Robert Preston (actor)
Robert Preston Meservey
June 8, 1918
Newton, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||March 21, 1987 (aged 68)|
Montecito, California, U.S.
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||U.S. Army Air Forces|
|Years of service||1942–45|
|Unit||386th Bomb Group|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Robert Preston Meservey (June 8, 1918 – March 21, 1987) was an American stage and film actor and singer of Broadway and cinema, best known for his collaboration with composer Meredith Willson and originating the role of Professor Harold Hill in the 1957 musical The Music Man and the 1962 film adaptation; the film earned him his first of two Golden Globe Award nominations. Preston collaborated twice with filmmaker Blake Edwards, first in S.O.B. (1981) and again in Victor/Victoria (1982). For portraying Carroll "Toddy" Todd in the latter, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor at the 55th Academy Awards.
Preston was born Robert Preston Meservey in Newton, Massachusetts, the son of Ruth L. (née Rea) (1895–1973) and Frank Wesley Meservey (1899–1996), a garment worker and a billing clerk for American Express. After attending Abraham Lincoln High School in Los Angeles, he studied acting at the Pasadena Community Playhouse. Robert Preston split his time evenly, appearing in plays and films as well.
Following the attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States' entry into World War II, he joined the United States Army Air Forces and served as an intelligence officer in the U.S. 9th Air Force with the 386th Bomb Group (Medium). At the end of the war in Europe, the 386th and Captain Robert Meservey, an S-2 Officer (intelligence), were stationed in Sint-Truiden, Belgium. Meservey's job had been receiving intelligence reports from 9th Air Force headquarters and briefing the bomber crews on what to expect in accomplishing their missions.
In high school, Preston was interested in music and he appeared in operettas. He appeared in a stock company production of Julius Caesar and a Pasadena Playhouse production of Idiot's Delight. A Paramount Pictures attorney liked his work and recruited him to the studio. The Los Angeles Times reported that Preston's mother was employed by Decca Records, Bing Crosby's label, and was acquainted with Crosby's brother Everett, a talent agent; she convinced him to watch one of Preston's performances at the Pasadena Playhouse. The result was a contract with the Crosby agency and featured roles in King of Alcatraz (1938) and Illegal Traffic.
When he began appearing in films, the studio ordered Meservey to stop using his actual family name. As Robert Preston, the name by which he was known for his entire professional career, he appeared in many Hollywood films, predominantly but not exclusively Westerns. He was Digby Geste in the sound remake of Beau Geste (1939) with Gary Cooper and Ray Milland, and he featured in North West Mounted Police (1940), also with Cooper. He played an LAPD detective in the noir This Gun for Hire (1942). Although Preston acted in many movies, he never became a major star. In a 1984 interview, he recalled, "I played the lead in all the B-pictures and the villain in all the epics. After a while, it was clear to me I had sort of reached what I was going to be in movies."
Preston is probably best known for his performance as Professor Harold Hill in Meredith Willson's musical The Music Man (1957). "They'd run through all the musical comedy people, before they cast me," he remembered years later. He won a Tony Award for his performance. When Willson adapted his story for the screen, he insisted on Preston's participation over the objections of Jack L. Warner, who had wanted to cast Frank Sinatra or Cary Grant for the role. Preston appeared on the cover of Time on July 21, 1958. In 1965, he was the male part of a duo-lead musical, I Do! I Do! with Mary Martin, for which he won his second Tony Award. He played the title role in the musical Ben Franklin in Paris, and he originated the role of Henry II in the stage production of The Lion in Winter, whom Peter O'Toole portrayed in the film version, receiving an Academy Award nomination. In 1974, he starred alongside Bernadette Peters in Jerry Herman's Broadway musical Mack & Mabel as Mack Sennett, the famous silent film director. That same year, the film version of Mame, another famed Jerry Herman musical, was released with Preston starring, alongside Lucille Ball, in the role of Beauregard Burnside. In the film, which was not a box-office success, Preston sang "Loving You", which Herman wrote especially for Preston's film portrayal.
