Stand by Me (Ben E. King song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Stand by Me"
"Stand by Me" by Ben E King US vinyl Side-A.png
One of side-A labels of the original 1961 US single
Single by Ben E. King
from the album Don't Play That Song!
B-side"On the Horizon" (1961)
"Yakety Yak" by the Coasters (1986)
ReleasedApril 24, 1961
RecordedOctober 27, 1960
Songwriter(s)Ben E. King, Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
Producer(s)Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
Ben E. King singles chronology
"First Taste of Love"
"Stand by Me"
Official vinyl video
"Stand by Me" by Ben E. King on YouTube
Ben E. King singles chronology
"Souvenirs of Love"
"Stand by Me"
"Spanish Harlem"

"Stand by Me" is a song originally performed in 1961 by American singer-songwriter Ben E. King and written by him, along with Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, who together used the pseudonym Elmo Glick. According to King, the title is derived from, and was inspired by, a spiritual written by Sam Cooke and J. W. Alexander called "Stand by Me Father," recorded by the Soul Stirrers with Johnnie Taylor singing lead.

It was featured on the soundtrack of the 1986 film of the same name, and a corresponding music video, featuring King along with actors River Phoenix and Wil Wheaton, was released to promote the film. It was also featured in a 1987 European commercial of Levi's 501 jeans, contributing to greater success in Europe. In 2012, its royalties were estimated to have topped $22.8 million (£17 million), making it the sixth highest-earning song as of its era. 50% of the royalties were paid to King.[3] In 2015, King's original version was inducted into the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress, as "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant",[4] just under five weeks before his death. Later in the year, the 2015 lineup of the Drifters recorded it in tribute.

There have been over 400 recorded versions of the song, performed by many artists, notably Otis Redding, John Lennon, Muhammad Ali,[5] 4 the Cause, Tracy Chapman, musicians of the Playing for Change project, Florence and the Machine, and the Kingdom Choir.

Writing and recording[edit]

Ben E. King (pictured in 1990s) originally sang the song, becoming a hit in the US in 1961 and again in 1986.

In 1960, Ben E. King was inspired to update the early 20th-century gospel hymn "Stand by Me" by Charles Albert Tindley, which was based on Psalm 46, "will not we fear, though the Earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea."[6] According to the documentary History of Rock 'n' Roll, King had no intention of recording the song himself.[7] King had written it for the Drifters, who passed on recording it. After the "Spanish Harlem" recording session in 1960, King had some studio time left over. The session's producers, Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, asked if he had any more songs. King played it on the piano for them. They liked it and called the studio musicians back in to record it.

Stoller recalls it differently:

I remember arriving at our office as Jerry and Ben were working on lyrics for a new song. King had the beginnings of a melody that he was singing a cappella. I went to the piano and worked up the harmonies, developing a bass pattern that became the signature of the song. Ben and Jerry quickly finished the lyrics ... .[8]

In another interview, Stoller said:

Ben E. had the beginnings of a song—both words and music. He worked on the lyrics together with Jerry, and I added elements to the music, particularly the bass line. To some degree, it's based on a gospel song called "Lord Stand By Me". I have a feeling that Jerry and Ben E. were inspired by it. Ben, of course, had a strong background in church music. He's a 50% writer on the song, and Jerry and I are 25% each.... When I walked in, Jerry and Ben E. were working on the lyrics to a song. They were at an old oak desk we had in the office. Jerry was sitting behind it, and Benny was sitting on the top. They looked up and said they were writing a song. I said, "Let me hear it."... Ben began to sing the song a cappella. I went over to the upright piano and found the chord changes behind the melody he was singing. It was in the key of A. Then I created a bass line. Jerry said, "Man that's it!" We used my bass pattern for a starting point and, later, we used it as the basis for the string arrangement created by Stanley Applebaum.[9]

The personnel on the song included Romeo Penque on sax, Ernie Hayes on piano, Al Caiola and Charles McCracken on guitars, Lloyd Trotman on double bass, Phil Kraus on percussion, and Gary Chester on drums, plus a wordless mixed chorus and strings. Songwriting credits on the single were shown as King and Elmo Glick—a pseudonym used by Leiber and Stoller.


The song uses a version of the common chord progression now called the '50s progression, which has been called the "'Stand by Me' changes" after the song.[10]

Release and reception[edit]

King's record went to number 1 on the R&B charts[11] and was a Top Ten hit on the US charts twice—in its original release, entering the Billboard chart on May 13, 1961[12] and peaking at number 4 on June 16, 1961, and a 1986 re-release coinciding with its use as the theme song for the film of the same name following its appearance in the film, when it peaked at number 9 on December 20, 1986 – January 3, 1987. The song is also heard in the televised advertisement of Levi's 501 jeans. In the commercial, a man wearing a black denim jeans is able to enter a nightclub whose policy is "no blue jeans".[13] "Stand by Me" also topped the charts in Canada, Ireland, and the United Kingdom upon its re-release. In the latter country, the song topped the UK Singles Chart in January 1987, mostly because of the jeans TV commercial, originally peaking at number 27 on the UK Singles Chart on its original release in Britain in 1961. Originally "Stand by Me" was not released on an album until it had been out as a single for over a year, eventually appearing on King's Don't Play That Song! album in 1962.

