The Royal Conservatory of Music
|Purpose||To develop human potential through music and the arts.|
|Canada, US, UK|
|Prince Charles, Prince of Wales|
The Royal Conservatory of Music, branded as The Royal Conservatory, is a music education business and performance venue headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It was founded in 1886 by Edward Fisher as The Toronto Conservatory of Music. In 1947, King George VI incorporated the organization through royal charter.
- 1 History
- 2 Arts Education Programs
- 2.1 The Royal Conservatory Certificate Program
- 2.2 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited
- 2.3 The Glenn Gould School
- 2.4 The Phil and Eli Taylor Performance Academy for Young Artists
- 2.5 Royal Conservatory School
- 2.6 The Marilyn Thomson Early Childhood Education Centre
- 2.7 Learning Through the Arts
- 3 Performing Arts
- 4 ARC Ensemble
- 5 Alumni
- 6 Teachers
- 7 Honorary Fellows of The Royal Conservatory
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
The Conservatory was founded in 1886 as The Toronto Conservatory of Music and opened in September 1887, located on two floors above a music store at the corner of Dundas Street and Yonge Street. Its founder Edward Fisher was a young organist born in the United States. The Conservatory became the first institution of its kind in Canada: a school dedicated to the training of singers and musicians, and also to instilling a love of music in young children. In its first year, it hired Italian musician and composer Francesco D'Auria to teach at the conservatory.
The Conservatory's initial intake was just over 100, and by its second quarter this number had grown to nearly 300 as its reputation quickly spread. In 1897, the organization purchased a new property at College Street and University Avenue to accommodate its rapid expansion. From its earliest days, it was affiliated with the University of Toronto with the purpose of preparing students for degree examinations and shared its premises with the University of Toronto, Faculty of Music from 1919.
In 1906, Frank Welsman – who became the principal of The Conservatory – founded and directed the Toronto Conservatory Orchestra, which became the Toronto Symphony Orchestra two years later.
Toronto College of Music and Canadian Academy of Music
The period between 1918 and 1924 witnessed a series of mergers among music conservatories in Toronto. The Toronto College of Music was founded in 1888 by conductor F.H. Torrington, and became the first music conservatory affiliated with the University of Toronto. After Torrington's death in 1917, the school merged with the Canadian Academy of Music in 1918. The Academy itself had been founded in 1911 by Albert Gooderham, who financed the school out of his own personal fortune and served as the school's only president during its 13-year-long history. The Academy, in turn, merged into the Toronto Conservatory of Music in 1924.
In 1947, King George VI awarded The Conservatory its royal charter in recognition of its status as one of the Commonwealth's greatest music schools. The Toronto Conservatory of Music became The Royal Conservatory of Music.
During Ettore Mazzoleni's term as principal (1945–68), The Conservatory grew rapidly. Mazzoleni had been director of the Conservatory Orchestra since 1934. Two other prominent figures who contributed to the achievements of this period were chairman of the board Edward Johnson (who served from 1947–59) and Arnold Walter, who was appointed director of the new Senior School in 1946. The Senior School offered a two-year program with professional performance training combined with related courses in theory and history. The initial success of the project gave rise to a three-year program leading to an Artist Diploma, as well as The Conservatory's Opera School (begun in 1946), which provided training in all aspects of opera production. These developments led to the creation of the Royal Conservatory Opera Company, which went on to become the Canadian Opera Company in 1959.
With space now a major problem, the University of Toronto sold the College Street property to Ontario Hydro in 1962 and The Conservatory moved to 273 Bloor Street West, the original site of McMaster University. The concert and recital halls of the College Street site were only partially replaced in the move, and the library, residence, and all three pipe organs were lost.
The Conservatory was governed by the University of Toronto from 1963 until 1991, at which time it became a wholly independent institution again, taking control of its building and diverse music programs. Peter Simon was appointed President of The Conservatory.
