Alfred Reginald Jones
3 January 1907
Neath, Glamorgan, Wales
|Died||10 March 1986 (aged 79)|
Torrance, California, U.S.
Ray Milland (born Alfred Reginald Jones; 3 January 1907 – 10 March 1986) was a British-American actor and film director. His screen career ran from 1929 to 1985, and he is best remembered for his Academy Award-winning portrayal of an alcoholic writer in Billy Wilder's The Lost Weekend (1945) and also for such roles as a sophisticated leading man opposite John Wayne's corrupt character in Reap the Wild Wind (1942), the murder-plotting husband in Alfred Hitchcock's Dial M for Murder (1954), and Oliver Barrett III in Love Story (1970).
Before becoming an actor, Milland served in the Household Cavalry of the British Army, becoming a proficient marksman, horseman, and aeroplane pilot. He left the army to pursue a career in acting and appeared as an extra in several British productions before getting his first major role in The Flying Scotsman (1929). This led to a nine-month contract with MGM, and he moved to the United States, where he worked as a stock actor. After being released by MGM, Milland was picked up by Paramount, which used him in a range of lesser speaking parts, usually as an English character. He was lent to Universal for the Deanna Durbin musical Three Smart Girls (1936), and its success had Milland given a lead role in The Jungle Princess (also 1936) alongside new starlet Dorothy Lamour. The film was a big success and catapulted both to stardom. Milland remained with Paramount for almost 20 years.
Milland appeared in many other notable films, including Easy Living (1937), Beau Geste (1939), Billy Wilder's The Major and the Minor (1942), The Uninvited (1944), Fritz Lang's Ministry of Fear (1944), The Big Clock (1948), and The Thief (1952), for the last of which he was nominated for his second Golden Globe. After leaving Paramount, he began directing and moved into television acting. Once Paramount Pictures' highest-paid actor, Milland co-starred alongside many of the most popular actresses of the time, including Gene Tierney, Jean Arthur, Grace Kelly, Lana Turner, Marlene Dietrich, Ginger Rogers, Jane Wyman, Loretta Young, and Veronica Lake.
Milland was born Alfred Reginald Jones[notes 1] on 3 January 1907 in Neath, the son of Elizabeth Annie (née Truscott) and steel mill superintendent Alfred Jones. He was schooled independently before attending the private King's College School in Cardiff. He also worked at his uncle's horse-breeding farm before leaving home at age 21. Of his parents, he wrote in his 1974 autobiography:
My father was not a cruel or harsh man. Just a very quiet one. I think he was an incurable romantic and consequently a little afraid of his emotions and perhaps ashamed of them ... he had been a young hussar in the Boer War and had been present at the relief of Mafeking. He never held long conversations with anyone, except perhaps with me, possibly because I was the only other male in our family. The household consisted of my mother, a rather flighty and coquettish woman much concerned with propriety and what the neighbours thought.
Prior to becoming an actor, Milland served in the Household Cavalry. An expert shot, he became a member of his company's rifle team, winning many prestigious competitions, including the Bisley Match in England. He won the British Army Championship in both handgun and rifle marksmanship.
While stationed in London, Milland met dancer Margot St. Leger, and through her was introduced to American actress Estelle Brody. Brody queried Milland's commitment to an army career, which led him into buying himself out of the forces in 1928 with the hope of becoming an actor. (According to one account, he was able to support himself with a $17,000 inheritance from his aunt. Another said he was forced to drop out when his father refused to continue subsidizing him.)
His first appearance on film was as an uncredited extra on the E.A. Dupont film Piccadilly (1929). After some unproductive extra work, which never reached the screen, he signed with a talent agent named Frank Zeitlin on the recommendation of fellow actor Jack Raine.
His prowess as a marksman earned him work as an extra at the British International Pictures studio on Arthur Robison's production of The Informer (1929), the first screen version of the Liam O'Flaherty novel. While he was working on The Informer, he was asked to test for a production being shot on a neighbouring stage. Milland made a favourable impression on director Castleton Knight, and was hired for his first acting role as Jim Edwards in The Flying Scotsman (also 1929). In his autobiography, Milland recalls that on this film set, it was suggested that he adopt a stage name; he chose Milland from the "mill lands" area of his Welsh hometown of Neath.
