Society of Saint Vincent de Paul

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Society of Saint Vincent de Paul
Bust of Frédéric Ozanam.jpg
Blessed Frédéric Ozanam
Named after St. Vincent de Paul
Founded April 23, 1833; 184 years ago (1833-04-23)[1]
Founder Frédéric Ozanam[2]
Focus Sanctification of members
through service of the poor[4]
Area served
140 Countries[3]
Members
Estimated 800,000[3]
Website SVP Global

The Society of St Vincent de Paul (SVP or SVdP or SSVP) is an international voluntary organization in the Catholic Church, founded in 1833 for the sanctification of its members by personal service of the poor.

Innumerable Catholic parishes have established "conferences", most of which affiliate with a diocesan council. Among its varied efforts to offer material help to the poor or needy, the Society also has thrift stores which sell donated goods at a low price and raise money for the poor.[5] There are a great variety of outreach programs sponsored by the local conferences and councils, addressing local needs for social services.[1]

History[edit]

France[edit]

The Society of St. Vincent de Paul was founded in 1833 to help impoverished people living in the slums of Paris, France.[6] The primary figure behind the Society's founding was Blessed Frédéric Ozanam, a French lawyer, author, and professor in the Sorbonne. Frédéric collaborated with Emmanuel Bailly, editor of the Tribune Catholique, in reviving a student organization which had been suspended during the revolutionary activity of July 1830. Ozanam was 20 years old when he founded the Society.[7] He was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1997.[8] Emmanuel Bailly was chosen as the first President.

The Society took Saint Vincent de Paul as its patron under the influence of Sister Rosalie Rendu, DC. Sister Rosalie, beatified in November 1999 by Pope John Paul II, was a member of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, earlier known for her work with people in the slums of Paris. She guided Frédéric and his companions in their approach towards those in need.[9]

Blessed Rosalie Rendu, DC

SVP gradually expanded outside Paris in the mid-19th century and received benefactors in places such as Tours where figures such as the Venerable Leo Dupont, known as the Holy Man of Tours, became collaborators.[10]

The Society is part of the Vincentian Family which also includes two congregations founded by St. Vincent de Paul – the Congregation of the Mission with Vincentian priests and brothers and the Ladies of Charity – along with the Sisters of Charity in the Setonian tradition and several others, including some religious groups that are part of the Anglican Communion like the Company of Mission Priests.[9][1]

England and Wales[edit]

Servant of God Fr. Ignatius Spencer from London came to know the Society in visits to Paris. Parisian Monsieur Baudon, who would assume the presidency of SVDP in 1847, visited London in 1842 and persuaded Spencer to write about the Society in the Catholic Magazine. Then in January 1844 M. Pagliano, a London restaurateur and recent convert to Catholicism, gathered 13 Catholic men and the first English SVP conference was founded.[11] Early initiatives included the formation of the Catholic Shoe Black Brigade, providing boys with gainful employment and the first home of “the Rescue Society” which under various names still offers child care in many dioceses.[12]

In 2013 there were more than 10,000 members in more than 1,000 Conferences in the United Kingdom, making over 500,000 recorded visits annually to more than 100,000 people.[12]

United States[edit]

Old Cathedral of St. Louis, Missouri, 1834

The Society’s first Conference in the United States was established in 1845 in St. Louis, Missouri, at the Basilica of St. Louis King of France, or "Old Cathedral". Fr. John Timon, CM, had learned of the Society while visiting with his Vincentian superiors in Paris. From Dublin, Ireland, he brought to St. Louis copies of the SVP Rule. On November 16, 1845, Bishop Peter Richard Kenrick dedicated the new St. Vincent de Paul church on South Eighth Street and invited Timon to preach. Timon discussed the Society in his sermon,[13] in the presence of prominent laymen who took hold of the idea and held an organizational meeting on November 20, 1845. The Conference included Dr. Moses Linton, founder of the St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal, and as chair Judge Bryan Mullanphy who would become mayor of St. Louis.[14][15] Bishop Kenrick appointed Fr. Ambrose Heim as spiritual advisor to the Conference.[16]

Australia[edit]

Father Gerald Ward was born in London in 1806 and was recruited for the Melbourne mission by the pioneering father, later bishop, Patrick Geoghegan. Ward was familiar with SVP from London and, observing the plight of the poor after the Victorian gold rush, established the Society in Australia in 1854. Ward served as its first president and helped establish the SVP orphanage in South Melbourne.[17] Charles O'Neill, an engineer and parliamentarian who had led the Society in Scotland, established it in Sydney.

