Portuguese forts

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Portuguese discoverers have discovered many lands and the seaway from Europe to India in the 15th to the 18th centuries. Along the way they built outposts and fortresses, many of which still exist today all over the world. Similar in design they are often easy to recognize although not in Portuguese hands for many years or centuries already.

List of forts by country[edit]

 Portugal[edit]

Name Location, Link Built Today Image
Forte do Guincho Alcabideche 1675 Still existing Forte do Guincho ( Portugal ).jpg
Forte São Jorge de Oitavos Near Cascais 1642 A museum about the Fort itself Link (in Portuguese)
Cidadela de Cascais Cascais 1410/1594 Initially Torre de Santo António de Cascais in 1410, then Fortaleza da Luz da nossa senhora de Cascais in 1594, then Cidadela de Cascais (ca 1580). Open to the public, used for events. Cascais - Portugal 005.jpg

 India[edit]

Name Image Built Location Type/Purpose Current owner and status Coordinates Ref
Bombay Castle 1554 Fort, Mumbai City, Maharashtra Land battery
Administration
Preserved, in use by the Indian Navy 18°55′52″N 72°50′15″E / 18.93111°N 72.83750°E / 18.93111; 72.83750
Castella de Aguada Castella de Aguada 7.jpg 1640 Bandra, Mumbai Suburban, Maharashtra Land battery
Watchtower
freshwater source
Under renovation by the ASI 19°02′30″N 72°49′07″E / 19.04177°N 72.81858°E / 19.04177; 72.81858
Dongri Fort Unavailable 1596 Dongri, Mumbai City, Maharashtra Defensive Hill fort In Ruins (Church preserved) 18°56′27″N 72°50′15″E / 18.94090°N 72.83759°E / 18.94090; 72.83759 [1]
Madh Fort Madh-fort3.jpg 17th century Madh Island, Mumbai Suburban, Maharashtra Land battery
Watchtower
prison
Stable. Preserved by the ASI 19°07′56″N 72°47′41″E / 19.132283°N 72.794785°E / 19.132283; 72.794785 [1]
St. Angelo Fort St.angelo fort side view.jpg St. Angelo Fort 1505 Kannur, Kerala Stable 11°51′15″N 75°22′19″E / 11.854200°N 75.371811°E / 11.854200; 75.371811

 Macau[edit]

Name Image Built Location Type/Purpose Current owner and status Coordinates Ref
Fortaleza do Monte Cannons line the fortress walls.jpg 1617-1626 Freguesia da Sé military fortification Stable 22°11′49.6″N 113°32′32.72″E / 22.197111°N 113.5424222°E / 22.197111; 113.5424222

 Morocco[edit]

Name Image Built Location Type/Purpose Current owner and status Coordinates Ref
Castelo Real Castelo Real Adriaen Matham 1641.jpg 1506 Essaouira, Morocco Relay castle Demolished in the 18th century. 31°30′34″N 9°46′30″W / 31.50944°N 9.77500°W / 31.50944; -9.77500

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes