Santo Domingo Metro
|Native name||Metro de Santo Domingo|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||2|
|Number of stations||30|
|Daily ridership||173,070 (daily avg.,
|Began operation||December 22, 2008 (non-commercial service)
January 30, 2009 (commercial service)
|Character||Mostly underground, with
an elevated section (Line 1)
|System length||27.4 km (17.0 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (standard gauge)|
The Santo Domingo Metro (Spanish: Metro de Santo Domingo) is a rapid transit system in Santo Domingo, the capital of the Dominican Republic. It is the most extensive and second oldest metro system in the insular Caribbean and Central American region by length and number of stations.
The Santo Domingo Metro is part of a major "National Master Plan" to improve transportation in Santo Domingo as well as the rest of the nation. The first line was planned to relieve traffic congestion in the Máximo Gómez and Hermanas Mirabal Avenue. The second line, which opened in April 2013, is meant to relieve the congestion along the Duarte-Kennedy-Centenario Corridor in the city from west to east. The current length of the Metro, with the sections of the two lines open as of August 2013, is 27.35 kilometres (16.99 mi). Before the opening of the second line, 30,856,515 passengers rode the Santo Domingo Metro in 2012. With both lines opened, ridership increased to 61,270,054 passengers in 2014.
Four more lines are planned to be constructed in the near future, for a total of six.
The first line was unofficially inaugurated on February 27, 2008, but commercial service only started on January 30, 2009. On December 22, 2008 non-commercial operation of the metro system began as a way to provide free service to the public during the Christmas holiday season. The metro was closed on January 6, 2009 for final touches, before opening for commercial use on January 30, 2009.
Shortly after the inauguration of Line 1 presidential elections took place in the Dominican Republic. Leonel Fernández stayed in power and promised to continue the expansion of the SDM across the Greater Santo Domingo. By the mid 2009, construction of Line 2 had commenced and it opened on April 1, 2013. An approval for an expansion of the second line was issued January 2014, with construction beginning on April 1, 2014.
Approval and Construction
President Leonel Fernández proposed and started the construction of the first subway system in the Dominican Republic and second in the Caribbean. The actual first phase of the overall "Master Plan" for the Metro of Santo Domingo, took place once Fernandez proposed the construction of the Juan Bosch bridge. This bridge was built with support for two heavy rail lines on the deck, which until the third line of the system gets built are used for regular vehicle traffic today. This phase took place on Fernandez first administration, and with very little public knowledge of the "Master Plan".
The project was prompted by the need to reduce the continually rising heavy road traffic congestion, as well as the current disorganized and inefficient public transportation system, and air pollution which severely affects productive time and health of the citizens of the city. The system will complement other forms of public transportation such as OMSA (Metropolitan Office of Buses Services) buses, with the government estimating that around 100 feeder buses will be in service. The first line of the mass-transit system has sixteen stations; 6 elevated, 10 underground and a total route length of 14.5 km (9.0 mi). It connects Villa Mella (north in city) with La Feria (south in city), which is expected to bring relief to the current public transport system of Santo Domingo. Daily ridership is expected to be about 200,000 passengers for the first line, once other lines are integrated or at least the feeder bus system. The first line opened for commercial service on January 30, 2009.
On September 23, 2007, President Leonel Fernández while on a trip to the east coast of the United States announced that stations on the Santo Domingo Metro were not to be named by the streets it intercepted, but instead named in honor of important historical people of the Dominican Republic. On February 25, 2008, during the final testing before the official inauguration of the line by President Fernández, Ing. Diandino Peña announced the official names for the stations.
In the presidential elections that took place on May 16, 2008, President Leonel Fernández was re-elected for his second consecutive term. However, long before his re-election companies that specializes in studying land composition began drilling holes specifically around the area where Line 2 (along Avenida John F. Kennedy, a major through-way in the city that converts into Duarte Highway connecting Santo Domingo with Santiago) is being built.
