Oymyakonsky District

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Oymyakonsky District

Оймяконский улус
Other transcription(s)
 • SakhaӨймөкөөн улууhа
Near Oymyakon, Oymyakonsky District
Near Oymyakon, Oymyakonsky District
Coat of arms of Oymyakonsky District
Coat of arms
Location of Oymyakonsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 63°27′N 142°47′E / 63.450°N 142.783°E / 63.450; 142.783Coordinates: 63°27′N 142°47′E / 63.450°N 142.783°E / 63.450; 142.783
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[1]
EstablishedMay 20, 1931[2]
Administrative centerUst-Nera[3]
Area
 • Total92,300 km2 (35,600 sq mi)
Population
 • Total10,109
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
8,515 (-15.8%)
 • Density0.11/km2 (0.28/sq mi)
 • Urban
69.0%
 • Rural
31.0%
Administrative structure
 • Administrative divisions2 Settlements, 5 Rural okrugs
 • Inhabited localities[3]2 Urban-type settlements[6], 13 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asOymyakonsky Municipal District[7]
 • Municipal divisions[8]2 Urban settlements, 5 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+10 (MSK+7 Edit this on Wikidata[9])
OKTMO ID98639000
Websitehttps://mr-ojmjakonskij.sakha.gov.ru/

Oymyakonsky District (Russian: Оймяко́нский улу́с; Yakut: Өймөкөөн улууһа, Öymököön uluuha, IPA: [øjmøkøːn uluːha]) is an administrative[1] and municipal[7] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic and borders with Ust-Maysky District in the southwest, Tomponsky District in the west, Momsky District in the north, Magadan Oblast in the east, and with Khabarovsk Krai in the south. The area of the district is 92,300 square kilometers (35,600 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a settlement) of Ust-Nera.[3] Population: 10,109 (2010 Census);[4] 14,670 (2002 Census);[10] 31,078 (1989 Census).[11] The population of Ust-Nera accounts for 63.9% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

The landscape of the district is mostly mountainous. The main river is the Indigirka. There are many lakes in the district, with Labynkyr Lake in particular being famous for its mythical Labynkyr monster.

Climate[edit]

The rural locality of Oymyakon is the Pole of Cold of the northern hemisphere, with the temperature of −67.7 °C (−89.9 °F) having been recorded in February 1933. Average January temperature ranges from −41 to −51 °C (−42 to −60 °F). Average July temperature ranges from +8 to +19 °C (46 to 66 °F). Average precipitation ranges from 150–200 millimeters (5.9–7.9 in) in the valleys to 600 millimeters (24 in) in the mountains.

History[edit]

The district was established on May 20, 1931.[2]

Demographics[edit]

From 1989 to 2007, the district's population, mostly represented by Russians (57%), Yakuts (23%), Ukrainians (10%), and Evenks (8%), declined by nearly 55%.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the district is based mostly on mining and agriculture. There are deposits of gold, silver, tin, tungsten, lead, zinc, and antimony in the district.

Transportation[edit]

The M56 Kolyma Highway runs through the district, connecting it with Yakutsk and Magadan.

Inhabited localities[edit]

Municipal composition
Towns Population Male Female Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Artyk
(Артык)
512 274 (53.5%) 238 (46.5%)
Ust Nera
(Усть-Нера)
6972 3915 (56.2%) 3057 (43.6%)
  • Urban-type settlement of Ust-Nera (administrative centre of the district)
Rural settlements Population Male Female Rural localities in jurisdiction*
First Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 1-й наслег)
761 386 (50.7%) 375 (49.3%)
Second Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 2-й наслег)
1366 630 (46.1%) 736 (53.9%)
Sordonnokhsky Nasleg
(Сордоннохский наслег)
330 174 (52.7%) 156 (47.3%)
Teryutsky Nasleg
(Терютский наслег)
355 178 (50.1%) 177 (49.9%)
Yuchyugeysky Nasleg
(Ючюгейский наслег)
322 164 (50.9%) 158 (49.1%)

Divisional source:[12]
Population source:[4]
*Administrative centers are shown in bold

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Constitution of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Oymyakonsky District (in Russian)
  3. ^ a b c d e Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  4. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  6. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  7. ^ a b Law #172-Z #351-III
  8. ^ Law #173-Z #354-III
  9. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ Oymyakonsky Ulus (Raion) Official website of the Sakha Republic

Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).