Stanley Rother

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Stanley Rother
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Orders
OrdinationMay 25, 1963
by Victor Reed
RankPriest
Personal details
Born
Stanley Francis Rother

(1935-03-27)March 27, 1935
DiedJuly 28, 1981(1981-07-28) (aged 46)
Santiago Atitlán, Sololá, Guatemala
BuriedBlessed Stanley Rother Shrine, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, U.S.
Heart preserved in Santiago Atitlán
NationalityAmerican
DenominationRoman Catholic
ParentsFranz and Gertrude Rother
Alma materMount Saint Mary's University
Sainthood
Feast dayJuly 28
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Title as SaintMartyr
BeatifiedSeptember 23, 2017
Cox Convention Center, Oklahoma City, United States
by Cardinal Angelo Amato, S.D.B.

Stanley Francis Rother (/ˈrθər/ ROH-thər; March 27, 1935 – July 28, 1981) was an American Roman Catholic priest from Oklahoma who was murdered in Guatemala in 1981. He had worked as a missionary priest there since 1968. He held several parish assignments as a priest of the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City from 1963 to 1968 before being assigned to Guatemala.

On December 1, 2016, Pope Francis confirmed that Rother had died a martyr, murdered for his faith, and Rother was beatified on September 23, 2017, in Oklahoma City. He is the first U.S.-born priest and martyr to be beatified by the Catholic Church, and the second person to be beatified on American soil after the New Jersey-born nun Miriam Teresa Demjanovich in 2014.[1]

Life[edit]

Education and priesthood[edit]

Memorial plaque to Rother in Santiago Atitlán. It quotes John 15:13: “Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.”

Stanley Francis Rother was born on March 27, 1935, in Okarche, one of four children of Franz Rother and Gertrude Smith, who farmed near that Oklahoma town. He was baptized on March 29, 1935, in Okarche's Holy Trinity Church by Father Zenon Steber. His sister Betty Mae adopted the religious name Sister Marita upon taking her vows, and they had two brothers, Tom and Jim.[2]

Rother was strong and adept at farm tasks. He decided to become a priest after completing high school at Holy Trinity School. He studied at Saint John Seminary and then Assumption Seminary in San Antonio, Texas.[3] He served as a sacristan, groundskeeper, bookbinder, plumber, and gardener. After almost six years, seminary staff advised him to withdraw.[2]

Following consultation with Bishop Victor Reed of Oklahoma City, Rother attended Mount Saint Mary's Seminary in Emmitsburg, Maryland, from which he graduated in 1963. Bishop Reed ordained him to the priesthood on May 25, 1963. Rother served as an associate parish priest in various parishes around Oklahoma: Saint William in Durant, Saint Francis Xavier and the Holy Family Cathedral in Tulsa, and Corpus Christi in Oklahoma City. In 1968, at his own request, Reed assigned him to the diocese's mission to the Tz'utujil people (also spelt “Tz'utuhil”) of Santiago Atitlán in the rural highlands of southwest Guatemala.

Guatemalan mission[edit]

To better connect with his congregation, he learned Spanish and the Tz’utujil language which was an unwritten indigenous language first recorded by the missionary Ramón Carlín. He served in Santiago Atitlán from 1968 until his death. He supported a radio station located on the mission property, which transmitted daily lessons in language and mathematics. In 1973 he noted in a letter: "I am now preaching in Tz'utuhil."[3] During that time, in addition to his pastoral duties, he translated the New Testament into Tz'utujil and began regular Masses in Tz'utujil. In the late 1960s, Rother founded in Panabaj a small hospital, dubbed the "Hospitalito"; Father Carlín was a collaborator in this project.[4]

By 1975, Rother had become the de facto leader of the Oklahoma-sponsored mission effort in Guatemala as other religious and lay supporters rotated out of the program.[5] He was a prominent figure in the community, owing to his light complexion as well as his habit of smoking tobacco in a pipe.[2][3] Since there was no Tz'utujil equivalent for "Stanley," the people of Rother's mission affectionately called him "Padre Apla's” ("Father Francis”), a nod to his other given name.[2]

Final months and murder[edit]

Within the last year of his life, Rother saw the radio station destroyed and its director murdered. Some of his catechists and parishioners would disappear and later be found dead, their corpses showing signs of beating and torture; Rother knew all this upon returning to Guatemala in May 1981. In December 1980, he had written a letter to the faithful in Oklahoma describing the violent situation: "This is one of the reasons I have for staying in the face of physical harm. The shepherd cannot run at the first sign of danger."[2]

In the beginning of 1981, Rother was warned that his name was eighth on a hit list of right-wing death squads, and that he should immediately leave Guatemala to stay alive.[6] Rother reluctantly returned to Oklahoma in January, and while home in Okarche, said Mass served by Daniel Henry Mueggenborg, a college student who became inspired by Rother to pursue the priesthood,[7] though he later asked the archbishop for permission to return. Another reason for returning was that he wanted to celebrate Easter with them.[2] Rother returned to Santiago Atitlán in April, aware that he was being watched.[3][6][dead link]

On the morning of July 28, 1981, just after midnight, gunmen broke into Rother's rectory. The assassins forced a teenager named Francisco Bocel (who was in the church) to show them Rother's bedroom. The men threatened to kill Bocel if he did not lead them to Rother, so he led them down a flight of stairs and knocked on a nearby door.[3] Rother opened the door, and a struggle ensued as Bocel fled; he was shot twice in the head.[3]

Rother was one of 10 priests murdered in Guatemala that year. His remains were flown back to Oklahoma and buried in Holy Trinity Cemetery in his hometown on August 3, 1981. At the request of his former Tz'utujil parishioners, his heart was removed and buried under the altar of the church in Santiago Atitlán.[3]

Three men were arrested on charges of murder within weeks of Rother's murder; another man and woman were also sought for questioning at that stage. The three men arrested admitted to having entered the church in a robbery attempt, and to having shot Rother dead when the priest tried stopping them.[8][9] Despite the confessions, many people familiar with the circumstances of the murder considered the three accused men innocent, and the prosecutions a cover-up of paramilitary involvement in the murder.[5] Convictions for all three men were later overturned by a Guatemalan appellate court, under pressure from U.S. authorities.[5] No other suspects have been prosecuted for Rother’s murder.