"Stand by Me" was ranked 122nd on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. In 1999, BMI named it as the fourth most-performed song of the 20th century, with about seven million performances.[14] On March 27, 2012, the Songwriters Hall of Fame announced that the song would receive its 2012 Towering Song Award and that King would be honored with the 2012 Towering Performance Award for his recording of it.[15] In February 2019, the Smooth Radio network in the United Kingdom called it one "of the best love songs of the 1960s".[16]

Chart performance[edit]

For the year-end charts in the US, the song was the number 63 song of 1961[17] and number 67 of 1987.[18]

Certifications and sales[edit]

Certifications and sales for "Stand by Me"
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[51]
Gold 50,000^
Denmark (IFPI Danmark)[52] Platinum 90,000double-dagger
Italy (FIMI)[53]
sales since 2009
Platinum 100,000double-dagger
Japan (RIAJ)[54]
1991 physical release
Platinum 100,000^
Japan (RIAJ)[55]
Full-length ringtone
Gold 100,000*
United Kingdom (BPI)[56] 2× Platinum 1,200,000double-dagger
United States
digital sales

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
double-dagger Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

John Lennon version[edit]

"Stand by Me"
Stand by me by john lennon US Starline reissue variant A.png
One of label variants of the US reissue
Single by John Lennon
from the album Rock 'n' Roll
B-side"Move Over Ms. L"
ReleasedMarch 10, 1975
GenreFolk rock
Producer(s)John Lennon
John Lennon singles chronology
"Number 9 Dream"
"Stand by Me"
"(Just Like) Starting Over"
Official music video
"Stand by Me" (Ultimate Mix, 2020) by John Lennon on YouTube
John Lennon in summer 1975

John Lennon recorded his version of the song[58] for his 1975 album Rock 'n' Roll. Lennon's remake became a single three weeks after the album's release[59] and was his last hit prior to his five-year retirement from the music industry. Lennon filmed a performance of the song for The Old Grey Whistle Test in 1975.[60] Cash Box said of it that "John's serenading guitar chords herald this bright new production of one of rockdom's favorites," and that it displays Lennon's "magical, mysterious his finest."[61]

On the week of May 3, 1975, this version was in its second of two weeks at the peak position number 20 on the US Hot 100, right in front of King's comeback hit "Supernatural Thing – Part I" at number 21. Both tunes fell off the top 40 the next week and off the chart the week after that. Lennon's version stayed on top 100 of the UK Singles Chart for seven weeks, peaking at number 30 on its fourth week on the week of May 18–24, 1975.[62] It peaked at number 13 on Canada's RPM Top Singles chart on the week ending May 3, 1975[63] and stayed on the peak position the following week.[64] It peaked at number 11 on the Official New Zealand Music Chart on the week of July 14, 1975.[65]

The single's B-side track is "Move Over Ms. L", initially intended for Lennon's previous album Walls and Bridges but was cut from the final lineup due to his dissatisfaction with his early takes.[66] Keith Moon covered "Move Over Ms. L" for his 1975 solo album Two Sides of the Moon.[66]

Before the parent album's official release, during Lennon's March 1974 sessions with Harry Nilsson for Nilsson's album Pussy Cats, Lennon recorded two takes of the song in collaboration with former Beatles member Paul McCartney. McCartney performed on the drums; Lennon on guitar. The unreleased recordings would eventually be included in a bootleg album A Toot and a Snore in '74.[67]

Billboard regarded Lennon's version as "the best version since the original."[68] Pitchfork writer Marc Hogan found Lennon's version "more affecting (just barely)" than the original due to the "acoustic guitar and Lennon's fervent vocals".[69] A 2007 book The Words and Music of John Lennon by Ben Urish and Ken Bielen called Lennon's version one of the "stronger" tracks of the album.[59] Journalist and book author Robert Webb in 2013 called this version one of the "greatest cover versions".[70]


Personnel per John Lennon Website[71]

Chart (1975) Peak
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[72] 19
Canada Top Singles (RPM)[73] 13
German Singles Chart 22
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[74] 11
US Billboard Hot 100[75] 20
US Cashbox Top 100[76] 20
UK Singles (OCC)[77] 30

Mickey Gilley version[edit]