In 1961, Preston was asked to make a recording as part of a program by the President's Council on Physical Fitness to encourage schoolchildren to do more daily exercise. Copies of the recording of the song, Chicken Fat, written and composed by Meredith Willson, performed by Preston with full orchestral accompaniment, were distributed to elementary schools across the nation and played for students as they performed calisthenics. The song later became a surprise novelty hit and part of many baby-boomers' childhood memories.
Also in 1962, Preston played an important supporting role, as wagon master Roger Morgan, in the epic Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film How the West Was Won. That same year he appeared as Pancho Villa in a musical called We Take The Town, which closed during its Philadelphia tryout and never made it to Broadway. In 1978, he starred in another musical that didn't make it to Broadway, The Prince of Grand Street, in which he played a matinee idol of New York's Yiddish theater who refused to renounce the roles he had played in his youth despite having aged out of them. With a libretto and songs by Bob Merrill and direction by Gene Saks, the show closed during its Boston tryout.
In 1979, Preston portrayed a snake-handling family patriarch Hadley Chisholm in a CBS Western miniseries, The Chisholms, with Rosemary Harris as his wife, Minerva. The story chronicled the Chisholm family losing their land in Virginia and migrating to the west to begin a new life. When CBS tried to continue the saga as a series the following year, Preston reprised his role, his character dying in the fifth episode. The series, which also featured co-stars Ben Murphy, Brett Cullen, and James Van Patten, lasted only four more episodes after Preston's departure.
Preston appeared in several other stage and film musicals, including Victor/Victoria (1982), for which he received an Academy Award nomination. His other film roles include Ace Bonner in Sam Peckinpah's Junior Bonner (1972), "Big Ed" Bookman in Semi-Tough (1977), and Dr. Irving Finegarten in Blake Edwards' 1981 Hollywood satire, S.O.B. His last theatrical film role was in The Last Starfighter (1984) as an interstellar con man/military recruiter called Centauri. He said that he based his approach to the character of Centauri on that which he had taken to Professor Harold Hill. Indeed, the role of Centauri was written for him with his performance as Harold Hill in mind. In 1983, Preston played an aging gunfighter in September Gun, a CBS TV Western film opposite Patty Duke and Christopher Lloyd. He also starred in the well-received HBO 1985 movie Finnegan, Begin Again with Mary Tyler Moore. Preston's final role was in the television film Outrage! (1986); he portrayed a grief-stricken father who seeks justice for the brutal rape and murder of his daughter.
Personal life and death
Preston married actress Catherine Craig in 1940. He was an intensely private person and has no official biographies, but he gave several interviews, especially late in his career.
- Twentieth Century (June 4, 1951 - June 30, 1951)
- The Male Animal (May 15, 1952 – January 31, 1953)
- Men of Distinction (April 30, 1953 – May 2, 1953)
- His and Hers (January 7, 1954 – March 13, 1954)
- The Magic and the Loss (April 9, 1954 – May 1, 1954)
- The Tender Trap (October 13, 1954 – January 8, 1955)
- Janus (November 24, 1955 – June 30, 1956)
- The Hidden River (January 23, 1957 – March 16, 1957)
- The Music Man (December 19, 1957 – April 15, 1961)
- Too True to be Good (March 12, 1963 – June 1, 1963)
- Nobody Loves an Albatross (December 19, 1963 – June 20, 1964)
- Ben Franklin in Paris (October 27, 1964 – May 1, 1965)
- The Lion in Winter (March 3, 1966 – May 21, 1966)
- I Do! I Do! (December 5, 1966 – June 15, 1968)
- Mack & Mabel (October 6, 1974 – November 30, 1974)
- Sly Fox (December 14, 1976 – February 19, 1978)
- The Prince of Grand Street (March 7, 1978 – March 25, 1978, Philadelphia; March 28, 1978 – April 15, 1978, Boston; closed during pre-Broadway tryouts)
- King of Alcatraz (1938) as Robert MacArthur
- Illegal Traffic (1938) as Charles Bent Martin
- Disbarred (1939) as Bradley Kent
- Union Pacific (1939) as Dick Allen
- Beau Geste (1939) as Digby Geste
- Typhoon (1940) as Johnny Potter
- North West Mounted Police (1940) as Ronnie Logan
- Moon Over Burma (1940) as Chuck Lane
- The Lady from Cheyenne (1941) as Steve Lewis
- Parachute Battalion (1941) as Donald Morse
- New York Town (1941) as Paul Bryson, Jr.
