B. S. Yediyurappa

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B. S. Yediyurappa
The Chief Minister of Karnataka, Shri B.S. Yediyurappa.jpg
19th Chief Minister of Karnataka
Assumed office
26 July 2019
GovernorVajubhai Vala
Preceded byH. D. Kumaraswamy
In office
17 May 2018 – 19 May 2018
Preceded bySiddaramaiah
Succeeded byH. D. Kumaraswamy
In office
30 May 2008 – 31 July 2011
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byD. V. Sadananda Gowda
In office
12 November 2007 – 19 November 2007
Preceded byH. D. Kumaraswamy
Succeeded byPresident's rule
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
16 May 2014 – 19 May 2018
Preceded byB. Y. Raghavendra
Succeeded byB. Y. Raghavendra
ConstituencyShimoga
Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka
In office
3 February 2006 – 9 October 2007
Chief MinisterH. D. Kumaraswamy
Preceded byM. P. Prakash
Succeeded byR. Ashoka
K. S. Eshwerappa
Leader of the Opposition in the Karnataka Legislative Assembly
In office
25 May 2018 – 23 July 2019
Preceded byJagadish Shettar
Succeeded bySiddaramaiah
Member of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
16 May 2018
Preceded byB. Y. Raghavendra
ConstituencyShikaripura
Personal details
Born (1943-02-27) 27 February 1943 (age 76)[1]
Bookanakere, Kingdom of Mysore
(now in Karnataka, India)
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
(before 2012; 2014–present)
Spouse(s)Mythradevi
ChildrenB. Y. Raghavendra
B. Y. Vijayendra
Websiteyeddyurappa.in

Bookanakere Siddalingappa Yediyurappa (born 27 February 1943)[2][3][4] is an Indian politician who is the Chief Minister of Karnataka. Yediyurappa is serving as the Chief Minister of Karnataka for the fourth time, the only Chief Minister to do so in the history of Karnataka.

In 2008, Yediyurappa became the Chief Minister after leading the BJP to a victory in the Karnataka Assembly elections, a first for the BJP in a South Indian state.[5] In 2011, he resigned after being indicted over a corruption case; he was acquitted in 2016.[6] Owing to alleged ill-treatment meted out to Yediyurappa by the BJP High Command, he left BJP and formed his own party, the Karnataka Janata Paksha.[7][8] However, in 2014 he merged his party with the BJP and was subsequently elected to the 16th Lok Sabha from the Shimoga constituency, which he quit after being elected to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly in May 2018.[9][10] On 17 May 2018, he was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Karnataka, his third term in the office.[11][12] Unable to get a majority support in the Assembly, he resigned just two days after taking office and H. D. Kumaraswamy took oath as CM.[13][14] After the government of H. D. Kumaraswamy lost its majority on 23 July 2019, he became chief minister of Karnataka and took oath as the Chief Minister of Karnataka on 26 July 2019 and proved his majority on 29th of the same month.

Personal life[edit]

Yediyurappa was born on 27 February 1943 in a village called Bookanakere in K.R.Pet taluk of Mandya district.[15][16] His parents were Siddalingappa and Puttathayamma. He was named after the presiding deity of a Shaivite temple built by the great saint Siddalingeshwara at Yediyur in Tumkuru district.[17] His mother died when he was four.[5] He completed his Pre-University College education from PES college, Mandya. He belongs to Banajiga sub-sect of Lingayat community.[18][19][20]

In 1965, he was appointed as a first-division clerk in the social welfare department but he quit the job and moved on to Shikaripura where he joined as a clerk at Veerabhadra Shastri's Shankara rice mill. In 1967, Yediyurappa married Mythradevi, daughter of the rice mill owner.[21] He later set up a hardware shop in Shivamogga. Yediyurappa has two sons, Raghavendra, Vijayendra and three daughters, Arunadevi, Padmavati and Umadevi.[22] In 2004, his wife died after falling into a sump while drawing water.[23] In 2007, he changed the spelling of his name to its current spelling [Yeddyurappa] from the earlier "Yediyurappa" following the advice of his astrologers.,[24] to change back again to "Yediyurappa" before oath taking ceremony on 26 July 2019.[25] He is a proud follower of Basavanna.[26][dubious ].

