Community of Sant'Egidio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Community of Sant'Egidio
Comunità di Sant'Egidio
Named afterSaint Giles
Formation1968; 55 years ago (1968)
FounderAndrea Riccardi
Founded atVirgil High School, Rome
TypeInternational association of the faithful of pontifical right; NGO
PurposeCare for the needy; arbitrate conflicts
HeadquartersSant'Egidio, Rome
  • 73 countries
Europe, Africa, America, Asia
Marco Impagliazzo
Parent organization
Catholic Church
50,000 (estimate)
Church of Sant'Egidio, Rome, seat of the Community

The Community of Sant'Egidio (Italian: Comunità di Sant'Egidio) is a lay Catholic association dedicated to social service, founded in 1968 under the leadership of Andrea Riccardi. The group grew and in 1973 was given a home at the former Carmelite monastery and church of Sant'Egidio in Rome, Italy. In 1986, it received recognition from the Roman Curia of the Holy See as an international association of the faithful. Its activities include the Church's evening prayer together daily as a stimulus for lending assistance to a whole spectrum of needy persons: "lonely and non-self-sufficient elderly, immigrants and homeless people, terminally ill and HIV/AIDS patients, children at risk of deviance and marginalization, nomads and the physically and mentally handicapped, drug addicts, victims of war, and prisoners."[1] The community also has a high profile in the area of peace negotiations, in addressing the AIDS epidemic in Africa, and in its opposition to capital punishment. It takes an ecumenical approach in all of its work.

Sant'Egidio is a network of small communities of fraternal life, currently present in 73 countries distributed as follows: Europe (23), Africa (29), Asia (7), North America (8),[2] South America (5). There are an estimated 50,000 members.[1]


In 1968, just after the Second Vatican Council, Andrea Riccardi while still a teenager drew together a group of students at Virgil High School in Rome,[3][4] and founded the Christian community of the Acts of the Apostles and Francis of Assisi. The students took to teaching poor children who lived in shacks in the Roman periphery. Then the Popular School was formed, now called the School of Peace and present in many countries of the world.[5][6]

In 1973 the group acquired its present headquarters at the former Carmelite convent and church of Sant'Egidio (Italian for Saint Giles) in Trastevere in Rome. From 1977 the Community of Sant'Egidio expanded to other Italian cities and in the 1980s it spread to Europe, Africa, America, and Asia. On 18 May 1986, the Pontifical Council for the Laity named the Community of Sant'Egidio as "an international association of the faithful of pontifical right".[1]

In the Community of the nineties, the Country of the Rainbow was born, a movement for children and young people to learn respect for others and for nature. It can lead to lifetime commitment in the Community.[7] Also, the 1989 murder of a South African refugee was the stimulus for the People of Peace initiative directed primarily toward migrants but including the poor and elderly in some of its programs.[8]

Pope Francis' closeness to the community was demonstrated when in July 2019 he appointed Mateo Bruni, a prominent member of the Sant' Egidio community, as Director of the Press Office of the Holy See.[9] In October of the same year he raised to the Cardinalate Archbishop Matteo Zuppi of Bologna, a key member of the community in peace negotiations during the Mozambican Civil War.[10]


Andrea Riccardi, founder

The Community has no initiation ceremony or clear definition of membership. There are no salaried positions for San'Egidio officers and all have outside jobs. Groups are held together by shared evening prayer and commitment to serve the poor.[11][12] The number of those belonging to Sant'Egidio can only be estimated. The Pontifical Council for the Laity in its Compendium of International Movements estimated a membership of 50,000 in 2006.[1]

Every four years, an election council consisting of about 40 representatives elects the president and a council as a guiding organ. In 2003 Marco Impagliazzo was named president of the Community,[13] and remained in office through 2019. There is also a spiritual general assistant.

  • World President: in charge of all the communities of Sant'Egidio worldwide (Rome, Italy).
  • National President: responsible for all the communities in a country;
  • President of the community (centers): head of the community building, responsible for organizing charity events, activities, solidarity programs;
  • Volunteers: people who join in tor evening prayer leading to befriending and helping the poor.and needy.