"Stand by Me"
Single by Mickey Gilley
from the album Urban Cowboy: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
B-side"Cotton-Eyed Joe" by The Unstrung Heroes
"Here Comes the Hurt Again" (UK)
ReleasedMay 31, 1980
Producer(s)Jim Ed Norman
Mickey Gilley singles chronology
"True Love Ways"
"Stand by Me"
"That's All That Matters"

Mickey Gilley released his version of the song in 1980, and it was included in the movie Urban Cowboy. It was his eighth No. 1 on the US country charts and also reached No. 22 on the US Hot 100. This version also peaked at No. 3 in Canadian RPM Country Singles in September 1980[78] and No. 51 in RPM Top Singles the following month.[79] The song would "become one of Gilley's signature songs."[80]

Chart (1980) Peak
US Hot Country Songs (Billboard)[81] 1
US Billboard Hot 100[82] 22
US Adult Contemporary (Billboard)[83] 3
Canada Country Tracks (RPM)[84] 3
Canada Top Singles (RPM)[85] 51

Playing for Change version[edit]

External video
video icon Official music video via verified Playing for Change channel on YouTube

Documentary filmmaker Mark Johnson, who also created the Playing for Change project based on an idea he had in the late 1990s and established the eponymous Foundation, witnessed street performer Roger Ridley (died November 16, 2005) singing "Stand by Me" in Santa Monica, California, in March 2005.[86]

Johnson was inspired to film Ridley's performance[87] and another thirty-six musicians' individual performances of the song "around the world"[88] and then mix the clips into one music video.[87] The music video was featured in an October 2008 episode of Bill Moyers Journal, where Johnson was promoting the documentary film Playing for Change: Peace Through Music,[87] which includes the music video and was shown as part of the 2008 Tribeca Film Festival in New York City.[88] The music video was uploaded via the Playing for Change YouTube channel in November 2008, garnering more than 10 million views in May 2009.[88] The total amount of views of the YouTube video increased to more than 24 million in December 2010,[89] 30 million in March 2011,[90] 40 million in March 2012,[91] 50 million in some time between 2012 and 2014,[92] 60 million in 2014,[93] 74 million in May 2015,[94] 100 million in 2017,[95] and 140[96] (or 142[97]) million in March 2020.

The musicians' performance of the song would be later included in their 2009 debut album Songs Around the World.[citation needed] The debut album has nine other tracks, comes with the seven-track bonus DVD, and sold about 26,000 units on its first week, 85% of sales from online sales and "nontraditional retail stores (including Starbucks locations)" and 25% from outside the United States.[88]

Prince Royce version[edit]

"Stand by Me"
Prince Royce - Stand By Me.jpg
Single by Prince Royce
from the album Prince Royce
ReleasedJanuary 19, 2010
LabelTop Stop Music
Producer(s)Sergio George, Eduardo Aguilar
Prince Royce singles chronology
"Stand by Me"
"Corazón Sin Cara"
Official music video
"Stand by Me" (original video) by Prince Royce on YouTube

Prince Royce recorded a bachata version of the song as his debut single, changing parts of the lyrics into Spanish. This version peaked number eight on US Hot Latin Tracks and number one on US Tropical Airplay. At the Latin Grammy Awards of 2010, Royce performed the song live along with Ben E. King.[98] Royce's remake received a Lo Nuestro award for "Tropical Song of the Year".[99]

Royce performed the song live again at a July 2016 Philips Arena concert in Atlanta, Georgia alongside a male fan,[100] at a 2017 Amway Center concert in Orlando, Florida,[101] as the second song for the 2019 RodeoHouston concert,[102] and at the third night of the 2020 Democratic National Convention.[103] He also made a dance version for his debut album as well.

Other notable versions[edit]

1960s and 1970s[edit]

Adriano Celentano's 1962 Italian version, "Pregherò" (meaning "I will pray") reached number 1 on the Italian charts.[citation needed] Muhammad Ali (as Cassius Clay) released a version on his 1963 spoken-word/comedy album I Am the Greatest. Clay's recording was released as the B-side of the eponymous single in 1964,[111] charting on the Billboard "Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles".[112] It was included on the CD Beat Of The Pops Vol 34.

External audio
audio icon "Stand by Me" by Otis Redding on YouTube

Otis Redding covered the song for his 1964 debut album Pain in My Heart;[113] Kenny Lynch's 1964 version stayed on the top 100 UK Singles Chart for seven weeks, peaking at number 39 on the week of May 7–13, 1964, its fourth week.[114] Spyder Turner's 1967 version climbed to number 3 on the US Billboard Black Singles chart, number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart,[115] and number 10 in Canada.[116]

David and Jimmy Ruffin (credited as The Ruffin Brothers) remade the song for their only collaborative album I Am My Brother's Keeper (1970).[117] Released as a single,[118] the version stayed at its peak position number 61 on Billboard Hot 100 for two weeks on the weeks ending November 28 (its sixth week)[119] and December 5, 1970 (seventh week).[120] It also peaked at number 24 on Billboard Soul Singles on the week ending November 21, 1970, its fourth week.[121]


