Ministry of National Defense (Republic of China)

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Ministry of National Defense
國防部
Guófángbù (Mandarin)
Koet-fòng Phu (Hakka)
ROC Ministry of National Defense Flag.svg
Flag of the Ministry of National Defense
ROC Ministry of National Defense Seal.svg
Emblem of the Ministry of National Defense
Agency overview
Formed1912 (as Ministry of War)
1946 (as MND)
Jurisdiction Republic of China (Taiwan)
HeadquartersZhongshan, Taipei
Ministers responsible
Parent agencyExecutive Yuan
Websitewww.mnd.gov.tw (in Chinese)
www.mnd.gov.tw/English/ (in English)

The Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of China (MND; Chinese: 中華民國國防部; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Guófángbù; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok Kok-hông-pō͘) is a cabinet-level agency under the Executive Yuan responsible for all defense and military affairs of Taiwan. The MND is headed by Minister Yen Teh-fa.

History[edit]

ROC Ministry of National Defense former headquarters

The MND was originally established as Ministry of War in 1912 at the creation of the Republic of China. It was changed to the Ministry of National Defense in 1946. The Law of National Defense and the Organic Law of the ministry were officially promulgated for implementation on 1 March 2002.[1]

On 8 December 2014, the ministry moved out from its building from the previous one at Boai Building in Zhongzheng District to the current one in Dazhi area at Zhongshan District, where it houses the Air Force Command Headquarters, Navy Command Headquarters and Hengshan Military Command Center.[2] The completion of the building had been delayed for nearly two decades due to the compound original architecture and the bankruptcy of the project's original contractor. The planning for the new building and relocation had been done since 1997.[3] The official ribbon-cutting ceremony was held on 27 December 2014.[4]

Headquarters[edit]

ROC Ministry of National Defense headquarters

The headquarters of the military was originally in eastern Nanjing near Ming Palace. Today it is located in Dazhi area of Zhongshan District in Taipei. The 8-story main building was constructed at a cost of NT$15.8 billion, spreading over 19.5 hectares of area, which houses office buildings, dormitories and other facilities, such as post office, barbershop, sports center, conference hall and sport center to accommodate its 3,000 military personnel stationed there. It also includes several annex buildings around.[5]

The security features of the building include fingerprint and eye scanners that restrict access to certain areas, sensors that can detect vehicles in the unauthorized areas and that may carry explosives and bollards on the compound to block unauthorized vehicles. The compound also has eco-friendly features, such as stone walls, aluminum and low-emission exterior glass panels. The central air conditioning system is provided by ice storage system to reduce peak load electricity demand. The building also has rainwater collecting facilities which can store up to 1,000 tons of water, complete with its waste water treatment and filtering systems.[4]

Budget[edit]

The current annual defense budget for Taiwan is NT$320 billion.[6]

Organizational structure[edit]

Air Force Command Headquarters
National Defense Procurement Office

Military institutions[edit]

  • Armed Forces Reserve Command (後備指揮部)
  • Military Police Command (憲兵指揮部)

Military authorities[edit]

  • Army Command Headquarters (陸軍司令部)
  • Navy Command Headquarters (海軍司令部)
  • Air Force Command Headquarters (空軍司令部)

Headquarter departments[edit]

  • Department of Strategic Planning (戰略規劃司)
  • Department of Resources Planning (資源規劃司)
  • Department of Military Justice (法律事務司)
  • Department of Integrated Assessment (整合評估司)
  • Office of the Inspector General (總督察長室)
  • All-out Defense Mobilization Office (全民防衛動員室)
  • National Defense Procurement Office (國防採購室)
  • National Defense Technology Division (國防科技處, after 1 January 2017)[7]
  • Administration Office (政務辦公室)
  • Personnel Office (人事室)
  • Ethics Office (政風室)
  • Accounting Office (主計室)

Secondary or Affiliated authorities[edit]

General Staff Headquarters[edit]

  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Personnel (人事參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Intelligence (情報參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Operations and Planning (作戰及計畫參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Logistics (後勤參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Communications, Electronics and Information (通信電子資訊參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Training (訓練參謀次長室)[8]
  • Communication Development Office (電訊發展室)
  • Missile Command of the General Staff (參謀本部飛彈指揮部)

List of Ministers of War[edit]

