|• Mayor||Gevorg Malkhasyan|
|• Total||17.75 km2 (6.85 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,925 m (6,316 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
Sevan (Armenian: Սևան), is a town and popular resort in Armenia, located in the Gegharkunik Province on the northwestern shores of Lake Sevan. The town is located at a height of more than 1,925 metres (6,316 feet) above sea level, 65 km (40 mi) northeast of the capital Yerevan, and 35 km (22 mi) north of Gavar, the administrative centre of Gegharkunik Province.
The town is surrounded by Sevan National Park, which extend from the northeastern parts of the town to the southwest, while Lake Sevan forms the natural border of the city to the east.
As of the 2011 census, the population of the town was 19,229. However, as per the 2016 official estimate, the population of Sevan is 19,200.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography and climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Culture
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Economy
- 8 Education
- 9 Sport
- 10 International relations
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The town was known as Yelenovka until 1935 when it was renamed Sevan after the Lake Sevan.
After the establishment of the ancient Kingdom of Armenia, the territory of modern-day Sevan was included within the Mazaz and Varazhnunik cantons at the east of the historic Ayrarat province of Armenia Major.
The settlement was founded as Yelenovka in 1842 by exiled members of Russian religious factions. The settlement remained a Russian-populated village until the end of the 19th century.
In 1935, the nearby villages of Tsamakaberd and Gomadzor were included within Yelenovka and the town was renamed Sevan after the nearby lake. In 1967, Sevan was granted the status of a town of republican subordination.
The Sevan peninsula, which is located 3 kilometres (2 miles) east of the town is home to one of the most notable samples of medieval Armenian architecture, the Sevanavank Monastery of the 9th century. The monastery was mainly intended for monks from Echmiadzin who had sinned. Currently, the monastery consists of two churches: Surp Arakelots (Holy Apostles) and Surp Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God). The monastery is famous for its variety of the medieval Armenian Khachkars (cross-stones). Initially the monastery was built at the southern shore of a small island. After the artificial draining of Lake Sevan during the period of Joseph Stalin's rule, the water level fell about 20 meters, and the island was transformed into a peninsula.
The other notable religious structure on the peninsula is the Vaskenian Theological Academy of Sevan, opened in 2004.
Geography and climate
Sevan National Park
Sevan National Park was founded in 1978 to protect the Lake Sevan and the surrounding regions, under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Nature Protection, managed as a research centre, monitoring the ecosystems and undertakes various conservation measures. Licensed fishing around the lake is also regulated.
The national reserve occupies major territories around the Lake Sevan, extended from the northeastern parts of the town to the southwest. The area comprises 1,501 square kilometres (580 sq mi), of which 24,900 hectares (61,529 acres) are lakeside lands. It is surrounded with the slopes of mountain chains of Areguni, Geghama, Vardenis, Pambak and Sevan. Some 1600 plant and 330 animal species are found here. The park is divided into 3 zones: national reserve, recreation zone and economic use zone.
Sevan Botanical Garden
The Sevan Botanical Garden covering an area of 5 hectares, is located at a height of 2000 meters above sea level and is home to more than 650 local, North American Asian and European species. It is operating since 1944 as a satellite of the Yerevan Botanical Garden under the supervision of the Armenian National Academy of Sciences.
The climate of Sevan is characterized by short mild summers and long, cold, and snowy winters. Despite its southern location, due to elevation and continentality, climate of Sevan is similar to Eastern Finland.
|Climate data for Sevan|
|Average high °C (°F)||−2.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−8.0
|Average low °C (°F)||−13.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||16
|Average precipitation days||8||9||12||14||19||15||10||8||8||9||8||8||128|
|Source: World Meteorological Organisation (UN) |
The 2011 census of 2001 showed a significant decline in the population of Sevan, which went down from 27,000 reported in the 1989 census to 19,229.
The majority of the Sevan population are involved in agricultural activities, fish-hunting and tourism services, especially during the summer season.
Here is the population timeline of Sevan since 1873:
The nearby village of Gagarin with a population of 1,379, is part of the municipality of Sevan.
The majority of the population of Sevan belongs to the Armenian Apostolic Church. The church of the Holy Archangels is the main church of the town. It was consecrated on 31 May 2015. The town also has a Jewish community, and the only town in Armenia with a Synagogue outside of Yerevan.
The town is home to cultural palace and many public libraries. Sevan is also home to geological museum that operates on the basis of the Sevan Botanical Garden.
The summer presidential residence of the Republic of Armenia is located at the Sevan Peninsula.
Sevan is located on the M-4 Motorway that connects the capital Yerevan eastern and northeastern Armenia.
The town has also a train station that connects the town with Yerevan through railway.
Under the Soviet rule, the industrial sector of Sevan has been developed since the 1940s with several plants specialized in the production of building materials.
Currently, the town is home to the beer manufacturers Lihnitis Sevan Brewerey LLC. The factory produces a variety of lager beer under the brand Kellers.
A large flour mill and many small plants of canned food and dairy products are also operating in the town.
Tourism and services
During the brief summer of the region, Sevan tuns into a popular beach resort. Many professionals and amateurs visit the city to practice their favourite types of sports on the shores including beach soccer, beach volleyball, windsurfing and other types of water sports through numerous swimming beaches and facilities along the entire Sevan shore, such as the water park, the horse-riding club, the tennis courts, the mini football and basketball fields, etc. The Harsnaqar Hotel Complex, the Best Western Bohemian Resort, the Akhtamar Sevan Hotel and the Lavanda City cottages are among the leading resorts of the town.
Sevan has a general hospital as well as a psychiatric hospital.
The Vaskenian Theological Academy of Sevan re-established in 1990, is among the prominent theological institutions of the South Caucasus.
Between 1990 and 1994, the Akhtamar Sevan football club had represented the town in the domestic competitions. However, it became defunct due to financial difficulties.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Sevan is twinned with:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sevan.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sevan.|
- Population estimate of Armenia as of 01.01.2016
- Sevan history and geography
- About Sevan Botanical garden
- "World Weather Information Service – Sevan". United Nations. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- Armenian president takes part in the inauguration of the churches of Sevan and Artashat
- Kellers Beer products
- Jérôme Steffenino, Marguerite Masson. "Ville de Grenoble –Coopérations et villes jumelles". Grenoble.fr. Retrieved 16 May 2013.