Bibai

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Bibai
美唄市
Flag of Bibai
Official seal of Bibai
Location of Bibai in Hokkaido (Sorachi Subprefecture)
Location of Bibai in Hokkaido (Sorachi Subprefecture)
Bibai is located in Japan
Bibai
Bibai
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 43°20′N 141°51′E / 43.333°N 141.850°E / 43.333; 141.850Coordinates: 43°20′N 141°51′E / 43.333°N 141.850°E / 43.333; 141.850
CountryJapan
RegionHokkaido
PrefectureHokkaido (Sorachi Subprefecture)
Government
 • MayorMikio Takahashi
Area
 • Total277.61 km2 (107.19 sq mi)
Population
 (March 31, 2013)
 • Total24,768
 • Density89.2/km2 (231/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address1-1, Minami Itchōme, Nishi San-jō, Bibai-shi, Hokkaidō
072-8660
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.city.bibai.hokkaido.jp
Symbols
BirdGreater white-fronted goose
FlowerAzalea
TreePoplar

Bibai (美唄市, Bibai-shi) is a city located in Sorachi Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.

As of 2013, the city has an estimated population of 24,768, and the density of 89.2 persons per km2. The total area is 277.61 km2.

History[edit]

The name Bibai is derived from Ainu word "pipa o i", meaning "Place (swamp) with many cockscomb pearl mussels".[1][2]

  • 1890 - The village of Numakai was founded.
  • 1925 - Numakai village became Numakai town.
  • 1926 - Numakai was renamed Bibai.
  • 1950 - Bibai town became Bibai city.
  • 1982 - Bibai Dam was completed.

At its peak, Bibai was a coal town that produced over a million tons annually. However, ever since the mine was closed in 1972, the city has suffered a slowly declining population.[3]

Geography[edit]

Ishikari River flows to west of Bibai. Bibai Dam was built on the Bibai River, a tributary of Ishikari River.

Lake Miyajima was registered as a wetland under the Ramsar Convention in 2002.[4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bibai (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
9.0
(48.2)
13.6
(56.5)
25.2
(77.4)
32.6
(90.7)
33.2
(91.8)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
32.4
(90.3)
25.6
(78.1)
20.0
(68.0)
13.9
(57.0)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −2.6
(27.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.9
(37.2)
10.8
(51.4)
17.9
(64.2)
22.0
(71.6)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
22.6
(72.7)
15.6
(60.1)
7.2
(45.0)
−0.3
(31.5)
12.2
(54.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−5.9
(21.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.4
(41.7)
12.1
(53.8)
16.5
(61.7)
20.4
(68.7)
21.2
(70.2)
16.9
(62.4)
10.1
(50.2)
3.1
(37.6)
−3.8
(25.2)
7.3
(45.2)
Average low °C (°F) −12.4
(9.7)
−12.1
(10.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
0.1
(32.2)
6.8
(44.2)
12.2
(54.0)
16.6
(61.9)
17.1
(62.8)
11.8
(53.2)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−8.5
(16.7)
2.4
(36.3)
Record low °C (°F) −26.2
(−15.2)
−26.2
(−15.2)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−12.4
(9.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
3.4
(38.1)
8.0
(46.4)
8.6
(47.5)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
−14.5
(5.9)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−26.5
(−15.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 77.6
(3.06)
63.5
(2.50)
54.6
(2.15)
53.8
(2.12)
80.8
(3.18)
69.1
(2.72)
122.0
(4.80)
164.9
(6.49)
144.2
(5.68)
120.6
(4.75)
117.6
(4.63)
104.9
(4.13)
1,173.5
(46.20)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 203
(80)
156
(61)
107
(42)
13
(5.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
77
(30)
216
(85)
766
(302)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 19.5 16.3 13.7 10.7 10.3 8.6 10.0 10.5 11.9 15.1 19.2 21.9 167.7
Average snowy days (≥ 3 cm) 19.9 17.3 12.9 1.8 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 6.8 19.7 78.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 63.3 78.4 131.0 167.5 193.6 171.8 156.2 157.8 158.2 130.6 68.5 42.6 1,519.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[5][6]

Education[edit]

High schools[edit]

  • Hokkaido Bibai Shoei High School
  • Hokkaido Bibai Seika High School

School for special needs[edit]

  • Hokkaido Bibai School for Special Needs

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Hakodate Main Line Minami-Bibai Branch Line used to run from Bibai to Minami-Bibai.

Road[edit]

Straight line section of Route 12 is the longest in Japan.

Culture[edit]

Mascots[edit]

Mami-chan and Yakitoriman, the city's mascots

Bibai's mascots are Mami-chan (マミィーちゃん). He is a greater white-fronted goose. He is unveiled in 1986. Yakitoriman (ヤキトリ男, Yakitoriotoko) is Mami-chan's assistant who is a yakitori.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Outline of Bibai
  2. ^ "History of Bibai". Archived from the original on 2015-07-26. Retrieved 2015-05-17.
  3. ^ "Memorial Woodland Park (Previously the Mitsubishi Bibai Coal Mining Facilities)". bibai color 美唄観光物産協会. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  4. ^ Tourist spots and events of Bibai
  5. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  6. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  7. ^ "マミィーちゃんのプロフィール(美唄市)". Kawaii Hokkaido.
  8. ^ "ヤキトリ男のプロフィール(美唄市)". Kawaii Hokkaido.

External links[edit]