Beatification[edit]

First Class bone Relic of Blessed Stanley Rother

The beatification process was set to open in the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City, but the cause first had to be transferred there from Guatemala; a cause opens in the diocese where the individual died. The forum transfer was granted by the Diocese of Sololá-Chimaltenango to the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City on September 3, 2007. The diocesan investigation process opened on October 5, 2007, and closed on July 20, 2010.[10] The formal start of the cause was on November 25, 2009, when Rother was titled “Servant of God”. The diocesan process received validation from the Congregation for the Causes of Saints on March 16, 2012, and later received the Positio dossier from cause officials in 2014. Theologians unanimously approved Rother’s cause in a decision on June 23, 2015,[11] and by the cardinal and bishops of the CCS on October 18, 2016.

On December 1, 2016, his beatification received approval from Pope Francis who confirmed that Rother had been killed "in odium fidei" ("in hatred of the faith"). Rother was beatified on September 23, 2017, at the Cox Convention Center, with Cardinal Angelo Amato, prefect of the CCS, presiding on the pope's behalf. The beatification Mass was attended by 20,000 people.[12][13][1] Among the bishops who assisted Amato were the Paul S. Coakley, Archbishop of Oklahoma City, and Oklahoma City Archbishop Emeritus Eusebius J. Beltran, who initiated Rother's cause in 2007.[12]

The postulator for the cause was Dr. Andrea Ambrosi.

A mission church has since been named after him in Decatur, Arkansas, in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Little Rock; it is the first Catholic church in the world dedicated to him.[14]

Shrine[edit]

In 2019, the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City broke ground on the Blessed Stanley Rother Shrine, a new church and ministry complex located at I-35 and 89th Street in Southern Oklahoma City (the site of the former Brookside Golf Course). The shrine is the largest Catholic Church in the US state of Oklahoma.[15]

On February 17, 2023, a dedication Mass was held, marking the official opening of the Blessed Stanley Rother Shrine in Oklahoma City.[16] A chapel located inside the shrine is the final resting place for Rother, and the shrine also features a museum, sanctuary, gift shop, and visitor center.[17] Build in the Spanish Colonial style, the design mirrors the parish church where Rother served and was martyred in Guatemala.[18] The shrine is fully funded by Catholic donors and is debt-free.


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ross Jr., Bobby (September 23, 2017). "First beatification Mass for US-born priest and martyr draws thousands". Religion News Service. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Beecroft, Mason (December 16, 2014). "Making the Case for Martyrdom". This Land. This Land Press. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Jackson, Ron (April 11, 2010). "Slain Okarche priest left his heart in parish". The Oklahoman. Archived from the original on April 14, 2010. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
  4. ^ "Hospitalito Atitlan". VAOPS. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
  5. ^ a b c Rosengren, John (July 2006). "Father Stan Rother: American Martyr in Guatemala". St. Anthony Messenger. Franciscan Media. Archived from the original on September 6, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Guatemala: Requiem for a Missionary". Time. August 10, 1981. Archived from the original on October 15, 2010. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
  7. ^ Mueggenborg, Daniel. "Rev. Msgr. Daniel H. Mueggenborg: Brief Biographical Sketch" (PDF). Christ the King Catholic Church. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 20, 2021. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  8. ^ "Guatemala: Case Not Closed". Time. August 24, 1981. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
  9. ^ "Around the World; 3 Seized in Guatemala in Slaying of U.S. Priest". The New York Times. Associated Press. August 5, 1981. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
  10. ^ "Sainthood proposed for slain priest". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. September 28, 2007. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
  11. ^ Gallagher, Tom (July 13, 2015). "Vatican panel calls Fr. Stanley Rother a martyr". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  12. ^ a b Hinton, Carla (September 23, 2017). "Rother ceremony draws estimated crowd of 20,000 faithful". The Oklahoman. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  13. ^ "Faithful martyr and missionary Father Stanley Rother beatified in Oklahoma". Catholic News Agency. EWTN. September 23, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  14. ^ "Arkansas Catholic mission first in world to be named after Blessed Rother". Catholic News Service. September 29, 2017. Archived from the original on September 29, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  15. ^ "Construction on Blessed Stanley Rother Shrine begins in OKC". Catholic News Agency. Catholic News Agency. November 6, 2019. Retrieved July 13, 2023.
  16. ^ "Thousands of faithful witness historic dedication of the Bl. Stanley Rother Shrine". Archdiocese of Oklahoma City. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  17. ^ "$50M shrine to honor slain priest, first US Catholic martyr". AP NEWS. February 14, 2023. Retrieved February 20, 2023.
  18. ^ "About the Blessed Stanley Rother Shrine". Blessed Stanley Rother Shrine. December 8, 2023. Retrieved December 8, 2023.

External links[edit]