His work on The Flying Scotsman resulted in him being granted a six-month contract, over the course of which Milland starred in two more Knight-directed films, The Lady from the Sea and The Plaything (both 1929). Believing that his acting was poor, and that he had won his film roles through his looks alone, Milland decided to gain some stage experience to improve his ability. After hearing that club owner Bobby Page was financing a touring company, Milland approached him in hopes of work. He was given the role of second lead in a production of Sam Shipman and Max Marcin's The Woman in Room 13. Despite being released from the play after five weeks, Milland felt that he had gained valuable acting experience.
Move to the US, 1930–1932
In between plays, Milland was approached by MGM vice-president Robert Rubin, who had seen the film The Flying Scotsman. MGM offered Milland a nine-month contract at $175 a week, based in Hollywood. He accepted, leaving the United Kingdom in August 1930. MGM used Milland as a 'stock' player, selecting him for small speaking parts in mainstream productions.
Milland's first experience in making a Hollywood film resulted in a humiliating scene on the set of Son of India (1931), when the film's director Jacques Feyder berated Milland's acting in front of the entire crew. Despite this setback, the studio executives talked Milland into staying in Hollywood, and in 1930, he appeared in his first US film Passion Flower. Over the next two years, Milland appeared in minor parts for MGM and a few films for which he was lent to Warner Bros.; he was often uncredited. His largest role during this period was as Charles Laughton's nephew in Payment Deferred (1932).
While in this first period working in the United States, Milland met Muriel Frances Weber, whom he always called "Mal", a student at the University of Southern California. Within eight months of first meeting, the two were married. The ceremony took place on 30 September 1932 at the Riverside Mission Inn. The couple had a son, Daniel, and adopted a daughter, Victoria.
Shortly after making Payment Deferred, Milland found himself out of work when MGM failed to renew his contract. He spent five months in the US attempting to find further acting work, but after little success, and a strained relationship with his father-in-law, he decided to head back to Britain, hoping that two years spent in Hollywood would lead to roles in British films. Milland cashed in his contracted first-class return ticket to Britain and found an alternative, cheaper way back home. Muriel remained in the States to finish her studies, and Milland found temporary accommodation in Earl's Court in London.
Return to Britain
Milland found life in Britain difficult, receiving little regular work, although he finally found parts in two British films, This is the Life and Orders is Orders (both 1933). Neither was a breakthrough role.
Back in the US and Bolero
Then, in 1933, Roosevelt's reforms to the U.S. banking sector led to a temporary weakness in the dollar, allowing Milland to afford a return to the United States. He returned to California, and found a small flat on Sunset Boulevard, promising Muriel that he would buy a home once he was financially stable.
With little prospect of finding acting work, Milland took on menial jobs, including working for a bookie. He decided to find regular employment and through connections made in his time in the UK, he was offered the job of an assistant manager of a Shell gas station on Sunset and Clark.
On his return from his successful Shell interview, he passed by the gates of Paramount Pictures, where he was approached by casting director Joe Egli. Paramount was filming the George Raft picture Bolero (released in February 1934), but an injury to another British actor had left the studio looking for an urgent replacement. Egli offered Milland a two-week contract, at ten times the salary the assistant job would pay. Milland took the acting role.
After completing Bolero, Milland was offered a five-week guarantee by Benjamin Glazer to work on an upcoming screwball comedy starring Bing Crosby and Carole Lombard entitled We're Not Dressing (also 1934). During filming, he appeared in a scene with George Burns and Gracie Allen, which Milland recalls as falling into an "ad-libbed shambles" that he felt was better than the original script.
The film's director Norman Taurog was so impressed, he rang the chief production executive and suggested that Milland be placed on a long-term contract. After a short meeting, Milland was offered a seven-year deal with Paramount starting at $175 a week. The contract gave Milland a secure income, and Muriel and he moved into an apartment on Fountain Avenue.
Milland later said "It all happened by luck and I was just there at the right place at the right time."
Paramount and The Jungle Princess
During his first contract with Paramount, Milland was used as part of the speaking cast, but never as a top-of-the-bill actor. He had a supporting role, for instance, in The Glass Key (1935) with Raft.
Milland was lent to Universal for Next Time We Love (1936), with James Stewart and Margaret Sullavan. Back at Paramount he was in The Return of Sophie Lang (1936) and The Big Broadcast of 1937 (1936).