The National President and the Council of Presidency are elected every five years by the General Assembly of representatives of all nuclei of communities (if there are several communities in a country).[14]



The basis of its communal life is common evening prayer,[15] which is open and may take place in a central church.[16][17][18] At every service a Bible passage is interpreted[19] as a stimulus for closer following of Jesus through forming friendships with the poor[20] and working for peace among all peoples.[21][12] The Community's effectiveness in working with people has been attributed to its "spirit of compromise and encounter", which has been compared to that of Pope Francis who has raised its profile during his pontificate.[22] Francis, during a visit to the community in Rome on 14 June 2014, characterized the Community of Sant'Egidio with three Ps: preghiera, poveri, pace (prayer, poor, peace).[23] On the occasion of its 50th anniversary celebrations Francis again visited the community and remarked that it was a daughter of the Second Vatican Council, with its impulse to community life and to being The People of God. He also commended the community for its audacious love:

Audaciousness is not the courage of a day, it is the patience of a daily mission in the city and in the world, a mission to patiently weave together again the human fabric of the peripheries that violence and impoverishment have torn apart; a mission to communicate the Gospel through personal friendship; to show how life truly becomes human when it is lived beside the poor; a mission to create a society that considers no one a foreigner. It is the mission to cross borders and walls, to join together.[24]

The Community, then, consists of small groups whose prayer together leads them outward to the poor and needy with whom they cultivate Christlike friendships.[12] "Former Archbishop of Canterbury Lord Carey commented that the Community of Sant'Egidio is what we want the modern church to be."[25]

Social commitment[edit]

Social commitment, especially through personal relationships, is what the Community of Sant'Egidio calls "friendship with the poor".[26] Riccardi has described this friendship as so close that "I can't say that there is really a radical difference between members and non-members."[27] Sant'Egidio has been described as a realization of Pope Francis' dream for the church to be "a field hospital" with Catholics "like shepherds living with the smell of their sheep".[28] This includes the following.

Children and adolescents[edit]

In Schools of Peace values of humanity, peace, and coexistence on the basis of the Christian faith are taught, along with school promotion (e.g. homework support), common games, and excursions.[29][30] Country of the Rainbow educates children to solidarity with all peoples and with nature. By 2019 it had grown to include about 10,000 children and young adults worldwide.[7]

The elderly[edit]

Long Live the Elderly is an outreach program to the elderly, in response to their isolation.[27] The priority objective is prevention, fighting the negative effects of critical events (like heat waves, flu epidemics, falls, loss of cohabitant).[31][32] Members of the Community establish long-term relationships with the lonely poor in rest homes, and find that "prayer and friendship with the poor is a beautiful way to live God's love and mercy in our daily life."[33]

The homeless and needy[edit]

Community members serve meals to the poor.[34][35][36] Worship and commemoration events are designed to strengthen ties to people suffering from homelessness and poverty.[37] The Vatican may go to the Community when requests for food are made, as by North Korea.[38]

The community in Rome prints a 253-page handbook titled Where to Eat, Sleep, and Wash in Rome as a gift for the homeless.[39] The book lists places where service is offered for the estimated 7,500 people living on the streets or in makeshift shacks of Rome, including everything from 47 overnight shelters to the 11 language schools for migrants run by Sant'Egidio itself.[40] Another of its works is with about 140,000 gypsies in Italy, as publicized by the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People.[41][42]

Refugees and new citizens[edit]

The Language and Culture School offers free language courses and an introduction to the culture of the host country in various European countries.[43] Refugees and new citizens launched the People of Peace movement in 1999 in various European countries with the aim of promoting integration, encounter of cultures and religions, exchange, and peace work in the respective countries.[44] In 2016, in collaboration with the Italian Protestant churches, an agreement was signed with the Italian Government to set up the Humanitarian corridors project,[20] whereby refugees from camps in Lebanon, Morocco, and Ethiopia[45] can safely travel to Europe with humanitarian visas and avoid the dangerous trips across the sea.[46][24] Pope Francis has turned to Sant'Egidio to house refugees brought to Italy by the Vatican.[47]

People with disabilities[edit]

This offers spiritual exchange, religious education, and leisure activities for adults with disabilities, and reaches out to lepers.[48] The Friends movement is a Community-sponsored restaurant that supports the DREAM program for AIDS sufferers in Africa by selling disabled peoples' paintings[49] from the Community's own workshop.[50][51]

Peace work[edit]

