In certain works of Renaissance literature, the phoenix is said to have been eaten as the rarest of dishes – for only one was alive at any one time. Jonson, in Volpone (1605), III, vii. 204-5 writes: 'could we get the phœnix, though nature lost her kind, shee were our dish.' Another mention of the phoenix as a culinary delicacy occurs in John Webster's The White Devil (1612).
The phoenix was also famed for being a symbol of the rise and fall of society, Montag and Faber in Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451. The pattern of an over complacent and abusive society's destruction yielding a fresh new start was compared to the Phoenix's mythological pattern of consumption by flame, then resurrection out of ashes.
Sylvia Plath also alludes to the phoenix in the end of her famous poem "Lady Lazarus."
J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels feature a phoenix, named Fawkes. In Harry Potter's world, phoenixes can carry enormous weights, and their song is said to strike fear into the hearts of the impure and courage into those who are pure of heart. The tears of the phoenix can heal severe poisoning, and other illnesses and injuries. The presence of a phoenix reinforces the underlying theme of overcoming death by embracing life found throughout the series, and many of the traits of the phoenix follow closely with the myth (inclunding that they burst in flames when dying and rise again from the ashes).[original research?]
In Neil Gaiman's short story "Sunbird", a party of Epicureans finally answer the question of what happens when a Phoenix is roasted and eaten; you burst into flames, and 'the years burn off you'. This can kill those who are unexperienced, but those who have swallowed fire and practised with glow-worms can achieve an immensely satisfying eternal youth.
La Fenice ("The Phoenix") is a famous Opera house in Venice, Italy which burned down twice in 1836 and in 1996 only to be rebuilt, likening it more closely to its mythical namesake.
The alternative rock band Live makes reference in the song The Dolphin's Cry saying "this phoenix rises up from the ground, and all these wars are over". The Phoenix is used in this context to help symbolize the cycles of love and sexual union being reborn over and over again.
The American white power hard metal band Bound for Glory in the chorus of The Iron Eagle Flies Again sings " From the fire the winged one emerges/Into the endless night/The rubbles of old/Turns to streets of gold ..."
The Band Senses Fail has at the end of their song (Bite To Break Skin) the Verse. "The phoenix will die inside the firestorm"
One of progressive rock band Wishbone Ash's most famous songs is entitled Phoenix, which tells of a Phoenix being reborn from the ashes.
The underground hip hop group the Unspoken Heard mentions the phoenix in the song "Dream Birth."
Ani DiFranco's song (covered by Alana Davis) "32 Flavors" contains the line "God help you if you are a phoenix and you dare to rise up from the ash; a thousand eyes will smolder with jealousy while you are just flying past"
The Deb Talan song "Ashes On Your Eyes" has the chorus, "You are a phoenix with your feathers still a little wet/baby, the ashes just look pretty on your eyes."
The song "Emancipate" by Kelis from her 2010 album "Flesh Tone" includes the lyric "Like the phoenix from the ashes / Or a sunrise off in the distance / I'll try again / I'll try again / I'll try again / we'll try again"
The longest music video in history, "Runaway" by Kanye West, primarily focuses around a phoenix who has fallen to Earth and after being discriminated against, she bursts into flames to return to her original world.
The Phoenix has been in a numerous times the main motive for collectors’ coins and medals, one of the most recent one is the famous Belgian 10 euro silver coin 60 years of peace. The obverse depicts the Phoenix as a representation of a new Europe, post 1945.
Sculptor Theodore Roszak used the phoenix as inspiration for his 1958 "Night Flight." The phoenix can be found in much of ancient Eastern artwork from Sung Dynasty vases to Greek coloseums.
In the tapestry in the Chamber of the United Nations Security Council, an oil canvas mural painted by the Norwegian artist Per Krogh, the Phoenix is central. It represents a symbol of the world being rebuilt after the Second World War. Above the dark sinister colours at the bottom different images in bright colours symbolizing the hope for a better future are depicted. Equality is symbolized by a group of people weighing out grain for all to share.