He was contacted by Joe Pasternak, who was looking for an 'English' actor for the lead in his new picture, Three Smart Girls (1936). Although Pasternak worked for Universal Studios, Paramount had agreed to lend Milland out for the film.
On returning to Paramount after Three Smart Girls was wrapped, Milland was used as a test actor to find a new starlet for The Jungle Princess (1936). When the studio chose Dorothy Lamour for the lead, Milland wrote in his autobiography that Lamour was confused to find that he was not to be her male lead and she requested Milland to be her co-star. Paramount was not keen, but when Three Smart Girls was released to rave reviews, they gave Milland the role. By the end of 1936, Milland was being considered for leading roles, and Paramount rewrote his contract, resulting in the tripling of his salary.
As leading man 1937–1939
Back at Paramount, Milland was reunited with Lamour in Her Jungle Love (1938) and Tropic Holiday (1938). He then did a military drama for William Wellman, Men with Wings (1938), co-starring Fred MacMurray.
Milland did a comedy, Say It in French (1938), and then Hotel Imperial (1939) with Marlene Dietrich, during the production of which Milland suffered a near-fatal accident on the set. One scene called for him to lead a cavalry charge through a small village. An accomplished horseman, Milland insisted upon doing this scene himself. As he was making a scripted jump on the horse, his saddle came loose, sending him flying straight into a pile of broken masonry. Milland awoke in hospital, where he remained for a week with a badly damaged left hand, a three-inch gash to his head, and a concussion.
After recovering, he appeared as John Geste in Beau Geste (1939), alongside Gary Cooper and Robert Preston and directed by Wellman. The film was a huge hit. 20th Century Fox then borrowed him for Everything Happens at Night (1939) opposite Sonja Henie.
According to Milland, a second injury to his left hand occurred in 1939. As well as horse-riding, Milland enjoyed piloting aircraft and in his early career would lease single-seater planes. As a contracted starring actor, Paramount had insisted he give up this hobby. Instead, Milland took up woodworking and outfitted a machine shop at the back of his newly built house. While operating a circular blade, he slipped, catching one of his hands on the saw. The injury resulted in Milland losing a part of his thumb and severely damaging his tendons.
Milland believed that the injury left him with only 50% usage of his hand, but within weeks of the incident, he flew to Britain to star in French Without Tears. By the time he returned to America, war was declared in Europe. The year finished with the news that Muriel was pregnant with their son Daniel.
World War Two
Milland appeared in a selection of romantic comedies and dramas alongside some of the leading ladies of the time in films released in 1940. These included Irene opposite Anna Neagle, The Doctor Takes a Wife opposite Loretta Young at Columbia, Arise, My Love opposite Claudette Colbert, and Untamed opposite Patricia Morison. He was a last minute replacement for Joel McCrea on Arise which meant he had to drop out of another film, Virginia.
When the United States entered the Second World War, Milland tried to enlist in the U.S. Army Air Forces, but was rejected because of his impaired left hand. He worked as a civilian flight instructor for the Army, and toured with a United Service Organisation South Pacific troupe in 1944.
As the Second World War continued, Milland found himself now appearing in more action-orientated pictures. He starred as a wannabe pilot in I Wanted Wings (1941) with Brian Donlevy, Veronica Lake, and William Holden. This was followed by Skylark (1942) with Claudette Colbert, and two films with Paulette Goddard: The Lady Has Plans (1942) and Cecil B. DeMille's Reap the Wild Wind (1942) alongside John Wayne.
Milland appeared in the all-star musical Star Spangled Rhythm (1943), in which he appeared as himself, singing "If Men Played Cards as Women Do," alongside Fred MacMurray, Franchot Tone, and Lynne Overman. He also made an appearance in the collaborative drama, Forever and a Day (1943).
In 1944, Milland starred in the supernatural horror film, The Uninvited, which was notable for its serious treatment of ghosts and haunting main theme, and for making a star of Gail Russell. He then starred in Fritz Lang's film noir production of Graham Greene's Ministry of Fear (also 1944).