External media
audio icon "Stand by Me" by Maurice White on YouTube (the band Earth, Wind & Fire is credited)
video icon "Stand by Me" by Julian Lennon on YouTube
video icon "Stand by Me" by Anita Mui (Cantonese) on YouTube

Maurice White's 1985 cover from his self titled album reached No. 6 on the US Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles chart [122] and No. 11 on the US Billboard Adult Contemporary Songs chart.[123] White's version also topped at No. 5 on the RPM Canadian Adult Contemporary Songs chart and No. 8 on the New Zealand Singles chart.[124][125]

Julian Lennon, son of John Lennon, performed the song at a spring 1985 concert, seen in the 1985 home video release Stand by Me: A Portrait of Julian Lennon.[126] This version later appeared on the soundtrack to the 1986 film, Playing for Keeps. U2 performed the song with Bruce Springsteen at the John F. Kennedy Stadium (Philadelphia) concert on September 25, 1987, during the Joshua Tree Tour.[127]

Anita Mui recorded the Cantonese version for her 1987 Cantonese album Mung Leui Gung Tseui. In 1988, Mui's version was awarded as one of top ten gold songs by Hong Kong telecommunication stations RTHK[128] and by TVB.[129] After Mui's death in 2003, Hong Kong singers and actors Miriam Yeung, Denise Ho, Alex To, Edmond Leung, band members of Grasshopper, Andy Hui, and William So performed Mui's version at Anita Mui. 10. Memory. Music. Gather. (梅艷芳。10。思念。音樂。會), the December 30, 2013, tribute concert for Mui.[130]


In a 1995 music video entitled Disney's Timon & Pumbaa in "Stand by Me",[131] Timon performs the song with slightly altered lyrics, while every time Timon sings the chorus, Pumbaa survives physical mishaps and ferocious creatures. A trio of frogs then finish the song at the end.[132] It's the only media in the series to use digital ink and paint. It was shown before Tom and Huck in theaters.

A version of the song was released by American R&B group 4 the Cause as their debut single in 1998. It was a number-one hit in Switzerland, reached number two of the Austrian and German singles charts and number three in New Zealand, and was a top-ten hit in several other countries.[133][134]


"Stand by Me"
Single by Florence and the Machine
from the album Songs From Final Fantasy XV
ReleasedAugust 12, 2016 (2016-08-12)
Producer(s)Benjamin Nelson[135]
Florence and the Machine singles chronology
"Wish That You Were Here"
"Stand by Me"
"Sky Full of Song"
"Stand by Me" by Florence + The Machine on YouTube

Florence and the Machine recorded the song for the soundtrack and trailer of Final Fantasy XV in 2016.[136][137] The band released its EP Songs from Final Fantasy XV on August 12, containing the band's remake. The cover peaked at number fifteen on the Billboard Hot Rock Singles in December.[138] In February 2017, voice actors of Final Fantasy XV Ray Chase (Noctis), Adam Croasdell (Ignis), Robbie Daymond (Prompto), and Max Mittelman (Tredd Furia of the 2016 film Kingsglaive: Final Fantasy XV) performed King's song all together while streaming their FFXV playthrough in a Twitch livestream video, viewed by almost 800 users.[139][140]

External video
video icon "Stand by Me" by Skylar Grey on YouTube
video icon "Stand by Me" by Karen Gibson and The Kingdom Choir at the Royal Wedding (BBC) on YouTube

Skylar Grey recorded the song which appeared for a Budweiser commercial for Super Bowl LII, with proceeds for the song to go to the American Red Cross.[141][142]

The Kingdom Choir performed the song at the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle on May 19, 2018.[143] Their version debuted and peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot Gospel Songs chart on the week ending June 2, 2018.[144][145] It also entered the UK Singles Chart and peaked at number 94 on its first and only week, the week of May 25–31, 2018.[146] It is included in their debut album, Stand by Me,[147] released later that year.[148]


External video
video icon Snoop Dogg performing the song via Instagram

On October 24, 2021, Snoop Dogg performed the song alongside the audience at a Big Night Live concert in Boston as a tribute to his mother Beverly Tate, who died at age 70 earlier on the same night.[149][150]


Maurice White[edit]

Chart (1985) Peak
US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (Billboard)[122] 6
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[151] 8
Canada RPM Adult Contemporary[124]
US Adult Contemporary (Billboard)[123] 11
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[152] 38
US Billboard Hot 100[153] 50

4 the Cause[edit]

Certifications (4 the Cause)[edit]
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Belgium (BEA)[184] Gold 25,000*
Germany (BVMI)[185] Platinum 500,000^
Sweden (GLF)[186] Gold 15,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[187] Gold 25,000^

