Catholic Church in Korea
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Worldwide distribution of Catholics
The Catholic hierarchy in Korea has never been divided between South and North, in the same manner as the Catholic hierarchy in Germany was never divided between East and West or in Ireland between the artificially created borders. For example, some parts of the territory of the archdiocese of Seoul are located in North Korea. Nevertheless, since the political division of Korea in 1945, Catholicism has had a different development in North and South.
North Korea is officially an atheist state and does not have diplomatic relations with the Holy See. The Catholic hierarchy has been inactive there for decades (i.e. since the end of the Korean War), and there are no active Catholic churches in the country.
The only territorial abbey outside of Europe and one of only 11 remaining territorial abbeys is the Territorial Abbey of Tokwon, located near Wonsan in North Korea. The persecution of Christians in North Korea since 1949 has made any activity in the abbacy impossible. However, the Territorial Abbacy of Tokwon is formally still kept as one of the few remaining territorial abbeys within the Catholic Church.
About 10% of the population of South Korea (roughly 5.1 million) are Catholics, with about 1400 parishes and 3200 priests as of 2005. By proportion of a national population and by raw number of adherents, South Korea ranks among the most strongly Catholic countries in Asia after the Philippines.
- World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia. Marshall Cavendish. Retrieved 2011-03-05.
North Korea is officially an atheist state in which almost the entire population is nonreligious.
- The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster. Retrieved 2011-03-05.
Atheism continues to be the official position of the governments of China, North Korea and Cuba.
- "North Korean Martyrs, the first process for beatification gets underway". Asia News, May 25, 2007. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "Diocesan Directory: Territorial Abbacy of Tokwon". UCA News, August 2, 2006. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "Catholic Dioceses in the World by Type: Territorial Abbacies". Giga-Catholic Information, January 14, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/country/sc1.html "Catholic Hierarchy - Statistics by Country." retrieved March 7, 2017.