The Lost Weekend – 1945
The pinnacle of Milland's career and acknowledgment of his serious dramatic abilities came when he starred in The Lost Weekend (1945). Milland recalled how after returning from an emcee engagement in Peru, he found a book delivered to his home, with a note from Paramount's head of production Buddy DeSylva that read, "Read it. Study it. You're going to play it." Milland found the book unsettling and felt its subject matter, that of an alcoholic writer, to be challenging and alien to him. He was also concerned that it would require 'serious acting', something that he believed he had not undertaken up to that point in his career. The film was to be produced by Charles Brackett and directed by Billy Wilder; the pair were also collaborating to write the screenplay. Milland had already worked with both men, having starred in the comedy The Major and the Minor (1942), and he was excited by their involvement.
Milland's first concern with taking on the role of Don Birnam in The Lost Weekend was that he might overact and look amateurish. After a shambolic attempt to act parts of the script while actually drunk, Milland quickly realized that he needed to understand alcoholism. After the cast and crew had arrived on location in New York, Milland was allowed to spend a night in a psychiatric ward of Bellevue Hospital, where the patients were suffering from alcoholism and delirium tremens. He found the experience extremely disturbing and left at three in the morning. Milland lost eight pounds for the role and spoke with the book's author, Charles R. Jackson, to gain insight into the illness. After the external shots in New York were complete, in which hidden cameras were used to capture Milland walking the streets, the crew returned to Hollywood. Milland found the set work far more challenging, knowing that the close-ups would give his acting no place to hide. Between the strain of acting and the morbidity of the subject, Milland's home life deteriorated and he left for a period of two weeks. When the shoot was over, Muriel and he left for a vacation in Canada. He later said his role in The Lost Weekend "was the only part [he was] really proud of."
Instead, he did a romantic comedy, The Well-Groomed Bride opposite Olivia de Havilland. Many of the crew members on The Well-Groomed Bride had also worked on The Lost Weekend, and Milland recalled an encounter with a sound mixer, who told him that he had seen a rough cut of Weekend and thought Milland was not only sure to be nominated for an Academy Award, but he would probably win. Milland had not considered himself worthy of an award, but over the next few months, he thought of little else, and was desperate to be nominated. After the first preview, reaction was mixed, but Brackett stated that they had produced "something really worthwhile". Milland found the initial feedback to his role congratulatory but hushed, leading him to feel that the film would bomb as a piece of cinema and would be seen as a social document. When the film was released in New York, the favourable reviews took both Milland and the studio by surprise. Milland was lauded, and he not only won that year's Academy Award for Best Actor, but also the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor–Drama, the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actor, the National Board of Review Award for Best Actor, and the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor. He was the first Welsh actor to win an Oscar, and when he collected the award from Ingrid Bergman, he gave one of the shortest acceptance speeches of any Oscar winner. His performance was so convincing, Milland was beleaguered for years by rumours that he actually was an alcoholic. He steadfastly asserted that he was not.
Milland's success in The Lost Weekend resulted in his contract being rewritten, and he became Paramount's highest-salaried actor. When the film was premiered across Europe, Milland was sent to attend each opening. When he appeared in Cardiff, the capital city of Wales, he was given the key to the city.
Milland continued working as a leading man after his Oscar win, and stayed contracted to Paramount until the early 1950s. He was teamed with Teresa Wright in The Imperfect Lady (1946), directed by Lewis Allen. He replaced Alan Ladd in a Western with Barbara Stanwyck, California (1947), directed by John Farrow, which was a big hit.
Milland was reunited with Wright in The Trouble with Women (1947) and then starred opposite Marlene Dietrich in Golden Earrings (1947). He was one of many Paramount stars who made a cameo in Variety Girl (1947) then went to England to make So Evil My Love (1948), produced by Hal Wallis for director Lewis Allen.
Milland made a second film for Farrow, The Big Clock (1948), which has become one of his most highly regarded films. He then did his third film with Allen, Sealed Verdict (1948), and a third with Farrow, Alias Nick Beal (1949), which Milland later said was his favourite film.
In July 1948, Paramount suspended him for refusing a part in The Mark of Lucretia (which became The Bride of Vengeance). Milland commented, "it is a part that is out of my normal natural range as an actor."
At Columbia, Milland starred opposite Rosalind Russell in A Woman of Distinction (1950). Then, at MGM, he was directed by George Cukor in A Life of Her Own (1950) alongside Lana Turner, replacing Wendell Corey, who had quit the film just three days into filming.
