Ingonish

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Ingonish is located in Nova Scotia
Ingonish
Ingonish
Location in Nova Scotia
Ingonish Harbour

Ingonish is an unincorporated area in the Municipality of the County of Victoria, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. The regional economy is tied to fishing and tourism. Tourist facilities include Cape Breton Highlands National Park, the Keltic Lodge, a downhill skiing centre, and a public golf course, the Highlands Links.

History[edit]

The name may be from the Portuguese or Mi'kmaq languages.[1] French explorer Nicolas Denys visited the area in the 1600s, and he made note of the area's potential as a base of operations for French fishing fleets having good fishing though a harsh coastline and no safe harbour.[2]

In 1854, local farmers plowing a field found an Acadian chapel bell, upon which was inscribed:

Pour la paroisse d’Inganiche jai ete nommee par Jean Decarette et par Francois Uril, parrain et marrain Le Josse Huet de St. Malo m’a faite. L’an 1729.

An 1885 English translation reads:

For the parish of Ingonish I have been named by John Decarette and Francis Urail, Godfather and Godmother. The founder Huet made me in the year 1729.

The bell was described as being "nearly as large around as an ordinary flour barrel" and weighed 586 pounds. It was ultimately lost after being sold to a foundry owner in Halifax.[2] In another part of Ingonish, the remains of a second church were found. A small cannon of French origin, similar to those found at Neil’s Harbour was also found.[2]

According to an official report sent to the Board of Trade in 1749 by Captain Smith, commander of the guard ship at Canso, there were 48 schooners and 393 shallops fishing the grounds off Ingonish. The community's population at that time was estimated to be approximately 300.[2]

Mica was mined prior to the late 1800s.[2]

Climate[edit]

Ingonish Beach
Ingonish Beach

Ingonish has a humid continental climate (Dfb) with extremely high precipitation for this climate (annual average precipitation being 69 inches, about the highest anywhere in Canada outside coastal British Columbia). Furthermore, Ingonish experiences its wettest months from November to January, with over 7.3 inches of precipitation each month, much of it falling as snow, while June and July are the driest months, but still averaging over 3.5 inches of precipitation each. Winters are long, cold, snowy and exceptionally stormy. In December and January, snow can fall nearly every day due to sea-effect snow showers which blow in from the unfrozen Gulf of St. Lawrence. Primarily from October to April, Ingonish is also prone to intense nor'easters - mid-latitude cyclones that approach from the U.S. Northeastern and New England states, bringing high winds and heavy precipitation, especially snowfall. As winter progresses, the surrounding waters become covered in ice which delays the onset of spring. Summer arrives quickly though, usually in mid to late June. The cold spring gives way to a beautiful summer, with lots of warm, sunny days. In summer, the weather pattern shifts to a warm southwest flow, and lasts into the fall. These warm southwest winds blow down-slope from the Cape Breton Highlands, drying out and warming as it descends. Although the surrounding water freezes during winter, it warms very quickly through the summer, with sea surface temperatures peaking around 21 °C (70 °F) in August. The highest temperature ever recorded was 37.7 °C (99.9 °F) on 10 August 2001.[3] The lowest temperature was −28.0 °C (−18.4 °F) on 18 January 1982.[4] Weather data has been recorded at Parks Canada in Ingonish Beach since 1950. In 2000, Environment Canada upgraded the climate station to an automated weather station.

Climate data for Ingonish Beach, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1950–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
19.0
(66.2)
21.3
(70.3)
24.0
(75.2)
31.1
(88.0)
34.4
(93.9)
36.0
(96.8)
37.7
(99.9)
34.9
(94.8)
28.5
(83.3)
25.5
(77.9)
18.0
(64.4)
37.7
(99.9)
Average high °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.0
(35.6)
6.5
(43.7)
13.0
(55.4)
18.7
(65.7)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
19.0
(66.2)
12.7
(54.9)
7.1
(44.8)
2.1
(35.8)
10.5
(50.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5
(23)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
2.7
(36.9)
8.1
(46.6)
13.6
(56.5)
18.3
(64.9)
18.5
(65.3)
14.5
(58.1)
8.8
(47.8)
3.8
(38.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
6.2
(43.2)
Average low °C (°F) −9.2
(15.4)
−9.7
(14.5)
−6.0
(21.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.2
(37.8)
8.4
(47.1)
13.3
(55.9)
13.6
(56.5)
9.9
(49.8)
4.8
(40.6)
0.5
(32.9)
−4.6
(23.7)
1.9
(35.4)
Record low °C (°F) −28.0
(−18.4)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−15.0
(5.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
−1.7
(28.9)
3.9
(39.0)
1.0
(33.8)
−6.7
(19.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
−12.5
(9.5)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−28.0
(−18.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 186.3
(7.33)
139.7
(5.50)
153.9
(6.06)
168.6
(6.64)
108.9
(4.29)
90.6
(3.57)
93.1
(3.67)
114.2
(4.50)
143.7
(5.66)
175.6
(6.91)
189.7
(7.47)
188.3
(7.41)
1,752.7
(69.00)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 79.4
(3.13)
62.0
(2.44)
82.3
(3.24)
132.4
(5.21)
105.2
(4.14)
90.6
(3.57)
93.1
(3.67)
114.2
(4.50)
143.7
(5.66)
175.4
(6.91)
167.9
(6.61)
112.4
(4.43)
1,358.5
(53.48)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 105.6
(41.6)
77.8
(30.6)
71.8
(28.3)
36.1
(14.2)
3.8
(1.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
21.8
(8.6)
76.0
(29.9)
393.1
(154.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 21.9 16.0 16.4 16.5 16.3 13.2 13.1 14.3 16.4 19.9 21.9 21.4 207.1
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.2 5.0 8.0 13.5 16.2 13.2 13.1 14.3 16.4 19.9 18.2 10.0 154.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 18.2 13.0 10.8 5.0 0.45 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.16 6.1 14.2 67.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.5 108.1 128.5 144.8 199.6 227.1 237.6 215.7 157.9 117.6 69.0 43.3 1,726.6
Percent possible sunshine 27.7 37.1 34.9 35.6 42.9 48.0 49.7 49.1 41.8 34.7 24.4 16.2 36.8
Source: Environment Canada[4][5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Canadian Encyclopedia: Ingonish". Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e Patterson, G.G. (1885). History of Victoria County. College of Cape Breton Press. ISBN 0-920336-02-7.
  3. ^ "Daily Data Report for August 2001". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Ingonish Beach, Nova Scotia". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Ingonish Beach RCS". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  6. ^ "Hourly Data Report for September 10, 2001". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 8 April 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°38′21″N 60°24′29″W / 46.63917°N 60.40806°W / 46.63917; -60.40806