A-side label of the original 1974 UK vinyl pressing
|Single by David Bowie|
|from the album Diamond Dogs|
|Released||February 15, 1974|
|David Bowie singles chronology|
"Rebel Rebel" is a song by David Bowie, released in 1974 as a single from the album Diamond Dogs. Cited as his most-covered track, it has been described as being effectively Bowie's farewell to the glam rock movement that he had helped pioneer, as well as being a proto-punk track.
Music and lyrics
Originally written for an aborted Ziggy Stardust musical in late 1973, "Rebel Rebel" – completed in January 1974 and released the following month – was Bowie's last single in the glam rock style that had been his trademark. It was also his first hit since 1969 not to feature lead guitarist Mick Ronson; Bowie himself played guitar on this and almost all other tracks from Diamond Dogs, producing what NME critics Roy Carr and Charles Shaar Murray called "a rocking dirty noise that owed as much to Keith Richards as it did to the departed Ronno".
The song is notable for its gender-bending lyrics ("You got your mother in a whirl / She's not sure if you're a boy or a girl") as well as its distinctive riff, which rock journalist Kris Needs has described as "a classic stick-in-the-head like the Stones' 'Satisfaction'". Bowie himself later said, "It's a fabulous riff! Just fabulous! When I stumbled onto it, it was 'Oh, thank you!'"
Release and aftermath
The single quickly became a glam anthem, the female equivalent of Bowie's earlier hit for Mott the Hoople, "All the Young Dudes". It reached No. 5 in the UK and No. 64 in the USA. The single and album versions, released three months apart, feature slightly different mixes.
The US release initially featured a different recording altogether, a radically revised mix that Bowie cut in New York in April 1974. The US single, credited to simply 'Bowie', is shorter (2:58) and more uptempo, dense and camp than the UK single, featuring percussion by Geoff MacCormack, an original backing vocal line, and a new arrangement. Within a couple of months it was withdrawn and replaced by the UK single version, but the same arrangement was used on Bowie's North American tour in 1974, appearing on the concert album David Live.
After retiring the song on his 1990 Sound+Vision Tour, Bowie brought "Rebel Rebel" back for the 1999 Hours promotional tour. In early 2003, Bowie recorded a new version of the song, featuring an arrangement by Mark Plati and without the reference to quaaludes present in the original. This was issued on a bonus disc that came with some versions of the Reality album the same year, and on the 30th Anniversary Edition of Diamond Dogs in 2004. Also in 2004, the track was blended in a mash-up with the Reality song "Never Get Old"; the result was issued as the single "Rebel Never Gets Old".
- "Rebel Rebel" (Bowie) – 4:20
- "Queen Bitch" (Bowie) – 3:13
The US and Canadian version of this single had "Lady Grinning Soul" as the B-side.
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||28|
|Canadian Singles Chart||30|
|Dutch Singles Chart||12|
|Finnish Singles Chart||7|
|French Singles Chart||12|
|German Singles Chart||33|
|Irish Singles Chart||2|
|Norwegian Singles Chart||9|
|UK Singles Chart||5|
|US Billboard Hot 100||64|
|US Billboard Rock Songs||16|
- A live version from the 1974 tour was released on David Live. This version was also issued on the Dutch release Rock Concert. Another live recording from the 1974 tour was released on the semi-legal album A Portrait in Flesh.
- A live performance recorded on 23 March 1976 was released on Live Nassau Coliseum '76, part of the 2010 reissues of Station to Station.
- A live performance filmed on 12 September 1983 was included on the Serious Moonlight (1983 film) live VHS/laserdisc (1984) and DVD (2006).
- Bowie performed the song during his set at Live Aid in 1985.
- The song was performed during 1987's Glass Spider Tour and released on the subsequent Glass Spider live VHS (1988) and DVD/CD (2007).
- Bowie performed the song on Later... with Jools Holland, a UK television programme in 2002.
- The new version of "Rebel Rebel" from 2003 was performed live on A Reality Tour. It was used as the opening piece for the bulk of the tour, and is featured on the A Reality Tour DVD, released in 2004, as well as the A Reality Tour album, released in 2010.
- The song has appeared on several Bowie compilations, in its album version:
- It was released on the RCA Life Time picture disc set and the Fashion Picture Disc Set.
- The original single mix of the song appeared on CD in 2016 on Re:Call 2, part of the Who Can I Be Now? (1974–1976) compilation.
- The rare US-only single version was included in the 1989 Sound + Vision box set, on the bonus disc of the 30th Anniversary Edition of Diamond Dogs in 2004, and on Re:Call 2, part of the Who Can I Be Now? (1974–1976) compilation released in 2016.
- The 2003 rerecording was released on the Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle soundtrack, the Limited Edition bonus disc of Reality, and the bonus disc of the 30th Anniversary Edition of Diamond Dogs.
- A cover version of the guitar intro was featured in a series of Mazda car advertisements in the US and Canada in 1998/1999.
- The soundtrack of the 1999 film Detroit Rock City featured "Rebel Rebel".
- The soundtrack of the 2009 film Bandslam (in which Bowie makes a cameo) features "Rebel Rebel".
- It is also featured in the 2010 film The Runaways, and is included on its soundtrack album.
- It featured in the trailer to the 2011 remake of Arthur.
- In the movie Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds the character Darkos (played by Iggy Pop) sings "Rebel Rebel" during the credits.
- Norbert Pek (October 3, 2013). "Aardappels voor David Bowie" [Potatoes for David Bowie]. www.perfects.nl (in Dutch).
- Chris O'Leary (2015). Rebel Rebel: p.330
- Savage, Jon (1 February 2013). "The 20 best glam-rock songs of all time". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
- Greene, Lora (2012). Combat Rock: A History of Punk (From Its Origins to the Present). CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1478305637. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- Nicholas Pegg (2000). The Complete David Bowie: pp.90-92
- Mat Snow (2007). "Hang on to Yourself", MOJO 60 Years of Bowie: p.51
- David Buckley (1999). Strange Fascination - David Bowie: The Definitive Story: pp.210-217
- David Buckley (1999). Strange Fascination - David Bowie: The Definitive Story: p.140
- Roy Carr & Charles Shaar Murray (1981). Bowie: An Illustrated Record: p.60
- Kris Needs (1983). Bowie: A Celebration: p.29
- Nicholas Pegg (2000). Op Cit: p.170. Pegg also credits Alan Parker with augmenting Bowie's guitar work on the album and UK single version of "Rebel Rebel", although the Diamond Dogs sleeve acknowledges Parker only on "1984"
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 43. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- Pegg, Nicholas, The Complete David Bowie, Reynolds & Hearn Ltd, 2000, ISBN 1-903111-14-5