Also in 1991, the conservatory developed a master plan to renovate its historic building and expand it with the construction of new facilities on the same site. The plan was carried out by Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects (KPMB) in stages, initially with the 1997 renovation of Mazzoleni Concert Hall in the historic Ihnatowycz Hall. The new construction is named the TELUS Centre for Performance and Learning and features academic and performance spaces; the acoustically sound, 1,135-seat Koerner concert venue; studios; classrooms; a new-media centre; a library; and a rehearsal hall. During the renovations, The Conservatory temporarily moved to the former location of the Toronto District School Board's Ursula Franklin Academy in the Dufferin and Bloor West area. In September 2008, The Conservatory returned to a newly renovated and expanded headquarters at 273 Bloor Street West near Avenue Road. Koerner Hall opened on 25 September 2009, beginning a new age of large-scale performances at The Royal Conservatory.
The original building, McMaster Hall, was renamed Ihnatowycz Hall in 2005, in reference to the contribution of alumni Ian Ihnatowycz and Marta Witer. The designation of this site as a heritage building required that the majority of the original materials and formal qualities be maintained while complying with the building code. The original brickwork was maintained: decorative red brick, Medina sandstone, and polished granite. The imposing manner of the building demonstrates the prominent form of the building.
Arts Education Programs
The Royal Conservatory Certificate Program
This is the name of the division of The Royal Conservatory that sets and supports standards in music examinations across Canada and internationally. The organization conducts 100,000 examinations annually in over 300 communities around the world.
Examinations are conducted three or four times each year in more than 300 communities through a network of local centres. The Certificate Program encompasses all levels and spans 11 grades: from beginner to certification as an Associate of The Royal Conservatory of Music (ARCT), to certification as a Licentiate of The Royal Conservatory of Music (LRCM).
Achievement on the examinations of The Royal Conservatory is recognized for credit toward secondary school graduation in many school systems in Canada. For most provinces in Canada, a Grade 6 Certificate and Level 6 Theory (formerly Intermediate Rudiments) counts as Grade 10 credit, a Grade 7 Certificate and Advanced Rudiments counts as Grade 11 credit, and a Grade 8 Certificate and Advanced Rudiments counts as Grade 12 credit. One's standing in the Certificate Program also plays an important role in entrance requirements for professional music programs at many universities and colleges. 
The Royal Conservatory Music Development Program
In 2011 The Royal Conservatory partnered with Carnegie Hall to launch The Achievement Program in the United States. In January 2013 The Royal Conservatory took on sole responsibility of successful program. under the name The Royal Conservatory Music Development Program.
The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited
The Frederick Harris Music Co. Limited, is the oldest and largest print-music publisher in Canada.
Frederick Harris (1866–1945) devoted his life to music publishing. He began his career in England working for a large music publishing firm. In 1904, he set up his own business in London and in 1910, established a Canadian office in Toronto – marking the beginning of a long association with The Royal Conservatory that led to an increased emphasis on publications for teaching and learning. In 1944, the company was donated to The Conservatory with profits to be used for its own purposes.
The Glenn Gould School
A centre for professional training in classical music performance at the postsecondary and postbachelor levels, The Glenn Gould School was established in 1987. Originally called The Royal Conservatory of Music Professional School, it was renamed in 1997 to honour Glenn Gould, the Toronto-born piano virtuoso and a former pupil. Enrollment is limited to 130, and The School is supported by funding from the Department of Canadian Heritage through the National Arts Contribution Program.
The faculty consists of internationally acclaimed performers, teachers, and scholars. More than 125 master classes are presented each year with artists, such as Leon Fleisher, Stewart Goodyear, Anton Kuerti, and James Ehnes.
Glenn Gould School alumni have established careers as solo performers, orchestral musicians, chamber musicians, and recording artists. Alumni include the pianist Jan Lisiecki, singers Isabel Bayrakdarian and Robert Gleadow, the pianists David Jalbert and Richard Raymond, the harpist Mariko Anraku, the violist Adam Romer, as well as the St. Lawrence String Quartet.
The Glenn Gould School offers a four-year Performance Diploma in piano, voice, and all orchestral instruments, designed for high school graduates who wish to prepare for a career as a performer. An articulation agreement with Thompson Rivers University also gives students the opportunity to obtain a Bachelor of Music degree. The Artist Diploma is a two-year postbachelor program for piano, voice, orchestral instruments, performance, and pedagogy.  The school also offers The Rebanks Family Fellowship and Performance Diploma Program, a one-year career development program for aspiring classical musicians. 
The Phil and Eli Taylor Performance Academy for Young Artists
The Phil and Eli Taylor Performance Academy for Young Artists provides a nurturing environment for gifted classical musicians aged nine to 19. Working together with exceptional faculty and acclaimed guest artists, students of The Academy perfect their performance skills, musicality, and artistic excellence.