New Zealand[edit]

Fr. Chataigner, SM, established the first Conference in New Zealand in July 1867, but did not affiliate with the Council-General in Paris. The first to affiliate was the Wellington Conference founded in 1908 by Fr. Petitjean, SM, and Charles O'Neill, followed by other Conferences out of Wellington.[18][19]

Scotland[edit]

Charles Gordon O'Neill was born in Glasgow in 1828. He graduated as a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. Upon graduation he had joined the Society of St Vincent de Paul. He was secretary at Dumbarton in 1851. He led the St Vincent de Paul Society in the Western Districts of Scotland between 1859 and 1863. By 1863 he was president of the Superior Council of Glasgow and a member of the Council-General in Paris.[20]

India[edit]

SVP came to Mumbai in 1862 when the Conference of Our Lady of Hope, Bhuleshwar, was established at the cathedral by the future bishop Fr. Leo Meurin, S.J. With the closure of the cathedral in 1942, the Conference was transferred to the Church of Our Lady of Health, Cavel. Meurin also established a Conference at St. Teresa, Girgaum, in 1862, and four more in Mumbai in 1863: St. Peter, Bandra; St. Joseph, Umarkhadi; Our Lady of Victories, Mahim; and St. Anne, Mazagaon.[21] The Society is active in southern India, especially through the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church headquartered in Kerala.

Today[edit]

The Society numbers about 800,000 members in some 140 countries worldwide, whose members operate through "conferences".[3] A Conference may be based out of a church, school, community center, hospital, etc., and is composed of Catholic volunteers who pursue their own Christian growth in the service of the poor. Some Conferences exist without affiliating with any local Council, and so are not counted in statistics. Non-Catholics may join and the Society serves all regardless of their personal beliefs.[3]

Ireland[edit]

The Society of St. Vincent de Paul was founded in Ireland in 1844 when it was part of the United Kingdom. It is the largest voluntary charitable organisation in Ireland. During its history it has helped people in need through a famine, a civil war, a war of independence, two world wars, and several economic recessions. It is one of Ireland's best known and most widely supported organisations of social concern and action with over 11,500 volunteers, active in every county in Ireland.[22]

Australia[edit]

SVP Opportunity Shop in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales.
St. Vincent de Paul Thrift Store in historic Anson Brown Building, Ann Arbor, MI

In Australia the "Vinnies" number about 58,000.[23] Works include Conferences, Special Works, and Vinnies shops,[24] assisting over 2,200,000 people in Australia each year.[25]

New Zealand[edit]

In New Zealand, SVP operates in 23 regions with over 50 shops which serve as centres for welfare service, including food banks and food trucks. Most Catholic schools have Young Vinnies who help with fundraising and with training for dealing directly with the poor. The work is varied, following the Vinnie motto: "No act of charity is foreign to the society."[26]

United States[edit]

The national headquarters is in St. Louis. Membership in the United States in 2015 exceeded 97,000 in 4,400 communities. Expenditures to people in poverty were $473,821,563. Programs include visits to homes, prisons, and hospitals, housing assistance, disaster relief, job training and placement, food pantries, dining halls, clothing, transportation and utility costs, care for the elderly, and medicine.[27] Revenue is raised through a large network of thrift stores.[28]

St. Vincent de Paul thrift stores[edit]