Sant'Egidio has been involved in numerous successful peace negotiations as a facilitator or observer: Albania (1987, elections), Mozambique (1989-1992, peace treaty), Algeria (1995, unify political groups),[52] Guatemala (1996, mediate civil war), Kosovo (1996-1998, negotiate with Serbia),[53] Congo (1999, national dialogue), Burundi (1997-2000, peace treaty).[54] The Community's most significant diplomatic achievement was the mediation of the Peace Agreement for Mozambique on 4 October 1992, which ended a sixteen-year civil war.[4][55][56][57] The Washington Post has described Sant'Egidio as "one of the most influential conflict resolution groups in the world,"[58] and this is borne out by the accolades it has received from a wide range of leaders.[11] In 2002 the Community gathered 450 religious leaders to discuss forming an International Parliament of Religions to mobilize morality.[59]

In 2014 Sant'Egidio collaborated with the Islamic association Muhammadiyah of Indonesia to bring an end to a 40-year conflict in the Mindanao region of the Philippines.[60][61] Troubled areas where it was involved in 2017 included Central African Republic,[62] Senegal,[63] South Sudan,[64] and Libya.[65] In June of that year the UN Department of Political Affairs formally opened a channel of communication with Sant'Egidio,[66] as have individual countries.[67]

Members of the Community of Sant'Egidio have been organizing annual International Peace Meetings[68] since their first at Assisi in 1986:[69] Lyon (France) 2005,[70] United States in 2006,[70] Barcelona in 2010,[11] Munich in 2011,[71] Sarajevo in 2012,[72] Rome in 2013, Antwerp in 2014,[73] Tirana in 2015, and Assisi again in 2016, on the 30th anniversary of the first meeting.[74] In 2017 the meeting took place in Münster and Osnabrück, with the participation of Chancellor Angela Merkel.[75] There is a strong element of ecumenism and dialogue at these "annual meetings ... [that] bring together Muslims, Catholics, Jews, Christians of all faiths, humanists, non-believers."[76][77][78]

Sant'Egidio has generated Youth for Peace groups, with some communicating through postings on websites.[79][80] Members of the adult Peace People group support reception centers for foreigners and also reach out to the poor and elderly.[81]

DREAM program[edit]

Sant'Egidio is "among global leaders on HIV/AIDS."[82] Its program DREAM (Drug Resource Enhancement against AIDS and Malnutrition) is one of the most studied approaches to HIV / AIDs treatment in the world. with a reported 100 or so papers on the program. Many of these are peer-reviewed studies that attest to its efficacy.[83]

DREAM takes a holistic approach, combining highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with the treatment of malnutrition, tuberculosis, malaria, and sexually transmitted diseases, while emphasizing health education at all levels.[84] The program was initiated in Mozambique in March 2002 and has spread to Angola, Cameroon, Congo DRC, Kenya, Malawi,[85] Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Guinea and Swaziland; it works through dispersed health centers.[86] Funding has come from various international organizations[87] including the World Bank and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation,[88] as well as from Italy's wine growers.[89] In 2004 Sant'Egidio received the Balzan Prize for humanity, peace and brotherhood among peoples, "and in particular for the realization of its DREAM program to fight AIDS and malnutrition that is taking place in Mozambique, a concrete model for others African countries in difficulty."[90] In August 2020, the Community of Sant'Egidio in collaboration with the charity Children Do Matter started the construction of The Green Lotus, an orphanage and shelter for homeless young girls in Blantyre, Malawi.[91]

Action to abolish the death penalty[edit]

Since 1998, the Community has been campaigning for a worldwide moratorium on the capital punishment.[92] An appeal that was signed by more than 5 million people worldwide in 2007, in collaboration with the World Coalition Against the Death Penalty (WCADP), helped the United Nations General Assembly to pass by a large majority on 18 December 2007, a resolution which calls for a moratorium worldwide.[93][94] Mario Marazziti, a member of the Community and of the lower house of parliament in Italy, head of its Human Rights Committee,[19] published an English-language book entitled 13 Ways of Looking at the Death Penalty.[95]

Every year since 2002, the Community of Sant'Egidio organizes the Global Day of Action Cities for Life / Cities Against the Death Penalty on 30 November, inviting cities around the world to take part in the Cities for Life Day.[96][97][98] It also shows its commitment against the death penalty by furnishing pen pals for many death-row convicts and by collecting signatures for a moratorium on executions.[99]


In 2003 the Italian journalist Sandro Magister wrote that working groups within Sant'Egidio, along with the poor, can displace the birth family for some Community members (Mt 10:35). He also printed a former member's memoir of having to defend one's behavior or beliefs before executive members.[100]