After a competitive audition and interview, accepted students are streamed into Junior, Intermediate, or Senior Academy programs. This comprehensive program develops performance skills, musicianship, and academic excellence. Most Academy activities take place on Friday evenings and Saturdays but students are expected to practice daily and work on regular assignments. Through the support of private individuals and foundations, financial assistance is available for all students. Alumni of the Academy who have launched successful careers include Peter Simon, Katie Stillman, Eugene Nakamura, Marcin Swoboda, Janice LaMarre, Marta and Irena Kretchkovsky, and Karen Ouzounian.
Royal Conservatory School
The Royal Conservatory School offers individual and group instruction in classical, popular, folk, jazz, and world music, to people of all ages and abilities. The school also offers music appreciation sessions as well as training programs for teachers and artists. 
The Marilyn Thomson Early Childhood Education Centre
In October 2013 The Royal Conservatory launched The Marilyn Thomson Early Childhood Education Centre, which will be dedicated to the development of education apps and online learning programs, with an aim of spreading online learning in music to young children.
Learning Through the Arts
Learning Through the Arts (LTTA) is an arts-driven education program providing public school teachers with creative tools to engage all students in math, science, language, arts, and social studies. LTTA offers a way forward for young people who have struggled to learn through traditional means such as books or lectures. The program reaches approximately 100,000 children each year and is used in 400 schools across Canada and in 12 additional countries. The Mentor Artist-Educator Certificate is administered through this program.
The Royal Conservatory presents approximately 100 performances a year, featuring classical, jazz, world, and pop music artists from around the world. It has three concert venues: Koerner Hall, Mazzoleni Concert Hall, and Temerty Theatre.
Named for donors Michael and Sonja Koerner, Koerner Hall opened in September 2009 and houses 1,135 seats. It was designed by KPMB Architects, theatre consultant Anne Minors Performance Consultants, and acoustics company Sound Space Design. It features two balcony tiers above the main orchestra level as well as a third technical balcony. Koerner Hall's signature element is an acoustically transparent veil of twisting oak strings that forms the backdrop for the chorus at the first balcony level, then hovers over the stage below the fixed acoustic canopy, extending into and over the hall at the technical balcony level. Completion of the project also includes three tiers of glass fronted lobbies overlooking Philosopher’s Walk, back-of-house areas for performers, a ground-floor café, and installation of a unique collection of antique musical instruments donated by the Koerner family and valued at $1 million. Each level is also equipped to host a variety of private functions.
Mazzoleni Concert Hall
Mazzoleni Concert Hall has 6,000 square feet (560 m2) and 237 seats. When it opened in 1901, it was known as Castle Memorial Hall. At that time it had a chapel with stained glass windows on the ground floor level and a library on the lower level. By the 1960s, the University of Toronto, which used the space as a lecture hall, had bricked up the windows and removed a rear balcony. In 1996, restoration began. Mazzoleni Concert Hall was named in honour of Ettore Mazzoleni, a former principal of The Conservatory.
"A granite cube which floats above Bloor Street," this multipurpose performance and event space is located on level 2 of the TELUS Centre for Performance and Learning. It has space for up to 150 seats and is designed to accommodate a range of functions, including special events, performance, rehearsals, and Learning Through the Arts™ activities. In scale and proportion, the Conservatory Theatre replicates the acoustic quality and stage size of Koerner Hall to prepare students for live performance. The venue is named in honour of James and Louise Temerty.
Established in 2002, the ARC Ensemble (Artists of The Royal Conservatory) is composed of senior faculty members of The Conservatory's Glenn Gould School in Toronto and led by artistic director Simon Wynberg. All are seasoned chamber musicians and veteran performers, either as soloists or as principals in major orchestras. They have dedicated themselves to the performance of both the traditional chamber music canon and the rediscovery of repertoire that, through political changes or shifts in musical fashion, have been ignored or marginalized.
The ensemble has been nominated for three Grammy Awards. Its current album, dedicated to the works of Polish-American composer Jerzy Fitelberg, was nominated in the categories of Best Chamber Music Performance and Producer of the Year, Classical (David Frost). The ensemble has also received Grammy nominations for its 2007 recording On the Threshold of Hope, and its 2008 album Right Through The Bone, devoted to the music of German-Dutch composer Julius Röntgen.
