October 2014 lunar eclipse
|Total lunar eclipse|
October 8, 2014
Loleta, California, 10:56 UTC
|Ecliptic north up|
The moon passes right to left (west to east) through the Earth's shadow
|Saros (and member)||127 (42 of 72)|
A total lunar eclipse took place on October 8, 2014. It is the second of two total lunar eclipses in 2014, and the second in a tetrad (four total lunar eclipses in series). Other eclipses in the tetrad are those of April 15, 2014, April 4, 2015, and September 28, 2015.
Visibility and appearance
The eclipse was visible in its entirety over the Northern Pacific. Viewers in North America experienced the eclipse after midnight on Wednesday, October 8, and the eclipse was visible from the Western Pacific, Australia, Indonesia, Japan, and Eastern Asia after sunset on the evening of October 8. Many areas of North America experienced a selenelion, able to see both the sun and the eclipsed moon at the same time.
Simulation of Earth from the Moon.
A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes within Earth's umbra (shadow). As the eclipse begins, the Earth's shadow first darkens the Moon slightly. Then, the shadow begins to "cover" part of the Moon, turning it a dark red-brown color (typically - the color can vary based on atmospheric conditions). The Moon appears to be reddish because of Rayleigh scattering (the same effect that causes sunsets to appear reddish) and the refraction of that light by the Earth's atmosphere into its umbra. The following simulation shows the approximate appearance of the Moon passing through the earth's shadow. The Moon's brightness is exaggerated within the umbral shadow. The southern portion of the Moon was closest to the center of the shadow, making it darkest, and most red in appearance.
The planet Uranus was near opposition (opposition on October 7) during the eclipse, just over 1° from the eclipsed Moon. Shining at magnitude 5.7, Uranus should have been bright enough to identify in binoculars. Due to parallax, the position of Uranus relative to the Moon varied significantly depending on the viewing position on the surface of Earth.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lunar eclipse of 2014 October 8.|
Composite from Aichi prefecture, Japan
Composite from Coralville, IA, first contact to the greatest.
Selenelion from Minneapolis, MN, with a partially eclipsed moon still up after sunrise, 12:26 UTC, seen by sunlight on foreground trees, right.
Before the beginning of total eclipse, Valdosta, GA, 10:02 UTC
California, 10:39 UTC
The eclipse with Uranus in Minneapolis, 10:46 UTC
Partial phase of the eclipse, Hefei, China, 12:18 UTC
|Event||Evening October 8||Evening October 7||Morning October 8|
|P1||Penumbral begins||N/A†||7:16 pm||9:16 pm||11:16 pm||12:16 am||1:16 am||2:16 am||3:16 am||4:16 am||5:16 am|
|U1||Partial begins||N/A†||8:15 pm||10:15 pm||12:15 am||1:15 am||2:15 am||3:15 am||4:15 am||5:15 am||6:15 am|
|U2||Total begins||6:25 pm||9:25 pm||11:25 pm||1:25 am||2:25 am||3:25 am||4:25 am||5:25 am||6:25 am||7:25 am|
|Greatest eclipse||6:55 pm||9:55 pm||11:55 pm||1:55 am||2:55 am||3:55 am||4:55 am||5:55 am||6:55 am||Set|
|U3||Total ends||7:24 pm||10:24 pm||12:24 am||2:24 am||3:24 am||4:24 am||5:24 am||6:24 am||Set||Set|
|U4||Partial ends||8:34 pm||11:34 pm||1:34 am||3:34 am||4:34 am||5:34 am||6:34 am||Set||Set||Set|
|P4||Penumbral ends||9:34 pm||12:34 am||2:34 am||4:34 am||5:34 am||6:34 am||Set||Set||Set||Set|
† The Moon was not visible during this part of the eclipse in this time zone.
The timing of total lunar eclipses are determined by its contacts:
- P1 (First contact): Beginning of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
- U1 (Second contact): Beginning of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
- U2 (Third contact): Beginning of the total eclipse. The Moon's surface is entirely within Earth's umbra.
- Greatest eclipse: The peak stage of the total eclipse. The Moon is at its closest to the center of Earth's umbra.
- U3 (Fourth contact): End of the total eclipse. The Moon's outer limb exits Earth's umbra.
- U4 (Fifth contact): End of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra leaves the Moon's surface.
- P4 (Sixth contact): End of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra no longer makes contact with the Moon.
The eclipse is the one of four total lunar eclipses in a short-lived series at the descending node of the Moon's orbit.
|Lunar eclipse series sets from 2013–2016|
|Ascending node||Descending node|
||2013 Apr 25
||2013 Oct 18
||2014 Apr 15
||2014 Oct 08
||2015 Apr 04
||2015 Sep 28
|142||2016 Mar 23
||2016 Sep 16
|Last set||2013 May 25||Last set||2012 Nov 28|
|Next set||2017 Feb 11||Next set||2016 Aug 18|
|October 3, 2005||October 14, 2023|
Lunar saros series 127, repeating every 18 years and 11 days, has a total of 72 lunar eclipse events including 54 umbral lunar eclipses (38 partial lunar eclipses and 16 total lunar eclipses). Solar Saros 134 interleaves with this lunar saros with an event occurring every 9 years 5 days alternating between each saros series.
The greatest eclipse of the series occurred on 1888 Jul 23, lasting 102 minutes.
|1275 Jul 09||1473 Nov 04||1798 May 29||1834 Jun 21|
|1960 Sep 05||2068 Nov 09||2429 Jun 17||2555 Sep 02|
|1906 Aug 04||1924 Aug 14||1942 Aug 26|
|1960 Sep 05||1978 Sep 16||1996 Sep 27|
|2014 Oct 08||2032 Oct 18||2050 Oct 30|
|2068 Nov 09|
- Boyle, Alan (October 7, 2014). "Lunar Eclipse Provides an Extra Twist for Skywatchers: Selenelion". NBC News. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Fred Espenak & Jean Meeus. "Visual Appearance of Lunar Eclipses". NASA. Retrieved April 13, 2014.
- Clarke, Kevin. "On the nature of eclipses". Inconstant Moon. Cyclopedia Selenica. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, Jean Meeus, p.110, Chapter 18, The half-saros