Snufkin being gone, and Moomin wishes for some of the party's food to go to Snufkin.
  • A Fillyjonk raises Moominpappa in the orphanage in the series, while in the books it's a Hemulen who raises him.
  • Snorkmaiden and Sniff who disappear occasionally in the book series have bigger roles in the TV series and they appear quite often throughout the series. 
  • Snufkin takes a friendly attitude towards people who are not in the Moomin family. He doesn't smoke a pipe in the series.
  • Snork appears regularly and he's portrayed as a scientist and inventor whereas in the books he's a very minor character who mainly tries to solve varying problems with systematic approach. Snork's fixation with flying is not based on the books.
  • Alicia and her grandmother (the witch) are characters who were invented for the series, they did not exist in the books or comic strips.

Cast and characters[edit]

In the Swedish dub the cast was exclusively made up of Finland-Swedes. Generally Finland-Swedish actors are always cast as the Moomins in Swedish productions and localizations because Tove Jansson herself was a Finland-Swede. The Japanese, Italian, Finnish and Swedish dubs used a female narrator to give the impression that the show was narrated by Jansson herself.

Character English actor Japanese actor Finnish actor (1991)[7] Finnish actor (2017)[8] Finland Swedish actor[9]
Narrator Garrick Hagon (episodes 1–26),
Peter Marinker (episodes 27–78)
Emiko Shiratori Leena Uotila Carla Rindell Vivi-Ann Sjögren
Moomintroll Susan Sheridan Minami Takayama Rabbe Smedlund Aksu Palmén Sixten Lundberg
Moominmamma Pat Starr Ikuko Tani Ulla Tapaninen Katja Aakkula Margit Lindeman
Moominpappa Peter Whitman (episodes 1–47),
William Roberts (episodes 48–78)
Akio Ōtsuka Matti Ruohola Juha Varis Johan Simberg
Snufkin John Chancer Takehito Koyasu Timo Torikka Ilkka Villi Michel Budsko
Little My Toni Barry Rei Sakuma Elina Salo Karolina Blom Lilli Sukula-Lindblom

(also known as Floren in the Japanese dub)

Mika Kanai Aila Svedberg Heljä Heikkinen Ragni Grönblom
Sniff Jeff Harding Ryusei Nakao Eero Ahre Jukka Nylund Riko Eklundh
Hemulen Garrick Hagon Minoru Yada Tapio Hämäläinen Markku Huhtamo Peik Stenberg
Snork David Graham Yasuyuki Hirata Samuli Edelmann (episodes 1–52),
Ilkka Merivaara (episodes 53–78)
Jon-Jon Geitel Dick Idman
Mrs Fillyjonk Stacey Gregg (episodes 14–26, 59–78),
Joanna Ruiz (episodes 33–56)
Sumi Shimamoto Leena Uotila Carla Rindell Cris af Enehielm
Mymble Toni Barry (episodes 6–26),
Stacey Gregg (episodes 42–56),
Joanne McQuinn (episodes 60–78)
Yūko Kobayashi Aila Svedberg Vivi-Ann Sjögren
Too-Ticky Stacey Gregg (episodes 9–10, 22–23),
Emily Stride (episode 37)
Mika Doi Marja Packalén Ella Pyhältö Gumbi Zilliacus
Stinky Garrick Hagon Hiroko Maruyama Matti Ruohola Juha Varis Peik Stenberg
Police Inspector Jeff Harding Takaya Hashi Tapio Hämäläinen,
Ilkka Merivaara (episode 100)
Jarmo Koski Samuel Huber
Alicia Stacey Gregg (episodes 35–56),
Joanne McQuinn (episodes 62–78)
Sakiko Tamagawa Marja Packalén Ella Pyhältö Annika Miiros
The Witch Stacey Gregg (episodes 35–56),
Joanne McQuinn (episodes 62–78)
Hisako Kyoda Leena Uotila Carla Rindell Sue Lemström
The Hobgoblin Jeff Harding (episodes 2, 8),
Robert Chase (episode 75)
Tomomichi Nishimura Timo Torikka Markus Bäckman Samuel Huber
Thingumy and Bob Stacey Gregg (Thingumy) (episodes 6–8),
Joanne McQuinn (Thingumy) (episode 74),
Stacey Gregg (Bob) (episodes 6–8),
Joanna Ruiz (Bob) (episode 74)
Isamu Tanonaka (Thingumy)
You Inoue (Bob)
Marja Packalén (Thingumy)
Leena Uotila (Bob)
Ella Pyhältö (Thingumy)
Katja Aakkula (Bob)
Sue Lemström (Thingumy)
Hellen Willberg (Bob)
Ninny Stacey Gregg Miina Tominaga Leena Uotila Ella Pyhältö Berit Neumann-Lund
The Groke