- Randy Bachman, guitarist
- Rob Baker, guitarist
- Emilie-Claire Barlow, jazz singer and musician
- Isabel Bayrakdarian, soprano
- Jeanne Beker, television personality
- Mario Bernardi, conductor
- Laila Biali, singer, songwriter, and pianist
- Mary Bothwell, classical vocalist (Canadian Academy of Music)
- Russell Braun, baritone
- Measha Brueggergosman, soprano
- Howard Cable, conductor and composer
- The Rt. Hon. Kim Campbell, 19th Prime Minister of Canada
- Kim Cattrall, actor
- Piya Chattopadhyay, broadcaster and journalist
- Bruce Cockburn, singer, songwriter, and guitarist
- Jonathan Crow, violinist, concert master
- George Crum, conductor
- Mychael Danna, Academy Award-winning composer
- John Estacio, composer
- Bob Ezrin, record producer
- Ivan Fecan, media executive
- David Foster, musician, producer, and composer
- George Gao, erhu player and composer
- Wallis Giunta, mezzo soprano
- Chilly Gonzales, Grammy Award-winning pianist, songwriter, and producer
- Glenn Gould, pianist
- Robert Goulet, singer and actor
- Lawrence Gowan, pianist
- Barbara Gowdy, novelist, short-story writer
- Gryphon Trio
- Phyllis Gummer, composer
- Emily Haines, singer/songwriter
- Stuart Hamilton, pianist, vocal coach, radio broadcaster, artistic director, and producer
- Rt. Hon Stephen Harper22nd Prime Minister of Canada
- Jeff Healey, guitarist
- Angela Hewitt, pianist
- Heather Hiscox, journalist and broadcaster
- Leslie Holmes, baritone and voice teacher (Canadian Academy of Music)
- Scott Houghton, Pianist, Doctor, Motorcycle Enthusiast
- Carly Rae Jepsen, singer/songwriter
- Norman Jewison, film director
- Kiesza, Singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist
- Carolyn Dawn Johnson, singer/songwriter
- Eli Kassner, guitar teacher
- Norbert Kraft, classical guitarist
- Diana Krall, singer and pianist
- Chantal Kreviazuk, singer/songwriter, pianist
- Julian Kuerti, conductor
- Gordon Lightfoot, singer/songwriter
- Jens Lindemann, trumpeter
- Jan Lisiecki, pianist
- Alexina Louie, composer, pianist
- Ann-Marie MacDonald, author
- Amanda Marshall, singer/songwriter
- Lois Marshall, soprano
- The Hon. Barbara McDougall, former Secretary of State for External Affairs
- Loreena McKennitt, singer, pianist and composer
- Sarah McLachlan, singer/songwriter
- Sean Morley, wrestler
- Geoffrey Moull, conductor and pianist
- Kent Nagano, conductor and music director
- Scott Niedermayer, hockey player
- Phil Nimmons, composer and educator
- Roger Norrington, conductor
- Sandra Oh, award-winning actress
- Joseph Pach, violinist
- Owen Pallett, violinist and composer
- Jon Kimura Parker, pianist and educator
- Richard Reed Parry, guitarist and composer
- Ryan Peake, guitarist
- Oscar Peterson, pianist and composer
- Adrianne Pieczonka, soprano
- Gordon Pinsent, actor
- Sarah Polley, filmmaker and actress
- Kalan Porter, singer/songwriter
- Tegan and Sara Quin, singers, songwriters, and pianists
- Eric Radford, world champion pairs figure skater
- The Hon. Bob Rae, former premier of Ontario
- Erika Raum, violinist
- Ryan Reynolds, actor
- Doug Riley, composer and pianist
- John Robertson, composer
- R. Murray Schafer, composer and educator
- Paul Shaffer, musical director
- Mitchell Sharp, former Canadian Minister of Finance
- Sarah Slean, singer/songwriter
- St. Lawrence Quartet, string quartet
- Teresa Stratas, soprano
- George Stroumboulopoulos, broadcaster
- Shania Twain, singer
- Veronica Tennant, filmmaker and former Prima Ballerina, National Ballet of Canada
- Jon Vickers, tenor
- Rafael Villanueva, music director
- Greg Wells, multiple Grammy nominated musician, composer, record producer
Notable teachers at The Royal Conservatory include:
- Leon Fleisher, pianist and conductor
- Arthur Friedheim, pianist, conductor and composer (Canadian Academy of Music)
- Nicholas Goldschmidt, first music director of conservatory's Opera School (1946-1957)
- Alberto Guerrero, teacher (1922-1959)
- Paul Kantor, violin teacher
- Luigi von Kunits, conductor
- Ernest MacMillan, principal (appointed 1926)
- Boyd Neel, Dean of The Conservatory from 1953 to 1971.