Line 2 runs east-west under Avenida John F. Kennedy, from the westernmost metropolitan stretch of the city to the eastern part of the city. This line would be underground in its entire 22 kilometer course intersecting line 1 of the metro in the heart of the city. Due to its length this line will be about twice the cost the completion of Line 1 and due to the economic burden it would place in the national budget it was decided that it would be constructed in two phases.
In September 2009, it was officially announced that Line 2 was divided into two phases. The first phase is going to be from Los Alcarrizos to Puente de la 17, intercepting with the first line. A second phase will then complete this line from Puente de la 17  to San Isidro located in the eastern portion of Santo Domingo Este. Images gathered in news sites, and forums show that the construction is more advanced than what the government was initially interested to inform the press. Ultimately, the project has been reduced to ensure the conclusion and operation of a second line by the end of the 2008-2012 presidential term. Line 2 will operate from a station at Avenida Gregorio Luperón to a station before Puente de la 17, at Avenida Francisco del Rosario Sánchez.
The French firm Alstom supplied a total of 19 Alstom Metropolis 9000 three-car trainsets (57 cars) from its factories in Belgium, France and Spain in a contract worth 92.5 million euros. They are almost identical to the 9000 series on the Barcelona Metro, except for the livery. In January 2011, an order was announced for a further 15 Alstom trainsets for Line 2.
The first train was shipped from Barcelona in December 2007 and arrived on January 3, 2008. The standard gauge units have air-conditioning, CCTV and passenger information, and can accommodate 617 passengers per trainset. The trains initially consist of three cars, but all stations are being built to accommodate six car trains in anticipation of expected future ridership demands. Seventeen trainsets will normally be in service, with two sets as spares.
14.5 km (9.0 mi)
Villa Mella to Centro de los Héroes
12.85 km (7.98 mi)
Ave. Luperón to Puente de la 17
The Boleto Viajero is a reloadable contactless smart card used for electronic transit fare payment by riders of the Santo Domingo Metro.
The card can be acquired in a Santo Domingo Metro station for DOP$60 with a minimum reload of 5 rides (DOP$100). It is offered as an alternative to the single use cardboard cards. Even though the cardboard cards have a lower initial cost (DOP$15), they cannot be reloaded and must be discarded after being used.
Although OPRET lists prices in amount of rides (viajes), the card records its balance in DOP. A bonus is also provided for 10 or 20 ride reloads.
As identification is not required to purchase the card and Boleto Viajero cards cannot be registered, OPRET does not refund users in the event of loss or damage. Likewise, the card must be reloaded in person at a ticket vending booth as OPRET does not offer Internet or phone-based top-up services. Automatic top-ups are also not available.
Riders are allowed to share their card with other users, provided they tap the fare gate's card reader repeatedly for each person that is using the card. This can lead to single riders being double-charged a fare if they tap their card multiple times by mistake. .
The cards are based on NXP MIFARE Classic chips and can be read by any ISO/IEC 14443 Type A reader. However, only the card's manufacturer information (sector 0) is readable by the general public as all of the remaining blocks are encrypted using an unknown key.
- Santiago Light Rail (planned)
- Rail transport in the Dominican Republic
- List of Latin American rail transit systems by ridership
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- "Informe de Evolución de la Demanda Diciembre 2014" [Report on Changes in Demand December 2014] (pdf) (in Spanish). Dirección de Operaciones Metro de Santo Domingo [Directorate of Operations Santo Domingo Metro] (via: http://opret.gob.do/Transparencia/Estadisticas.aspx). January 7, 2015. p. 7. Retrieved 2015-04-01. External link in
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- "NOMBRES POLÍTICOS ESTACIONES - Ministro de Madrid dice el Metro de Santo Domingo está a nivel del que funciona en España". La República. February 25, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- "City News July 2006". Railway Gazette International. July 1, 2006. Retrieved 2015-04-01.
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- "ALSTOM to deliver Santo Domingo's first metro". Alstom. June 2006. Retrieved 2015-04-01.
Media related to Santo Domingo Metro at Wikimedia Commons