Milland was directed by Jacques Tourneur in RKO's Circle of Danger (1951), set in the United Kingdom; it was the only time he filmed in his home country of Wales. At MGM he was in Night Into Morning (1951) and then a comedy, Rhubarb (1951).
Milland gave a strong performance in Close to My Heart (1951) at Warner Bros., in which he and Gene Tierney starred as a couple trying to adopt a child. His next film, Bugles in the Afternoon (1952), was a Western also at Warners. Something to Live For (1952) was another study of alcoholism at Paramount, with Joan Fontaine.
Ray Milland had a contract to make one film a year with Paramount (who released Pine-Thomas films). He was wanted by producer Harold Popkin to make The Thief but Paramount insisted he make Jamaica Run under their contract instead. The impasse was resolved by the intervention of Milland's agents at MCA and filming for Jamaica Run was pushed back. For The Thief (1952), his role was without dialogue, and he was nominated for a second Golden Globe. He later remarked that he was proud of the film.
He then starred opposite Grace Kelly and Robert Cummings in Alfred Hitchcock's Dial M for Murder (1954), originally shot in three dimensions. Although never admitted by either, rumours were rife at the time that Kelly and Milland were engaged in an affair, fuelled by notorious gossip columnist Hedda Hopper.
He starred with Phyllis Avery and Lloyd Corrigan in the CBS sitcom, Meet Mr. McNutley, from 1953 to 1955. He appeared in the role of an English (and later Drama) professor at the fictitious Lynnhaven College. The sitcom was renamed The Ray Milland Show in its second season. Milland directed some episodes, and he soon had ambitions to direct features.
At Fox, Milland starred in The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing (1955).
After leaving Paramount, Milland concentrated on directing. In his first directorial effort, a Western entitled A Man Alone (1955), Milland cast himself in the leading role. His co-stars included Mary Murphy and Ward Bond. The story depicts the aftermath of a stagecoach robbery. He did the film for a lesser fee in exchange for a chance to direct and a percentage of the profits
Milland starred in a TV adaptation of Markheim (1956) directed by Fred Zinnemann then starred in and directed Lisbon (1956), alongside Maureen O'Hara and Claude Rains. Like A Man Alone, it was distributed by Republic Pictures.
He directed episodes of The Ford Television Theatre and Schlitz Playhouse and starred in the features Three Brave Men (1956), The River's Edge (1957), a Western directed by Allan Dwan for Benedict Bogeaus, and High Flight (1957), an air force melodrama for Warwick Pictures in England.
Retirement and Markham
Milland then retired for six months before deciding to go back to work, commenting, "my wife told me I'd better get a job of some kind because I was making her a nervous wreck ... hanging around the house."
During the making of the show Milland remarked, "it's becoming more and more of an effort to go on acting. I know it's a wonderful way to make a living but any job you don't like becomes difficult and I just don't like acting. I never have. I do it because I can't make a living any other way. Standing in front of a crew playing love scenes embarasses me. I'm as self conscious as hell and I want to get it over with. You get up too early and you finish too late and you feel like a lackey."
The show failed to capture the expected significant audience, even though it followed the western Gunsmoke.
Do what you can with what you've got. I know actors from my generation who sit at home and cry, 'Why don't they send me any scripts?' I tell them, 'Because you still think of yourself as a leading man. You're 68, not 28. Face it.'
– Milland explaining his philosophy on becoming a character actor towards the end of his career.
He retired again, this time to the French Riviera in 1960. However, he soon became bored and started acting again.
Milland appeared in two Roger Corman AIP pictures. The first was The Premature Burial (1962) – the third of Corman's 'Poe Cycle'. He then portrayed Dr. Xavier in the well-received X: The Man with the X-Ray Eyes (1963).
Also for AIP, he starred in the self-directed, apocalyptic science-fiction drama, Panic in Year Zero! (1962).
Milland decided to return to the stage and appeared in a touring version of My Fair Lady. He enjoyed the experience, and in 1966, he took the lead role as Simon Crawford QC in the Broadway play, Hostile Witness, directed by Reginald Denham.
The play ran in New York from February until July of that year, after which Milland took the play on the road. In 1968, he reprised the role in a film of the same title, which he also directed. It was the last feature film he directed.
