Simon (given name)

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Simon
Rubens apostel simon.jpg
St. Simon the Zealot, by Peter Paul Rubens (c. 1611), from his Twelve Apostles series at the Museo del Prado, Madrid
GenderMale
Name dayJanuary 5 (Hungary)

May 9 (Eastern Orthodoxy)

October 28 (France, Germany, Hungary, Sweden, Italy, Spain)
Origin
Word/nameThe Bible
Meaning"listen"
Popularitysee popular names

Simon is a common name, from Hebrew שִׁמְעוֹן Šimʻôn, meaning "listen". It is also a classical Greek name, deriving from an adjective meaning "flat-nosed".[1]:232[2]

The Hebrew name is Hellenised as Symeon ( Greek: Συμεών) in the Septuagint, and in the New Testament as both Symeon[3] and, according to most authorities, Simon. Some commentators on the New Testament say that it could be a Hellenised form of the Hebrew Shim'on, but if not then it indicates that Peter came from a "Hellenistic background"; this was not unheard of in this era, as contemporary Jews such as Andrew the Apostle sometimes bore originally Greek names.[4]:58

Simon is one Latinised version of the name, the others being Simeon or Symeon. This practice carried over into English: in the King James Version, the name Simeon Niger is spelt Simeon (Act 13:1) as is Simeon (Gospel of Luke) (Luke 2:25), while Peter is called Simon (John 1:44).

In other languages[edit]

List of people with the given name Simon[edit]

Simon is a common name, and below is just a selection of notable people. For a comprehensive list see All pages with titles beginning with Simon.

Ancient[edit]

Medieval[edit]

Renaissance to modern[edit]

Biblical characters[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Barnett, Paul (2002). Jesus & the Rise of Early Christianity: A History of New Testament Times. Intervarsity Press.
  2. ^ a b Σίμων. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project
  3. ^ a b Greek word #4826 in Strong's
  4. ^ Lachs, Samuel (1987). A Rabbinic Commentary on the New Testament: The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke. KTAV Publishing House, Inc.
  5. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Simon". Online Etymology Dictionary.
  6. ^ σιμός. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project.
  7. ^ Walter Burkert, Greek Religion, Harvard University Press, 1985, p. 182.