Duan Qirui, the 1st Minister of War

1. Ministers of War during the Republic of China (1912-1928) (歷代陸軍總長):

2. Ministers of War during the National Government of the Republic of China (歷代軍政部長):

3. Ministers of the Navy during the Republic of China (1912-1928) (歷代海軍總長):

4. Ministers of the Navy during the National Government of the Republic of China (歷代海軍部長):

5. Chiefs of Staff during the Republic of China (1912-1928) (歷代參謀總長):

6. Chiefs of Staff during the National Government of the Republic of China (歷代參謀總長):

7. Directors of Training (歷代訓練總監部長):

8. 歷代軍事參議院長:

List of Ministers of National Defence[edit]

Pai Chung-hsi, the 1st Minister of National Defense
Yen Teh-fa, the current Minister of National Defense

Ministers of National Defense[edit]

For ministers that retired from the Armed Forces to serve, the Service column denotes their military branch before retirement.[9]

Minister of National Defense Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch Premier
1
Bai Chongxi (白崇禧)
Chongxi, BaiBai Chongxi (白崇禧)
(1893–1966)
23 May 19462 June 19482 years, 10 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyT. V. Soong
Chiang Kai-shek
Chang Ch'ün
Weng Wenhao
2
He Yingqin (何應欽)
Yingqin, HeHe Yingqin (何應欽)
(1890–1987)
3 June 194821 December 1948201 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyWeng Wenhao
Sun Fo
3
Xu Yongchang (徐永昌)
Yongchang, XuXu Yongchang (徐永昌)
(1885–1959)
22 December 194830 April 1949129 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmySun Fo
He Yingqin
(2)
He Yingqin (何應欽)
Yingqin, HeHe Yingqin (何應欽)
(1890–1987)
1 May 194911 June 194941 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyHe Yingqin
Yan Xishan
4
Yan Xishan (閻錫山)
Xishan, YanYan Xishan (閻錫山)
(1883–1960)
12 June 194931 January 1950233 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyYan Xishan
5
Gu Zhutong (顧祝同)
Zhutong, GuGu Zhutong (顧祝同)
(1893–1987)
1 February 195031 March 195058 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyYan Xishan
Chen Cheng
6
Yu Ta-wei [zh] (俞大維)
Ta-wei, YuYu Ta-wei [zh] (俞大維)
(1897–1993)
1 April 195028 February 1951333 daysIndependent Republic of China ArmyChen Cheng
7
Kuo Chi-chiao [zh] (郭寄嶠)
Chi-chiao, KuoKuo Chi-chiao [zh] (郭寄嶠)
(1902–1998)
1 March 195131 May 19543 years, 91 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyChen Cheng
(6)
Yu Ta-wei [zh] (俞大維)
Ta-wei, YuYu Ta-wei [zh] (俞大維)
(1897–1993)
1 June 195413 January 196510 years, 226 daysIndependent Republic of China ArmyChen Cheng
Yu Hung-Chun
Chen Cheng
Yen Chia-kan
8
Chiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國)
Ching-kuo, ChiangChiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國)
(1910–1988)
14 January 196530 June 19694 years, 167 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyYen Chia-kan
9
Huang Chieh (黄杰)
Chieh, HuangHuang Chieh (黄杰)
(1902–1995)
1 July 196931 May 19722 years, 335 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyYen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
10
Chen Ta-ching (陳大慶)
Ta-ching, ChenChen Ta-ching (陳大慶)
(1904–1973)
1 June 197230 June 19731 year, 29 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyChiang Ching-kuo
11
Kao Kuei-yuan [zh] (高魁元)
Kuei-yuan, KaoKao Kuei-yuan [zh] (高魁元)
(1907–2012)
1 July 197319 November 19818 years, 141 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyChiang Ching-kuo
Sun Yun-suan
12
Song Chang-chih [zh] (宋長志)
Chang-chih, SongSong Chang-chih [zh] (宋長志)
(1916–2002)
1 December 198130 June 19864 years, 211 daysKuomintang Republic of China NavySun Yun-suan
Yu Kuo-hua
13
Wang Daoyuan [zh] (汪道淵)
Daoyuan, WangWang Daoyuan [zh] (汪道淵)
(1913–2011)
1 July 198628 April 1987301 daysKuomintangCivilianYu Kuo-hua
14
Cheng Wei-yuan (鄭為元)
Wei-yuan, ChengCheng Wei-yuan (鄭為元)
(1913–1993)
29 April 19874 December 19892 years, 219 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyYu Kuo-hua
