Pakuranga (New Zealand electorate)

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Pakuranga electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Pakuranga is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate. It gave the Social Credit Party one of its few MPs when Neil Morrison held the seat from 1984 to 1987, but otherwise the electorate seat has been held by the National Party since 1972. Its current MP is Maurice Williamson who has held the electorate since 1987 but will not seek re-election in 2017.

Population centres[edit]

Pakuranga is one of 64 general electorates used in New Zealand general elections. It covers part of eastern Auckland around the eponymous suburb of Pakuranga. Other population centres include Farm Cove, Half Moon Bay, Bucklands Beach, parts of Highland Park and parts of Howick.

The boundaries of the Pakuranga electorate were last adjusted in the 2007 redistribution. Initially, the Representation Commission proposed substantial changes, but after hearing objections mainly about Pakuranga, Manukau East, and Manurewa, the shape of the Pakuranga electorate reverted to almost the boundaries prior to the review.[1] No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution.[2]

History[edit]

Pakuranga was first contested in at the 1963 election, and won by future Labour Party frontbencher Bob Tizard. It was recaptured by National in 1972, and has stayed with National since, save for a brief interlude - the New Zealand Party's presence on the ballot paper in 1984 split the centre-right vote and handed the seat to Social Credit's Neil Morrison.

With the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation in 1996 the seat was expanded to absorb the most of the neighbouring seat of Howick. Its boundaries have remained largely unchanged since; an attempt in 2007 to resurrect a seat around Howick by pulling the Pakuranga boundaries across the Tamaki River and adding Panmure, Point England and Glen Innes from Auckland City was abandoned in the face of strenuous local objection. Instead, Howick was renamed Botany and centred on the rapid-growth areas of Flat Bush, Botany Downs and Dannemora.

Pakuranga is considered a safe National seat, with current MP Maurice Williamson being easily re-elected at every election since ousting Morrison in 1987.[3] In the 2014 election, Williamson had a majority of 12,867 votes over his nearest challenger, Barry Kirker of the Labour Party.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.

Key

 Labour    National    Social Credit    NZ First  

Election Winner
1963 election 1966 election 1969 election Bob Tizard
1972 election 1975 election Gavin Downie
1978 election 1981 election Pat Hunt
1984 election Neil Morrison
1987 election Maurice Williamson
1990 election
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Pakuranga electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2002 election Pita Paraone
2005 election

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election 2014: Pakuranga[5]

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Maurice Williamson 20,388 59.75 −6.11 20,854 60.24 −2.56
Labour Barry Kirker 7,521 22.04 +0.25 5,511 15.92 −2.70
Conservative Andrew Craig 3,465 10.15 +4.95 1,930 5.57 +2.02
ACT Jamie Whyte 2,030 5.95 +3.35 1,021 2.95 +1.16
NZ First   2,456 7.09 +1.42
Green   2,192 6.33 +0.12
Internet Mana   214 0.62 +0.50[a]
Legalise Cannabis   109 0.31 −0.03
Māori   108 0.31 −0.02
United Future   78 0.23 −0.23
Civilian   16 0.05 +0.05
Ban 1080   11 0.03 +0.03
Democrats   8 0.02 ±0.00
Independent Coalition   8 0.02 +0.02
Focus   4 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 721 101
Total Valid votes 34,125 34,621
Turnout 34,621 74.76 +4.77
National hold Majority 12,867 37.71 −6.35

2011 election[edit]

General election 2011: Pakuranga[6]