- Laura de Turczynowicz (1878-1953), former opera singer and head of the Royal Conservatory Opera Company from 1926 to 1928
- Frank Welsman, conductor, pianist, composer and music educator
- Healey Willan, appointed head of the theory department in 1913, vice-principal from 1920-1936
Honorary Fellows of The Royal Conservatory
An Honorary Fellowship is the highest honour awarded by The Royal Conservatory. It is presented to outstanding Canadian and international artists and individuals who have made significant contributions to arts and culture in Canada and around the world.
- 2016: Lang Lang, pianist
- 2016: k.d. lang, singer/songwriter
- 2016: Jon Kimura Parker, pianist
- 2016: W. Garfield Weston Foundation
- 2016: Chantal Kreviazuk, singer/songwriter
- 2016: Michael Foulkes
- 2015: Buffy Sainte-Marie, singer/songwriter
- 2015: James Ehnes, violinist
- 2015: Mario Romano, philanthropist
- 2015: Chris Hadfield, astronaut
- 2015: Mary Morrison, soprano and music teacher
- 2015: Tania Miller, conductor
- 2015: Kathryn Walker, arts administrator
- 2015: Bill van der Sloot, music teacher
- 2014: Ron Sexsmith, singer/songwriter
- 2014: Sir Andrew Davis, conductor
- 2014: Phil and Eli Taylor, philanthropists
- 2014: Jean MacPhail, music teacher
- 2014: Paul Dornian, arts administrator and music teacher
- 2014: Andrew Markow, music teacher
- 2013: Randy Bachman, guitarist
- 2013: Adrianne Pieczonka, soprano
- 2013: Bob Ezrin, music producer
- 2013: Doc Severinsen, jazz and pop trumpeter
- 2013: The Hon. Tommy Banks, pianist, composer, television personality, and former senator
- 2013: Victor Feldbrill, conductor
- 2013: Dr. Stephen Toope, scholar and administrator
- 2013: Jeremiah Brown, Olympic medallist
- 2012: Feist, singer/songwriter
- 2012: Measha Brueggergosman, soprano
- 2012: Gerald Stanick, violist, teacher, and arts administrator
- 2012: Judy Loman, harpist
- 2012: Martin Beaver, violinist
- 2012: Stephen McHolm, arts administrator
- 2012: Joseph Elworthy, arts administrator
- 2012: Henry Lee, business leader and philanthropist
- 2011: Phil Nimmons, composer and educator
- 2011: June Goldsmith, artistic director
- 2011: Jens Lindemann, trumpeter
- 2011: Jeanne Lougheed and Peter Lougheed, philanthropist and Premier of Alberta
- 2010: Darren Entwistle, businessman
- 2008: Nelly Furtado, singer/songwriter
- 2008: R. Murray Schafer, composer, writer, educator
- 2008: Steven Staryk, violinist
- 2008: John Perry, pianist
- 2007: Blue Rodeo, pop and country band
- 2007: Ian O. Ihnatowycz, investor
- 2007: Marta Witer, optometrist
- 2007: Erica Davidson, ballet dancer
- 2006: The Tragically Hip, rock band
- 2005: Bramwell Tovey, conductor and composer
- 2005: Louise Pitre, actress
- 2004: Barenaked Ladies, rock band
- 2004: Isabel Bayrakdarian, soprano
- 2003: Bruce Cockburn, singer/songwriter
- 2003: Richard Margison, operatic tenor
- 2002: David Foster, producer, songwriter, and composer
- 2002: Eugene Kash, violinist, conductor, and teacher
- 2001: Oscar Peterson, pianist
- 2001: Richard Bradshaw, conductor
- 2000: Aline Chrétien
- 2000: Leon Fleisher, pianist and conductor
- 2000: Edith Lantos, educator
- 1999: Alan Goddard, former rirector of The Royal Conservatory of Music
- 1999: Marina Geringas, publisher at the conservatory
- 1998: Tomson Highway, writer
- 1998: Jeanne Lamon, violinist and conductor
- 1997: Doreen Hall, violinist, teacher to the conservatory
- 1997: Lorand Fenyves, violin teacher
- 1996: Mario Bernardi, conductor and pianist
- 1995: Maureen Forrester, operatic contralto who gave master classes at the conservatory
- 1995: David Mirvish, art collector and dealer
- 1994: Robertson Davies, author
- 1994: Lois Marshall, soprano and mezzo-soprano
- 1993: Adrienne Clarkson, journalist and stateswoman
- 1993: J Anthony Dawson, organist, composer, and teacher at The Royal Conservatory
- 1993: Robert Goulet
- 1992: William Littler, educator and music and dance critic at the Toronto Star
- 1991: Gordon Kushner, pianist, conductor, and teacher
- 1990: Norman Burgess, musician, educator, administrator
- 1990: John Kruspe, musician and lecturer
- List of Canadian organizations with royal patronage
- List of oldest buildings and structures in Toronto
- Music of Canada
- Music of Ontario
- The Prince's Charities
- Royal Conservatory of Music, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
- Royal Conservatory of Music, National Register of Historic Places
- "News release from". rcmusic.ca. 22 September 2016. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- "Dr. Peter Simon profile from". rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- There's Music In These Walls By Ezra Schabas, pub. Dundurn Press Ltd, 2005
