Spanish local elections, 1999
65,201 councillors in 8,104 municipal councils
1,034 seats in 38 provincial deputations
Provincial results map for municipal elections
The 1999 Spanish local elections were held on Sunday, 13 June 1999, to elect all 65,201 councillors in the 8,104 municipalities of Spain and all 1,034 seats in 38 provincial deputations. The elections were held simultaneously with regional elections in thirteen autonomous communities, as well as local elections in the three foral deputations of the Basque Country, the ten island councils in the Balearic and Canary Islands and the 1999 European Parliament election.
- Municipal elections
Municipalities in Spain were local corporations with independent legal personality. They had a governing body, the municipal council or corporation, composed of a mayor, deputy mayors and a plenary assembly of councillors. Voting for the local assemblies was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in the corresponding municipality and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. The mayor was in turn elected by the plenary assembly, with a legal clause providing for the candidate of the most-voted party to be automatically elected to the post in the event no other candidate was to gather an absolute majority of votes.
Local councillors were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each local council. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Councillors were allocated to municipal councils based on the following scale:
|>100,001||+1 per each 100,000 inhabitants or fraction|
+1 if total is an even number
Councillors of municipalities with populations between 100 and 250 inhabitants were elected under an open list partial block voting, with electors voting for individual candidates instead of parties and for up to four candidates. Additionally, municipalities below 100 inhabitants, as well as those whose geographical location or the best management of municipal interests or other circumstances made it advisable, were to be organized through the open council system (Spanish: régimen de concejo abierto), in which voters would directly elect the local major.
The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of a determined amount of the electors registered in the municipality for which they sought election:
- At least 1 percent of the electors in municipalities below 5,000 inhabitants, provided that the number of signers was more than double that of councillors at stake.
- At least 100 signatures in municipalities between 5,001 and 10,000.
- At least 500 signatures in municipalities between 10,001 and 50,000.
- At least 1,500 signatures in municipalities between 50,001 and 150,000.
- At least 3,000 signatures in municipalities between 150,001 and 300,000.
- At least 5,000 signatures in municipalities between 300,001 and 1,000,000.
- At least 8,000 signatures in municipalities over 1,000,001.
Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.
- Deputations and island councils
Provincial deputations were the governing bodies of provinces in Spain, having an administration role of municipal activities and composed of a provincial president, an administrative body, and a plenary. Basque provinces had foral deputations instead—called Juntas Generales—, whereas deputations for single-province autonomous communities were abolished: their functions transferred to the corresponding regional parliaments. For insular provinces, such as the Balearic and Canary Islands, deputations were replaced by island councils in each of the islands or group of islands. For Majorca, Menorca and Ibiza–Formentera this figure was referred to in Spanish as consejo insular (Catalan: consell insular), whereas for Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, El Hierro, Lanzarote and La Palma its name was cabildo insular.
Most deputations were indirectly elected by local councillors from municipalities in each judicial district. Seats were allocated to provincial deputations based on the following scale:
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Councillors|
|People's Party and allies (PP–UPN)||7,334,135||34.44||–0.83||24,623||–149|
|People's Party (PP)||7,243,243||34.01||–0.92||24,296||–183|
|Navarrese People's Union (UPN)||90,892||0.43||+0.08||327||+34|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party and allies (PSOE–p–PSC)||7,296,484||34.26||+3.45||21,917||+752|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party–Progressives (PSOE–p)1||6,205,530||29.14||+3.14||19,881||+422|
|Socialists' Party of Catalonia–Municipal Progress (PSC–PM)||1,090,954||5.12||+0.31||2,036||+330|
|United Left and allies (IU–EUiA)||1,387,900||6.52||–3.42||2,295||–806|
|United Left (IU)1||1,330,202||6.25||–3.68||2,260||–841|
|United and Alternative Left (EUiA)||57,698||0.27||New||35||+35|
