Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu passenger railway

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Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu
passenger railway
沪汉蓉快速客运通道
ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg
Shanghai-Chengdu Line.png
Overview
TypeHigh-speed rail
Heavy rail
LocaleShanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hubei, Chongqing, Sichuan
TerminiShanghai Hongqiao
Shanghai
Chengdu East
Chengdu
Operation
OpenedJuly 1, 2014
OwnerChina Railway
Operator(s)China Railway High-speed
Technical
Line length2078 km
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Operating speed350–200 km/h (220–120 mph)
Route map

Shanghai Hongqiao Airport interchange
Shanghai - Jiangsu border
50 km
Kunshan South
84 km
Suzhou North
126 km
Wuxi East
165 km
Changzhou North
210 km
Danyang North
237 km
Zhenjiang South
Nanjing South
Nanjing
Dashengguan Yangtze River Bridge
Beijing–Shanghai HSR
Tingzishan
Jiangsu - Anhui border
367 km
Quanjiao
Huang'an
Chaobei
Feidong
Sanshilipu
465 km
Hefei
Taohuadian
Hefei West
Hefei South
Chang'anji
Liu'an
Dushan
609 km
Jinzhai
Tiantangzhai
Anhui - Hubei border
Dunyitang
Sanhe
Macheng North
Hong'anxi West
Hengdian East
Wuhan
829 km
Hankou
Hanchuan
912 km
Tianmen South
Xiantao West
963 km
Qianjiang
1033 km
Jingzhou
Zhijiang
1121 km
Yichang East
Yichang South
Yichang Railway Bridge
Chexi
Changyang
Langping
1244 km
Badong
Gaoping
Luoshuidong
1300 km
Jianshi
Baiyangping
Baiguo
1335 km
Enshi
Qingkou
1397 km
Lichuan
1499 km
Wanzhou
Dazhou to Chengdu
Liangwu
Hubei - Chongqing border
Shaziguan
1491 km
Shizhu County
1540 km
Fengdu
1582 km
Fuling North
Hanjiatuo Bridge
1606 km
Changshou North
Fusheng
1674 km
Chongqing North
Jingkou
Huilongba
Beibei
Shizishan
1740 km
Hechuan
Taihezhen
1790 km
Tongnan
Chongqing - Sichuan border
Sanxing
1842 km
Suining
Daying
Zitong
Jingtang
Longtansi
Bali
1987 km
Chengdu East
Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu passenger railway
Simplified Chinese快速客运通道
Traditional Chinese滬漢蓉快速客運通道

Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu passenger railway (Chinese: 沪汉蓉快速客运通道), is a fully completed high-speed railway corridor operated by China Railway High-speed. The Chinese name of the railway line, Huhanrong, is a combination of the abbreviations for Shanghai (, ), Wuhan (, Hàn), and Chengdu (, Róng), three major cities along the line.

The Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu passenger-dedicated line is one of the four east–west high-speed rail corridors outlined in China's national high-speed rail plan. From east to west, it will connect the major cities of Shanghai (a provincial-level municipality), Nanjing (the capital of Jiangsu), Hefei (the capital of Anhui), Wuhan (the capital of Hubei), Chongqing (a province-level municipality), and Chengdu (the capital of Sichuan). The total population of the four provinces and two municipalities served by this rail line is over 320 million (as of 2008).[1]

Despite its name, the line is actually a medium-speed railway designed to run at a maximum speed of 200 km/h (120 mph) in most sections. The newer Yangtze River passageway, running parallel to it at 350 km/h (220 mph), is being planned to manage the increasing passenger traffic.

Components[edit]

All sections are now operational.

Operational lines are marked with green background.

Section Description Designed
speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
start date

Open date
Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu
high-speed railway

Shanghai-Chengdu Railroad.svg
PDL through the Yangtze Valley consisting the Shanghai–Nanjing section of the Beijing–Shanghai line, and 7 mixed-use HSR segments connecting Nanjing, Hefei, Wuhan, Yichang, Lichuan, Chongqing, Suining & Chengdu. 350-200 2078 2003-12-01 2014-07-01
Shanghai–Nanjing section
(Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway)
Shares tracks with the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway 350 301 2008-04-18 2011-06-30
Nanjing–Hefei section
(Hefei–Nanjing passenger railway)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Nanjing & Hefei 250 166 2005-06-11 2008-04-18
Hefei–Wuhan section
(Hefei–Wuhan passenger railway)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Hefei & Wuhan 250 351 2005-08-01 2008-12-31
(Wuhan)Hankou–Yichang section
(Hankou–Yichang railway)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Wuhan & Yichang 200 293 2008-09-17 2012-07-01
Yichang–Lichuan section
(Yichang–Wanzhou railway)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Yichang & Lichuan[2] 200 377 2003-12-01 2014-07-01
Lichuan–Chongqing section
(Chongqing–Lichuan railway)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Lichuan & Chongqing 200 264 2008-12-29 2013-12-28
Chongqing–Suining section
(Suining–Chongqing railway)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Chongqing & Suining 200 132 2009-01-18 2009-9-29
Suining–Chengdu section
(Dazhou–Chengdu railway)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Suining & Chengdu. 200 148 2005-05 2009-06-30

Shanghai–Nanjing[edit]

From Shanghai to Nanjing, the line uses either the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway or the Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway both lines have the design speed of 350 km/h (220 mph).

