Mukawa, Hokkaido

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Flag of Mukawa
Official seal of Mukawa
Location of Mukawa in Hokkaido (Iburi Subprefecture)
Location of Mukawa in Hokkaido (Iburi Subprefecture)
Mukawa is located in Japan
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 42°34′N 141°56′E / 42.567°N 141.933°E / 42.567; 141.933Coordinates: 42°34′N 141°56′E / 42.567°N 141.933°E / 42.567; 141.933
Country Japan
Region Hokkaido
Prefecture Hokkaido (Iburi Subprefecture)
District Yūfutsu (Iburi)
 • Total 166.43 km2 (64.26 sq mi)
Population (April 30, 2017)
 • Total 8,527
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)

Mukawa (むかわ町?, Mukawa-chō) is a town located in Yūfutsu (Iburi) District, Iburi Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.

On March 27, 2006, Mukawa (鵡川町) absorbed the town of Hobetsu (also from Yūfutsu (Iburi) District) to create the new town of Mukawa. The new town was given the same name as the former town of Mukawa, but in hiragana, instead of former kanji name.

As of April 30, 2017, the town (including the Hobetsu area) has an estimated population of 8,527, with a total of 4,369 households.[1] The total area is 166.43 km².

Mukawa is situated on the southern coast of Hokkaido, bordering the Pacific Ocean. It can be accessed via train from Tomakomai. By car, the town is approximately 1/2 hour east of Tomakomai along Route 235.

The town is famed for shishamo, a small fish that is hung on bamboo poles. Shishamo are currently included in the Mukawa town sign. The shishamo are harvested during the Fall season. During this season the town holds a number of shishamo themed events, including a town race in October and Shishamo Matsuri in November.

A large community center in the town features an indoor swimming pool, exercise room, hotel, onsen, cafe, restaurant, and lecture hall. During the late Summer, an O-Bon matsuri is held near the town community center.

Population Statistics[edit]

In recent years, Mukawa has faced an overall decline in population. In 1995, there were 7,853 people and 2,786 households. In 2000, the population declined to 7,232 people with 2,744 households, and by 2005 the population had declined to 6,765 people and 2,698 households.[2] These numbers do not include the population of Mukawa's Hobetsu area.


As of the 2006, as total of 3,884 people are employed in Mukawa (excluding the workforce of Hobetsu). The working population is broken into different categories depending on occupational type and the number of workers, as shown below:[3]

Official Business: 161
Service: 880
Real Estate: 10
Circulation of Money & Insurance: 32
Wholesale Trade & Retail: 550
Transportation & Communication: 178
Electricity, Gas, Thermal Supply & Aqueduct: 10
Production: 349
Construction: 602
Mining: 21
Fishing: 70
Forestry: 28
Farmers: 991
Unclassified: 2

Land Usage[edit]

The 2006 Handbook does not distinguish between Hobetsu or Mukawa regarding land usage. The areas of Hobetsu (546.48 km²), and Mukawa (166.43 km²) total to 712.91 km². Of this total area, the land usage is divided into the following categories:[4]

Housing Site: 5.39 km²
Wilderness: 9.75 km²
Mixed-breed Area: 9.93 km²
Ranch: 13.64 km²
Fields with Crops: 18.9 km²
Rice Fields: 38.51 km²
Swamp: 0.09 km²
Forest: 517.81 km²
Other: 98.89 km²

Annual expenditure[edit]

As with the proceeding information, the following comes from the Mukawa 2006 Handbook. The following information regarding the 2005, town expenditures does not consider Mukawa and Hobetsu separately. The unit of currency is millions of yen.

Hygienic 925.30 (10.1%)
Bond 1,603.99 (17.6%)
Public Welfare 1,651.38 (18.2%)
General Affairs 1,476.07 (16.2%)
Civil Works 869.44 (9.5%)
Education 687.74 (7.6%)
Commercial 278.96 (3.1%)
Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries 353.02 (9.4%)
Fire Fighting 582.83 (6.4%)
Town Assembly 142.10 (1.6%)
Others 19.88 (0.3%)
Total 9,088.91 (100%)

Annual Income[edit]

The following information for the 2005 income is also from the Mukawa 2006 Handbook, and as with the annual expenditure, Mukawa and Hobetsu are considered as a unified area. The unit of currency is millions of yen.

Town Bond 1,535.30 (16.6%)
Tax Allocated to Local Governments 4.340.38 (46.8%)
Town Tax 882.07 (9.5%)
Prefecture Subsidy 516.10 (5.6%)
Earnings 528.44 (5.7%)
National Treasury Disbursement 361.89 (3.9%)
Rent & Commission 386.97 (2.0%)
Estate Revenue 102.87 (1.1%)
Beginning Balance 200.12 (2.2%)
Transfer of Money 135.02 (1.4%)
Others 479.15 (5.2%)
Total 9,268.94 (100%)


  1. ^ "Official website of Mukawa Town" (in Japanese). Japan: Mukawa Town. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  2. ^ Mukape: Mukawa Town Condition and Facilities Handbook: 2006, Mukawa: Hobetsu Seiwa Gakuen, 2006. (19)
  3. ^ Mukape: Mukawa Town Condition and Facilities Handbook: 2006, Mukawa: Hobetsu Seiwa Gakuen, 2006. (20)
  4. ^ Mukape: Mukawa Town Condition and Facilities Handbook: 2006, Mukawa: Hobetsu Seiwa Gakuen, 2006. (19)

External links[edit]