The St, Vincent de Paul Society runs thrift stores in many countries including Australia, New Zealand, the United States, and Canada, as seen from websites for some in the USA: St. Louis area with 7 such stores,[29] Cincinnati area with 7,[30] Omaha with 3,[31] Dayton with 2,[32] Des Moines with 2,[33] Florida with 35,[34] California with 26,[35] Pennsylvania with 24,[28] Western Oregon with 15,[28] Georgia with 12,[28] Arizona with 10,[36] Idaho with 3.[37] Items from clothing to automobiles are sold for a small price, often with home pick-up for large items. Money, and at times donated items, are distributed to the poor.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "International Associations of the Faithful", Pontifical Council for the Laity
  2. ^ "Origins", International Confederation Society-of-Saint-Vincent-de-Paul
  3. ^ a b c d aYaline. "Mission et Vision". www.ssvpglobal.org. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  4. ^ Vision
  5. ^ Years, SVDP USA | Providing Assistance to Those in Need for Over 150. "Assistance/Services". www.svdpusa.org. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  6. ^ "History - St Vincent de Paul Society - Good Works". www.vinnies.org.au. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  7. ^ Stroup, Herbert Hewitt. 1985 Social welfare pioneers Rowman and Littlefield ISBN 0-88229-212-9 page 185
  8. ^ "Blessed Frédéric Ozanam". Franciscan Media. 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  9. ^ a b "Society of Saint Vincent de Paul - Vincentian Encyclopedia". famvin.org. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  10. ^ Joan Carroll Cruz, OCDS, "Saintly Men of Modern Times" (2003) ISBN 1-931709-77-7 page 195
  11. ^ "Other Key Vincentian Figures | St Vincent de Paul Society". svp.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  12. ^ a b "Growth of the Society in England & Wales | St Vincent de Paul Society". svp.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  13. ^ Faherty, William Barnaby (2001). The St. Louis Irish: An Unmatched Celtic Community. Missouri History Museum. ISBN 9781883982393. 
  14. ^ "Dr Moses Lewis Linton (1805 - 1872) - Find A Grave Memorial". findagrave.com. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  15. ^ Years, SVDP USA | Providing Assistance to Those in Need for Over 150. "History". www.svdpusa.org. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  16. ^ "Society of St. Vincent de Paul USA - Vincentian Encyclopedia". famvin.org. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  17. ^ "History", St. Vincent de Paul Society - Australia; V. Pedemont, The Society of Saint Vincent de Paul in Australia, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 15 (1993), 43-51.
  18. ^ "History". St Vincent de Paul Wellington Area. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  19. ^ Society of St. Vincent de Paul New Zealand, 1867-1933 / compiled by D.N. (Des) Ryan.
  20. ^ Foley, C. J. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. 
  21. ^ "AUSTRALIAN VINNIES VISIT INDIA". www.ssvpindia.org. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  22. ^ "SVP Ireland". 
  23. ^ "Membership How many Conference members and volunteers does the Society have". Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  24. ^ "General - Who does the Society help?". Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  25. ^ "How many people does Vinnies assist annually in Australia?". Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  26. ^ Generally, you can look at the national page http://www.svdp.org.nz/, specific areas, such as Wellington Area will give you a good indication of what type of work is done in New Zealand http://vinnies-wellington.org.nz/
  27. ^ Years, SVDP USA | Providing Assistance to Those in Need for Over 150. "SVDP USA | Providing Assistance to Those in Need for Over 150 Years > Home". www.svdpusa.org. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  28. ^ a b c d "Society of St. Vincent De Paul | Find Store". www.svdpusa.net. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  29. ^ "Locations | Society of St. Vincent de Paul of St. Louis". svdpstlouis.org. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  30. ^ "Find Us". Society of St. Vincent de Paul, Cincinnati Chapter. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  31. ^ "Thrift Stores – Omaha Society of Saint Vincent De Paul". svdpomaha.com. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  32. ^ "COMMUNITY STORES - St. Vincent de Paul Dayton". St. Vincent de Paul Dayton. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  33. ^ "Our Stores - SVdP Des Moines". SVdP Des Moines. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  34. ^ "Society of St. Vincent De Paul | Find Store". www.svdpusa.net. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  35. ^ "Society of St. Vincent De Paul | Find Store". www.svdpusa.net. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  36. ^ "Thrift Stores, Dining, and Program Locations - St. Vincent de Paul". www.stvincentdepaul.net. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  37. ^ "Thrift Stores – St. Vincent de Paul CDA". stvincentdepaulcda.org. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  38. ^ Hunt, Judy. "Retail Thrift Stores - St. Vincent de Paul Society of Lane Co, Inc.". www.svdp.us. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 

External links[edit]