|Convergence and Union and allies (CiU–CDA–PNA)||774,074||3.63||–0.77||4,089||–176|
|Basque Nationalist Party–Basque Solidarity (PNV–EA)2||411,274||1.93||–0.08||1,206||–215|
|Andalusian Party (PA)3||355,684||1.67||+0.11||544||+120|
|Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)||290,187||1.36||+0.42||586||+158|
|Basque Citizens (EH)4||272,446||1.28||+0.45||890||+269|
|Canarian Coalition (CC)||268,847||1.26||+0.14||434||+5|
|Canarian Coalition (CC)5||267,773||1.26||+0.20||432||+30|
|Nationalist Canarian Centre (CCN)||542||0.00||–0.05||1||–18|
|Independents of Gran Canaria (IGC)||531||0.00||–0.01||1||–7|
|Initiative for Catalonia–Greens–Agreement for Municipal Progress (IC–V–EPM)||227,045||1.07||–0.67||284||–105|
|Republican Left of Catalonia–The Greens–Municipal Agreement (ERC–EV–AM)||225,576||1.06||+0.14||677||+152|
|Valencian Nationalist Bloc–The Greens (BNV–EV)6||113,747||0.53||+0.15||234||+66|
|Valencian Union (UV)||108,639||0.51||–0.08||229||+14|
|Liberal Independent Group (GIL)||87,743||0.41||+0.25||93||+50|
|Aragonese Party (PAR)||87,493||0.41||–0.12||925||–125|
|The Greens–Andalusian Left (LV–IA)1||65,564||0.31||+0.26||14||+14|
|Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS)||62,964||0.30||–0.07||281||+20|
|Aragonese Union (CHA)||54,614||0.26||+0.14||80||+41|
|Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC)||49,898||0.23||+0.08||217||+129|
|PSM–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN)||41,181||0.19||+0.01||112||+15|
|Socialist Party of Majorca–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN)||38,675||0.18||+0.01||105||+14|
|Socialist Party of Menorca–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN)||2,506||0.01||±0.00||7||+1|
|Leonese People's Union (UPL)||39,321||0.18||+0.02||167||+29|
|Asturian Renewal Union (URAS)||36,036||0.17||New||83||+83|
|Democratic Party of the New Left (PDNI)||29,300||0.14||New||67||+67|
|Majorcan Union (UM)||24,501||0.12||+0.04||68||+24|
|Spanish Democratic Party (PADE)||23,865||0.11||New||32||+32|
|Federation of Independents of Catalonia (FIC)||22,597||0.11||+0.02||180||+3|
|Canarian Nationalist Federation (FNC)||22,363||0.11||+0.05||40||–2|
|Canarian Nationalist Party (PNC)||9,989||0.05||+0.05||2||+2|
|Party of Independents from Lanzarote (PIL)||9,538||0.04||–0.01||29||–2|
|Independents of Fuerteventura (IF)||2,836||0.01||±0.00||9||–2|
|Galician Democracy (DG)||18,085||0.08||New||36||+36|
|Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC)||16,782||0.08||+0.06||45||+22|
|Asturianist Party (PAS)||16,187||0.08||+0.02||12||+6|
|Basque Citizen Initiative (ICV/EHE)||15,111||0.07||–0.07||2||–3|
|Progressive Pact (Pacte)7||14,988||0.07||+0.01||37||+6|
|Convergence of Democrats of Navarre (CDN)||14,573||0.07||–0.04||25||–17|
|Humanist Party (PH)||13,764||0.06||+0.04||0||±0|
|Party of Gran Canaria (PGC)||13,150||0.06||±0.00||2||±0|
|Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL)||13,041||0.06||+0.01||124||+26|
|Party for Independence (PI)||12,820||0.06||New||9||+9|
|Portuese Independents (IP)||11,424||0.05||–0.02||10||–6|
|Extremaduran Coalition (CREx–PREx)||10,548||0.05||–0.08||50||–89|
|Galician Left–The Greens (EdeG–OV)||10,146||0.05||New||10||+10|
|Independent Initiative (II)||10,122||0.05||New||22||+22|
|Platform of Independents of Spain (PIE)||9,683||0.05||–0.31||35||–171|
|Alavese Unity (UA)||9,675||0.05||–0.05||9||–28|
|Riojan Party (PR)||9,669||0.05||±0.00||58||–45|
|Union for the Progress of Cantabria (UPCA)||9,179||0.04||–0.15||29||–141|
|Independent Candidacy–Union of Regionalist Parties of Castile and León (CI)8||8,679||0.04||+0.03||18||+18|
|United Extremadura (EU)||8,641||0.04||New||50||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||21,491,984||63.99||–5.88|
The following table lists party control in provincial capitals, as well as in municipalities above or around 75,000. Gains for a party are highlighted in that party's colour.
|Parties and coalitions||Seats|
|People's Party (PP)||454||–10|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party and allies (PSOE–PSC)||425||+31|
|Convergence and Union and allies (CiU–CDA–PNA)||57||–7|
|United Left and allies (IU–EUiA)1||33||–28|
|Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)||15||+4|
|Andalusian Party (PA)2||12||+1|
|Aragonese Party (PAR)||10||–1|
|Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)||6||+4|
|Liberal Independent Group (GIL)||5||+2|
|Initiative for Catalonia–Greens (IC–V)||3||–4|
|Aragonese Union (CHA)||3||+3|
|Leonese People's Union (UPL)||3||+1|
|Valencian Nationalist Bloc–The Greens (BNV–EV)||2||+2|
|Valencian Union (UV)||1||±0|
|Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS)||1||+1|
|Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC)||1||+1|
The following table lists party control in provincial deputations. Gains for a party are highlighted in that party's colour.
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