Newspapers in the United States
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Newspapers in the United States have been published since the 18th century and are an integral part of the culture of the United States. Although a few newspapers including the New York Times, USA Today, and the Wall Street Journal are sold throughout the United States, most U.S. newspapers are published for city or regional markets. The New York Times is often referred to as the United States' "newspaper of record".
All major metropolitan regions have newspapers, with some of them having multiple papers, though this has declined in modern times. Many smaller cities have had local newspapers, again, this having declined over time.
Many libraries provide microfilm archives of major U.S. newspapers.
Most general-purpose newspapers are either printed one day a week, or are printed daily. They are in part advertising-driven, including classified ads, but also receive income from newsstand sales and subscriptions.
Major cities usually have alternative weeklies (New York City's Village Voice or Los Angeles' L.A. Weekly, for example), which rely entirely on advertising, and are free to the public. A newspaper meeting particular standards of circulation, including having a subscription or mailing list, is designated as a newspaper of record. With this designation, official notices may be published, such as fictitious business name announcements.
The number of daily newspapers in the United States has declined over the past half-century, according to Editor & Publisher, the trade journal of American newspapers. In particular, the number of evening newspapers has fallen by 50% since 1970, while morning editions and Sunday editions have grown.
For comparison, in 1950, there were 1,772 daily papers (and 1,450, or about 70%, of them were evening papers) while in 2000, there were 1,480 daily papers (and 766—or about half—of them were evening papers.
- Mazur, Allan, 2006. "Risk Perception and News Coverage Across Nations". Risk Management, Vol. 8, No. 3, July 2006, p. 152.
- Editor & Publisher International Yearbook as cited at naa.org, Newspaper Association of America website
- Editor & Publisher International Yearbook as cited on naa.org, Newspaper Association of America website
- 19th Century Historical United States Newspapers archive at Indiana University
- US newspapers searchable database, University of Chicago
- List of US Newspapers with Rates, University of Chicago
- "History of Newspapers", Mitchell Stephens, Collier's Encyclopedia article at New York University
- "Unite State News Spot"
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