(also known as Morran in the Japanese dub)

No actor (episodes 6–7)
Jeff Harding (episodes 22, 37–38, 59)
Tomie Kataoka Tapio Hämäläinen Markus Bäckman Hellen Willberg
Hodgkins (Fredrikson) Robert Chase Rokuro Naya Ilkka Merivaara Jon-Jon Geitel Joachim Wigelius
Joxter John Chancer Takehito Koyasu Timo Torikka Ilkka Villi Michel Budsko
Muddler Jeff Harding Ryusei Nakao Eero Ahre Jukka Nylund Riko Eklundh
Postman Garrick Hagon Masamischi Sato Matti Ruohola,
Ilkka Merivaara (Bōken Nikki)
Markus Bäckman Tom Lindblom


The first anime series consists of 78 episodes, although only 76 episodes have been aired in certain countries. The series was first aired in Japan on TV Tokyo on April 12, 1990. The last episode aired in Japan on October 3, 1991. As its initial run went on, Moomin become known for it being aired during the Gulf War. When the Operation Desert Storm broke out on January 17, 1991, other TV stations around Tokyo switched to emergency broadcasting with only TV Tokyo broadcasting the anime as usual and attracted a lot of attention.[10][11][12]

After its first run in Japan, many other television channels have re-aired the first series. The series was distributed to many countries worldwide. In Tove Jansson's home country Finland, the series first aired on Finnish Broadcasting Company's YLE TV1 on September 1, 1991, and a Swedish dub first aired three days later. After the first run, the series has been moved to YLE TV2 and has been rebroadcasting along with the sequel series in almost every year, either with the Finnish or Swedish dub. In 2017, presentations rights of the series in Finland was moved from Yle to commercial channel MTV Oy. The series received a new HD-remaster, and a new Finnish translation and dubbing was recorded, due to copyright reasons. The new Finnish translation was based largely on the CBBC English version.

During the early 1990s, the first anime series has also been dubbed into British English for Children's BBC (later renamed as CBBC) in the United Kingdom under the title Moomin. The series was distributed by Maverick Entertainment, while the dubbing was recorded at Cardiff's Eco Studios. The full voice cast includes Susan Sheridan, Toni Barry, Pat Starr, Peter Whitman, John Chancer, David Graham, Garrick Hagon, Jeff Harding and Stacey Jefferson. Sheridan's daughter Emily Stride also provided the English voice of Too-Ticky in some episodes. The series has never aired in the United States with the exception being Hawaii, where the series has been retitled as The Tales of Moomin Valley and aired on television station K-5.[3] Despite the different opening and ending themes, Hawaii airings featured the British dub from Children's BBC.

Between 2019 and 2020, all 78 episodes of the first series were uploaded to YouTube by official Moomin channel under the new title Adventures from Moominvalley. The British dub was used again with new, high definition remastered prints.

Delightful Moomin Family: Adventure Diary[edit]

After the high success of the first anime series in Japan, the second anime series titled Delightful Moomin Family: Adventure Diary was produced. TV Tokyo aired it in Japan from October 10, 1991, to March 26, 1992. Consisting 26 more episodes, continued from the first period, it will be from episodes 79 to 104. The sequel series does not feature any adaptations of Jansson's books but some of its episodes were based on Moomin comic strips.

Outside Japan only a few countries have aired Delightful Moomin Family: Adventure Diary and it has usually been featured as a new season of Moomin. The sequel series has been aired for example in Tove Jansson's home country Finland (but only in Finnish dub), Israel, Latin America, Norway and Poland. The sequel series has never been dubbed to English and it hasn't been aired on CBBC. Producer Dennis Livson was later highly critical towards the sequel series and stated that "we had nothing left to mine from by way of Tove’s own stories."[6]

Related media[edit]