Political career[edit]

Having been associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh from his college days, Yediyurappa's public service began when he was appointed as Karyavaha (Secretary) of the Sangh's Shikaripur unit in 1970. In 1972, he was elected to the Shikaripura Town Municipality and was also appointed as the President of the Taluk unit of the Jana Sangh.[22] In 1975, he was elected President of the Town Municipality of Shikaripura. He was imprisoned during the Emergency in India and lodged in the Bellary and Shimoga jails. In 1980, he was appointed President of the Shikaripura taluk unit of the BJP and later went on to become the president of BJP's Shimoga district unit in 1985. In 1988, he became the State President of the BJP in Karnataka. He was first elected to the lower house of the Karnataka Legislature in 1983 and has since represented the Shikaripura constituency six times. He has been a member of the Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth and Thirteenth Legislative Assemblies (lower house) of Karnataka. Following the 1994 state assembly elections, he became the Leader of Opposition in the Karnataka Legislative Assembly. In 1999, he lost the elections but was nominated by the BJP to become a member of the legislative council (upper house) of Karnataka.[2] Again, he was re-elected in 2004 and became the Leader of Opposition in the Karnataka Legislative Assembly during the chief ministership of Dharam Singh.[27]

His first stint in power when he helped was Janata Dal (Secular) leader H. D. Kumaraswamy to bring down the coalition government headed by Dharam Singh and form an alternative government with BJP. An agreement was made between the JD(S) and BJP, which specified that H. D. Kumaraswamy would be the Chief Minister for the first 20 months, after which Yediyurappa would become the Chief Minister for the remaining 20 months. Yediyurappa became the Deputy Chief Minister as well as the finance minister in Kumaraswamy's Government.[28]

However, in October 2007, when it was Yediyurappa's turn to become Chief Minister, Kumaraswamy refused to relinquish his post. This forced Yediyurappa and all the ministers from his party to resign and on 5 October, the BJP formally withdrew the support to the Kumaraswamy government.[29] Karnataka came under President's rule which was revoked on 7 November as the JD(S) and the BJP decided to bury their differences and this paved the way for Yediyurappa to become the Chief Minister of Karnataka. Yediyurappa was sworn in as the 25th Chief Minister of Karnataka on 12 November 2007.[30] However, JD(S) refused to support his government over disagreement on sharing of ministries which resulted in his resignation as Chief Minister on 19 November 2007.[31]

In Karnataka's 2008 Assembly elections, Yediyurappa contested from Shikaripura against former Chief Minister S. Bangarappa of the Samajwadi Party. The Indian National Congress and JD(S) backed Bangarappa, but despite this, Yediyurappa won the seat by a margin of more than 45,000 votes.[32] He also led the BJP to a historic victory in the state and Karnataka became the gateway for the BJP in south India.[33] He took the oath of office as Chief Minister on 30 May 2008.[34]

However, the Karnataka Lokayukta[35] investigating the illegal mining case submitted its report[36] indicting Yediyurappa for illegally profiteering from land deals in Bangalore and Shimoga,[37] and also in connection with the illegal iron ore export scam in Bellary, Tumkur and Chitradurga districts of Karnataka.[38] Following much pressure from the BJP central leadership,[39] he announced his decision to quit.[40] Finally, he resigned on 31 July 2011.[41]

He resigned from his position as Member of Legislative Assembly and primary membership of Bharatiya Janata Party on 30 November 2012, and formally launched the Karnataka Janata Paksha. It is told that his former colleague and senior BJP leader Anna Vinayachandra was the key person who led the movement at national level to demand expulsion from the party which led to his resignation.[42] Although the party and its name were registered in April 2011, Yediyurappa actually launched it in 2012.[43][44] He got elected as an MLA from Shikaripura Constituency (Shivamogga district) in May 2013.

In November 2013, it was announced that he was considering an unconditional return to the BJP.[45] On 2 January 2014 he announced merger with BJP ahead of 2014 Lok Sabha elections.[46] He won from the Shimoga seat of Karnataka in the 2014 Indian general election by a margin of 363,305 votes.[47]

In 2016, BJP re-appointed him as the President of Karnataka state BJP unit. He was BJP's CM candidate in 2018 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election. But the party managed to win only 104 seats, 9 short of simple majority.[48]

During the aftermath of the 2018 Karnataka Legislative assembly elections, Yediyurappa was invited to form the government and become the Chief Minister by the Governor citing that his party was the single largest in the house with 104 seats(8 short of majority in the assembly). He was sworn in on 17 May 2018 by the Governor Vajubhai Vala, becoming the Chief minister of Karnataka for the third time.[49] He was given 15 days to prove majority by the governor but the Supreme Court intervened and cut it short to just 24 hours and ordered a floor test(trust vote) soon after.[50] The trust vote was to be held on 19 May 2018 at 4pm. Before the trust vote was to begin, however, Chief Minister B. S Yediyurappa gave an emotional speech, following which he resigned citing that he will be unable to prove majority.[51] He thus became one of the shortest serving chief minister in India with just 2½ days in office.