Lee Huan
15
Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村)
Pei-tsun, HauHau Pei-tsun (郝柏村)
(born 1919)
5 December 198931 May 19911 year, 177 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyLee Huan
16
Chen Li-an (陳履安)
Li-an, ChenChen Li-an (陳履安)
(born 1937)
1 June 199126 February 19931 year, 270 daysKuomintangCivilianHau Pei-tsun
Lien Chan
17
Sun Chen (born 1934) [zh] (孫震)
Chen, SunSun Chen (born 1934) [zh] (孫震)
(born 1934)
27 February 199315 December 19941 year, 291 daysKuomintangCivilianLien Chan
18
Chiang Chung-ling (蔣仲苓)
Chung-ling, ChiangChiang Chung-ling (蔣仲苓)
(1922–2015)
16 December 199431 January 19994 years, 46 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyLien Chan
Vincent Siew
19
Tang Fei (唐飛)
Fei, TangTang Fei (唐飛)
(born 1932)
1 February 199919 May 20001 year, 108 daysKuomintang Republic of China Air ForceVincent Siew
20
Wu Shih-wen (伍世文)
Shih-wen, WuWu Shih-wen (伍世文)
(born 1934)
20 May 200031 January 20021 year, 256 daysKuomintang Republic of China NavyTang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung
21
Tang Yao-ming (湯曜明)
Yao-ming, TangTang Yao-ming (湯曜明)
(born 1938)
[a]
1 February 200219 May 20042 years, 108 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyYu Shyi-kun
22
Lee Jye (李傑)
Jye, LeeLee Jye (李傑)
(born 1940)
[b]
20 May 200419 May 20072 years, 364 daysIndependent Republic of China NavyYu Shyi-kun
Frank Hsieh
Su Tseng-chang
23
Lee Tien-yu (李天羽)
Tien-yu, LeeLee Tien-yu (李天羽)
(born 1940)
20 May 200724 February 2008280 daysKuomintang Republic of China Air ForceSu Tseng-chang
Chang Chun-hsiung
24
Michael Tsai (蔡明憲)
Tsai, MichaelMichael Tsai (蔡明憲)
(born 1941)
25 February 200819 May 200884 daysDemocratic ProgressiveCivilianChang Chun-hsiung
25
Chen Chao-min (陳肇敏)
Chao-min, ChenChen Chao-min (陳肇敏)
(born 1940)
20 May 20089 September 20091 year, 112 daysKuomintang Republic of China Air ForceLiu Chao-shiuan
26
Kao Hua-chu (高華柱)
Hua-chu, KaoKao Hua-chu (高華柱)
(born 1946)
10 September 200931 July 20133 years, 324 daysKuomintang Republic of China ArmyWu Den-yih
Sean Chen
Jiang Yi-huah
27
Andrew Yang (楊念祖)
Yang, AndrewAndrew Yang (楊念祖)
(born 1946)
1 August 20137 August 20136 daysIndependentCivilianJiang Yi-huah
28
Yen Ming (嚴明)
Ming, YenYen Ming (嚴明)
(born 1949)
8 August 201330 January 20151 year, 175 daysKuomintang Republic of China Air ForceJiang Yi-huah
Mao Chi-kuo
29
Kao Kuang-chi (高廣圻)
Kuang-chi, KaoKao Kuang-chi (高廣圻)
(born 1950)
31 January 201519 May 20161 year, 109 daysKuomintang Republic of China NavyMao Chi-kuo
Chang San-cheng
30
Feng Shih-kuan (馮世寬)
Shih-kuan, FengFeng Shih-kuan (馮世寬)
(born 1945)
20 May 201626 February 20181 year, 282 daysIndependent Republic of China Air ForceLin Chuan
William Lai
31
Yen Teh-fa (嚴德發)
Teh-fa, YenYen Teh-fa (嚴德發)
(born 1952)
26 February 2018Incumbent287 daysIndependent Republic of China ArmyWilliam Lai

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kuomintang membership suspended.
  2. ^ KMT membership revoked.

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Pike. "Ministry of National Defense". globalsecurity.org.
  2. ^ "Defense Ministry's new compound to be officially opened Dec. 8". focustaiwan.tw.
  3. ^ "Defense minister raises flag at new ministry compound". focustaiwan.tw.
  4. ^ a b "Defense Ministry's new headquarters officially opens". cna.com.tw.
  5. ^ "Taipei military complex opened". taipeitimes.com.
  6. ^ "Difficult to set defense budget at 3% of GDP: premier - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".
  7. ^ "Defense ministry confirms new agency - Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  8. ^ "MND Organization" (PDF). Ministry of National Defense, ROC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-31.
  9. ^ 歷任部長 [Past Ministers]. mnd.gov.tw (in Chinese). Ministry of Nat'l Defense. Retrieved 22 February 2017.

External links[edit]