After the broadcast of the sequel series, a theatrical animated film Comet in Moominland was first released as a triple-feature with two unrelated shorter films on August 8, 1992, in Japan. Based on Tove Jansson's second Moomin novel of the same name, the animated film works as a prequel to the 1990 anime series. Comet in Moominland has been dubbed to several European languages, and was later dubbed into English with a separate cast (which was included on the German DVD release of the film).[13] A modernized version of the film was planned to be released in 2020 to coincide with the 75th anniversary of the Moomin franchise, but was delayed until September 2023 due to the COVID-19 pandemic[14][15]

After Tove Jansson's death, the series' producer Dennis Livson was planning to make a second film based on Moominpappa at Sea but Tove Jansson's niece Sophia Jansson didn't give him permission for it.[6]

Home releases[edit]

In Japan, the series was released both as individual DVD volumes and box sets by Victor Entertainment. A Blu-ray Disc Box Set was also released on December 21, 2012.[16]

During the 1990s, a selected number of episodes of the English dub were released on VHS, and in 2005 a R2 DVD of the first five episodes, entitled Moomin Mania was released by Maverick Entertainment, but was later discontinued. As of 2009, four DVD volumes has been released in the UK by STAX Entertainment, while Telescreen has released eight volumes and two box sets for the American market. These boxsets only go up to Episode 52 however, they do not include episodes 53–78. At this time there is currently no home release of English versions of these episodes. However they, along with the other 52 English episodes have all been officially uploaded to YouTube by official Moomin channel.

In the Nordic countries, the series was released by Svensk Filmindustri and by Finnkino and VL-Media in Finland. In 2017, VL-Media started publishing on DVD new remastered and re-dubbed version of the series.

Video games[edit]

There are several video games based on directly the 1990 anime series. Most of them excluding Moomin's Tale, remain exclusive releases in Japan.

Title Details
Mūmin no sutekina purezento[17]

Original release date(s):
Release years by system:
  • Developed and published by Bandai, 30-minutes interactive video anime based on the show released for Terebikko system. The VHS console game system allowed viewers to interact with the anime using a telephone-shaped microphone to answer multiple choice questions.
Jidou Eiken Taiou Moomin to Eigo: Tanjoubi no Okurimono

Original release date(s):[18]
  • JP: June 24, 1995
Release years by system:
1995—Sega Pico
  • Developed and published by Obunsha.
  • An educational video game teaching the English language.
Ninni – det usynlige barnet (Ninny – the Invisible Child)

Original release date(s):
Release years by system:
  • Developed by Norsk Strek A/S
  • Published by Nordic Softsales.
Vinter i Mummidalen (Winter in the Moomin Valley)

Original release date(s):
Release years by system:
  • Developed by Norsk Strek A/S
  • Published by Nordic Softsales.
Mummi: Jakten på trollkarlens rubin (Moomin: Hunt for the Hobgoblin's Jewel)

Original release date(s):
Release years by system:
  • Developed by Norsk Strek A/S
  • Published by Nordic Softsales.

Original release date(s):[19]
  • EU: December 1, 2000
  • JP: June 30, 2000
Release years by system:
2000—Game Boy Color
  • Developed by Sunsoft.
  • Published by Sunsoft Games.[20]
  • European release of the game is simplified from the Japanese release by shifting placements of certain chapters. Certain features are completely removed or limited such as the playable hub-world, as each chapter contains different numbers of levels.
Moomin Tani no Okurimono

Original release date(s):[21]
  • JP: November 19, 2009
Release years by system:
2009—Nintendo DS


The music score of Moomin is composed by Sumio Shiratori and the original theme song as well as other singing heard in the series is performed by his wife Emiko Shiratori. From episodes 1–52, the opening theme is "Yume no Sekai he" (夢の世界へ) and the closing theme is "Tooi akogare" (遠いあこがれ), both of them having the vocals performed by Emiko Shiratori and composed by Sumio Shiratori. From episodes 53–78, the opening theme is "Omajinai no uta" (おまじないのうた) performed by "Ponpin-tai ~Moomin-dani no Nakamatachi~" group and the closing theme is "Itsuka suteki na tabi" (いつかすてきな旅) sung by Emiko Shiratori. The sequel series' opening theme is "Hesomagarincho" (ヘソまがりんちょ) by Ado Mizumori and Tyrone Hashimoto and the ending recycles the "Itsuka suteki na tabi" theme by Emiko Shiratori. Outside Japan, the international version had been aired with different opening and ending theme songs, which are composed by Dutch composer Pierre Kartner. The Nepalese dub of the series has both themes sung by Nepalese singer Deepesh Kishor Bhattarai.