Nanjing to Hefei[edit]

From Nanjing to Hefei, the line is called the Hefei–Nanjing passenger railway. The Hefei–Nanjing Passenger Railway is shared with the Nanjing–Xi'an railway. It has a designed speed of 250 km/h (160 mph). At Hefei, a connection is available to the Hefei–Bengbu high-speed railway, which is a branch line of the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway.

Hefei to Wuhan[edit]

From Hefei to Wuhan, the line is called the Hefei–Wuhan passenger railway, with a designed speed of 250 km/h (160 mph). At Wuhan, a connection is available to the Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway, an important north-south railway line from Beijing to Guangzhou and Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Wuhan to Yichang[edit]

From Wuhan to Yichang, the line is called the Wuhan–Yichang railway.

Yichang to Chongqing[edit]

Yichang–Wanzhou railway[edit]

The Yichang–Wanzhou railway connects the cities of Yichang, Lichuan, and Wanzhou. The Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu passenger-dedicated line only uses the Yichang to Lichuan portion of the Yichang–Wanzhou Railway. (The actual splitting point of Yichang-Wanzhou and Chongqing-Lichuan railways is Liangwu railway station)

Unlike other sections of the Shanghai-Chengdu railway, as of the beginning of 2014 the Yichang–Lichuan–Wanzhou does not yet have proper high-speed train service (D- or G-series). It is used extensively by "conventional" passenger trains (with the T-series being the fastest). The delay with the introduction of the high-speed service on this section is explained by the need to integrate signalling and other infrastructure. Regular CRH services between Chongqing and Wuhan is expected to commence on July 1, 2014, after renovations and other associated high-speed rail works are completed.[3] [4] However, the opening of high-speed service (as opposed to "regular" trains) on the Yiwan line won't happen until July 1, 2014.[5]

Chongqing–Lichuan railway[edit]

At Lichuan, the Chongqing–Lichuan railway connects it with the city of Chongqing.

Chongqing to Chengdu[edit]

Suining–Chongqing railway[edit]

The Suining–Chongqing railway connects the cities of Chongqing and Suining. Its designed operating speed is 200 km/h (120 mph).

Dazhou–Chengdu railway[edit]

The Dazhou–Chengdu railway is a railway connecting the cities of Dazhou, Suining, and Chengdu. The Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu passenger-dedicated line uses only the section from Suining to Chengdu. Chengdu marks the western terminus of the line.

Routing[edit]

While some sections of the line parallels existing conventional railways, others have been constructed on a new separate alignment, done to avoid difficult terrain, provide a more direct route or to serve areas where no rail service existed before. In particular, until the completion of the Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway, passenger trains between Shanghai and Nanjing ran on the "conventional", but greatly upgraded, Jinghu railway; conventional railways likewise have long existed along fairly direct routes between Nanjing and Hefei, or between Chongqing and Chengdu.

On the other hand, the Hefei-Wuhan railway, which involved a significant amount of tunneling when passing through the Dabie Mountains, allowed to significantly shorten the railway distance between Nanjing and Wuhan. The Yichang-Lichuan-Wanzhou and Lichuan-Chongqing sections are routed through the mountainous areas of the southwestern Hubei and the eastern section Chongqing Municipality, where no railways or reliable highways previously existed,[6] providing a much more direct rail connection between the Sichuan Basin and Eastern China than previously existing ones (such as the one using the older Xiangyu railway).

References[edit]

  1. ^ See sources for population in List of Chinese administrative divisions by population; mostly it is the China Statistical Yearbook 2009.
  2. ^ "Yiwan Railway: a project with 253 bridges and 159 tunnels". Xinhua. 2010-12-23. Archived from the original on 2011-01-03. Retrieved 2010-12-23.
  3. ^ "Chongqing-Wuhan CRH trains to be put into service". February 20, 2014. Archived from the original on March 9, 2014.
  4. ^ Three Gorges route linked up, Railway Gazette International, 31 August 2010
  5. ^ 去上海、去杭州……7月有望坐动车了 (Go to Shanghai, Go to Hangzhou... Looking toward the start of EMU service on July 1), 2014-5-11, 成都商报
  6. ^ See e.g. the characterization of the China National Highway 318 and China National Highway 209 as "unstable and unsafe" in: Yichang-Wanzhou Railway (SEIA) Archived 2009-08-07 at the Wayback Machine (Asian Development Bank, June 2003), p.6