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

Florence + the Machine[edit]

The Kingdom Choir[edit]

Weekly charts
Chart (2018) Position
US Billboard Hot Gospel Songs[144] 1
UK Singles (OCC)[195] 94

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Huey, Steve. "Ben E. King | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  2. ^ "The 40 best basslines of all time". Bass Player. January 8, 2020. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  3. ^ "BBC4 The World's Richest Songs". Did You Watch It?. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  4. ^ "New Entries to National Recording Registry | News Releases – Library of Congress". Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  5. ^ Worth, Fred L. (1985). Rock Facts. "Muhammad Ali had a minor hit with the Ben E. King classic "Stand By Me" with "I Am The Greatest" as the flip side.
  6. ^ Connor, Alan (May 21, 2018). "Stand By Me: More than a royal wedding song". BBC News. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  7. ^ "Good Rockin' Tonight". (c) 1995 Time-Life Video.
  8. ^ Leiber, Jerry; Stoller, Mike; Ritz, David (2009). Hound Dog: The Leiber & Stoller Autobiography. Simon & Schuster. p. 174. ISBN 978-1-4165-5938-2.
  9. ^ "May 2012". JazzWax. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  10. ^ Moore, Allan (1995). "The So-Called 'Flattened Seventh' in Rock". Popular Music. Cambridge University Press. 14 (2): 185–201. doi:10.1017/S0261143000007431. S2CID 162661553.
  11. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–2004. Record Research. p. 325.
  12. ^ "Music: Top 100 Songs | Billboard Hot 100 Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on April 17, 2015.
  13. ^ Jobling, Paul (2014). "25: A Soundtrack for Consumerism: Music, Image and Myth". Advertising Menswear: Masculinity and Fashion in the British Media Since 1945. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-4725-5811-4. LCCN 2013045221.
  14. ^ "BMI Announces Top 100 Songs of the Century | News". December 13, 1999. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  15. ^ "Stand By Me Named Towering Song, Ben E. King Towering Performance, Lance Freed Abe Olman Publisher". SongHall. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  16. ^ "12 of the best love songs of the 1960s". Smooth. February 5, 2019. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  17. ^ "1961". Longbored Surfer. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  18. ^ "1987". Longbored Surfer. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  19. ^ "CHUM Hit Parade, June 19, 1961". Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  20. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
  21. ^ "Ben E. King Chart History (Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  22. ^ "Ben-E-King Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
  23. ^ "Cash Box Top 100 6/17/61". Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  24. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 166. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  25. ^ "RPM Top 100 Singles - December 20, 1986" (PDF).
  26. ^ "Ben E. King – Stand by Me" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  27. ^ "Ben E. King – Stand by Me". Top Digital Download.
  28. ^ "Ben E. King – Stand by Me" (in French). Les classement single.
  29. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Ben E King". Irish Singles Chart.
  30. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Ben E King" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40.
  31. ^ "Ben E. King – Stand by Me" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  32. ^ "Ben E. King – Stand by Me". Top 40 Singles.
  33. ^ "Ben E. King – Stand by Me". VG-lista.
  34. ^ "Ben E. King – Stand by Me". Singles Top 100.
  35. ^ "Ben E. King – Stand by Me". Swiss Singles Chart.
  36. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
  37. ^ "Ben E King Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
  38. ^ "Ben-E-King Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard.
  39. ^ " – Ben E. King – Stand by Me". GfK Entertainment charts.
  40. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 40 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége.
  41. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1987". Ultratop. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  42. ^ "RPM Top 100 Singles of '86 - December 27, 1986" (PDF).
  43. ^ "RPM Top 100 Singles of '87 - December 26, 1987" (PDF).
  44. ^ "European Charts of the Year 1987 - Singles" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 4, no. 51/52. December 26, 1987. p. 34. OCLC 29800226. Retrieved April 11, 2022 – via World Radio History.
  45. ^ "Top 100-Jaaroverzicht van 1987". Dutch Top 40. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  46. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1987". Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  47. ^ "Gallup Year End Charts 1987: Singles" (PDF). Record Mirror. London. January 23, 1988. p. 36. ISSN 0144-5804. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  48. ^ "1987 The Year in Music & Video: Top Pop Singles". Billboard. Vol. 99, no. 52. December 26, 1987.
  49. ^ "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts". GfK Entertainment (in German). Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  50. ^ "Billboard Hot 100 60th Anniversary Interactive Chart". Billboard. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  51. ^ "Canadian single certifications – Ben E. King – Standy By Me". Music Canada. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  52. ^ "Danish single certifications – Ben E. King – Standy By Me". IFPI Danmark. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  53. ^ "Italian single certifications – Ben E. King – Standy By Me" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved February 7, 2023.
