Peguis First Nation
Peguis First Nation is the largest First Nations community in Manitoba, Canada, with a population of approximately 10,254 people (3,521 on reserve and 6,504 off reserve). The reserve is located approximately 190 kilometres north of Winnipeg. The members of Peguis are of Saultaux (Ojibway) and Cree descent. The First Nation is named after Peguis, the chief who led a band of Saultaux people from present-day Sault Ste. Marie Ontario area to a Cree settlement at Netley Creek Manitoba and later to present-day East Selkirk Manitoba. The reserve is currently located about 170 km northwest of the original reserve (called St. Peter's). It was moved to its present location in 1907 after an illegal land transfer.
Chief Peguis and his Band settled in an area north of present-day Selkirk in the late 1700s. Their history is documented in journals of the Hudson's Bay Company, the Lord Selkirk settlers and the Church Missionary Society. Peguis and other chiefs signed the Selkirk Treaty in 1817. The treaty allocated land along the Red and Assiniboine Rivers to Lord Selkirk and his settlers for an annual rent of tobacco. On August 3, 1871, Peguis' son Mis-Koo-Kinew (or Henry Prince) signed Treaty 1 on behalf of the "St. Peter's Band", the name of the Peguis First Nation at the time. Treaty 1 specified that Peguis would be given 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land for each family of five people.
In 2008, Peguis First Nation announced the finalization of a land claims settlement with the Canadian federal government. The claim is for land which was surrendered near Selkirk, Manitoba in 1907.
Peguis First Nation consists of nine reserves: Peguis 1B, Peguis 1C, Peguis 1D, Peguis 1E, Peguis 1F, Pegius 1G, Peguis 1H, Peguis 1I and St. Peters Fishing Station 1A. The reserves of Peguis total 30655.7 hectares (75749.2 acres) in area.
The largest settlement, which lies on the main reserve (1B), is also named Peguis, and is located at Rural Municipality of Fisher.. The main reserve lies adjacent to the northern borders of the
On 24 March 2009, Peguis First Nation along with Roseau River First Nation, Sioux Falls, St. Andrews, St. Clements and Selkirk MB experienced a hydrological flood. The total cost of flood in the region was CAD 40,000,000. 3,000 people were evacuated in the region. It was listed on the Canadian Disaster database.
Heavy rain and high winds Interlake Region of Manitoba from 1 to 5 July 2010, caused flooding and evacuation of Peguis First Nation’s 250 residents. Approximately 300 homes on-reserve were damaged and several roads washed out. Most residents were temporarily relocated to Winnipeg and a few near Fisher River Cree Nation.
By February 2011, Peguis First Nation were meeting with Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development officials about controlling mould in the 75 homes damaged by flooding. In March 2011, as community piled sandbags in flood preparations, the Peguis First Nation's emergency measures co-ordinator, said Peguis First Nation experienced two major floods since 2009.
- Dr. Marcia Anderson DeCouteau, former president of the Indigenous Physicians Association of Canada
- Amy Clemons, a founding member of the first Indian & Metis Friendship Centre in Canada, recipient of the Order of Canada
- Trevor Greyeyes, writer, journalist, editor
- Linden McCorrister, hockey player, Brandon Wheat Kings
- Cheryl McKenzie, journalist for APTN
- Renae Morriseau, actress, storyteller, director
- Nile Expedition boatmen; Adam Cochrane, Alex Cochrane, Richard Henderson, John Pratt, Thomas Pratt, William Prince, George Settee
- Shirley Olson, a co-founder of the Original Women's Network, an Executive Director of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs, lawyer, community activist, an organizer of Peace Village (Winnipeg, Manitoba)
- William Prince, singer-songwriter
- Bill Shead, former mayor of Selkirk Manitoba, first CEO of Aboriginal Centre of Winnipeg
- Murray Sinclair, senator in the Canadian parliament, Chair of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, former Manitoba provincial court judge 
- Rosa Walker, founder of the Indigenous Leadership Development Institute
- Joshua Whitehead, writer
- Dr. Kona Williams, first Indigenous Canadian forensic pathologist
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- Canadian Disaster Database (Report). Ottawa, Ontario: Public Safety Canada. 2007. Archived from the original on 2009-03-26.
- "Events in the Canadian Disaster Database meet at least one of the following criteria: 10 or more people killed; 100 or more people affected/injured/evacuated or homeless; An appeal for national or international assistance was made; It was an event of historical significance; There was a level of damage/disruption such that the community affected could not recover on its own (PSC,2007)Canadian Disaster Database.
- "Peguis First Nation Flooding – Chronology of Events". Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
- "Peguis First Nation ramps up flood preparations". 27 March 2013.
- "AANDC Support for First Nations Affected by Flooding in Manitoba". Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development. Archived from the original on 2013-07-06.
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-  by Dorothy Dobie, Manitoba Post, March 21, 2018
- "Senators". Senate of Canada. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
- "Meet the Commissioners". Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
- The Journal, 2001, page 4 
- "Poet Joshua Whitehead redefines two-spirit identity in Full-Metal Indigiqueer". Unreserved, December 17, 2017.
- The Star. "Meet Canada's first aboriginal forensic pathologist". Katie Daubs. Sept. 25, 2016.