Iranian hip hop

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Iranian hip hop refers to hip hop music developed in Iran.[1][2][3] It is rooted in American hip hop, but is also credited with inspirations from contemporary Iranian music.


Iranian hip hop emerged by the 2000s, from Tehran, the capital of Iran.[4]

The music group 021 was one of the very first groups performing hip hop music in Iran. It was founded by Soroush Lashkary, better known by his stage name Hichkas.[5] He combines hip hop with elements from Iranian classical music,[6][7] and has a unique theistic and nationalistic lyrical style, avoiding vulgar words while referring to social issues.[6] His first Album Jangale Asfalt ("Asphalt Jungle") was one of the first Iranian hip hop albums, and brought much recognition to his name in Iranian communities.[6]

Zedbazi, founded in April 2002, is known as the pioneer of gangsta rap in Iran.[8][9] They rapidly achieved a huge popularity among the youth, due mainly to their controversial lyrics littered with profanities and depictions of sexual encounters and drug use.[10] They are also credited with starting a new movement in Iranian music.[11]

Bahram, an underground Iranian hip hop singer,[12] is named as "one of the 50 most influential people shaping the culture of the Middle East" by The Huffington Post and Al-Monitor.[13][14] His debut album 24 Saat ("24 Hours"), released in August 2008, was described as a powerful commentary on the modern-day of Iran by Rolling Stone.[15]

Yas was the first Iranian rapper to be authorized to perform by the Iranian government.[16][17] On December 21, 2011, he was chosen by voters as the Artist of the Week on MTV Iggy, entitled "Tehran’s Hard-Hitting MC".[18]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Rap in the Capital: Hip-Hop Tehran-Style - Tehran Bureau | FRONTLINE". PBS. 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2014-02-24. 
  2. ^ "Why Iran is cracking down on rap music". Telegraph. 2010-11-10. Retrieved 2014-02-24. 
  3. ^ "Iran's thriving rap culture - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East". Al-Monitor. 2014-01-06. Retrieved 2014-02-24. 
  4. ^ "Iran's underground hip hop dance scene | The FRANCE 24 Observers". 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2014-02-24. 
  5. ^ "Hichkas on Sakkou - Manoto 1 TV". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 2014-02-24. 
  6. ^ a b c [1] Archived July 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "روزنامه اعتماد ملي85/6/28: رپ ايراني ، صداي اعتراض نيست". Retrieved 2015-06-17. 
  8. ^ Rebels of rap reign in Iran
  9. ^ Iran's 'illegal' rappers want cultural revolution
  10. ^ Al Jazeera: Inside Iran's 'revolutionary' rap – September 2014
  11. ^ Ahmadi, Ardeshir (director). Zedbazi Documentary (Documentary film). Tehran. 
  12. ^ San Francisco's Iranian Film Festival| Bahram, An Iranian Rapper | Official Trailer
  13. ^ Bahram Nouraei | Iran (Rap & Hip Hop) | Al-Monitor
  14. ^ 50 People Shaping The Culture Of The Middle East | Huffington Post | Aug 2012
  15. ^ Ashcraft, Julie (Feb 2012). "Article:The Great Escape". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012. 
  16. ^ Kimball, Cody (2008-10-19). "Iranian Rapper speaks of Peace at film screening - Western Herald: News". Retrieved 2015-06-17. 
  17. ^ Cherayil, Neena (March 26, 2009). "Iranian Filmmaker Sarmast and Rapper YAS to Visit Campus". The Daily Gazette. 
  18. ^ Bondy, Halley (2011-12-14). "YAS: Persian Rap Royalty". Retrieved 2015-06-17.