Special Committee on Decolonization
The Special Committee on Decolonization (also known as the U.N. Special Committee of the 24 on Decolonization, the Committee of 24, or simply, the Decolonization Committee) was created in 1961 by the General Assembly of the United Nations with the purpose of monitoring implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples and to make recommendations on its application. The committee is also a successor to the former Committee on Information from Non-Self-Governing Territories, with which it was merged in 1963. The full official name of the Special Committee is "Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples".
Hoping to speed the progress of decolonization, the General Assembly had adopted in 1960 the Resolution 1514, also known as the "Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples" or simply "Declaration on Decolonization". It stated that all people have a right to self-determination and proclaimed that colonialism should be brought to a speedy and unconditional end.
Subsequently, in 1990, the General Assembly proclaimed 1990–2000 as the International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism and adopted a concrete Plan of Action to further its principles and relevant International Law on that matter. In 2001, the United Nations proceeded to proclaim the Second International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism. In 2011, the Third International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism was declared.
In 1945, the year the United Nations was established, 750 million people – almost a third of the world's population – lived in territories that were non-self-governing, dependent on colonial Powers. Today, fewer than 2 million people live in such territories.
As of 2016, several of the territories on the list have rejected independence (or any other change of status) through referendums, such as Gibraltar in 2002 and the Falkland Islands in 2013. Likewise in 2013 the elected Assembly of French Polynesia objected to that territory's inclusion on the list. There is also controversy surrounding the viability of several of the listed territories as independent nations, such as Pitcairn, which has a population estimated at just 57 in 2015.
As of 2014, there still remain 17 territories listed on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories:
|American Samoa [note 1]||Pago Pago||United States dollar||English||United States||Oceania||[note 2]|
|Anguilla||The Valley||East Caribbean dollar||English||United Kingdom||Americas||[note 3]|
|Bermuda||Hamilton||Bermudian dollar||English||United Kingdom||Americas|||
|British Virgin Islands||Road Town||United States dollar [note 4]||English||United Kingdom||Americas|||
|Cayman Islands||George Town [note 5]||Cayman Islands dollar||English||United Kingdom||Americas|||
|Falkland Islands [note 6]||Stanley||Falklands pound||English||United Kingdom||Americas|| [note 7]|
|French Polynesia [note 8]||Papeete||CFP franc||French||France||Oceania|||
|Gibraltar||Gibraltar||Gibraltar pound||English||United Kingdom||Europe|
|Guam||Agaña||United States dollar||English||United States||Oceania|
|Montserrat||Plymouth||East Caribbean dollar||English||United Kingdom||Americas|
|New Caledonia||Nouméa||CFP franc||French||France||Oceania|
|Pitcairn [note 9]||Adamstown||New Zealand dollar||English||United Kingdom||Oceania|||
|Saint Helena||Jamestown||Saint Helena pound||English||United Kingdom||Africa|||
|Tokelau||Fakaofo||New Zealand dollar||English||New Zealand||Oceania|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||Cockburn Town||United States dollar||English||United Kingdom||Americas|
|United States Virgin Islands||Charlotte Amalie||United States dollar||English||United States||Americas|
|Western Sahara [note 10]||El Aaiún||Sahrawi peseta||Arabic||Morocco||Africa||[note 11]|
The 17-member Special Committee was expanded to 24 members in 1962, and the size of its membership has varied since.
The Special Committee also has 14 observers.
Officers and bureau members
The Chair of the Special Committee for 2014 is Xavier Lasso Mendoza of Ecuador. The three Vice Chairs are Rodolfo Reyes Rodriguez (Cuba), Vandi Chidi Minah (Sierra Leone), and Desra Percaya (Indonesia). The Rapporteur is Bashar Ja'afari of Syria. The Bureau of the Committee comprises these officers.
- Special Political and Decolonization Committee
- UN list of non-self-governing territories
- Dependent territories
- Also known in the form conventional as Territory of American Samoa.
- Dependency status: unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior.
- Overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
- The economy is closely tied to the larger and more populous US Virgin Islands to the west; the US dollar is the legal currency.
- Also known as on Grand Cayman.
- Argentina continues to assert its claims to the UK-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas).
- The Falkland Islands include the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands.
- Also known as Overseas Lands of French Polynesia.
- Also known as Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands.
- Territory under de facto Moroccan control. Claimed by SADR.
- The legal status the territory and the issue of sovereignty unresolved; territory contested by Morocco and Polisario Front (Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro), which in February 1976 formally proclaimed a government-in-exile, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), based out of refugee camps near Tindouf, Algeria, led by President Mohamed Abdelaziz.
- "the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonisation – Official Website". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
- "History of U.N. Decolonisation Committee – Official U.N. Website". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
- "Historical Documents of the U.N. Decolonisation Committee – Official U.N. Website and Document Archive". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
- "The United Nations and Decolonization". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
- Daly, Emma (2002-11-08). "Gibraltar Rejects Power-Sharing Between Britain and Spain". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-01-03.
- correspondent, Caroline WyattDefence; News, B. B. C. "Falklands referendum: Voters choose to remain UK territory". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-01-03.
- "Tahiti assembly votes against UN decolonisation bid", Radio New Zealand International, 17 May 2013
- "Pitcairn: Islands & Settlement - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2016-01-03.
- American Samoa at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Anguilla at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- British Overseas Territories
- Bermuda at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- British Virgin Islands at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Cayman Islands at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Falkland Islands at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- French Polynesia at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- United Nations General Assembly Session 68 Resolution 93. A/RES/68/93 Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Pitcairn at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Saint Helena at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "United Nations". Unhchr.ch. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
- . United Nations http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2014/gacol3259.doc.htm. Retrieved 2014-09-06. Missing or empty
- http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2014/gacol3259.doc.htm; http://www.un.org/Depts/dpi/decolonization/special_committee_bureau.htm