In the late 1960s, Milland hosted rebroadcasts of certain episodes of the syndicated Western anthology series, Death Valley Days, under the title Trails West; the series' original host had been Ronald Reagan. He also guest-starred on Bracken's World and The Name of the Game as well as in TV movies like Company of Killers (1970), River of Gold (1971) and Black Noon (1971).
Milland was in his biggest box office success in a number of years when he played Oliver Barrett III in Love Story (1970).
In 1970, he said he worked only two to three months a year acting and spent the rest of the year relaxing, although he admitted that he had suffered some financial troubles since the sale of his yacht in 1964.
He also turned in an appearance as a hand surgeon in the Night Gallery episode, "The Hand of Borgus Weems". He guest-starred in two episodes of Columbo, as a grieving widower in "Death Lends a Hand" (1971) and as the murderer in "The Greenhouse Jungle" (1972). He was then in Embassy (1972).
Horror and Action Movies; Focus on Television
In 1972, Milland starred in two horror films. One was Frogs, co-starring Sam Elliott and Joan Van Ark, in which Milland played a wealthy, cantankerous plantation owner who dumps waste materials in a swamp, causing an enormous disruption of nature. The second, The Thing with Two Heads, is considered a cult classic. Milland plays a brain surgeon with a terminal illness who transplants his head onto a healthy body—that of an American prisoner. The following year he was in The House in Nightmare Park (1973), a comedy chiller, and had the lead in Terror in the Wax Museum (1973) for TV.
Milland was in action films—The Big Game (1974), The Student Connection (1974), and Gold (1974), the latter of which was opposite Roger Moore—and then did another TV horror film, The Dead Don't Die (1975). He then appeared in Escape to Witch Mountain (1975) for Disney and guest starred on shows like Cool Million and Ellery Queen.
Around this time, Milland said that he planned on moving to Europe and that he accepted "the parts I figure I can get some enjoyment out of."
He also had roles in The Swiss Conspiracy (1976), Aces High (1976), Look What's Happened to Rosemary's Baby (1976), Mayday at 40,000 Feet! (1976), The Last Tycoon (1976), Seventh Avenue (1976), Oil (1977), Testimony of Two Men (1977), The Uncanny (1977), Slavers (1977), and The Pyjama Girl Case (1978), an Italian giallo set in Australia.
He guest-starred as Sire Uri in Saga of a Star World (1978), the pilot episode of the original Battlestar Galactica television series. He reprised his role as Ryan O'Neal's father in Oliver's Story (1978) and appeared in some action films, including Spree (1979) and Game for Vultures (1979).
He was top billed in The Attic (1980), but more commonly had support roles in TV films like The Dream Merchants (1980), Our Family Business (1981), The Royal Romance of Charles and Diana (1982), Starflight: The Plane That Couldn't Land (1983), Cave In! (1983), and The Masks of Death (1984), a Sherlock Holmes adventure starring Peter Cushing and John Mills.
Milland was married to Muriel Frances Weber from 30 September 1931 until his death on 10 March 1986. They had one biological son and one adopted daughter. Their son, Daniel, appeared in several minor acting roles in the 1960s and died of an apparent suicide in March 1981, at the age of 41.
Milland became a naturalised American citizen in the 1940s. He supported the Republican Party and publicly backed Thomas Dewey in the 1944 United States presidential election as well as Richard Nixon in the 1968 presidential election.
Milland died of lung cancer at the Torrance Memorial Medical Center in Torrance, California, on 10 March 1986. He was 79 years old. In line with his instructions, no funeral was held. His body was cremated, and his ashes were scattered into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Redondo Beach, California.
|1946||This Is Hollywood||The Seventh Veil|
|1946||The Jack Benny Program||The Lost Weekend (10 March 1946)|
|1946||Screen Guild Players||The Lost Weekend|
|1953||Lux Radio Theatre||Close to My Heart|
- The birth name Alfred Reginald Jones and the birth date of 3 January 1907 are from the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Other sources give a different date of birth and birth name. Milland's obituary in the New York Times gave 3 January 1905 with the name Reginald Truscott-Jones. Encyclopædia Britannica gives 3 January 1907 and Reginald Truscott-Jones.
- "Ray Milland in 'Circle of Danger'". The New York Times. 12 July 1951.
