Tanah Merah District

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Tanah Merah
District of Kelantan
Flag of Tanah Merah
Flag
Country  Malaysia
State  Kelantan
Area
 • Total 880 km2 (340 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 13,000
 • Density 15/km2 (38/sq mi)

Tanah Merah (meaning Red Land or Laterite, Chinese: 丹那美拉) is a territory (jajahan), a parliamentary constituency and a town in the state of Kelantan in northeast Malaysia. The urban area of Tanah Merah is situated along the Kelantan River. It is bordered by Pasir Mas in the north, Machang to the East, Kuala Krai to the South East, Jeli to the South West and Thailand in the West.

Historically it used to be a capital of a kingdom called Chi Tu. Chinese Sui Dynasty annals of the 7th century describe an advanced kingdom called Chi Tu ("Red Earth") in the area now called Kelantan. The ancient name for Kelantan was "Raktamrittika", meaning "Red Earth" — this was later changed to "Sri Wijaya Mala".[1]

Education[edit]

See Also: List of schools in Malaysia

Several types of school can be found in Tanah Merah.[2] Among the schools in Tanah Merah are

  • Maahad Ahmadi,Padang Siam, 17500 Tanah Merah (Sekolah agama yang perlukan bantuan)
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Alor Pasir, 17500 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Batu Gajah, 17510 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Belimbing, Jln. Tanah Merah-Pasir Mas, 17500 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Dato' Mahmud Paduka Raja (1), 17500 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Ipoh, 17500 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Kemahang, W/P Felda Kemahang, 17500 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Ladang Kerilla, Peti Surat 39, 17507 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tanah Merah (1), 17500 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tanah Merah (2)(SEMETAM2), 17500 Tanah Merah
  • Kolej Vokasional Tanah Merah, Km.3, Jln. Tanah Merah-Machang, 17500 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Bukit Bunga, 17500 Tanah Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Dato Mahmud Paduka Raja (2), 17500 Tanah Merah

Demographics[edit]

The total population in 2009 was about 130,000, the majority being Malays, with a small Chinese and Indian population. Immigrants, mostly from neighbouring Thailand, also make up a part of the population.

Most of the population be distributed among various villages (or "kampung" in Malay) and suburb areas, while only a small proportion is located in the town.

Tanah Merah used to be a small town, but has seen major changes in the last decade when the younger generation started to migrate to cities along the Malaysian west coast for jobs with higher pay. Money sent back to their families has catalysed the growth, expansion and development of the town.

Ranking Population Jajahan Tanah Merah.

Rank Daerah/Mukim Population 2000
1 Kusial 46,737
2 Jedok 27,474
3 Ulu Kusial 27,298

Geography[edit]

The landscape of Tanah Merah is greatly influenced by the Kelantan River (Malay: Sungai Kelantan) which supplies much needed water to its agricultural plantations. Mt. Kemahang (876 m or 2,874 ft) and Mt. Kusial (723 m or 2,372 ft) are both located in the western part of Tanah Merah.

Transportation[edit]

Highway 4 is the main highway serving the constituency. Highway 129 is a shortcut to Pasir Mas.

KTM Intercity has a station in Tanah Merah town.

Shopping[edit]

  • Aneka
  • Jaya Gading
  • Pantai Timor Shopping Centre
  • Salamku
  • Tesco (proposed)
  • Merah Mall (upcoming projects)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zulkifli B. Mohamad (2002). "Evanescent Kingdoms, Everlasting Spirit". MIS Center PSU Pattani. Archived from the original on August 10, 2004. Retrieved 2007-06-10. 
  2. ^ "Secondary Schools in Kelantan, Malaysia". 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 


Coordinates: 5°48′N 102°09′E / 5.800°N 102.150°E / 5.800; 102.150