Ouran High School Host Club
|Ouran High School Host Club|
The cover of the first volume of Ouran High School Host Club, with Haruhi (left) and Tamaki (right)
(Ōran Kōkō Hosuto Kurabu)
|Genre||Drama, reverse harem, romantic comedy|
|Written by||Bisco Hatori|
|Original run||September 2002 – November 2010|
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Takuya Igarashi|
|Produced by||Toshio Nakatani
|Written by||Yōji Enokido|
|Music by||Yoshihisa Hirano|
|Network||NTV, STV, SDT, CTV, ytv|
|Original run||April 4, 2006 – September 26, 2006|
|Produced by||Choru Han
|Written by||Ikeda Natsuko|
|Music by||Kyo Nakanishi|
|Original run||July 22, 2011 – September 30, 2011|
|Live action film|
Ouran High School Host Club (Japanese: 桜蘭高校ホスト部 Hepburn: Ōran Kōkō Hosuto Kurabu?) is a manga series by Bisco Hatori, serialized in Hakusensha's LaLa magazine between the September 2002 and November 2010 issues. The series follows Haruhi Fujioka, a scholarship student at Ouran High School, and the other members of the popular host club. The romantic comedy focuses on the relationships within and outside the Club and satirizes the clichés and stereotypes that endure in shōjo.
The manga has been adapted into a series of audio dramas, an animated television series directed by Takuya Igarashi and produced by Bones, a Japanese television drama series, a live action film adaptation and a visual novel by Idea Factory.
Haruhi Fujioka is a scholarship student at the prestigious Ouran Academy, a fictitious high school located in Bunkyo, Tokyo. Looking for a quiet place to study, Haruhi stumbles upon the Third Music Room, a place where the Ouran Academy Host Club, a group of six male students, gathers to entertain female "clients." During their initial encounter, Haruhi accidentally knocks over and breaks an antique vase valued at ¥8,000,000 (US$80,000 in Viz Media's translation) and is told to repay the cost in service to the club as an errand boy. Haruhi's short hair, slouching attire and gender-ambiguous face cause her to be mistaken by the hosts for a male student. After a brief run as such, the Hosts soon realize that she's a "natural" in entertaining girls and promote her to full-Host status. She agrees since Hosting will help her pay off her debt more quickly. The members of the club discover her true gender one by one, but they keep this fact a secret.
Ouran Elite Academy encompasses kindergarten through high school and has an attached university program. Most students come from elite families, but a scholarship is annually awarded to the top scorer on a rigorous entrance examination. Haruhi is such a student for her grade level. The school's unofficial motto is "Lineage counts first, wealth a close second," meaning students with stellar family backgrounds but low socioeconomic status may be given top priority over those from rich families with lesser pedigrees.
Other than Haruhi, the other members of the Host Club include President Tamaki Suoh, Vice-president and "Shadow King" Kyoya Ootori; Hikaru and Kaoru Hitachiin, identical 1st-year twins; Mitsukuni "Honey" Haninozuka and his cousin Takashi "Mori" Morinozuka. Tamaki is the charming, beautiful, and top draw of the club with a 70% request rate, thus earning him the title of "King." Kyoya, however, is the "Shadow King," the true director who runs the show from behind the scenes with a charming facade and gracious manners. The Hitachiin twins, who share classes with Haruhi, are mischievous brothers who utilize a devised brotherly love angle on their relationship to captivate their guests. Honey is from a distinguished martial arts family, but plays the role of a "Shota" who has a great passion for stuffed animals and sweets while Mori is his tall, quiet protector with a fierce appearance and soft heart. All the characters are parodies of shojo manga characters, with Haruhi serving as the "natural" type, Tamaki as the "princely" type, Kyoya as the "cool" type, the Hitachiin twins as the "little devils" or "mischievous" type, Honey as the "boy lolita" type, and Mori as the "strong, silent type."
The series places an emphasis on the comedic aspects of Tamaki Suoh falling in love with Haruhi Fujioka, but remaining in denial of his feelings throughout the entire anime and throughout the manga until just before its end, where they admit their mutual love and marry. In the early story, Tamaki adopts the role of 'father' in the group, often referring to Haruhi as his 'daughter,' though his feelings are obvious to the other hosts. In this way he protects the familial structure he's created with the Host Club despite his emerging feelings for Haruhi. Hikaru and Kaoru Hitachiin share classes and friendship with Haruhi, as she is the first person who can tell them apart and who sees them as unique individuals. Hikaru's feelings also evolve into romantic ones, but Haruhi's apathetic nature keeps her from realizing his intentions. While perceptive about the motives of others, she is oblivious to her own feelings yet finds herself enjoying the camaraderie and experiences shared with the members of the club as her relationships with each of them develops.
The Ouran High School Host Club manga was serialized in Japan between the September 2002 and November 2010 issues of LaLa. The individual chapters were collected in 18 tankōbon volumes between August 5, 2003 and April 5, 2011. Hakusensha released a fanbook for the series on August 4, 2009 titled Ōran Kōkō Hosuto Kurabu Fanbukku: Uki Doki Kōryaku Daisakusen (桜蘭高校ホスト部(クラブ)ファンブック～うきドキ☆攻略大作戦～?). The series is licensed in English North America by Viz Media under its Shojo Beat imprint, and in Indonesia in the monthly manga magazine Hanalala. It is published in Singapore (in both simplified Chinese and English) by Chuang Yi, and in Poland by JPF.
