The Royal Conservatory of Music

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The Royal Conservatory
Royal Conservatory of Music logo.svg
Formation 1886
Legal status Active
Purpose To develop human potential through music and the arts.
Region served
Canada, US, UK
Official language
English, French
Tim Price
Peter Simon
Prince Charles, Prince of Wales

The Royal Conservatory of Music, branded as The Royal Conservatory, is a music education business and performance venue headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It was founded in 1886 by Edward Fisher as The Toronto Conservatory of Music. In 1947, King George VI incorporated the organization through royal charter.

Its Toronto home was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1995, in recognition of the institution's significant influence on music education in Canada.[1][2]

Tim Price is the current Chair of the Board[3] and Peter Simon is the President.[4]


Early history[edit]

The original home of The Toronto Conservatory of Music in 1886
The Toronto Conservatory of Music at College Street and University Avenue, c. 1897
McMaster Hall and Castle Memorial Hall (at left) c. 1906
The Royal Conservatory of Music on Bloor Street West in 2015

The Conservatory was founded in 1886 as The Toronto Conservatory of Music and opened in September 1887, located on two floors above a music store at the corner of Dundas Street and Yonge Street.[5] Its founder Edward Fisher was a young organist born in the United States.[6] The Conservatory became the first institution of its kind in Canada: a school dedicated to the training of singers and musicians, and also to instilling a love of music in young children.[7] In its first year, it hired Italian musician and composer Francesco D'Auria to teach at the conservatory.[8]

The Conservatory's initial intake was just over 100, and by its second quarter this number had grown to nearly 300 as its reputation quickly spread.[9] In 1897, the organization purchased a new property at College Street and University Avenue to accommodate its rapid expansion. From its earliest days, it was affiliated with the University of Toronto with the purpose of preparing students for degree examinations[9] and shared its premises with the University of Toronto, Faculty of Music from 1919.

In 1906, Frank Welsman – who became the principal of The Conservatory – founded and directed the Toronto Conservatory Orchestra, which became the Toronto Symphony Orchestra two years later.

Toronto College of Music and Canadian Academy of Music[edit]

The period between 1918 and 1924 witnessed a series of mergers among music conservatories in Toronto. The Toronto College of Music was founded in 1888 by conductor F.H. Torrington, and became the first music conservatory affiliated with the University of Toronto. After Torrington's death in 1917, the school merged with the Canadian Academy of Music in 1918.[10] The Academy itself had been founded in 1911 by Albert Gooderham, who financed the school out of his own personal fortune and served as the school's only president during its 13-year-long history. The Academy, in turn, merged into the Toronto Conservatory of Music in 1924.[11]

Post-war growth[edit]

Glenn Gould – arguably the Conservatory's most outstanding pupil – studied theory, organ, and piano, graduating at the age of 12 in 1946 with an ARCT diploma of the highest honours.[12]

In 1947, King George VI awarded The Conservatory its royal charter in recognition of its status as one of the Commonwealth's greatest music schools.[7] The Toronto Conservatory of Music became The Royal Conservatory of Music.

During Ettore Mazzoleni's term as principal (1945–68), The Conservatory grew rapidly. Mazzoleni had been director of the Conservatory Orchestra since 1934. Two other prominent figures who contributed to the achievements of this period were chairman of the board Edward Johnson (who served from 1947–59) and Arnold Walter, who was appointed director of the new Senior School in 1946. The Senior School offered a two-year program with professional performance training combined with related courses in theory and history. The initial success of the project gave rise to a three-year program leading to an Artist Diploma, as well as The Conservatory's Opera School (begun in 1946), which provided training in all aspects of opera production. These developments led to the creation of the Royal Conservatory Opera Company, which went on to become the Canadian Opera Company in 1959.

With space now a major problem, the University of Toronto sold the College Street property to Ontario Hydro in 1962 and The Conservatory moved to 273 Bloor Street West, the original site of McMaster University. The concert and recital halls of the College Street site were only partially replaced in the move, and the library, residence, and all three pipe organs were lost.[13]

Independent institution[edit]

The Conservatory was governed by the University of Toronto from 1963 until 1991, at which time it became a wholly independent institution again, taking control of its building and diverse music programs.[7] Peter Simon was appointed President of The Conservatory.[14]

Also in 1991, the conservatory developed a master plan to renovate its historic building and expand it with the construction of new facilities on the same site. The plan was carried out by Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects (KPMB) in stages, initially with the 1997 renovation of Mazzoleni Concert Hall in the historic Ihnatowycz Hall.[15] The new construction is named the TELUS Centre for Performance and Learning and features academic and performance spaces; the acoustically sound, 1,135-seat Koerner concert venue; studios; classrooms; a new-media centre; a library; and a rehearsal hall.[16] During the renovations, The Conservatory temporarily moved to the former location of the Toronto District School Board's Ursula Franklin Academy in the Dufferin and Bloor West area.[17][18] In September 2008, The Conservatory returned to a newly renovated and expanded headquarters at 273 Bloor Street West near Avenue Road. Koerner Hall opened on 25 September 2009, beginning a new age of large-scale performances at The Royal Conservatory.[19]

