Rafi ud-Darajat

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Rafi Ul-Darjat
Emperor Rafi Uddar Jat.jpg
10th Mughal Emperor of India
Reign 28 February – 6 June 1719
Predecessor Farrukhsiyar
Successor Shah Jahan II
Regent Syed Brothers (1719)
Born (1699-12-01)1 December 1699
Died 6 June 1719(1719-06-06) (aged 19)
Burial Mausoleum of Khwaja Qutbuddin Kaki, Delhi
Spouse Inayat Banu Begum
Full name
Abu'l Barakat Shams-ud-Din Muhammad Rafi-ul-Darajat Padshah Ghazi Shahanshah-i-Bahr-u-Bar
House Timurid
Father Rafi-ush-Shan
Mother Razyiat-un-Nissa Begum
Religion Sunni Islam

Rafi-ul Darjat (1 December 1699 – 6 June 1719), the youngest son of Rafi-ush-Shan and the nephew of Azim ush Shan, was the 10th Mughal Emperor. He succeeded Furrukhsiyar on 28 February 1719, being proclaimed Badshah by the Syed Brothers.


Role of the Syed Brothers[edit]

As Rafi-ul Darajat owed his throne to the Syed Brothers they took full advantage of this. They wanted him to be a puppet ruler and so took steps to curtail his power. The previous emperor Furrukhsiyar was deposed by the Syed Brothers as he had tried to maintain his independence.

Rival claim to throne[edit]

The reign of Rafi Ul-Darjat was one of turbulence. On 18 May 1719, less than three months after his own accession, Rafi Ul-Darjat's uncle, Nekusiyar, assumed the throne at the Agra Fort as he thought he was more eligible for the post.

The Syed Brothers were extremely determined to defend the emperor they had raised to the throne and punish the offender. They swiftly succeeded. Only three months after Nekusiyar's enthronement, the fort surrendered and Nekusiyar was captured. He was respectfully received by the Amir Ul-Umara and confined at Salimgarh where he died in 1723.


Before dying, Rafi-ud-Darajat requested that his elder brother be enthroned. Accordingly, on 6 June 1719, after a reign of 3 months and six days, he was dethroned. Two days later his brother, Rafi ud-Daulah, was enthroned. Rafi Ul-Darjat died of lung cancer or was murdered at Agra, 6 June 1719. His remains were interred near the shrine of Sufi saint Khawaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki at Mehrauli in Delhi.

External links[edit]

Rafi ud-Darajat
Preceded by
Mughal Emperor
Succeeded by
Shah Jahan II