Nintendo Research & Development 1

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Nintendo Research and Development 1
IndustryComputer and video game industry
FateReassigned to various teams within Nintendo
SuccessorNintendo SPD
Key people
Takehiro Izushi
Yoshio Sakamoto
Hirofumi Matsuoka
Gunpei Yokoi
ProductsGames for Nintendo video game consoles
Number of employees

Nintendo Research and Development 1 (任天堂開発第一部) (R&D1) was Nintendo's oldest development team.[2] Its creation coincided with Nintendo's entry into the video games industry, and the original R&D1 was headed by Gunpei Yokoi.[3] The developer has created several notable Nintendo series such as Metroid, Tetris, Mario Bros., and Donkey Kong.[4]

R&D1 developed the hugely successful Game Boy line, which was released in 1989.[5][6] They developed some of the line's most popular games, such as Super Mario Land, and created the character of Wario.

Team Shikamaru was a small club within Nintendo R&D1 that was composed of Makoto Kano, Yoshio Sakamoto, and Toru Osawa. The group was responsible for designing characters and coming up with scripts for several games including Metroid, Kid Icarus, Famicom Tantei Club: Kieta Kōkeisha, Trade & Battle: Card Hero, and several others.

After Yokoi's resignation in 1997, the group was led by Takehiro Izushi.[7] In 2005, Satoru Iwata restructured the Nintendo R&D1 team. Many of the staff members were later reassigned to the Nintendo SPD team, which in turn merged with Nintendo EAD in 2015 to form Nintendo Entertainment Planning & Development.[8]

Games developed[edit]


  1. ^ "IGN: IGNCube's Nintendo "Revolution" FAQ". IGN. Retrieved 2007-03-23.
  2. ^ Staff, I. G. N. (10 January 2001). "Developer Profile: Intelligent Systems". Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  3. ^ Stuart, Keith (21 April 2014). "Nintendo Game Boy – 25 facts for its 25th anniversary". the Guardian. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  4. ^ "GameSpy: Nintendo R&D1". Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  5. ^ Sheff, David (2 November 2011). "Game Over: How Nintendo Conquered The World". Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Retrieved 9 March 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Life, Nintendo (13 March 2010). "Feature: The Making of the Nintendo Game Boy". Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  7. ^
  8. ^

External links[edit]