  54. ^ "Japanese single certifications – Ben E. King – Standy By Me" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved December 27, 2020. Select 1994年5月 on the drop-down menu
  55. ^ "Japanese ringtone certifications – Ben E. King – Standy By Me" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved February 17, 2021. Select 2011年11月 on the drop-down menu
  56. ^ "British single certifications – Ben E. King – Stand By Me". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
  57. ^ "Nielsen SoundScan charts – Digital Songs – Week Ending: 09/14/2017" (PDF). Nielsen SoundScan. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 19, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
  58. ^ Stand by me cover song by John Lennon, retrieved July 7, 2022
  59. ^ a b Urish, Ben; Bielen, Ken (2007). "What You Got, 1973–1975". In James E. Perone (ed.). The Words and Music of John Lennon. The Praeger Singer-Songwriter Collection. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 66–67. ISBN 978-0-275-99180-7.
  60. ^ The Old Grey Whistle Test (DVD). Warner Home Video. 2003.
  61. ^ "CashBox Record Reviews" (PDF). Cash Box. March 15, 1975. p. 38. Retrieved December 11, 2021.
  62. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 50: 18 May 1975 – 24 May 1975". Official Charts.
  63. ^ "Top Singles". RPM. Vol. 23, no. 10. May 3, 1975 – via Library and Archives Canada.
  64. ^ "Top Singles". RPM. Vol. 23, no. 11. May 10, 1975 – via Library and Archives Canada.
  65. ^ "Official Top 40 Singles (14 July 1975)". Recorded Music NZ.
  66. ^ a b Urish & Bielen 2007, p. 63.
  67. ^ James A. Mitchell, The Walrus & the Elephants: John Lennon's Years of Revolution, Seven Stories Press (New York, 2013). ISBN 978-1-60980-467-1.
  68. ^ "Top Single Picks" (PDF). Billboard. March 15, 1975. p. 82. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  69. ^ Hogan, Marc (November 9, 2004). "John Lennon: Acoustic / Rock 'n' Roll". Pitchfork. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  70. ^ Webb, Robert (2013). "'Stand by Me', John Lennon (1975); Original by Ben E. King (1961)". The 100 Greatest Cover Versions: The Ultimate Playlist. McNidder & Grace. pp. 38–39. ISBN 9780857160195.
  71. ^ "Stand By Me". John Lennon. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  72. ^ "John Lennon – Stand by Me" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  73. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 6158a." RPM. Library and Archives Canada.
  74. ^ "John Lennon – Stand by Me". Top 40 Singles.
  75. ^ "John Lennon Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
  76. ^ Blaney, John (2005). John Lennon: Listen to This Book (illustrated ed.). [S.l.]: Paper Jukebox. p. 326. ISBN 978-0-9544528-1-0.
  77. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
  78. ^ "RPM Country 75 Singles". RPM. September 6, 1980 – via
  79. ^ "RPM 100 Singles". RPM. October 11, 1980 – via
  80. ^ Gomez, Adrian (April 5, 2019). "In the Saddle: Mickey Gilley bringing 'Urban Cowboy Reunion' tour to NM". Albuquerque Journal.
  81. ^ "Mickey Gilley Chart History (Hot Country Songs)". Billboard.
  82. ^ "Mickey Gilley Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
  83. ^ "Mickey Gilley Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard.
  84. ^ "Top RPM Country Tracks: Issue 0231a." RPM. Library and Archives Canada.
  85. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 0249b." RPM. Library and Archives Canada.
  86. ^ Urbain, Olivier (2017) [2011]. "Inspiring Musical Movements and Global Solidarity". In Felicity Laurence; Olivier Urbain (eds.). Music and Solidarity. Vol. 15: Peace & Policy. New York City: Taylor & Francis Group. ISBN 978-1-4128-4230-3. LCCN 2010051407.
  87. ^ a b c Johnson, Mark (October 24, 2008). "Transcript of October 24, 2008 episode featuring Playing for Change: Peace Through Music segment". Bill Moyers Journal. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  88. ^ a b c d Peters, Mitchell (May 16, 2009). "Peaceful Dreams". Billboard. p. 46. Retrieved August 29, 2019 – via Google Books.
  89. ^ Katrandjian, Olivia (December 17, 2010). "Connecting the World, One Song at a Time". ABC News. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  90. ^ "Video of the Week: Playing for Change's Redemption Song Video". World Music March 21, 2011.
  91. ^ Sesay, Isha (March 20, 2012). "Playing for Change: Street musicians unite world through songs". CNN. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  92. ^ Williams, Alan (2015). "The Problem and Potential of Commerce". In Svanibor Pettan; Jeff Todd Titon (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Applied Ethnomusicology. New York City: Oxford University Press. p. 793. ISBN 978-0-19-935170-1. Williams's essay does not specify when the total views reached to 50 million.
  93. ^ Spevak, John (July 9, 2014). "Band headlining BBQ fest is in 'joy business'". Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  94. ^ Donohue, John (May 5, 2015). "The Eternal 'Stand by Me'". The New Yorker. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  95. ^ "Playing For Change Announces 'We Are One' Benefit Concert". Playing for Change. August 22, 2017.
