Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana
This article needs to be updated.March 2019)(
|Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana (DAY)|
|Owner||Ministry of Rural Development|
|Prime Minister(s)||Narendra Modi|
|Budget||₹500 crore (US$72 million)|
Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana or DAY is a Government of India scheme for the helping the poor by providing skill training. It replaces Aajeevika. The Government of India has provisioned ₹500 crore (US$72 million) for the scheme. The objective of the scheme is to train 0.5 million people in urban areas per annum from 2016. In rural areas the objective is to train 1 million people by 2017. Further, in urban areas, services like SHG promotion, training centres, vendors markets, and permanent shelters for homeless. The aim of the scheme is skill development of both rural and urban India as per requisite international standards.
The initial scheme Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) was launched in 1999. It was renamed as National Rural Livelihood Mission in 2011. Finally they were merged into DDU-AY.
The SGSY was somewhat intended to provide self-employment to millions of villagers. Poor families living below the poverty line were organised into Self-help groups (HG)s established with a mixture of government subsidy and credit from investment banks. The main aim of these SHGs was to bring these poor families above the poverty line and concentrate on income generation through combined effort. The Swarna Jayanti Swarozgar Yojna (SGSY) has been renamed as National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM). With this the scheme will be made universal, more focussed and time bound for poverty alleviation by 2014:
"Extended to all the 4,042 statutory cities and towns of the country, DAY-NULM aims at reducing urban poverty by improving livelihood opportunities through skill training and skill upgradation for self-employment, subsidised bank loans for setting up micro-enterprises, organising urban poor into self-help groups, among others."
A loan of ₹2 lakh (US$2,900) each will be provided to individuals and ₹10 lakh (US$14,000) each to groups for setting up micro-enterprises.
From 2014 to 2016, skills have been imparted to 4.54 lakh urban poor, giving employment to one lakh (22%) such people. An amount of ₹5.51 billion (US$80 million) was lent to 73,746 beneficiaries at an interest rate of 7% for setting up individual micro-enterprises. Further ₹0.54 billion (US$7.8 million) was disbursed for setting up 2,527 group enterprises. According to the press release by the government, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana aced the implementation of DAY-NULM for the period from 2014 to 2016.
- Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana launched
- Government announces ‘Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana’- DAY for uplift of urban, rural poor
- "Rural economy gets a boost as bank credit to SHGs increase in northern, eastern states", Hindustan Times, 19 November 2017
- Ministry of Rural Development, Pg 1
- Ministry of Rural Development, Pg 2
- Ministry of Rural Development, Pg 4
- "Meet to resolve bottlenecks in Antyodaya Yojana implementation", The Economic Times, 26 June 2016