The original building, McMaster Hall, was renamed Ihnatowycz Hall in 2005,[20] in reference to the contribution of alumni Ian Ihnatowycz and Marta Witer.[20] The designation of this site as a heritage building required that the majority of the original materials and formal qualities be maintained while complying with the building code. The original brickwork was maintained: decorative red brick, Medina sandstone, and polished granite.[21] The imposing manner of the building demonstrates the prominent form of the building.[22]

Arts Education Programs[edit]

The Royal Conservatory is a not-for-profit organization offering a wide range of arts programs.[23]

The Royal Conservatory Certificate Program[edit]

This is the name of the division of The Royal Conservatory that sets and supports standards in music examinations across Canada and internationally.[24] The organization conducts 100,000 examinations annually in over 300 communities around the world.

Examinations are conducted three or four times each year in more than 300 communities through a network of local centres. The Certificate Program encompasses all levels and spans 11 grades: from beginner to certification as an Associate of The Royal Conservatory of Music (ARCT), to certification as a Licentiate of The Royal Conservatory of Music (LRCM).[25]

Achievement on the examinations of The Royal Conservatory is recognized for credit toward secondary school graduation in many school systems in Canada. For most provinces in Canada, a Grade 6 Certificate and Level 6 Theory (formerly Intermediate Rudiments) counts as Grade 10 credit, a Grade 7 Certificate and Advanced Rudiments counts as Grade 11 credit, and a Grade 8 Certificate and Advanced Rudiments counts as Grade 12 credit. One's standing in the Certificate Program also plays an important role in entrance requirements for professional music programs at many universities and colleges.[26] [27]

The Royal Conservatory Music Development Program[edit]

In 2011 The Royal Conservatory partnered with Carnegie Hall to launch The Achievement Program in the United States. In January 2013 The Royal Conservatory took on sole responsibility of successful program.[28] under the name The Royal Conservatory Music Development Program.[29]

The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited[edit]

The Frederick Harris Music Co. Limited, is the oldest and largest print-music publisher in Canada.

Frederick Harris (1866–1945) devoted his life to music publishing. He began his career in England working for a large music publishing firm. In 1904, he set up his own business in London and in 1910, established a Canadian office in Toronto – marking the beginning of a long association with The Royal Conservatory that led to an increased emphasis on publications for teaching and learning.[30] In 1944, the company was donated to The Conservatory with profits to be used for its own purposes.[31]

The Glenn Gould School[edit]

A centre for professional training in classical music performance at the postsecondary and postbachelor levels, The Glenn Gould School was established in 1987. Originally called The Royal Conservatory of Music Professional School, it was renamed in 1997 to honour Glenn Gould, the Toronto-born piano virtuoso and a former pupil. Enrollment is limited to 130,[32] and The School is supported by funding from the Department of Canadian Heritage through the National Arts Contribution Program.[33]

The faculty consists of internationally acclaimed performers, teachers, and scholars.[34] More than 125 master classes are presented each year with artists, such as Leon Fleisher, Stewart Goodyear, Anton Kuerti, and James Ehnes.

Glenn Gould School alumni have established careers as solo performers, orchestral musicians, chamber musicians, and recording artists. Alumni include the pianist Jan Lisiecki, singers Isabel Bayrakdarian and Robert Gleadow, the pianists David Jalbert and Richard Raymond, the harpist Mariko Anraku, the violist Adam Romer, as well as the St. Lawrence String Quartet.

The Glenn Gould School offers a four-year Performance Diploma in piano, voice, and all orchestral instruments, designed for high school graduates who wish to prepare for a career as a performer. An articulation agreement with Thompson Rivers University also gives students the opportunity to obtain a Bachelor of Music degree. The Artist Diploma is a two-year postbachelor program for piano, voice, orchestral instruments, performance, and pedagogy.[35] [36] The school also offers The Rebanks Family Fellowship and Performance Diploma Program, a one-year career development program for aspiring classical musicians.[37] [38]

The Phil and Eli Taylor Performance Academy for Young Artists[edit]

The Phil and Eli Taylor Performance Academy for Young Artists provides a nurturing environment for gifted classical musicians aged nine to 19. Working together with exceptional faculty and acclaimed guest artists, students of The Academy perfect their performance skills, musicality, and artistic excellence.

After a competitive audition and interview, accepted students are streamed into Junior, Intermediate, or Senior Academy programs. This comprehensive program develops performance skills, musicianship, and academic excellence.[39] Most Academy activities take place on Friday evenings and Saturdays but students are expected to practice daily and work on regular assignments. Through the support of private individuals and foundations, financial assistance is available for all students.[40] Alumni of the Academy who have launched successful careers include Peter Simon, Katie Stillman, Eugene Nakamura, Marcin Swoboda, Janice LaMarre, Marta and Irena Kretchkovsky, and Karen Ouzounian.