The Community of Sant'Egidio and its leaders have received numerous honors. These include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Associazioni Internazionali di fedeli, Repertorio - Pontificio Consiglio per i Laici". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Sant'Egidio at 40: Sant'Egidio: Linking friendship and service in world-changing ways". National Catholic Reporter. 16 May 2008. Archived from the original on 14 April 2010.
  3. ^ Murphy, Mimi (3 April 2008). "Andrea Riccardi". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b Gastrow, Peter (1995). Bargaining for Peace: South Africa and the National Peace Accord. US Institute of Peace Press. ISBN 9781878379399.
  5. ^ "Schools of Peace, worldwide listing". Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  6. ^ "School of Peace, South Sudan". Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Country of the Rainbow". Sant'Egidio. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  8. ^ "People of Peace". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  9. ^ "As a pope picks a spokesman, could history repeat itself?". Crux. 19 July 2019. Archived from the original on 10 November 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  10. ^ "Pope Announces Consistory". Archived from the original on 1 September 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  11. ^ a b c Marshall; Katherine; University, Georgetown (12 October 2010). "Creating Peace In War Zones: The Roman Catholic Community Of Sant'Egidio". HuffPost. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  12. ^ a b c Landy, Thomas M. (1 August 2014). "Italian lay organization Sant'Egidio focuses on prayer, service, friendship". Catholics & Cultures. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  13. ^ "Marco Impagliazzo". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  14. ^ "Sant'Egidio Community". Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  15. ^ Coffey, Margaret (28 October 2000). "A Christian community that embraces life's outsiders". The Age. p. 7. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  16. ^ "St.Bartholomew, Rome, Sant'Egidio house of prayer". Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Cardinal pays tribute at shrine to pope". Chicago Tribune. 3 April 2005. p. 2-7. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  18. ^ "Community of Sant'Egidio". Basilica of St. Patrick's Old Cathedral. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  19. ^ a b Elie, Paul (9 March 2015). "From Trastevere to Texas". Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  20. ^ a b Le Priol, Mélinée (24 May 2018). "Sant'Egidio France continues to grow- La Croix International". Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  21. ^ Ivereigh, Austen (22 December 2005). "Changing the World Via the Crucified: The Community of Sant'Egidio". Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  22. ^ Giangravè, Claire (9 May 2019). "Top Vatican diplomat praises Sant'Egidio for its passion for peace". Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  23. ^ "To the Sant'Egidio Community (15 June 2014) | Francis". Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  24. ^ a b "Pope Francis: Our fearful world needs audacious love". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  25. ^ Marshall, Katherine (12 October 2010). "Creating Peace In War Zones". Huffington Post.
  26. ^ "Diplomacy of Friendship". UNESCO Courier. January 2000.
  27. ^ a b Moses, Sarah M. (22 May 2015). "Chapter 3. Two Models of Long-Term Care: Community of Sant'Egidio and the Green House Project". Ethics and the Elderly: The Challenge of Long-Term Care. Orbis Books. ISBN 9781608335572.
  28. ^ Philpott, Daniel. "What is the Community of Sant'Egidio?". Church Life Journal. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  29. ^ "Schools of Peace, Community of Sant'Edigio". Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  30. ^ "Excursión de las Escuelas de la Paz de Madrid". Sant'Egidio - Madrid (in Spanish). 1 April 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  31. ^ "Long Live the Elderly, Community of Sant'Edigio". Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  32. ^ "Home". Viva gli Anziani ! (in Italian). Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  33. ^ "Sant'Egidio community meets Jesus in the elderly". Today's Catholic, Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  34. ^ "Pope Francis surprises poor and homeless at new cardinal's dinner - Vatican News". 30 June 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  35. ^ Bertran, Albert (25 December 2017). "La comida navideña solidaria reune a 1.300 personas en Barcelona". elperiodico (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  36. ^ "Pope shares meals with poor in Rome". Associated Press. 30 December 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  37. ^ "Mainpost: Dead homeless people should not be forgotten". Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  38. ^ "Community of Sant'Egidio in North Korea". PIIE. 8 July 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  39. ^ "Francis and Sant'Egidio". National Catholic Reporter. 19 April 2016.
