Papakura (New Zealand electorate)

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Papakura electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Papakura is an electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, based in the south Auckland town of Papakura. Historically, the name refers to an electorate that existed between 1978 and 1996, which with the advent of Mixed Member Proportional voting and resulting reduction in the number of constituencies was folded into a new Hunua seat. In 2002 Hunua was modified, pulled northwards and renamed Clevedon.

In a modern sense, the name refers to a constituency which was fought for the first time at the 2008 election. This new Papakura seat is the successor to the old Clevedon seat. It also contains a set of towns to the west of Papakura, namely Drury, Karaka and Kingseat. Until 2014 it also included Waiau Pa and Clarks Beach. The current MP is Judith Collins, of the National Party.

Population centres[edit]

The 1977 electoral redistribution was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established through an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886, initiated by Muldoon's National Government.[1] As part of the 1976 census, a large number of people failed to fill out an electoral re-registration card, and census staff had not been given the authority to insist on the card being completed. This had little practical effect for people on the general roll, but it transferred Māori to the general roll if the card was not handed in. Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, this resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island.[2] The electoral redistribution was very disruptive, and 22 electorates were abolished, while 27 electorates were newly created (including Papakura) or re-established. These changes came into effect for the 1978 election.[3]

History[edit]

In the 1978 election, the Papakura electorate was won by National's Merv Wellington, who had been MP for the Manurewa electorate since 1975.[4] When he retired at the 1990 election, he was succeeded by John Robertson.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National    United NZ  

Elections Winner
1978 election Merv Wellington
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election John Robertson1
1993 election
(Electorate abolished 1996–2008)
2008 election Judith Collins
2011 election
2014 election

1Robertson defected to the United party in 1995.

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election 2014: Papakura[5]

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Judith Collins 15,588 46.07 −13.52 17,733 51.01 −1.61
Labour Jerome Mika 10,469 30.94 +3.92 8,967 25.80 −1.41
NZ First Brent Catchpole 3,374 9.97 +4.31 3,737 10.75 +2.26
Green Caroline Conroy 1,790 5.29 +0.29 1,801 5.47 −0.29
Conservative Kevin Stitt 1,292 3.82 +1.78 1,431 4.12 +1.06
ACT John Thompson 412 1.22 +0.52 331 0.63 −0.42
Māori Ann Kendall 239 0.71 +0.71 172 0.49 −0.14
Mana Roger Fowler 174 0.51 +0.51
Internet Mana   275 0.79 +0.29[a]
Legalise Cannabis   124 0.36 −0.12
United Future   60 0.17 −0.19
Ban 1080   23 0.07 +0.07
Civilian   20 0.06 +0.06
Democrats   9 0.03 ±0.00
Focus   5 0.01 +0.01
Independent Coalition   4 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 499 186
Total Valid votes 33,837 34,765
Turnout 34,765 73.57 +1.97
National hold Majority 5,119 15.13 −17.44

Electorate (as at 4 October 2014): 45,992[6]

2011 election[edit]

General election 2011: Papakura[7]

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Judith Collins 18,096 59.59 −0.10 16,640 52.62 +1.14
Labour Jerome Mika 8,206 27.02 −0.07 8,603 27.21 −2.11
NZ First Brent Catchpole 1,718 5.66 +0.89 2,680 8.48 +3.40
Green Caroline Conroy 1,519 5.00 +0.93 1,731 5.47 +2.51
Conservative Bob Daw 619 2.04 +2.04 967 3.06 +3.06
ACT John Thompson 212 0.70 −2.65 331 1.05 −5.03
Māori   183 0.58 −0.35
Mana   159 0.50 +0.50
Legalise Cannabis   152 0.48 +0.10
United Future   133 0.42 −0.41
Libertarianz   22 0.07 +0.04
Democrats   11 0.03 +0.02
Alliance   9 0.03 -0.03
Informal votes 814 250
Total Valid votes 30,370 31,621
National hold Majority 9,890 32.57 −0.03

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,164[8]

2008 election[edit]

General election 2008: Papakura[9]

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Judith Collins 18,816 59.68 16,672 51.48
Labour David Hereora 8,539 27.09 9,493 29.31
NZ First Brent Catchpole 1,504 4.77 1,643 5.07
Green Rachel Grimwood 1,283 4.07 961 2.97
ACT John Thompson 1,057 3.35 1,967 6.07
United Future Bryan Penquinn Mockridge 225 0.71 269 0.83
RAM Pat O'Dea 102 0.32 14 0.04
Māori   300 0.93
Progressive   254 0.78
Pacific   247 0.76
Bill and Ben   177 0.55
Family Party   143 0.44
Legalise Cannabis   124 0.38
Kiwi   76 0.23
Alliance   18 0.06
Workers Party   9 0.03
Libertarianz   8 0.02
Democrats   5 0.02
RONZ   3 0.01
Informal votes 418 188
Total Valid votes 31,526 32,383
National win new seat Majority 10,277 32.60

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 8–9, 51, 119.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 119.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 115–120.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 244.
  5. ^ "Official Count Results -- Papakura (2014)". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 26 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  7. ^ 2011 election results
  8. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  9. ^ 2008 election results

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.