- "Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Fisher, Edward". Canadianencyclopedia.ca. 11 September 1905. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "History of the Royal Conservatory of Music". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Shabas, Ezra (2005). There's music in these Walls. Dundurn Press.
- "Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Royal Conservatory of Music". Canadianencyclopedia.ca. 11 September 1905. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Clifford Ford. "Toronto College of Music". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- Helmut Kallmann. "Canadian Academy of Music". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- "Glenn Gould official website: timeline". Glenngould.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Academic Dictionaries & Encyclopedias: Royal Conservatory of Music
- "The Royal Conservatory of Music: Biography of Dr Peter Simon". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "World Architecture News 7 January 2008: Performing in Toronto". Worldarchitecturenews.com. 7 January 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- CBC 21 December 2005: Royal Conservatory revamp earns architecture award[dead link]
- "Friends of Dufferin Grove Park Neighbourhood: Royal Conservatory Opens Up to Neighbourhood". Dufferinpark.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Croatians in Toronto". Tgmag.ca. 10 April 1939. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- Knelman, Martin (26 September 2009). "Koerner Hall debuts at Royal Conservatory". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "About the RCM: History". Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- McKelvey, Margaret (1984). Toronto Carved in Stone. Toronto: Fitzhenry and Whiteside. p. 97.
- Schabas, Ezra (2005). There's Music in These Walls. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 162.
- "Torontopedia: Royal Conservatory of Music". Torontopedia.ca. 22 February 1999. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Examinations". Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- Scena.org: The Music Exam 3 September 2003
- Music Matters July/August 2007 page 6
- Marlene Wehrle; Bruce F. Mowat. "The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: The Frederik Harris Music Co, Limited". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- J. Paul Green (15 October 1962). "The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: The Royal Conservatory of Music". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "The Glenn Gould School: Key Facts". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- Canadian Heritage: The Government of Canada Supports Glenn Gould School of the Royal Conservatory of Music 30 November 2007
- Today's Musicians… Tomorrow's Artistic Leaders from Scena.org 1 February 2001
- "Glenn Gould School Performance Diploma Program". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- "Glenn Gould School Artist Diploma Program". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- "Royal Conservatory of Music announces significant career-development residencies for promising young musicians". musicaltoronto.org. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- "Rebanks Fellowship". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- "About YAPA". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "09.10 YAPA Application Form". Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Royal Conservatory School". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- "Music Appreciation". Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "Teacher and Artist Training". Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "Piano lessons go digital at Royal Conservatory". 2013-10-05. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
- "Learning Through The Arts Overview from The Royal Conservatory of Music". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Measha Brueggergosman Coming Home to Fredericton to Launch Learning Through the Arts in New Brunswick 16 May 2008
