Woodstock, Virginia

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Woodstock, Virginia
The Woodstock Cafe and Shoppes, a typical business in the historic section of Woodstock, Virginia.
The Woodstock Cafe and Shoppes, a typical business in the historic section of Woodstock, Virginia.
Location of Woodstock, Virginia
Location of Woodstock, Virginia
Coordinates: 38°52′37″N 78°30′41″W / 38.87694°N 78.51139°W / 38.87694; -78.51139Coordinates: 38°52′37″N 78°30′41″W / 38.87694°N 78.51139°W / 38.87694; -78.51139
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyShenandoah
Government
 • TypeTown Council/Mayor
Area
 • Total3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)
 • Land3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
784 ft (239 m)
Population
 • Total3,952
 • Density1,216.9/sq mi (469.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
22664
Area code(s)540
FIPS code51-87712[1]
GNIS feature ID1500352[2]

Woodstock is a town in Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States. It has a population of 5,097 according to the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Shenandoah County.[3]

The Massanutten Military Academy is located in Woodstock, as is the national headquarters of Sigma Sigma Sigma sorority. Woodstock is also home to the River Bandits of the Valley League.

History[edit]

The town was established by charter in March 1761 as a part of what was then Frederick County. It was originally formed by a land grant from Lord Fairfax, and founded as Muellerstadt (Miller Town) in 1752 after founder Jacob Miller. The town's charter was sponsored by George Washington in Virginia's House of Burgesses. Woodstock has been the County Seat of Shenandoah County, since the County's formation in 1772.

Main Street in Woodstock

In the late 1770s, John Muhlenberg was pastor at a Lutheran church located in the heart of Woodstock. As a famous story of Muhlenberg has it, at conclusion of his farewell sermon on January 21, 1776, Muhlenberg threw off his clerical robes to reveal an officer's uniform beneath and shouted, "there is a time to pray and a time to fight..." With that declaration, the story says he then called for volunteers to join the 8th Virginia Regiment under his command.

In 1795, the courthouse, designed by Thomas Jefferson, was built using native limestone. The courthouse, located on Main Street, is the oldest courthouse still in use west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Lantz Hall and the Shenandoah County Courthouse are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860998
1870859−13.9%
18801,00016.4%
18901,0686.8%
19001,0690.1%
19101,31422.9%
19201,58020.2%
19301,552−1.8%
19401,546−0.4%
19501,81617.5%
19602,08314.7%
19702,33812.2%
19802,62712.4%
19903,18221.1%
20003,95224.2%
20105,09729.0%
Est. 20165,248[5]3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,952 people, 1,685 households, and 1,029 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,216.9 people per square mile (469.5/km²). There were 1,840 housing units at an average density of 566.6 per square mile (218.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.62% White, 2.73% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.28% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.43% of the population.

There were 1,685 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the town, the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 26.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,288, and the median income for a family was $38,778. Males had a median income of $25,616 versus $22,115 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,373. About 10.4% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

Woodstock is located at 38°52′37″N 78°30′41″W / 38.87694°N 78.51139°W / 38.87694; -78.51139 (38.877075, −78.511521).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.4 km²), all of it land.

View north along I-81, the largest and busiest highway in Woodstock

Transportation[edit]

Interstate 81 is the main highway providing access to Woodstock. I-81 extends south to Tennessee and north to West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania and New York. Virginia State Route 42 extends southwest from Woodstock into rural southwestern Shenandoah County. SR 42 also connects I-81 to U.S. Route 11, which serves as a local service road for I-81 and is known as Main Street within Woodstock.

Shenandoah Valley Commuter Bus Service offers weekday commuter bus service from Northern Shenandoah Valley including Shenandoah County and Warren County to Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C. including Arlington County and Fairfax County. Origination points in Shenandoah County include Woodstock. Origination points in Warren County include Front Royal and Linden.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Woodstock has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9] The hardiness zone is 6b.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Woodstock, Virginia