  40. ^ "Italy: Sant'Egidio guide lists services for homeless". InfoMigrants. 12 December 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  41. ^ Szöke, Péter (December 2003). "People on the Move, Supp. No 93, V World Congress Gypsies". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  42. ^ Giangravè, Claire (22 May 2019). "As Italy's gypsies struggle with stigma, pope's outreach stands alone". Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  43. ^ "School of Language and Culture, Community of Sant'Egidio". Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  44. ^ "Peace People declaration". Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  45. ^ Winfield, Nicole (23 January 2016). "Churches open "corridor" for desperate migrants". Associated Press. p. 9A. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  46. ^ Domradio. "Sant'Egidio calls for humanitarian corridors for refugees". Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  47. ^ Kington, Tom (24 April 2016). "Granted a New Life by the Pope". Los Angeles Times. p. A3. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  48. ^ "Community Of Sant'Egidio Builds Sanitary Facilities For Leprosy Village, Minna, NIgeria". KapitalFM 92.9 Abuja. 14 May 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  49. ^ Abatemarco, Michael (14 June 2013). "Other brothers: Cesar Meneghetti's I/O project". The Santa Fe New Mexican. p. 2042. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  50. ^ "Restaurant of "The Friends"". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  51. ^ The work is described in detail in: Community of Sant'Egidio: Jesus as a friend. With mentally handicapped people on the way of the gospel. Würzburg, 2004
  52. ^ Chiesa (12 December 2003). "St. Egidio and Algeria. An Ambassador's Disturbing Revelations". Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  53. ^ D'Emilio, Frances (6 March 1998). "For Church Group, First Hot Meals, Now Hot Spots". p. 5. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  54. ^ "List of interventions (at end)". Archived from the original on 28 May 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  55. ^ Morozzo della Rocca, Roberto, Mozambique: Creating peace in Africa. Würzburg: Echter, 2003, ISBN 3-429-02582-6
  56. ^ Bartoli, Andrea, Forgiveness and Reconciliation in the Mozambique Peace Process. In: Raymond G. Helmick, Rodney L. Petersen (eds.): Forgiveness and Reconciliation: Religion, Public Policy, and Conflict Transformation. ISBN 978-1-890151-84-3
  57. ^ Marshall, Katherine; Marsh, Richard (1 January 2003). Millennium Challenges for Development and Faith Institutions. World Bank Publications. pp. 17–19. ISBN 9780821355909.
  58. ^ a b "Scaling the Middle Ground" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 June 2004. Retrieved 24 August 2006.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) (DOC format), The Washington Post, 6 March 2004; Page B09 (copy hosted by
  59. ^ "450 religious leaders discuss parliament". Tampa Bay Times / Religious News Service. 7 September 2002. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  60. ^ Zenit (5 June 2014). "Philippinen: Internationale Friedenskonferenz auf Mindanao".
  61. ^ "Sant'Egidio announces peace in Mindanao". Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  62. ^ Ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires. "Signing of a Protocol on Cooperation with the Community of Sant'Egidio (18.04.17)". France Diplomatie :: Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  63. ^ "Sant'Egidio Playing Vital Role in Effort to End 30-Year Conflict in Senegal". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  64. ^ "Südsudan | GEMEINSCHAFT SANT'EGIDIO". Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  65. ^ "Libyen | GEMEINSCHAFT SANT'EGIDIO". Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  66. ^ "The UN Formalizes Its Partnership With Sant'Egidio". PassBlue. 9 June 2017.
  67. ^ Amt, Auswärtiges. "Federal Foreign Office - Working worldwide for peace – Federal Foreign Office and Community of Sant'Egidio consolidate their cooperation". German Federal Foreign Office. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  68. ^ "Community of Sant'Egidio International Meeting for Peace". KAICIID. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  69. ^ Kedl, Aloysius (2006). "Father Marcello Zago's Role in the Celebration of the 1986 Day of Prayer for Peace at Assisi" (PDF). Vie Oblate Life. 65 (1). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2015.
  70. ^ a b Manning, Stephen. "World religious leaders hold an interfaith meeting in Washington". Associated Press. p. 4B. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  71. ^ Deckers, Daniel (25 September 2011). "The better variant of the religious". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Archived from the original on 25 September 2011.
  72. ^ Tagespost (18 October 2017). "Message of peace and tolerance".
  73. ^ "A world in flames: Religious leaders talk about war and peace". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 9 September 2014.
  74. ^ Agnew, Paddy (20 September 2016). "Pope Francis denounces use of religion to foment violence". The Irish Times. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  75. ^ Strack, Christoph (9 October 2017). "Dialogue of the religions is necessary". Deutsche Welle.