- "Learning Through The Arts: How it works". Ltta.ca. 26 August 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Royal Conservatory of Music's New Season An Embarrassment of Riches". theglobeandmail.com. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- "KPMB Architects' Koerner Hall Concert Hall Project Information". Kpmbarchitects.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Canada. "The Globe and Mail, 10 April 2009: Lisa Rochon's Top 5 Architectural Sights". The Globe and Mail. Canada. Archived from the original on 26 December 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "The new concert hall to be named in honour of donors Michael and Sonja Koerner". Rcmusic.ca. 4 May 2004. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Toronto National Historic Sites Urban Walks: Royal Conservatory of Music". Pc.gc.ca. 22 May 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "History of the Mazzoleni Hall from The Royal Conservatory of Music's website". Rcmusic.ca. 17 October 1997. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Godfrey Ridout. "Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Mazzoleni, Ettore". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "TELUS Centre for Performance and Learning". Performance.rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- "KPMG Architects' Telus Centre for Performance and Learning Project Information". Kpmbarchitects.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Two Multimillion-Dollar Donations Lead To The Renaming Of RCM's Conservatory Theatre". musicaltoronto.org. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- "Prestigious Grammy Nomination for ARC". Rcmusic.ca. 4 December 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "ARC Ensemble Releases New Album, Prepares for Special Dachau Concert". rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2017-01-23.'
- Official 51st Grammy Awards list of nominations and winners Archived 2 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Music Notes". InsideTorontoBlogs.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "About". ARC Ensemble Official Website. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- Geoff Chapman. "Performance Magazine, Winter 2004: Songbird Spreads Her Wings" (PDF). Performance Magazine. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- There's Music In These Walls By Ezra Schabas, pub. Dundurn Press Ltd, 2005, p238-239
- Daniel Davidzon. "Royal Conservatory Alumni Fondly Recall Learning To Play Piano". rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- Northdale Music Press Limited: Howard Cable Biography
- Jeff Embleton. "The Royal Conservatory at a Glance". The Royal Conservatory. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "Canadian Music Hall of Fame 2001". Junoawards.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- The Canadian Encyclopedia. "The Canadian Encyclopedia: Jonathan Crow". TheCanadianEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- Thomas C. Brown; Betty Nygaard King. "Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Crum, George". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Larry LeBlanc. "Industry Profile: Bob Ezrin". CelebrityAccess. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- Robert Everett-Green. "Innovation helps Royal Conservatory hit all the right notes". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- "Canadian upbringing a secret to success: David Foster" from CBC.ca 9 March 2007
- John Terauds (21 January 2010). "Ottawa Mezzo Is Having A Moment". Toronto: thestar.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- The Canadian Encyclopedia. "The Canadian Encyclopedia: Barbara Gowdy". thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- Daniel Davidzon. "The Conservatory at 125: Diverse Alumni From Writers To Wrestlers". rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- The Canadian Encyclopedia. "Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Healey, Jeff". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- The Canadian Encyclopedia. "The Canadian Encyclopedia: Jewison, Norman Frederick". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- historica. "The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Kassner, Eli". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Durrell Bowman; Betty Nygaard King. "Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Kraft, Norbert". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Chuck Taylor (1997-11-15). With A Strong 2nd Single, Kreviazuk Has "Surrounded" Herself With Hit Potential. Billboard Magazine. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- Société de musique contemporaine du Québec. "Alexina Louie » Biography". smcq.qc.ca. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- Daniel Davidzon. "National Piano Month at The Royal Conservatory". rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "Amanda Marshall at". Last.fm. 11 February 2009. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Margaret Frazer; Susan Spier; Betty Nygaard King. "The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Marshall, Lois". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Morden Times: "Arts Are Her Passion" Retrieved 10 July 2009.