In the daytime soap opera Dark Shadows, the character of Laura Murdoch Collins returns to Collinsport, Maine after a ten-year absence to gain custody of her son from her estranged husband, Roger. It is revealed that Laura is an "immortal phoenix" in human form and is nearly at the end of her 100-year lifespan, as she is granted in this storyline. To make a successful completion of the reincarnation process, she must bring another person - her son - into the fire with her. The character of Laura the phoenix is reincarnated a few times into the plotlines of the show, with later episodes showing her to be a worshipper of the god Ra, which may explain the lack of survivors of those she brings into the fire with her, reframing her victims as a divine sacrifice for favor and power rather than as companions for eternity.
In the television series Charmed a line of power-binding witches are called "The Phoenix". They share the same ability to rise from their ashes.
In season 6 of Supernatural, Sam and Dean travel back in time to recover the ashes of a phoenix to kill the season's antagonist Eve. In this instance, the phoenix appears human and is able to burn a person to death merely by touching them, in the end, he is killed by Dean using the Colt.
In the 1978 anime Battle of the Planets (the American dub of Kagaku ninja tai Gatchaman), the main ship of the G-Force team is named Phoenix. It is an amphibious craft capable of flying, underwater travel and minor spaceflight, and serves as a travelling dock for each of the team members' individual vehicles. Of particular relevance is the Fiery Phoenix mode in which the ship takes the form of a giant, flaming bird with tremendous destructive potential.
In the short-lived (4 episodes) 1982 sci-fi television series The Phoenix, Judson Scott played a fugitive ancient astronaut named Bennu (the Egyptian name for the Phoenix) who used the sun's rays to charge a phoenix-emblazoned medallion that provided special powers he used to save those he befriended on his journeys.
In the Star Trek universe, Phoenix is the name given to the first man-made spacecraft to travel faster than light. It is named Phoenix because in the Star Trek timeline, the Earth was still recovering from the ravages of World War III, and represents a reborn and bright future for humanity. There was also a Federation starship called the USS Phoenix.
In the animated series Conan the Adventurer, Needle is Conan's fledgling phoenix sidekick. He possesses the ability to enter flat surfaces and magically transforms into a phoenix design (although he needs all his magical tail feathers to accomplish this feat, and loses this power if he loses one of them). He spent most of his time on Conan's shield as a phoenix design. When in public Needle, who has the ability to speak, is often asked to impersonate a parrot in order to not arouse suspicion, an act which he greatly resents.
In the Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card Game, one of the more popular cards is called Sacred Phoenix of Nephthys, and has what is fundamentally a phoenix-like "rebirth" power-whenever it is destroyed by some sort of card effect, it is revived from the Graveyard (discard pile). It is worth noting that Nephthys is an Egyptian goddess, drawing on the Egyptian symbolism and theme of the Yu-Gi-Oh! franchise. Aside from the Sacred Phoenix of Nephthys, there is also Cyber Phoenix, which grants power after its destruction in battle by way of an extra card draw. Many other Phoenix cards also have a similar birth of either power after death, or recursion after being destroyed. The Winged Dragon of Ra, one of the Egyptian God Cards illegal in normal play, was used in the anime/manga to transform into its "Phoenix" mode. The Harpy Lady cards used a "Phoenix Formation" magic card in the anime/manga as well.
In the anime series Beyblade, characters battle using a form of spinning top, many of which contain "bit-beasts" which are based on animals including mythological creatures. One such bit-beast is named Dranzer and is based on the Phoenix.
In the X-Men series, the character Jean Grey, who was thought to have perished, eventually resurfaces as the new character Phoenix. In the film series, the second movie ends with Jean Grey's apparent death, followed by the third film resurrecting her as Phoenix (see also Comics, below)
In the manga and anime series Fushigi Yugi, the main character is drawn towards a historic fairy tale book which is ruled by four gods; the god that lured her to the book (and the god that seems to inundate the side of good in the series) is a phoenix named Suzaku that the main character is destined to summon primarily to save its land from war.
In the anime series Kaleido Star, the second OVA is named "The legend of Phoenix". One of the characters, Layla Hamilton, talks about her past, and then about her present life, mentioning that her mother, which died, used to read her "The legend of Phoenix" when she was little. Relying on this, she discovers true strength in being the same as a phoenix, always reborning from her ashes.
In the anime series Bleach, the Soul Society uses a weapon called the Sōkyoku for execution, which is a halberd that when released takes the shape of a phoenix (Kikōō) used to destroy a soul on contact. Also, in the spin-off game Shattered Blade, the main antagonist uses a weapon called Fénix, which is Spanish for phoenix.
