Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
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|Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)|
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana marker in a village in Punjab
|Launched||25 December 2000|
The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) (IAST: Pradhān Mantrī Grām Saḍak Yōjanā) (Hindi: प्रधानमंत्री ग्राम सड़क योजना, English: Prime Minister's Rural Roads Scheme) is a nationwide plan in India to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages.
This Centrally Sponsored Scheme was introduced in 2000 by the then-prime minister of India Atal Behari Vajpayee. The Assam Tribune has reported that the scheme has started to change the lifestyle of many villagers as it has resulted in new roads and upgrade of certain inter-village routes in Manipur.
The PMGSY is under the authority of the Ministry of Rural Development and was begun on 25 December 2000. It is fully funded by the central government. During November 2015, following the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission, the Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, it was announced that the project will be funded by both the central government (60%) and states (40%).
From 2004 to 2014, the average speed of road construction under the PMGSY was 98.5 kilometers per day.
The aim was to provide roads to all villages
- with a population of 1000 persons and above by 2003
- with a population of 500 persons and above by 2007
- in hill states, tribal and desert area villages with a population of 500 persons and above by 2003
- in hill states, tribal and desert area villages with a population of 250 persons and above by 2007.
In order to implement this, an Online Management & Monitoring System or OMMS GIS system was developed to identify targets and monitor progress. It is developed by e-governance department of C-DAC pune and is one of the biggest databases in India. The system manages and monitors all the phases of road development right from its proposal mode to road completion. The OMMS also has separate module to track the expenses made on each road. Based on the data entered by state and district officers, OMMS generates detailed reports which are viewable in citizens section (omms.nic.in). OMMS incorporates advanced features like E-payment, Password protected PDF files, Interactive Reports etc.
The PMGSY is managed by the National Rural Roads Development Agency (NRRDA), headed by a Director-General. The following have been Directors-General of the NRRDA:
- DR J. Sridhar Sharma (2000-2002)
- Subrahmanyam Vijay Kumar (2002–05)
- J. K Mohapatra (2005–09)
- Dr P.K. Anand (2009–11)
- Mr. Adarsh chauhan(2011- )
- "PMGSY Scheme Operations Manual Chapter 1". Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India.
- "Report of the committee on restructuring of Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS)". Planning Commission, Government of India.
- Arvind Panagariya. "A leader of substance: Along with Narasimha Rao, Atal Bihari Vajpayee laid the foundation of new India". The Times of India, Dec 25, 2012, 12.00AM IST.
- "PMGSY roads changing lifestyle in Manipur". The Assam Tribune.
- "PMGSY Scheme and Guidelines: Introduction" Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, No. P-12025/8/2001-RC (Pt)
- "PMGSY Scheme and Guidelines: Programme Objectives". Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, No. P-12025/8/2001-RC.
- CRISP Group, National Informatics Centre (2004) "Rural Informatics in India – An Approach Paper" from Web Archives
- Maharashtra government plans launch of Mukhya Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, The Economic Times, 15 October 2015