- Daniel Davidzon. "Mentor Memories with Conservatory Alumna Sarah McLachlan". rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- The Royal Conservatory. "The Conservatory at 125: Diverse Alumni from Writers to Wrestlers". The Royal Conservatory. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
- Daniel Davidzon. "Conservatory Connection for Half of Polaris Prize Shortlist Nominees". rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- Which Reminds Me... A Memoir By Mitchell Sharp, pub. University of Toronto Press, 1995
- ChartAttackRobot. "City Sonic: Sarah Slean at The Rivoli". Chart Attack. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
- Tamara Bernstein. "The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: St Lawrence String Quartet". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Mabel H. Laine (26 May 1938). "The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Stratas, Teresa". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Shania Twain (2012-03-27). From This Moment On. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781451620757. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
- Jon Vickers: A Hero's Life By Jeannie Williams, Birgit Nilsson, pub. UPNE, 2007
- "Jon Vickers: Definition from". Answers.com. 29 October 1926. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Canadian Academy of Music". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Dominion Institute. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Maria Corvin; Patricia Wardrop; Betty Nygaard King. "The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Goldschmidt, Nicholas". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- John Beckwith. "The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Guerrero, Alberto". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Paul Kantor at". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- John Beckwith. "The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: MacMillan, Ernest". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Neel, Boyd". Canadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Wardrop, Patricia (2006). "University of Toronto Opera Division". The Canadian Encyclopedia
- Thomas C. Brown; Giles Bryant. "The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Willan, Healey: The Canadian Years". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Press Release: The Royal Conservatory's 125th Anniversary Royal Occasion Gala Honours Measha Brueggergosman and Feist". Rcmusic.ca. 9 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
- "Press Release: Vancouver Natives June Goldsmith and Phil Nimmons Named Honorary Fellows of The Royal Conservatory". Rcmusic.ca. 4 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
- "Press Release: Jeanne Lougheed, Hon. Peter Lougheed and Jens Lindemann Named Honorary Fellows of The Royal Conservatory". Rcmusic.ca. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
- "Press Release: Darren Entwistle Honoured with Fellowship of The Royal Conservatory". Rcmusic.ca. 14 October 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Shinan: Saluting a songbird National Post 3 June 2008
- CBCNews.ca Composer R. Murray Schafer named honorary Royal Conservatory fellow 22 January 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2009.
- "International Piano Academy Lake Como: John Perry". Comopianoacademy.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Blue Rodeo honoured by The Royal Conservatory of Music". Rcmusic.ca. 7 May 2007. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "News release from The Royal Conservatory: Honorary Fellows granted at Convocation". Rcmusic.ca. 28 March 2007. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Tragically Hip to be honoured by Royal Conservatory". CTV.ca. 9 May 2006. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Vancouver Symphony Orchestra – Conductor bio – Bramwell Tovey". Vancouversymphony.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "History of The Royal Occasion". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Louise Pitre List of Awards[dead link]
- "Isabel Bayrakdarian and the Barenaked Ladies honoured by The Royal Conservatory of Music". Rcmusic.ca. 8 June 2004. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Recent Royal Occasions at RCM". Rcmusic.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- CTV.ca: Cockburn and Margison receive Fellowship award 13 May 2003. Retrieved 8 June 2009
- "Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Kash, Eugene 'Jack'". Canadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Oscar Peterson". Scena.org. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Evan Ware. "The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Bradshaw, Richard". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "''Prime Minister and Madame Chrétien Attend Convocation''". Scena.org. 21 January 2001. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Les Filles électriques: Tomson Highway". Electriques.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Jeanne Lamon Wins the Canada Council for the Arts Molson Prize in the Arts". Canadacouncil.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Music Division of the National Archives: Hall, Doreen". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Lorand Fenyves: Inspirational violin teacher The Independent, 1 June 2004. Retrieved 8 June 2009
- William Schabas; Betty Nygaard King. "The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Fenyves, Lorand". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- W.M. Macdonnell And Barbara Norman. "The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Forrester, Maureen". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "York University: The Accolade Project Team: David Mirvish Biography". Yorku.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Centre for Language and Literature: Robertson Davies". Athabascau.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Marshall, Lois: Awards and Recognition". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Clarkson, Adrienne (2000). Canadian Who's Who (XXXV ed.). Orillia, ON: University of Toronto Press. p. 244.
- "The final take: music that William Littler can't live without". Accessmylibrary.com. 1 November 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Eleanor Koldofsky. "Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Kushner, Gordon". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Canadian Music Centre – Ontario – Norman Burgess Memorial Fund". Musiccentre.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "University of Toronto > Faculty of Music > John Kruspe". Music.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Schabas, Ezra (2005), There's music in these walls: a history of the Royal Conservatory of Music, Dundurn Group, ISBN 1-55002-540-6
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Royal Conservatory of Music.|