The British television series Phoenix Nights part-written by and starring comedian Peter Kay centres around a Northern club called The Phoenix which is rebuilt after a fire.
On the television series John Doe, John sees a lot of phoenix images and a statuette in red and someone tells him that he is the phoenix.
In the animated series Storm Hawks, the phoenix is portrayed as a giant flaming bird capable of breathing fire.
In the animated series The Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers, the pilot episode (even though it aired third) was named "Phoenix", as was the doomed ship of the episode's protagonist, Zachary Foxx. Appropriately, the character's life as an ordinary Ranger and family man was destroyed by an attack from his nemesis. At the end, he is "reborn" as a cyborg leading an experimental team.
An episode of The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy features a phoenix, which was hidden in a giant box of the fictional cereal "Frosted Golden Apple Scraps". The characters keep trying to kill it but constantly reappears in a burst of fire.
In the anime Flame of Recca, Recca's elder brother Kurei possesses the black flame in the original form of a phoenix which is considered as a sacred flame.
In the anime One Piece, Usopp has an attack called "Hissatsu Hi no Tori Boshi" (必殺火の鳥星(ファイアーバードスター), Sure-Kill Fire Bird Star) that, when fired, takes the form of a bird made up of fire. Also Whitebeard Pirate Commander Marco has the power of a Mythical Zoan devil fruit that lets him become a Phoenix.
During the first part of the series finale of Avatar: the Last Airbender, the main Antagonist, Fire Lord Ozai, declares that he will both end and win the 100 years war with the world by burning most of the Earth Kingdom to the ground via the power of a comet called Sozin's Comet (Ozai's Grandfather, Fire Lord Sozin). He also stated that he will have a new world rise from the ashes of the old, having only a Fire Nation world. He then dubs himself the Phoenix King (complete with a golden Phoenix motif for armor and having a phoenix in his banners), to compliment his sinister plan and to make himself ruler of the entire world.
In both the 1965 and 2004 versions of The Flight of the Phoenix, a small cargo aircraft carrying some people and cargo crashes in the Sahara Desert after a violent sand storm forces them to land. The aircraft is wrecked but one passenger proposes to rebuild the aircraft with the one remaining engine and eventually the airplane flies again. The aircraft is "reborn" just like the mythical phoenix creature.
In the Stargate universe, Phoenix is the name of a Daedalus-class battlecruiser which belong to the Tau'ri before being rename General Hammond. It also appears in an alternate timeline.
In the Japanese anime Saint Seiya, the character Ikki was born under the Phoenix constellation and inherited the mythical bird's power of rebirth.
In the anime Bakugan Battle Brawlers, a character named Shun Kazami owns the Bakugan "Skyress" which was based on a phoenix.
In the animated series Gargoyles, a magical shield amulet known as The Phoenix Gate can transport the user through time by thinking of another place and time and chanting in Latin, "Burn down the walls of time and space!" The emblem on the shield is a gold phoenix against a blue sky.
In the children's movie Big Bird in China, Big Bird and his dog Barkley travel to China to seek Fenghuang, the Phoenix bird of China, also called "the Empress of the Southern Skies". They must seek her out with the help of a young Chinese girl, the monkey king, and four clues on an ancient scroll. When they find her, Big Bird asks her to tell him all about China, but she says that she had planned all along for him to learn about China by seeking her. She then sings the song he had heard of in a story, that she supposedly had sung to demons who stole the sun (for it was her job to carry the sun into the sky every dawn).
In the animated series My Little Pony Friendship is Magic, one of the episodes is based around Princess Celestia's royal pet, a phoenix named Philomena. Another episode reveals that some dragons like to hunt Phoenixes and their eggs for sport (this episode also shows off some of the bird's various abilities, such as being able to impair opponents with a flash of blinding light).
In the BBC-TV series Merlin Series 3 Episode 8 entitled Eye of the Phoenix. Morgana gives Prince Arthur a bracelet with a Phoenix Eye placed on it. She told him it was for luck, but her true intention was to have the Phoenix Eye slowly drain Prince Arthur of his strength. Making him vulnerable on his quest to the Fisher King's lands. Merlin finds out about Morgana's plan and rushes to save Prince Arthur.
In Yu Yu Hakusho, the protagonist, Yusuke Urameshi, is more than once associated with the phoenix, from the form his energy takes when he unleashes it while fighting against Younger Toguro during the Dark Tournament, to the form Puu (his spirit counterpart) takes when Yusuke resurrects as a demon on the Chapter Black Saga.