A 26-episode anime television series aired between April 5 and September 26, 2006 on Japan's Nippon Television network. The series was directed by Takuya Igarashi and written by Yōji Enokido, while the character designer and chief animation director for the series was Kumiko Takahashi. It also features a different cast from the audio dramas, with Maaya Sakamoto starring as Haruhi Fujioka and Mamoru Miyano portraying Tamaki Suou.
The series is licensed for distribution in North America by Funimation Entertainment. Caitlin Glass is the ADR director of the series. The first anime DVD set containing the first thirteen episodes was released on October 28, 2008 in North America. The second volume containing the last thirteen episodes was released on January 6, 2009. On April 27, 2009, the series made its North American television debut on the Funimation Channel.
Music and audio CDs
Three drama CDs were released in 2003, as well as two tracks included in LaLa magazine's 28th and 29th anniversary CDs. Three soundtracks were released by Video and Audio Project for the Ouran High School Host Club anime adaptation. The first, Ouran High School Host Club Soundtrack & Character Song Collection (Part 1), was released in Japan on July 26, 2006 and contained twenty tracks, including the anime opening theme song. The second, Ouran High School Host Club Soundtrack & Character Song Collection 2, contained an additional nineteen tracks and was released on August 23, 2006. On September 20, 2007, a third soundtrack, the Ouran High School Host Club Soundtrack & Character Song Collection Special Edition was released containing eight songs from the previous two tracks, with four additional songs.
The Ouran Host Club visual novel was released for PlayStation 2 on April 19, 2007 by Idea Factory. Based on the television series, the player makes decisions as Haruhi that affect the other hosts feelings toward her. The game features the characters of Jean-Pierre Léo, a longtime French friend of Tamaki, and Sayuri Himemiya, a childhood friend of Haruhi, designed by the series creator. There are two other original characters. The game has been released exclusively in Japan. A Nintendo DS port of the game, updated with a fully voiced cast and new character-specific scenarios, was released on March 19, 2009.
Live-action TV series and film
A live-action film of Ouran was announced during a fan meeting on August 25, 2011 and continues off from the conclusion of the television series. All actors of the live-action television series reprised their roles. The film was released on March 17, 2012. It was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on October 10, 2012.
The series had a spin-off named Ouran High School Host Club: Haruhi no Happy Birthday Daisakusen with the same cast that was originally broadcast on January 6, 2012 by LISMO drama, a mobile drama provided by au. This LISMO drama tells an original story worked on by the author of the manga. The drama revolves around the host club members becoming flustered upon learning that it is Haruhi’s birthday. Through their misunderstandings about celebrating her birthday, the members make Haruhi angry. Kawaguchi, who plays Haruhi Fujioka, commented, "You will see an explosion of this well-known bright and silly character! It was fun playing the role, and all the host club members enjoyed the filming." Each episode is approximately five minutes long, and there are four episodes.
According to Tania Darlington in a paper published by the University of Florida, the series is a parody of otaku culture, especially cross-dressing, yaoi and yuri cultures within otaku culture. The club often dresses up in flamboyant costumes, and Renge Hōshakuji is also identified as an otaku. Rose Bridges, writing for Anime News Network, regards Ouran as being the first example of a "fujoshi comedy" genre—comedic series with largely male casts which cater to shippers.
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- 桜蘭高校ホスト部(クラブ) 1 [Ouran High School Host Club, Vol. 1] (in Japanese). Hakusensha. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- 桜蘭高校ホスト部(クラブ) 18 [Ouran High School Host Club, Vol. 18] (in Japanese). Hakusensha. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
- 桜蘭高校ホスト部(クラブ)ファンブック～うきドキ☆攻略大作戦～ (in Japanese). Hakusensha. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- Salva (2 October 2007). "Ouran High School Host Club". Tanuki.pl (in Polish) (Małgorzata Kaczarowska) 845. ISSN 1898-8296. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
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- 桜蘭高校ホスト部(通常版) (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "桜蘭高校ホスト部DS(限定版)" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "Ouran High School Host Club Gets Live-Action Show". Anime News Network. May 19, 2011. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
- 川口春奈、初主演ドラマ『桜蘭高校ホスト部』映画化決定 来年3月公開 (in Japanese). Oricon. August 24, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
- "Ouran High School Host Club Manga Gets Live-Action Film". Anime News Network. August 25, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
- "Spin-off drama of "Ouran High School Host Club" to begin distributing as LISMO drama". Tokyohive. December 24, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- Darlington, Tania. "The Queering of Haruhi Fujioka: Cross-Dressing, Camp and Commoner Culture in Ouran High School Host Club". University of Florida. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "The Secret Revolution of Ouran High School Host Club". Anime News Network. September 2, 2015. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- Official Ouran High School Host Club manga website (Japanese)
- Official NTV Ouran High School Host Club anime website (Japanese)
- Official IDeaf Ouran Host Club visual novel website (Japanese)
- Official Ouran High School Host Club DS visual novel website (Japanese)
- Official Shojo Beat Ouran High School Host Club manga website
- Official Funimation Ouran website
- Official TV drama website (Japanese)
- Ouran High School Host Club (manga) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia