Rainbow Bridge (album)
|Studio album by Jimi Hendrix|
|Recorded||October 1968 to July 1970|
|Studio||Electric Lady Studios and Record Plant Studios in New York, TTG Studios in Hollywood, and Berkeley Community Theatre in Berkeley|
|Producer||Jimi Hendrix, Mitch Mitchell, Eddie Kramer, John Jansen|
|Jimi Hendrix American chronology|
|Jimi Hendrix English chronology|
|Singles from Rainbow Bridge|
Rainbow Bridge is an album by American musician Jimi Hendrix. It was the second posthumous album release by his official record company and is mostly composed of recordings Hendrix made in 1969 and 1970 after the breakup of the Jimi Hendrix Experience. Despite the cover photo and subtitle Original Motion Picture Sound Track, it does not contain any songs recorded during his concert appearance for the 1971 film Rainbow Bridge.
Continuing in the vein of The Cry of Love, the first official posthumous Hendrix album, Rainbow Bridge explores new guitar styles and textures. All the songs, except for a solo studio version of "The Star Spangled Banner", are written by Hendrix and mostly performed with Mitch Mitchell on drums and Billy Cox on bass.
The songs on Rainbow Bridge represent material in various stages of development and were never finalized or approved for release by Hendrix. Four of the songs on the album, along with the ten songs from The Cry of Love and three from War Heroes, were planned for Hendrix's follow-up album to the live Band of Gypsys, released in March 1970. These songs were later included on First Rays of the New Rising Sun in 1997, which is the most fully realized attempt at completing the double album Hendrix was working on at the time of his death.
Recording and release
"Look Over Yonder" began as "Mr. Bad Luck" while Hendrix was performing in Greenwich Village, New York City, with his group Jimmy James and the Blue Flames in the summer of 1966. The version included on Rainbow Bridge was recorded by the Experience in 1968. Two songs by the Band of Gypsys, "Room full of Mirrors" and "Earth Blues" date from 1969, although the latter has subsequent drum overdubs by Mitchell. "The Star Spangled Banner" is a 1969 solo studio recording by Hendrix. The remainder of the songs were recorded with the "Cry of Love" group (Mitchell and Cox) in 1970: "Dolly Dagger", "Pali Gap", and "Hey Baby (New Rising Sun)". "Hear My Train A Comin'" is a live recording from the first show on May 30, 1970, at the Berkeley Community Theatre. An edited version appears in the 1971 concert film Jimi Plays Berkeley.
The album was the second to be produced by Eddie Kramer and Mitch Mitchell, with John Jansen assisting. It was released in October 1971 in the US, and the following month in the UK where it reached numbers 15 and 16 respectively in the album charts. "Dolly Dagger" with "The Star Spangled Banner" as the B-side was released as a single in the US in October 1971. It appeared at number 74 in the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart. In 2014, the original Rainbow Bridge album was reissued in both CD and LP formats.
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
According to AllMusic's Sean Westergaard, "when Rainbow Bridge was originally released, it was actually among the best of the posthumous Hendrix releases ... a mix of excellent, finished studio tracks and a couple of live tracks." In a contemporary review for Rolling Stone magazine, Tony Glover wrote favorably of the songs on side one, particularly the "really majestic version" of "The Star-Spangled Banner". Robert Christgau said in a retrospective review that The Cry of Love (1971) had highlighted Hendrix's abilities as a songwriter, but Rainbow Bridge showcased his guitar playing:
Rich stuff, exploring territory that as always with Hendrix consists not merely of notes but of undifferentiated sound, a sound he shapes with a virtuosity no one else has ever achieved on an electric instrument.