Royal Conservatory School[edit]

The Royal Conservatory School offers individual and group instruction in classical, popular, folk, jazz, and world music, to people of all ages and abilities.[41] The school also offers music appreciation sessions as well as training programs for teachers and artists.[42] [43]

The Marilyn Thomson Early Childhood Education Centre[edit]

In October 2013 The Royal Conservatory launched The Marilyn Thomson Early Childhood Education Centre, which will be dedicated to the development of education apps and online learning programs, with an aim of spreading online learning in music to young children.[44]

Learning Through the Arts[edit]

Learning Through the Arts (LTTA) is an arts-driven education program providing public school teachers with creative tools to engage all students in math, science, language, arts, and social studies.[45] LTTA offers a way forward for young people who have struggled to learn through traditional means such as books or lectures. The program reaches approximately 100,000 children each year and is used in 400 schools across Canada and in 12 additional countries.[46] The Mentor Artist-Educator Certificate is administered through this program.[47]

Performing Arts[edit]

The Royal Conservatory presents approximately 100 performances a year,[48] featuring classical, jazz, world, and pop music artists from around the world. It has three concert venues: Koerner Hall, Mazzoleni Concert Hall, and Temerty Theatre.

Koerner Hall[edit]

Koerner Hall, opened in September 2009

Named for donors Michael and Sonja Koerner, Koerner Hall opened in September 2009 and houses 1,135 seats. It was designed by KPMB Architects, under the direction of Marianne McKenna, theatre consultant Anne Minors Performance Consultants, and acoustics company Sound Space Design. It features two balcony tiers above the main orchestra level as well as a third technical balcony.[49] Koerner Hall's signature element is an acoustically transparent veil of twisting oak strings that forms the backdrop for the chorus at the first balcony level, then hovers over the stage below the fixed acoustic canopy, extending into and over the hall at the technical balcony level.[50] Completion of the project also includes three tiers of glass fronted lobbies overlooking Philosopher’s Walk, back-of-house areas for performers, a ground-floor café, and installation of a unique collection of antique musical instruments donated by the Koerner family and valued at $1 million.[51] Each level is also equipped to host a variety of private functions.

Mazzoleni Concert Hall[edit]

Mazzoleni Concert Hall has 6,000 square feet (560 m2) and 237 seats.[52] When it opened in 1901, it was known as Castle Memorial Hall. At that time it had a chapel with stained glass windows on the ground floor level and a library on the lower level. By the 1960s, the University of Toronto, which used the space as a lecture hall, had bricked up the windows and removed a rear balcony.[53] In 1996, restoration began. Mazzoleni Concert Hall was named in honour of Ettore Mazzoleni, a former principal of The Conservatory.[54]

Temerty Theatre[edit]

Temerty Theatre

"A granite cube which floats above Bloor Street,"[55] this multipurpose performance and event space is located on level 2 of the TELUS Centre for Performance and Learning. It has space for up to 150 seats and is designed to accommodate a range of functions, including special events, performance, rehearsals, and Learning Through the Arts™ activities.[56] In scale and proportion, the Conservatory Theatre replicates the acoustic quality and stage size of Koerner Hall to prepare students for live performance. The venue is named in honour of James and Louise Temerty.[57]

ARC Ensemble[edit]

Established in 2002, the ARC Ensemble (Artists of The Royal Conservatory) is composed of senior faculty members of The Conservatory's Glenn Gould School in Toronto and led by artistic director Simon Wynberg. All are seasoned chamber musicians and veteran performers, either as soloists or as principals in major orchestras. They have dedicated themselves to the performance of both the traditional chamber music canon and the rediscovery of repertoire that, through political changes or shifts in musical fashion, have been ignored or marginalized.[58]

The ensemble has been nominated for three Grammy Awards. Its current album, dedicated to the works of Polish-American composer Jerzy Fitelberg,[59] was nominated in the categories of Best Chamber Music Performance and Producer of the Year, Classical (David Frost). The ensemble has also received Grammy nominations for its 2007 recording On the Threshold of Hope, and its 2008 album Right Through The Bone, devoted to the music of German-Dutch composer Julius Röntgen.[60][61]

Current Membership[edit]



Notable teachers at The Royal Conservatory include:

Honorary Fellows of The Royal Conservatory[edit]

An Honorary Fellowship is the highest honour awarded by The Royal Conservatory. It is presented to outstanding Canadian and international artists and individuals who have made significant contributions to arts and culture in Canada and around the world.

See also[edit]


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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°40′4.7″N 79°23′46.50″W / 43.667972°N 79.3962500°W / 43.667972; -79.3962500