  76. ^ "Andrea Riccardi: "El espíritu de Asís es el arte de vivir juntos y en paz"". Vida Nueva - Revista y portal de noticias religiosas y de Iglesia (in Spanish). 14 March 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  77. ^ "Pan-religious dialogue in Cyprus meeting". Oomoto. November 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  78. ^ "At the International Meeting of the Sant Egidio Community "Bridges of Peace"". Middle East Council of Churches. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  79. ^ "School of Peace". Giovani per la Pace. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  80. ^ "USA Youth for Peace". USA Youth for Peace. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  81. ^ "Peace People, Sant'Egidio". Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  82. ^ Marshall, Katherine. AIDS: From Judgment to Hope, Huffington Post, 12/6/11. Retrieved 12/6/11.
  83. ^ "Global Health and Africa Report" (PDF). Tony Blair Faith Foundation.
  84. ^ Marazzi, M. C. (2005). "DREAM: An integrated faith-based initiative to treat HIV/AIDS in Mozambique" (PDF). World Health Org.
  85. ^ "Community of Sant'Egidio Community determined for more support". Malawi News 24. 3 September 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  86. ^ "DREAM & Sant'Egidio". Aids Free Birthright. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  87. ^ "Bush". Santa Maria Times. 10 June 2007. p. A8. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  88. ^ Holmes, Stephanie (8 June 2007). "BBC: Profile: Community of Sant'Egidio". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  89. ^ Pulella, Philip (3 December 2010). "Italian vineyards do part to fight AIDS in Africa". Reuters. p. 18. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  90. ^ "Fondazione Internazionale Premio Balzan, DREAM". 18 October 2012. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  91. ^ "The Green Lotus Orphanage & Home ∼ Malawi". 8 November 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  92. ^ Steinfels, Peter (30 December 2000). "Group seeks death penalty ban". New York Times. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  93. ^ "America/United States - Se entregaran 5 millones de firmas por una moratoria universal de la pena de muerte el 2 de noviembre al Presidente de la Asamblea General de la ONU en Nueva York - Agenzia Fides". Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  94. ^ Vatican Radio (16 November 2007). "UN: Vatican welcomes decision on the death penalty". Archived from the original on 29 May 2009.
  95. ^ Marazziti, Mario (2015). 13 Ways of Looking at the Death Penalty. ISBN 978-1609805678.
  96. ^ "Le città | Cities For Life 2012 | No alla pena di morte, Comunità di Sant'Egidio". 19 October 2013. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  97. ^ "No to the death penalty, Community of Sant'Egidio, No Justice Without Life: moratorium on executions, abolition, news, press releases, urgent appeals to death sentences, books, events". 23 July 2012. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  98. ^ Traversa, Giovanna (29 November 2017). "Capital punishment. Impagliazzo (Sant'Egidio Community), "defending the life of a person sentenced to death means defending everyone's life" | AgenSIR". AgenSIR - Servizio Informazione Religiosa (in Italian). Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  99. ^ "Communità di Sant'Egidio". World Coalition Against the Death Penalty. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  100. ^ Magister, Sandro (15 May 2003). "Twenty-Five Years in the Community of Sant'Egidio: A Memoir". Chiesa.
  101. ^ "World Methodist Peace Award". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  102. ^ "Niwano Peace Prize, Tokyo". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  103. ^ "UNESCO Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  104. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize nomination". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  105. ^ "Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize". Archived from the original on 27 June 2004. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  106. ^ "Balzan Prize winners 2004". November 2004.
  107. ^ "Sant'Egidio receives Science Award for DREAM". 17 April 2004. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  108. ^ "Charlemagne Prize Laureates". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  109. ^ "Charlemagne Prize 2009". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  110. ^ "Premio Carlomagno para italiano Andrea Riccardi | 21.05.2009". DW.COM (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  111. ^ "The Laureates in 2010". Fondation Chirac. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  112. ^ "Colombe d'Oro Prize for Peace Disarmament". Agenzia Habeshia per la Cooperazione allo Sviluppo. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  113. ^ "Humanitarian Corridors" (PDF). Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  114. ^ "James Parks Morton award from the Interfaith Center of New York". 15 May 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2019.



External links[edit]