All songs written and composed by Jimi Hendrix, except where noted.
|4.||"Room Full of Mirrors"||3:17|
|5.||"Star Spangled Banner" (John Stafford Smith, arr. Hendrix) (Studio version)||4:07|
|6.||"Look Over Yonder"||3:28|
|7.||"Hear My Train A Comin'" (Live)||11:15|
|8.||"Hey Baby (New Rising Sun)"||6:05|
- Tracks 1, 3 and 8 recorded at Electric Lady Studios, New York City, July 1, 1970
- Track 2 recorded at Record Plant Studios, New York City, December 19, 1969 and Electric Lady Studios, July 1970
- Track 4 recorded at Record Plant Studios, November 17, 1969 and Electric Lady Studios, July 1970
- Track 5 recorded at Record Plant Studios, March 18, 1969
- Track 6 recorded at TTG Studios, Hollywood, October 22, 1968
- Track 7 recorded at Berkeley Community Theatre, Berkeley, California, May 30, 1970 (first show)
- Jimi Hendrix – guitars, lead vocals, backing vocals (tracks 1, 2)
- Mitch Mitchell – drums (all tracks except 4, 5)
- Billy Cox – bass guitar (all tracks except 5, 6)
- Juma Sultan – congas, percussion (tracks 1, 3, 6)
- Buddy Miles – drums (track 4), backing vocals (track 2)
- Noel Redding – bass guitar (track 6)
- The Ghetto Fighters (Albert Allen and Arthur Allen) – backing vocals (track 1)
- The Ronettes (Veronica Bennett, Estelle Bennett, Nedra Talley) – backing vocals (track 2)
Songs included on later releases
All of the songs on Rainbow Bridge have been reissued on later Hendrix albums. These include:
- "Dolly Dagger" – First Rays of the New Rising Sun (1997)
- "Earth Blues" – First Rays of the New Rising Sun
- "Pali Gap" – South Saturn Delta (1997)
- "Room Full of Mirrors"– First Rays of the New Rising Sun
- "Star Spangled Banner" (studio version) – The Jimi Hendrix Experience (Box set) (2000)
- "Look Over Yonder" – South Saturn Delta
- "Hear My Train A Comin'" – Blues (12:08 version with Hendrix intro, 1994), Voodoo Child: The Jimi Hendrix Collection (11:00 Rainbow Bridge edit without intro, but quicker fade, 2001)
- "Hey Baby (New Rising Sun)" – First Rays of the New Rising Sun
- Shapiro 1990, p. 539.
- Shapiro 1990, p. 543.
- Shapiro 1995, pp. 540–541.
- Shapiro 1995, pp. 702–706.
- Shapiro 1995, p. 540.
- Shapiro 1995, p. 541.
- "The Cry of Love & Rainbow Bridge to Be Reissued on CD & LP September 16". JimiHendrix.com (official website). Experience Hendrix, L.L.C. September 16, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Westergaard, Sean. "Rainbow Bridge". AllMusic. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- Christgau 1981, p. 174.
- Larkin, Colin (2006). Encyclopedia of Popular Music 4. Oxford University Press. p. 249. ISBN 0-19-531373-9.
- Alexander, Phil (November 2014). "Jimi Hendrix Rainbow Bridge". Mojo. p. 112.
- Evans, Paul; Brackett, Nathan (1992). "Jimi Hendrix". In DeCurtis, Anthony; Henke, James; George-Warren, Holly. The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (3rd ed.). Random House. p. 315. ISBN 0679737294.
- Glover 1971.
- Fairchild 1994, p. 24, backcover.
- Loder 2001, p. 12.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). Rock Albums of the '70s: A Critical Guide. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306804093. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- Glover, Tony (December 9, 1971). "Rainbow Bridge". Rolling Stone (New York). Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- Loder, Kurt (2001). Voodoo Child: The Jimi Hendrix Collection (CD compilation booklet). Jimi Hendrix. MCA Records. 066 112 603-2.
- Shapiro, Harry; Caesar Glebbeek (August 15, 1995). "Appendix 1: Music, Sweet Music: The Discography". Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy (3rd Edition ed.). New York: St. Martin's Griffin. pp. 540–541. ISBN 978-0-312-13062-6.