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In Māori mythology, Patupaiarehe are pale spirit beings that live in deep forests and on mountaintops in New Zealand, and are sometimes hostile to humans. Ethereal flute music and singing sometimes reveals their presence. The flute music is used to lure in women. To rape and then murder them. After they go they are never heard or seen from again. According to legend.

Patupaiarehe, also referred to as Turehu, Ngati Hotu and Urukehu (red heads), were said to live in large guarded communities.[1] They tended to occur in certain localities, especially hilly or mountainous regions. In the North Island, these included Mt Pirongia in the Waikato, the Coromandel Range from Mt Moehau to Mt Te Aroha, the Rotorua hills, the Urewera Ranges, and the Waitākere Ranges near present-day Auckland. In the South Island, they inhabited the hills of Banks Peninsula, the Takitimu range, and the hills between Lake Brunner and the Arahura River.[2][3] Another little-known term for these fairy-like folk was pakehakeha, which has been suggested as a possible origin of the word Pākehā, used to refer to Europeans.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Patupaiarehe and ponaturi", Te Ara website
  2. ^ "Patupaiarehe, tūrehu and other inhabitants", Te Ara
  3. ^ Cowan, James (1925). Fairy Folk Tales of the Maori. New Zealand: Whitcombe and Tombs.
  4. ^ "ORIGINS OF THE WORDS PAKEHA AND MAORI", Sidney J. Baker, Journal of the Polynesian Society, Vol 54-4 1945

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