- The Night of January 16th (1941) as Steve Van Ruyle
- Pacific Blackout (1941) as Robert Draper
- Star Spangled Rhythm (1942) as Himself (uncredited)
- Reap the Wild Wind (1942) as Dan Cutler
- This Gun for Hire (1942) as Michael Crane
- Wake Island (1942) as Pvt. Joe Doyle
- Night Plane from Chungking (1943) as Capt. Nick Stanton
- Wings Up (1943)
- The Macomber Affair (1947) as Francis Macomber
- Variety Girl (1947) as Himself
- Wild Harvest (1947) as Jim Davis
- Big City (1948) as Rev. Philip Y. Andrews
- Blood on the Moon (1948) as Tate Riling
- Whispering Smith (1948) as Murray Sinclair
- Tulsa (1949) as Brad Brady
- The Lady Gambles (1949) as David Boothe
- The Sundowners (1950) as James Cloud ('Kid Wichita')
- When I Grow Up (1951) as Father Reed
- Cloudburst (1951) as John Graham
- Best of the Badmen (1951) as Matthew Fowler
- My Outlaw Brother (1951) as Joe Waldner
- Face to Face (1952) as Sheriff Jack Potter
- The Last Frontier (1955) as Col. Frank Marston
- Sentinels in the Air (1956) (narrator)
- The Dark at the Top of the Stairs (1960) as Rubin Flood
- The Music Man (1962) as Harold Hill
- How the West Was Won (1962) as Roger Morgan
- Island of Love (1963) as Steve Blair
- All the Way Home (1963) as Jay Follett
- Junior Bonner (1972) as Ace Bonner
- Child's Play (1972) as Joseph Dobbs
- Mame (1974) as Beauregard Jackson Pickett Burnside
- Semi-Tough (1977) as Big Ed Bookman
- The Chisholms (1979-1980, TV Series) as Hadley Chisholm
- S.O.B. (1981) as Dr. Irving Finegarten
- Victor/Victoria (1982) as Carroll "Toddy" Todd
- Rehearsal for Murder (1982, TV Movie) as Alex Dennison
- September Gun (1983, TV Movie) as Ben Sunday
- The Last Starfighter (1984) as Centauri
- Finnegan Begin Again (1985, TV Movie) as Mike Finnegan
- Outrage! (1986, TV Movie) as Dennis Riordan
|1950||Lux Radio Theatre||Alexander's Ragtime Band|
Honors and awards
|Tony Awards||Best Actor in a Musical||The Music Man||Won|
|I Do! I Do!|
|Mack & Mabel||Nominated|
- Champlin, Charles (March 23, 1987). "The 'Music Man' --and His Song". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- Ross, Lillian; Ross, Helen (1962). The Player: A Profile Of An Art. New York City: Simon and Schuster. p. 404. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- "Robert Preston Meservey". Ancestry.com. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- Harrison, Paul (December 2, 1938). "Hollywood". Salinas Morning Post. p. 6. Retrieved January 2, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Roundabout Previews Lead to Film Contract". Los Angeles Times. August 28, 1938. p. 55. Retrieved January 2, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
- Mano, D. Keith (June 28, 1982). "Playing Devilishly Against Type in Victor/victoria, He's Bigger—and Campier—than Life". People. 17 (25). Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- Richards, David (July 22, 1984). "Robert Preston, With a Capital P". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
- "Theater: Pied Piper of Broadway". Time. July 21, 1958. Archived from the original on September 12, 2005. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- "'Grand Street' Will Close in Boston". The New York Times. April 11, 1978.
- Plummer, Ryan (July 10, 2014). "Everything You Never Knew About The Making Of Last Starfighter". Io9. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- Page, Tim (March 23, 1987). "Robert Preston, Actor, is dead at 68". The New York Times. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- "The Prince of Grand Street: Closed on the road (1978)". Ovrtur.com.
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. Vol. 39, no. 1. Winter 2013. pp. 32–41.
- Richards, David (July 22, 1984). "Robert Preston, with a Capital P". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
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