There are four soundtrack albums and several single releases of both the first 1990 and sequel series, all of which are exclusively released in Japan. The first albums "Delightful Moomin Family Vol.1" (楽しいムーミン一家Vol.1) and "Delightful Moomin Family – Departure of Snufkin" (楽しいムーミン一家~スナフキンの旅立ち) were released on 1990, both having background music from the series along with storylines in between tracks narrated by Emiko Shiratori.[22][23] The third album "Moomin Selection" (ムーミン・セレクション~ムーミン主題歌集~) from 1992 is basic soundtrack album that includes the opening, ending, and background music from the series.[24] The fourth album "Delightful Moomin family – Best Selection" (「楽しいムーミン一家」ベスト・セレクション) was released on 2014 along with same tracks from previous albums with addition of new music tracks.[25] All albums and singles in Japan are released by King Records.


  1. ^ Known in Japan as Delightful Moomin Family (Japanese: 楽しいムーミン一家, Hepburn: Tanoshii Mūmin Ikka)
  2. ^ Japanese: 楽しいムーミン一家 冒険日記, Hepburn: Tanoshii Mūmin Ikka: Bōken Nikki


  1. ^ "Did you know this about the beloved 1990s Moomin TV series? The story behind the animation that has shaped the lives of millions". Moomin. 2019-08-09. Retrieved 2023-06-14.
  2. ^ https://www.facebook.com/mtv3uutiset (2016-09-07). "Muumit alkoivat 25 vuotta sitten – "Muumimamma" saa yhä halauksia kadulla". mtvuutiset.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 2023-06-14. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help); External link in |last= (help)CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b c Clements, Jonathan; McCarthy, Helen (2006). The Anime Encyclopedia: A Guide to Japanese Animation Since 1917 (Revised and Expanded ed.). Berkeley, CA: Stone Bridge Press. p. 428. ISBN 978-1933330105.
  4. ^ Toole, Michael (October 23, 2011). "The Mike Toole Show – Anime... Or Not?!". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  5. ^ Brubaker, Charles (March 5, 2014). "The Animated History of "Moomin"". Cartoon Research. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d "Helsingin Sanomat – Tuomas Kaseva: Snufkin and the sea: Moomin animator at 60". Archived from the original on April 28, 2014. Retrieved October 18, 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  7. ^ "YLE Vintti", yle.fi
  8. ^ "Iltalehti", iltalehti.fi
  9. ^ "Svenska röster och credits: I Mumindalen", dubbningshemsidan.se
  10. ^ "An interview to Naokazu Ōkubo, TV Tokyo WBS chief producer" Nikkei Media Marketing, 28 October 2020
  11. ^ the PAGE. 15:51, 22 February 2014
  12. ^ "Real reason of the production of legends of TV Tokyo" Wedge, 16 November 2018
  13. ^ "Die Mumins - Der Komet im Muminland (DVD): Amazon.co.uk: DVD & Blu-ray". archive.ph. 2022-06-26. Archived from the original on 2022-06-26. Retrieved 2022-06-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  14. ^ "Finnkino – Muumipeikko ja pyrstötähti". September 3, 2020. Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  15. ^ "Muumipeikko ja pyrstötähti | NytLeffaan.fi". nytleffaan.fi. Archived from the original on 2023-07-25. Retrieved 2023-08-08.
  16. ^ "楽しいムーミン一家 Blu-ray BOX". December 21, 2012 – via Amazon.
  17. ^ 販 生産終了品 てれびっこシリーズ(バンダイ) (おもちゃ屋トイショップ メルヘン) (in Japanese). Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  18. ^ "Jidou Eiken Taiou Moomin to Eigo: Tanjoubi no Okurimono". Sega Retro. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  19. ^ "Moomin's Tale". GameFAQs. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  20. ^ "Moomin's Tale". IGN. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  21. ^ "Moomin Tani no Okurimono". GameFAQs. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  22. ^ "楽しいムーミン一家Vol.1". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  23. ^ "楽しいムーミン一家~スナフキンの旅立ち". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  24. ^ "ムーミン・セレクション~ムーミン主題歌集~". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  25. ^ "「楽しいムーミン一家」ベスト・セレクション". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved July 20, 2016.

External links[edit]