Giles County Courthouse, Confederate Memorial and cupola in Pearisburg
|• Mayor||Robert Dickerson|
|• Total||3.16 sq mi (8.19 km2)|
|• Land||3.16 sq mi (8.18 km2)|
|• Water||0.004 sq mi (0.01 km2)|
|Elevation||1,808 ft (551 m)|
|• Density||882/sq mi (340.7/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1498527|
Pearisburg is a town in Giles County, Virginia, United States. The population was 2,786 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Giles County. Pearisburg is part of the Blacksburg–Christiansburg–Radford Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Pearisburg was founded in 1808 when Giles County was established. It was named after George Pearis, a local landowner who donated a 50-acre (20 ha) tract to be used for a town that would grow up around the county court house. Pearis had operated a ferry on the New River at a settlement called "Bluff City", which is incorporated into the present boundaries of the town of Pearisburg.
Pearisburg is located slightly west of the center of Giles County at  It is south of the New River at the foot of Pearis Mountain, which rises to 3,700 feet (1,100 m) to the southwest of town. The Appalachian Trail descends Pearis Mountain and passes through the western limit of the town before crossing the New River.(37.329184, -80.732490).
U.S. Route 460 passes through the north side of town, leading southeast 24 miles (39 km) to Blacksburg and west 27 miles (43 km) to Princeton, West Virginia. Virginia Route 100 passes through the center of Pearisburg, leading south 20 miles (32 km) to Dublin near Interstate 81.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,729 people, 1,219 households, and 789 families residing in the town. The population density was 890.7 people per square mile (344.3/km²). There were 1,279 housing units at an average density of 417.5 per square mile (161.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.12% White, 2.02% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.44% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.
There were 1,219 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the town, the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,720, and the median income for a family was $39,938. Males had a median income of $30,347 versus $23,482 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,412. About 11.5% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.
The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Pearisburg has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Pearisburg town, Virginia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- History of Pearisburg, Pearisburg Town website, accessed December 6, 2011
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Climate Summary for Pearisburg, Virginia