In anime Dennou Boukenki Webdiver, there is a robot named Phoenixon, who transforms into a bulllet train, and takes a fighter mode form of a phoenix.
The City of Atlanta, Georgia, USA has the creature on the city seal and Flag, symbolizing the city's rise from being burned by General Sherman's forces during the Civil War.
The City of Phoenix, Arizona, USA, uses its namesake creature in the city's flag, and as the city's logo.
The city of San Francisco, California has a phoenix on its flag, symbolizing the city's rise from the ashes of multiple fires and earthquakes from the mid-19th century through 1906.
The phoenix figures as a supporter on the coat of arms of Coventry, signifying its rise from the ashes after heavy bombing in World War II. It is also the logo of Coventry University. Similarly, the phoenix is the symbol of Caen University, symbolizing its revival after its complete destruction in 1944. Exeter, England, also has this connection with the phoenix after the Exeter Blitz on 4 May 1942.
Since 1999 the Phoenix has been the mascot of Elon University in Elon, NC. The choice came from the fact that in 1923, a fire destroyed most of the campus, including school records, classrooms, the library, and the chapel. Soon after the fire, the university trustees began planning to make Elon "rise from the ashes" and the five buildings constructed to replace those lost currently form the academic center of the school. In addition to this the school's colors are maroon and gold, to match the Phoenix's plumage.
The Phoenix is the official mascot of Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering. In 2002, the Olin Partners and Virtual Olin Partners selected the phoenix as the school's mascot. This mascot, sometimes unofficially called "Frank," represents Olin's willingness to reinvent itself, just as the phoenix is reborn from its ashes.
The Phoenix is also the mascot of Swarthmore College, which adopted the Phoenix as its first ever mascot in June 2006. The name of their mascot is Phineas the Phoenix.
The original seal of The College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, designed by George Wythe bore an image of a Phoenix. The seal was used by the College from 1783 to 1929. The first connection between the College and the Phoenix occurred in 1705 after the Wren Building, the oldest academic building in continuous use in America, first burned to the ground. James Blair, the founder of the College, promised that William and Mary would be like a phoenix, rising from the charred shell of the old Wren Building. His portrait at the College has a phoenix rising from the base of the Wren in the background. There is also an engraved bronze image of a Phoenix located on Landrum Drive between old campus and new campus. The monument was donated by the class of 1932 in honor of the College's 275th anniversary. The Queen’s Guard at the college has a phoenix, modified to suggest the American eagle, on a field of ermine as their insignia.
The Phoenix is the official mascot of Raleigh Charter High School, Raleigh, NC.
The Phoenix is the official mascot of the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay.
Following a fire that destroyed the Paddington tram depot in 1962, the Brisbane City Council constructed eight trams from material salvaged from the ruins of the depot. The livery of these trams featured a small picture of a phoenix underneath the motorman's windows, to signify that these trams had "risen from the ashes".
Grey College of the University of Durham has adopted the Phoenix as its unofficial mascot since its founding in 1959. This was due to the devastation by fire of the then main building of the college, Elvet, just months before the opening.
The Royal Australian Air Force's 79 squadron, flying Hawk 127 aircraft in the lead in fighter trainer role, has a phoenix on its crest which symbolizes squadron's many re-incarnations.
The 605th Test and Evaluation Squadron of the US Air Force at Hurlburt Field, Florida, has the phoenix on its unit emblem.
Cypriot football team of Anorthosis Famagusta has Phoenix as its sign along with part of the Greek flag. Both symbolize Greek ethnicity in the island.
GM's Pontiac Firebird sported a decal of a huge phoenix on the hood of its Trans Am model. Although it came in vogue in the early seventies, the decal stayed as a cornerstone of the styling until the early eighties before it was phased out.
The Pontiac Phoenix was a compact car sold from 1977 to 1984 by the Pontiac division of General Motors.
Dallas based Tex-Mex chain El Fenix is named for the bird.
In the canon of comic author Osamu Tezuka the phoenix is often featured as both a literal and symbolic character. Most prominently in the 12 volume series Hi no Tori in which the phoenix is an all knowing cosmic force which connects the string of cultural, physical, and spiritual deaths, rebirths, reincarnations and transmigrations throughout the series.