- "Top 10 Welsh actors: Ray Milland". BBC WalesArts website. BBC. 5 March 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- "Ray Milland dies". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 11 March 1986. p. B-5.
- Flint, Peter B. (11 March 1986). "Ray Milland Dies. Won Oscar for 'Lost Weekend'". New York Times. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- "Ray Milland". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Parkinson, David (2011). "Ray Milland". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57315. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Asghar, Mohammed (1 September 2011). "Hollywood star Ray had close links with capital". Wales Online.
- Milland (1974), p.23
- Milland (1974) pp. 75–78
- Milland (1974) pp. 78–84
- Ray Milland Faces Wide Acclaim for New Picture: Actor Relates Film's Effect Upon Himself Ray Milland Faces Wide Acclaim for New Picture Masters, Marcia. Los Angeles Times 9 Sep 1945: B1.
- RAY MILLAND DIES; WON OSCAR FOR 'LOST WEEKEND': [OBITUARY] Flint, Peter B. New York Times 11 Mar 1986: D.30.
- Berry (1996), p. 257
- Milland (1974) pp. 93–94
- Milland (1974) p. 95
- Milland (1974) p. 96
- Milland (1974) p. 101
- Milland (1974) p. 102
- Milland (1974), p. 109
- Milland (1974), p. 112
- Milland (1974), p. 126
- Ray Milland Dies of Cancer Actor Won Fame for `Lost Weekend' Role: [Home Edition] Los Angeles Times (pre-1997 Fulltext); Los Angeles, Calif. [Los Angeles, Calif]11 Mar 1986: 1.
- Milland (1974), p. 122
- Milland (1974), pp. 124–26
- Milland (1974), pp. 139–41
- Milland (1974), p. 148
- "Orders Is Orders (1933)". BFI Film Forever. Retrieved 19 August 2016.. This film was released in the United States in May 1934, which some sources follow.
- Milland (1974), pp. 155–57
- Milland (1974), p. 162
- Ray Milland Cuts to a New Scene Hall, William. Los Angeles Times 10 Mar 1974: o24.
- Milland (1974), pp.172–74
- Milland (1974), pp.175–76
- Milland (1974), p.178
- Ray Milland Signs For Hopkins Film The Washington Post 30 Aug 1937: 14.
- Milland (1974), p.189
- Milland (1974), pp.170–72
- Milland (1974), p.192
- Milland (1974), p.193
- SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: New York Times 4 June 1940: 19.
- RAY MILLAND FINDS GRIEF AND FUN IN WAR Los Angeles Times 30 Mar 1944: A1.
- Me Join Army With War On?' Ray Milland Shushes Soldier Los Angeles Times 16 Apr 1944: 1.
- Milland, (1974) p.211
- Milland, (1974) p.212
- "2011 National Film Registry More Than a Box of Chocolates". loc.gov. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Milland, (1974) p.214
- Milland, (1974) pp.216–7
- Milland, (1974) p.218
- Milland, (1974) p.219
- Ray Milland: Rounding out his persona with a bit of curmudgeon A publicity gala, starring Ray Milland Cross, Robert. Chicago Tribune 23 Aug 1985: n1.
- Arnold, Jeremy. "Kitty". tcm.com. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
- SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: Paramount Signs Ray Milland for the Lead in 'Olympia' -- Three Films Due Today Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times 7 Apr 1944: 22.
- Milland, (1974) p.223
- Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel; Menna, Baines; Lynch, Peredur I., eds. (2008). The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. p. 557. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6.
- Milland, (1974) p.228
- Milland, (1974) p.229
- "Top Grossers of 1947", Variety, 7 January 1948 p. 63
- RAY MILLAND GETS ROLE OF ALAN LADD: New York Times (19 Sep 1945: 22.
- Ray Milland Ends Work on 5 New Movies Tinee, Mae. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963); Chicago, Ill. [Chicago, Ill]14 Apr 1946: E10
- PARAMOUNT TO DO FILM ON LUDWIG II: Picture Will Deal With King's Patronage of Wagner--Ray Milland in 'The Big Clock' By THOMAS F. BBADYSpecial to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times (1923-Current file); New York, N.Y. [New York, N.Y]17 Jan 1947: 26.
- Ray Milland Suspended Los Angeles Times 28 July 1948: A2.