Due to turmoil in coailation government of JDS and Congress, 16 MLAS had submitted their resignation to government turning it to minority 2019 Karnataka resignation crisis. But out of 16, MLA Ramalinga Reddy was convinced to join back the fold. After 18 days of up and downs with rebel MLAs not withdrawing their demands and resignations, coailation government had to step down due to defeat of trust vote on 23 July 2019[52] hereby paving way to BJP and its leader Yediyurappa to stake claim for government formation. He was invited by Karnataka governor Vajubhai Vala on 26 July to form the new government.[53]

Controversies[edit]

Court cases and subsequent imprisonment[edit]

In five cases issued in 2011, Yediyurappa was alleged to be responsible for Illegal de-notification of land. He was jailed during this term and was convicted of corruption.The Karnataka High-court in 2015 set aside this order, thereby quashing the cases against him. After the high court quashed former governor HR Bhardwaj’s sanction to prosecute BS Yediyurappa, a special Lokayukta court struck down four other FIRs against him. In a major relief to Yediyurappa and BJP, Karnataka High Court had set aside the sanction given by then Governor HR Bhardwaj for his prosecution in several cases of alleged illegal de-notification of land, and asked the incumbent Vajubhai Vala to have a fresh look at it.[54]

The High Court said[citation needed]:"Non-consideration of the relevant matters made the order of sanction illegal and resulted in failure of justice. We are thus of the opinion that the exercise of the power by the Governor was not in accordance with well-settled principles for sanctioning prosecution. We accordingly set aside the order of sanction, dated 21 January 2011, and remit the matter back to his Excellency, the Governor for reconsideration in the light of our discussions above."

Yediyurappa was arrested[55] on the evening of 15 October 2011, hours after the Lokayukta court issued an arrest warrant in two cases of corruption for illegally denotifying land in and around Bangalore.[56][57] Later, he was granted bail on 8 November 2011 after spending 23 days in jail.[58]

However, in March 2012, the High Court of Karnataka quashed the FIR registered against him regarding the Mining . A division bench of high court of Karnataka passed the order stating that "Suspicion cannot be a ground to tarnish the image and reputation of a person who is holding a Constitutional post. Even during the course of argument, a specific question was put to Lokayukta counsel to produce any material to connect the petitioner for alleged offences, but he was mum and did not indicate any favours shown by Yediyurappa as the chief minister to any mining company".[59] In May 2012, the Supreme Court, temporarily stayed the case on this matter and ordered an official CBI enquiry, to be completed within three months.[60] On 25 July 2012, Karnataka High Court granted anticipatory bail to Yediyurappa in a case relating to alleged irregularities in denotification of government land in 2009.[61]

Other cases rejected by the Court were:

  1. Justice K N Keshavanarayana of High Court quashed the complaint alleging encroachment of land in Bhadra Reserve Forest by Yediyurappa and others on 5 February 2013[62]
  2. Karnataka High Court quashed a case registered against him for irregularities in the Upper Bhadra irrigation project on 10 October 2013[63]

Operation Kamala[edit]

"Operation Kamala" is a term coined in 2008, when former minister G. Janardhana Reddy used a method to secure support from legislators bypassing the Anti-Defection Law, so as to take BJP past the majority number. In 2018, H. D. Kumaraswamy alleged that BJP is doing "Operation Kamala" again.[64]

In an interview with Deccan Herald in March 2019, Yediyurappa said "Operation Kamala was not wrong and I don't regret it. It is part of democracy."[65]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://india.gov.in/my-government/indian-parliament/b-s-yeddyurappa
  2. ^ a b "B. S. Yediyurappa". Online webpage of the Legislative Bodies of India. Government of India. Archived from the original on 30 May 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2007.
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  7. ^ The Hindu : States / Karnataka : Yeddyurappa quits BJP, Assembly.
  8. ^ PTI. "Yeddyurappa lashes out at Gadkari". The Hindu.
  9. ^ "BS Yeddyurappa announces merger of his party with BJP". IBNLive.
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  12. ^ "BS Yeddyurappa sworn in as Karnataka chief minister". The Economic Times. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
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  65. ^ "WATCH | Operation Kamala not wrong, no regret: BSY". Deccan Herald. 20 March 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2019.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
M.P. Prakash
Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka
3 February 2006 – 3 October 2007
Succeeded by
R. Ashoka
K. S. Eshwarappa
Preceded by
H. D. Kumaraswamy
Chief Minister of Karnataka
12 November 2007 – 19 November 2007
Succeeded by
President's Rule
(19 November 2007 – 30 May 2008)
Preceded by
President's Rule
(19 November 2007 – 30 May 2008)
Chief Minister of Karnataka
30 May 2008 – 31 July 2011
Succeeded by
D. V. Sadananda Gowda
Preceded by
Siddaramaiah
Chief Minister of Karnataka
17 May 2018 – 19 May 2018
Succeeded by
H. D. Kumaraswamy
Preceded by
H. D. Kumaraswamy
Chief Minister of Karnataka
26 July 2019 –
Succeeded by
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