In the classic anime franchise, Science Ninja Team Gatchaman, the most spectacular power the superhero has is the ability to temporarily transform their aircraft, The God Phoenix in a massive phoenix-like bird of flame to escape danger.
The character Phenix in Extinctioners is an anthropomorphic phoenix who acts as a team leader. There are a number of phoenixes in the series, each representing a different element; Phenix is one of two who represent fire. In the comics, the symbol of the phoenix itself is an embodiment of hope and life.
In the popular comic series X-Men the phoenix is imaged as a cosmic force. The power of Phoenix is most associated with the X-Man Jean Grey by making her its host and granting her the power of a phoenix.
In the Gargoyles comic continuation of the original Disney animated series, a Phoenix is released from the former "Phoenix Gate" time-traveling magical metallic artifact seen periodically in the TV series, and brings the red-skinned gargoyle Brooklyn along through a forty-year journey through time, ending only forty seconds from where it began.
In the MMORPG Guild Wars, you can tame a Phoenix inspired by Chinese mythology in the Factions Campaign. You can also tame a Rainbow Phoenix after accumulating a certain amount of titles.
In the MMORPG RuneScape, there is a quest in which the player must assist a mortally wounded Phoenix in her rebirthing ritual, after which the player may return each day and "kill" her, so that her life may be extended further. In return, the Phoenix will give the player five of her feathers, which can be used to summon the Phoenix as a familiar.
In the real-time strategy gameStarCraft 2, the Phoenix is a fast air-to air Protoss unit. When StarCraft 2 was first announced, it had an "overload" ability capable of inflicting serious damage to many nearby enemy units at once in a way that fit thematically with its name (including rendering itself temporarily inoperative), but this ability was removed before the game entered beta test; however, the name stuck.
Phoenix is a recurring summon in the Final Fantasy series. It generally deals fire damage to the enemy and resurrects any fallen party members at once, and on occasion will raise its summoner upon KO. The item commonly used for returning a character to life during battle is also called a Phoenix Down.
In the Sega Genesis game Shining Force II, a Phoenix joins the team, initially as an assisting A.I.-controlled character and later becoming a full member. He specifically features the great offensive, defensive, and mobility characteristics expected of such a legendary creature, as well as self-regeneration should he fall in a battle. He serves Volcanon, the god of the flying creatures, who appears to have the form of a massive bird, possibly a Phoenix as well.
In the game Blue Dragon, a central character, Kluke, has a shadow resembling a phoenix.
Sonic Unleashed has Sonic the Werehog battle the Dark Gaia Phoenix, a normally benevolent bird possessed by the game's main villain, Dark Gaia. In the 360 and PS3 versions of the game, the boss has three life bars that must be depleted before victory is achieved, and each time the Dark Gaia Phoenix revives itself, its health bar is longer, and its flames are more intense.
In the MOBALeague of Legends, Anivia is a "cryophoenix" that is a playable champion. She controls the powers of ice instead of the typical fire. The champion Quinn's bird has a skin in which Valor, her bird is a phoenix.
In the MOBA Dota 2, there is a hero called Phoenix, who has fire-based abilities, is associated with the sun, and resembles a phoenix.
In the MOBA Smite, a phoenix tower defends the final guardian, the Chaos/Order Titan.
In the MMORPG Lineage 2, there is a Phoenix Knight player character class. Phoenix Knights have a special ability to revive themselves after death, they are also granted a fire bird summon called "Imperial Phoenix".
In Okami, one of the 12 Celestial Brush Gods is a phoenix named Moegami. He gives you the Inferno brush technique.
Françoise LECOCQ, « Le renouveau du symbolisme du phénix au XXe s. », in Présence de l’Antiquité grecque et romaine au XXe s., éd. Rémy Poignault, coll. Caesarodunum n° XXXIV-XXXV bis, Tours, 2002 (p. 25-59).
Françoise LECOCQ, « The Dark Phoenix : Rewriting an ancient Myth in Today's popular Culture », in Ancient Myths in the Making of Culture, ed. Malgorzata Budzowska et Jadwiga Czerwinska, Peter Lang, Warsaw Studies in Classical Literature and Culture, 3, Frankfurt am Main - Berlin - Bern - Bruxelles - New York - Oxford - Wien, 2014 (p. 341-354).