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Maurice Williamson 20,694 65.86 +4.28 20,471 62.80 +3.10
Labour Sunny Kaushal 6,848 21.79 +0.17 6,068 18.62 -3.66
Conservative Lance Gedge 1,634 5.20 +5.20 1,156 3.55 +3.55
NZ First Helen Jane Mulford 1,430 4.55 +1.26 1,847 5.67 +2.18
ACT Chris Simmons 816 2.60 -3.74 585 1.79 -5.39
Green   2,024 6.21 +2.61
United Future   149 0.46 -0.50
Legalise Cannabis   112 0.34 +0.12
Māori   109 0.33 +0.03
Mana   40 0.12 +0.12
Alliance   20 0.06 +0.02
Libertarianz   9 0.03 -0.01
Democrats   5 0.02 +0.004
Informal votes 1,041 202
Total Valid votes 31,422 32,595
National hold Majority 13,846 44.06 +4.10

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,912[7]

2008 election[edit]

General election 2008: Pakuranga[8]

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Maurice Williamson 21,430 61.58 21,099 59.70
Labour Brian Kelly 7,524 21.62 7,872 22.27
ACT Andrew Jollands 2,205 6.34 2,541 7.19
Green Zachary Dorner 1,480 4.25 1,273 3.60
NZ First Pita Paraone 1,146 3.29 1,231 3.48
United Future Quentin Todd 409 1.18 338 0.96
Progressive Jeffrey Ly 354 1.02 265 0.75
Kiwi Brian Hilder 252 0.72 123 0.35
Family Party   186 0.53
Bill and Ben   137 0.39
Māori   106 0.30
Legalise Cannabis   79 0.22
Pacific   38 0.11
Alliance   15 0.04
Libertarianz   13 0.04
Workers Party   12 0.03
RAM   6 0.02
Democrats   4 0.01
RONZ   4 0.01
Informal votes 329 80
Total Valid votes 34,800 35,342
National hold Majority 13,906 39.96

2005 election[edit]

General election 2005: Pakuranga[9]

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Maurice Williamson 19,159 54.03 19,173 53.28
Labour Michael Wood 9,577 27.01 10,810 30.31
Independent Steve Baron 1,807 5.10
NZ First Pita Paraone 1,398 3.54 2105 5.85
ACT Bronny Jacobson 1,216 3.43 1,354 3.76
United Future Ian McInnes 833 2.35 878 2.44
Progressive Ly Meng 560 1.58 297 0.83
Destiny David Jesze 488 1.38 206 0.57
Christian Heritage Ewen McQueen 373 1.05 80 0.22
Direct Democracy Kevin Moore 49 0.14 11 0.03
Green   907 2.52
Māori   73 0.20
Legalise Cannabis   36 0.10
Libertarianz   14 0.04
Alliance   13 0.04
RONZ   7 0.02
99 MP   6 0.02
One NZ   6 0.02
Family Rights   5 0.01
Democrats   4 0.01
Informal votes 359 88
Total Valid votes 35,460 35,983
National hold Majority 9,582 27.02

2002 election[edit]

General election 2002: Pakuranga[10]

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Maurice Williamson 14,010 43.42 8,470 26.02
Labour Michael Wood 9,454 29.30 10,375 31.87
ACT Andrew Jollands 2,419 7.50 4,712 14.47
NZ First Pita Paraone 2,001 6.20 3,859 11.85
United Future Ian McInnes 1,461 4.53 2,543 7.88
Green David Rose 1,040 3.22 1,173 3.60
Christian Heritage Jonothan Ko 876 2.71 426 1.31
Progressive Meng Ly 478 1.48 396 1.22
Alliance Paul Protheroe 158 0.49 192 0.58
ORNZ   204 0.63
Legalise Cannabis   93 0.28
One NZ   20 0.06
NMP   4 0.01
Mana Māori   0.00
Informal votes 378 84
Total Valid votes 32,266 32,553
National hold Majority 4,556

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. pp. 8, 13. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Hon Maurice Williamson". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Official Count Results -- Pakuranga". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Official Count Results - Pakuranga (2014)". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Official Count Results - Pakuranga (2011)". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  8. ^ [1] Archived November 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ [2][dead link]
  10. ^ "Official Count Results - Pakuranga". Electionresults.govt.nz. Retrieved 2015-07-24. 

External links[edit]