21 August 1985
|Known for||Being arrested for activist blogging|
Soheil Arabi (Persian: سهیل عربی; born 21 August 1985), is an Iranian blogger who was sentenced to death in Iran in 2013 on charges of insulting the Islamic prophet Muhammad in his postings on Facebook about Atena Daemi. His sentence was commuted in 2015 to several years imprisonment and two years of mandatory study of Islamic theology.
Arabi is a Press Freedom Prize Winner, an award created by Reporters Without Borders, which honours courageous and independent journalists who have faced threats or imprisonment for their work and who have challenged the abuse of power.
Arrest and trial
Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) agents arrested Arabi at his home in Tehran in November 2013. He then spent two months in the IRGC's Ward 2-A in Evin Prison. During interrogation, he was pressured into confessing his alleged crimes. He was then transferred to Section 350 of Evin, which is under control of the Iranian judiciary. On 30 August 2014, a five-judge panel of Branch 76 of the Criminal Court of Tehran sentenced Arabi to death for "insulting the Prophet of Islam" in eight Facebook accounts allegedly belonging to Arabi.
On 4 September 2014, Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court also sentenced Arabi to three years in prison on charges of "insulting the Supreme Leader" and "propaganda against the state" in his postings on Facebook.
In late September 2015, his death sentence was commuted to "reading 13 religious books and studying theology for two years" by a higher court. It was the first time that such a decision to commute a death sentence had occurred in the Islamic Republic of Iran, where an unknown number of people are on death row for blasphemy, heresy or other religious offences.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) has called for Iran's judiciary to vacate Arabi's death sentence. HRW's deputy Middle East and North Africa director said, "It is simply shocking that anyone should face the gallows simply because of Internet postings that are deemed to be crude, offensive, or insulting. Iran should urgently revise its penal code to eliminate provisions that criminalize peaceful free expression, especially when they punish its exercise with death."
Amnesty International has also called on its supporters to urge the Iranian authorities not to execute Arabi and release him "if he is being held solely for peacefully exercising his right to freedom of expression."
In August 2017, Arabi went on a hunger strike to protest IRGC harassment of his wife and relatives.
In protesting the assault and battery of civil activists, Atena Daemi and Golrokh Ebrahimi Iraee,[circular reference] Soheil once again went on hunger strike. On January 26, 2018, his mother, Farangis Mazloom, confirmed the hunger strike in an interview with Radio Farda. Agents of the Greater Tehran Prison severely beat Soheil Arabi to force him to end his hunger strike. They dealt severe blows to his head.
In April 2019, Soheil Arabi was seriously hurt when he defended a few ordinary prisoners against mistreatment and beating by guards. It was claimed he urgently needed to have a surgery.
This was the third time Soheil Arabi went on hunger strike, this time to protest poor prison conditions, violent mistreatment of prisoners by prison guards and officials, and various deprivations in prison. Civil activist Soheil Arabi was taken to the dispensary of Fashafouyeh Prison (a.k.a. the Greater Tehran's Penitentiary) after his health critically deteriorated since 15 June 2019, when he went on hunger strike. He went on hunger strike because his repeated requests to provide for his needs had gone unheeded by prison authorities. He was transferred to the dispensary on 20 June 2019.
- "Death Sentence for 'Insulting the Prophet' on Facebook". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. 16 September 2014.
- Saeed Kamali Dehghan (30 September 2015). "Iranian death sentence commuted to two years' theology study". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "RSF-TV5MONDE Prize goes to Polish reporter, Tomasz Piatek, Iranian photographer Soheil Arabi and Turkish Web TV Medyascope TV | RSF". 7 November 2017.
- "Iran: Death Sentence for 'Insulting The Prophet'". Amnesty International. 26 November 2014.
- "Iran: Death Sentence for Facebook Posts". Human Rights Watch. 2 December 2014.
- Michael Lipin, Shahram Bahraminejad (30 May 2018). "Mother of Activist Jailed by Iran Says He's on Hunger Strike". Voice of America. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- Golrokh's Wiki Page
- خمسه پور, بکتاش (27 January 2018). ""اعتصاب غذای مجدد" سهیل عربی". Radio Farda. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- Soheil Arabi went on hunger strike again
- Soheil Arabi in critical condition in prison
- "Soheil Arabi in deteriorating health after hunger strike - Iran HRM". 23 June 2019.