- Jean Peters to Star With Ray Milland Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 13 Nov 1948: 9.
- RAY MILLAND GETS METRO MOVIE LEAD New York Times 18 Feb 1950: 9
- "Inside Pictures". Variety. 12 March 1953. p. 12.
- College Student to be Ray Milland's Next Role Wolters, Larry. Chicago Daily Tribune 15 Nov 1959: n_a2.
- Rosenthal, Donna (24 April 1987). "The Private Eyeful Of Grace Kelly The Biographer Telling Tales Of Problems In The Past – And In The Palace". philly.com. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- Wallis, Sara (14 April 2007). "Grace Kelly Exposed". mirror.co.uk. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- Norman, Neil (27 June 2009). "Grace Kelly; Innocent flirt or nymphomaniac". express.co.uk. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- RAY MILLAND'S TV BOW LOOKS LIKE A BIG HIT: Wolters, Larry. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963); Chicago, Ill. [Chicago, Ill]13 Sep 1953: w_a6.
- Louella Parsons: Ray Milland Shines Six-Shooter The Washington Post and Times Herald]21 Jan 1955: 40.
- Ray Milland, Director And 'Lisbon' Star By Melvin Maddocks. The Christian Science Monitor 6 Sep 1956: 11.
- MOVIELAND EVENTS: British Personnel Aiding Ray Milland Los Angeles Times 10 Aug 1957: B2.
- Ray Milland Wants to Resume College Hyams, Joe. Los Angeles Times 4 Sep 1959: 27.
- Series for Ray Milland New York Times 6 Feb 1959: 51.
- William Glover. (9 January 1966). "'Lost Weekend' Irks the 'Witness'". The Washington Post. p. G2.
- Ray Milland Hates Acting, But He Works Hard at It Chicago Tribune 2 Oct 1966: i11.
- * Kabatchnik, Amnon (2011). Blood on the Stage, 1950-1975: Milestone Plays of Crime, Mystery, and Detection. Scarecrow Press. pp. 424–426. ISBN 9780810877849.
- Martin, Betty (31 August 1967). "Barbra's Husband to Debut". Los Angeles Times. p. c13.
- Ray Milland to Star Los Angeles Times 21 Feb 1970: a3.
- Yacht Woes Still Plague Ray Milland: RAY MILLAND Rood, W B. Los Angeles Times 3 Apr 1970: c2.
- https://glitternight.com/2017/07/05/the-frogs-1972-fourth-of-july-bad-movie/[bare URL]
- Olden boldy: BART MILLS meets Ray Milland, latest Hollywood favourite to enter the autobiography stakes The Guardian 5 Apr 1975: 8.
- "Ray Milland". Bigredbook.info. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- Muir, John Kenneth (2005). An Analytical Guide to Television's Battlestar Galactica. McFarland. p. 54. ISBN 9781476606569.
- https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/1193/30627_151165-00058?pid=4078825&backurl=https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?dbid%3D1193%26h%3D4078825%26indiv%3Dtry%26o_vc%3DRecord:OtherRecord%26rhSource%3D2353&treeid=&personid=&hintid=&usePUB=true&usePUBJs=true&_ga=2.28906108.1551824119.1578062896-489549159.1563800672[bare URL]
- "Milland death suicide". Montreal Gazette. UPI. 27 March 1981. p. 52.
- "Ray Milland, 78, Oscar-winning Actor". Chicago Tribune. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- Critchlow, Donald T. (21 October 2013). When Hollywood Was Right: How Movie Stars, Studio Moguls, and Big Business Remade American Politics. ISBN 9781107650282.
- "1968 Presidential Race". Pophistorydig.com. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "No Funeral for Ray Milland". Apnewsarchive.com. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Ray Milland, Ann Todd, Co-Star on 'This Is Hollywood' Premiere Tonight". Harrisburg Telegraph. 5 October 1946. p. 17. Retrieved 2 October 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.
- Kirby, Walter (1 March 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 46. Retrieved 23 June 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Berry, David (1996). Wales and Cinema, The First Hundred Years. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. p. 215. ISBN 0-7083-1370-1.
- Milland, Ray (1974). Wide-Eyed in Babylon. New York: Morrow. ISBN 0-688-00257-9.
- Parkinson, David (2011). "Ray Milland". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57315. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
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