Messier 65

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Messier 65
Messier 65 through the years.jpg
Image taken by Hubble Space Telescope, December 30, 2013.[1]
Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
Observation data
Epoch J2000
Constellation Leo
Right ascension 11h 18m 55.9s[2]
Declination +13° 05′ 32″[2]
Apparent dimension (V) 8.709 × 2.454 moa[3]
Apparent magnitude (V)9.3[4]
TypeSAB(rs)a,[2] LINER[2]
Heliocentric radial velocity 807 ± 3[2] km/s
Redshift 0.002692 ± 0.000010[2]
Galactocentric velocity 723 ± 5[2] km/s
Other designations
NGC 3623,[2] UGC 6328,[2] PGC 34612[2]
Database references
SIMBAD Search M65 data
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

Messier 65 (also known as NGC 3623) is an intermediate spiral galaxy about 35 million light-years away in the constellation Leo, within its highly equatorial southern half. It was discovered by Charles Messier in 1780. With M66 and NGC 3628, it forms the Leo Triplet, a small close group of galaxies.


M65 was discovered by Charles Messier and included in his Messier Objects list. However, William Henry Smyth accidentally attributed the discovery to Pierre Méchain in his popular 19th-century astronomical work A Cycle of Celestial Objects (stating "They [M65 and M66] were pointed out by Méchain to Messier in 1780"). This error was in turn picked up by Kenneth Glyn Jones in Messier's Nebulae and Star Clusters. This has since ramified into a number of other books by a variety of authors.

Star formation[edit]

The galaxy is low in dust and gas, and there is little star formation in it, although there has been some relatively recently in the arms. The ratio of old stars to new stars is correspondingly quite high. In most wavelengths it is quite uninteresting, though there is a radio source visible in the NVSS, offset from the core by about two arc-minutes. The identity of the source is uncertain, as it has not been identified visually, or formally studied in any published papers.[5]

Interaction with other galaxies[edit]

To the eye, M65's disk appears slightly warped, and its relatively recent burst of star formation is also suggestive of some external disturbance. Rots (1978) suggests that the two other galaxies in the Leo Triplet interacted with each other about 800 million years ago. Recent research by Zhiyu Duan suggests that M65 may also have interacted, though much less strongly. He also notes that M65 may have a central bar—it is difficult to tell because the galaxy is seen from an oblique angle—a feature which is suggestive of tidal disruption.[6]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Messier 65 through the years". ESA/Hubble Picture of the Week. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "NED results for object MESSIER 065". NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database. Retrieved 2006-10-21.
  3. ^ "M 65". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
  4. ^ "Messier 65". SEDS Messier Catalog. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  5. ^ "Multiwavelength Messier 65".
  6. ^ Zhiyu Duan (2006). "Multicolor Photometry and Stellar Population Synthesis Study of the Interacting Galaxies of the Leo Triplet". Astronomical Journal. 132 (4): 1581–1592. Bibcode:2006AJ....132.1581D. doi:10.1086/507304.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 11h 18m 55.9s, +13° 05′ 32″