Peguis First Nation
Peguis First Nation is the largest First Nations community in Manitoba, Canada, with a population of approximately 7,338 people. It is located approximately 145 kilometres north of Winnipeg. The citizens of Peguis are of Saulteaux (Anishinaabe) and Cree descent. The First Nation is named after Peguis, the chief who led the people to the lands where they settled.
Chief Peguis and his Band settled in an area north of present day Selkirk in the late 1700s. Their history is documented in journals of the Hudson's Bay Company, the Lord Selkirk settlers and the Church Missionary Society. Peguis and other chiefs signed the Selkirk Treaty in 1817. The treaty allocated land along the Red and Assiniboine Rivers to Lord Selkirk and his settlers for an annual rent of tobacco. On August 3, 1871, Peguis' son Mis-Koo-Kinew (or Henry Prince) signed Treaty 1 on behalf of the "St. Peter's Band", the name of the Peguis First Nation at the time. Treaty 1 specified that Peguis would be given 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land for each family of five people.
In 2008, Peguis First Nation announced the finalization of a land claims settlement with the Canadian federal government. The claim is for land which was surrendered near Selkirk, Manitoba in 1907 .
Peguis First Nation consists of nine reserves: Peguis 1B, Peguis 1C, Peguis 1D, Peguis 1E, Peguis 1F, Pegius 1G, Peguis 1H, Peguis 1I and St. Peters Fishing Station 1A. The reserves of Peguis total 30655.7 hectares (75749.2 acres) in area.
The largest settlement, which lies on the main reserve (1B), is also named Peguis, and is located at Rural Municipality of Fisher.. The main reserve lies adjacent to the northern borders of the
On 24 March 2009, Peguis First Nation along with Roseau River First Nation, Sioux Falls, St. Andrews, St. Clements and Selkirk MB experienced a hydrological flood. The total cost of flood in the region was CAD 40,000,000. 3,000 people were evacuated in the region. It was listed on the Canadian Disaster database.
Heavy rain and high winds Interlake Region of Manitoba from 1 to 5 July 2010, caused flooding and evacuation of Peguis First Nation’s 250 residents. Approximately 300 homes on-reserve were damaged and several roads washed out. Most residents were temporarily relocated to Winnipeg and a few near Fisher River Cree Nation.
By February 2011 Peguis First Nation were meeting with Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development officials about controlling mould in the 75 homes damaged by flooding.
In March 2011 as community piled sandbags in flood preparations, William Sutherland, the Peguis First Nation's emergency measures co-ordinator, said Peguis First Nation experienced two major floods since 2009.
By 2013 according to Peguis Chief Glenn Hudson almost two years after they had to leave the reserve in the 2011 flood, about 200 members were still out of their homes.
- Peguis First Nation
- First Nations Voice (January 3, 2011). Benefits flow to Peguis First Nation. Retrieved: 2013-08-30.
- Peguis First Nation - Treaty Land Entitlement
- Manitoba native band finalizing largest-ever single compensation claim, CBC, May 23, 2008.
- Peguis, Aboriginal Communities Website.
- Canadian Disaster Database (Report). Ottawa, Ontario: Public Safety Canada. 2007.
- "Events in the Canadian Disaster Database meet at least one of the following criteria: 10 or more people killed; 100 or more people affected/injured/evacuated or homeless; An appeal for national or international assistance was made; It was an event of historical significance; There was a level of damage/disruption such that the community affected could not recover on its own (PSC,2007)Canadian Disaster Database.
- "Peguis First Nation Flooding – Chronology of Events". Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
- "Peguis First Nation ramps up flood preparations". 27 March 2013.
- "AANDC Support for First Nations Affected by Flooding in Manitoba". Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development.