  96. ^ Bacchieri, Daniel (March 8, 2020). "All the world's a stage – buskers can make it big in a connected world". The Conversation. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  97. ^ Parker, Kathleen (March 20, 2020). "Where there is humor, there is hope". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  98. ^ "Prince Royce All Set To Touch The Sky". November 12, 2010. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  99. ^ "Premio Lo Nuestro 2011 Winners List". February 18, 2011. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  100. ^ Ruggieri, Melissa (July 26, 2016). "Concert review: Pitbull and Prince Royce party in Atlanta". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  101. ^ Cordeiro, Monivette (August 1, 2017). "Bachata star Prince Royce seduces the Amway Center". Orlando Weekly. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  102. ^ Guerra, Joey (February 28, 2019). "Rain, romance and Selena during Prince Royce's RodeoHouston debut". Beaumont Enterprise. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  103. ^ Flores, Griselda (August 19, 2020). "Prince Royce Performs Unifying 'Stand By Me' at Democratic National Convention". Billboard. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  104. ^ Prince Royce Billboard Singles, AllMusic
  105. ^ "Prince Royce Chart History (Hot Latin Songs)". Billboard.
  106. ^ "Prince Royce Chart History (Tropical Airplay)". Billboard.
  107. ^ "Prince Royce Chart History (Latin Pop Songs)". Billboard.
  108. ^ "Prince Royce: Chart History – Heatseekers Songs". Billboard. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
  109. ^ "Hot Latin Songs – Year-End 2010". Billboard. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  110. ^ "Latin Pop Songs – Year-End 2010". Billboard. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  111. ^ "Late Single Spotlights". Billboard. Vol. 76, no. 10. March 7, 1964. p. 4. Retrieved May 11, 2017. The flip is a legit reading of the Ben E. King hit from a while back.
  112. ^ Stutz, Colin (June 4, 2016). "Muhammad Ali the Grammy-Nominated, Billboard-Charting Musician". Billboard. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
  113. ^ Gould, Jonathan (2017). "Security". Otis Redding: An Unfinished Life. Crown Publishing Group. pp. 248–249. ISBN 978-0-307-45395-2.
  114. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 50: 07 May 1964 – 13 May 1964". Official Charts. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  115. ^ "Deep Online April 2010". Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  116. ^ "RPM Top 100 Singles - February 18, 1967" (PDF).
  117. ^ Andrews, Deborah, ed. (1992). The Annual Obituary 1991. Detroit: St. James Press. p. 369. ISBN 978-1558621756.
  118. ^ "Spotlight Singles – Top 60 Pop Spotlight". Billboard. October 10, 1970. p. 88.
  119. ^ "The Hot 100: The Week of November 28, 1970". Billboard. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  120. ^ "The Hot 100: The Week of December 5, 1970". Billboard. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  121. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs: The Week of November 21, 1970". Billboard. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  122. ^ a b "Maurice White Chart History (Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs)". Billboard.
  123. ^ a b "Maurice White Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard.
  124. ^ a b "RPM Adult Contemporary". Vol. 43, no. 10. RPM. November 16, 1985.
  125. ^ "Maurice White: Stand By Me". RIANZ.
  126. ^ Bessman, Jim (August 24, 1985). "Home Video: Julian Lennon Long-Form: MCA to Release Stand by Me". Billboard. p. 26. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  127. ^ Greene, Andy (January 29, 2013). "Flashback: Bruce Springsteen Surprises U2 Fans in 1987". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  128. ^ "第十一屆 (1988)" [11th Annual (1988) RTHK Top Ten Gold Songs Awards]. RTHK (in Chinese). Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  129. ^ "1988年度十大勁歌金曲頒獎典禮 (十大勁歌金曲獎)" [1988 Jade Solid Gold Top Ten Songs Awards] (in Chinese). Archived from the original on June 3, 2013.
  130. ^ "乐坛百变天后梅艳芳逝世十年 圈中好友登台悼念" [Ten Years After Anita Mui's Death, Singers Gather at Tribute Concert for Mui]. Sohu. December 31, 2013.
  131. ^ Grant, John (1998). Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Animated Characters. Hyperion Books. p. 150. ISBN 978-0786863365.
  132. ^ Leane, Rob (April 28, 2017). "Disney's Timon & Pumbaa: 15 WTF Moments From Their Forgotten Spin-Off Movie". Screen Rant.
  133. ^ Hung, Steffen. "4 The Cause – Stand By Me". Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  134. ^ "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts". Archived from the original on March 29, 2018. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  135. ^ "Songs From Final Fantasy XV – Florence + the Machine | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic.
  136. ^ Bilstein, Jon (March 31, 2016). "Hear Florence and the Machine's Sweeping 'Stand By Me' Cover". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  137. ^ "Florence + The Machine Covers Classic "Stand By Me" for Final Fantasy XV" (Press release). Square Enix. March 30, 2016. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  138. ^ "Chart History: Florence + the Machine". Billboard. 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  139. ^ Biazzo, Jordan (February 3, 2017). "'Stand By Me' Sang by the Final Fantasy 15 Voice Actors During Twitch Live Stream". Gameranx. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  140. ^ Jackson, Gita (February 2, 2017). "Final Fantasy XV Voice Actors Playing Their Own Game Is Excellent". Kotaku. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  141. ^ Langone, Alix. "Budweiser Just Released Its 2018 Super Bowl Commercial and It Has Nothing to Do With Beer". Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  142. ^ Marzovilla, Julia. "Skylar Grey Helps Highlight 'A Good Cause on a Large Scale' With New Budweiser Super Bowl Commercial". Billboard. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  143. ^ "Gospel choir to perform 'Stand By Me' at royal wedding". Premier. Press Association. May 19, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  144. ^ a b "Hot Gospel Songs – The Week of June 2, 2018". Billboard. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  145. ^ Asker, Jim (September 6, 2018). "Tori Kelly's 'Never Alone' Debuts on Gospel & Christian Charts". Billboard. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  146. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100: 25 May 2018 – 31 May 2018". Official Charts. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  147. ^ Copsey, Rob (September 27, 2018). "The Royal Wedding gospel choir, The Kingdom Choir, announce UK tour and debut album tracklisting". Official Charts. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  148. ^ Martin, Michel (November 3, 2018). "After Royal Wedding Spotlight, The Kingdom Choir Releases Debut Album". NPR. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  149. ^ "Snoop Dogg Pays Tribute to Late Mother Beverly Tate at Boston Concert". WBZ-TV. October 25, 2021. Retrieved November 23, 2021.
  150. ^ Bowenbank, Starr (October 27, 2021). "Snoop Dogg Honors Late Mother Beverly Tate with 'Stand by Me' Sing-Along". Billboard. Retrieved November 23, 2021.
  151. ^ "Maurice White – Stand by Me". Top 40 Singles.
  152. ^ "Maurice White – Stand by Me" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  153. ^ "Maurice White Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
  154. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  155. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  156. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me" (in Dutch). Ultratip.
  157. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me" (in French). Ultratop 50.
  158. ^ "Top RPM Dance/Urban: Issue 7065." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
  159. ^ "Top National Sellers". Music & Media. Vol. 15, no. 34. August 22, 1998. p. 9.
  160. ^ "Eurochart Hot 100 Singles". Music & Media. Vol. 15, no. 26. June 27, 1998. p. 11.
  161. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me" (in French). Les classement single.
  162. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me" (in German). GfK Entertainment charts.
  163. ^ "Íslenski Listinn Topp 40 (8.10–15.10. 1998)". Dagblaðið Vísir (in Icelandic). October 9, 1998. p. 10. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
  164. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Stand by Me". Irish Singles Chart.
  165. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 37, 1998" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40.
  166. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  167. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me". Top 40 Singles.
  168. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
  169. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  170. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me". Singles Top 100.
  171. ^ "4 the Cause – Stand by Me". Swiss Singles Chart.
  172. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
  173. ^ "4 the Cause Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
  174. ^ "Jahreshitparade Singles 1998". Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  175. ^ "Rapports annuels 1998" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  176. ^ "Year in Focus: Eurochart Hot 100 Singles 1998". Music & Media. Vol. 15, no. 51. December 19, 1998. p. 8.
  177. ^ "Tops de L'année | Top Singles 1998" (in French). SNEP. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
  178. ^ "Top 100 Single–Jahrescharts 1998" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  179. ^ "Top 100-Jaaroverzicht van 1998" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  180. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1998". MegaCharts (in Dutch). Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  181. ^ "End of Year Charts 1998". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  182. ^ "Årslista Singlar, 1998" (in Swedish). Sverigetopplistan. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  183. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1998". (in German). Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  184. ^ "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – singles 1998". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  185. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (4 The Cause; 'Standy By Me')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  186. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 17, 2011. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  187. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (4 The Cause; 'Standy By Me')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  188. ^ "Florence %2B The Machine – Stand By Me" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  189. ^ "Florence %2B The Machine – Stand By Me" (in French). Ultratip. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  190. ^ "Belgium Digital Songs". Billboard. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  191. ^ "Florence %2B The Machine – Stand By Me" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  192. ^ "Florence + the Machine – Stand By Me Media Forest". Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  193. ^ "Florence + the Machine Chart History (Hot Rock & Alternative Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  194. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 2016". Ultratop. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  195. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.

External links[edit]