Thai Airways Company

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Thai Airways
IATA ICAO Callsign
TH THA THAI AIR
FoundedNovember 1, 1951 (1951-11-01): merger of Siamese Airways and Pacific Overseas Airline
Ceased operationsApril 1, 1988 (1988-04-01) (merged into Thai Airways International)
HubsDon Mueang International Airport
Focus cities
Fleet size11
Destinations26
Parent companyThai Airways International
HeadquartersPom Prap Sattru Phai, Bangkok, Thailand
Key peopleN/W
Websitethaiairways.com

Thai Airways Company or Thai Airways (TAC; Thai: เดินอากาศไทย) was the domestic flag carrier of Thailand. Its main base was the domestic terminal at Don Mueang International Airport, then known as Bangkok International Airport. Its head office was located in Pom Prap Sattru Phai, Bangkok.[1] In 1988 Thai Airways merged to become Thai Airways International (Thai: การบินไทย).

History[edit]

Siamese Airways Company Limited was the domestic flag carrier of Thailand on March 1, 1947, according to a cabinet resolution. The first squadron had Douglas DC-3, Beechcraft C-45, L-5 Sentinel, Rearwin, Fairchild. The first flight was Bangkok-Phitsanulok-Lampang-Chiang Mai and began a Chiang Mai-Mae Sariang-Mae Hong Son two days later. The first international flight, a Bangkok-Songkhla-Penang service, was in December 1947.

The Government of Thailand issued a resolution on November 1, 1951, merging Siamese Airways with Pacific Overseas Airline (Siam) Limited (POAS), forming Thai Airways Company Limited (TAC) (Thai: บริษัท เดินอากาศไทย จำกัด (บดท)). It was also known as Thai Airways.

Thai Airways established the international flag carrier in 1960, Thai Airways International Company Limited (THAI; Thai: บริษัท การบินไทย จำกัด), as a joint venture between Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) with the Scandinavian carrier initially providing a 30% share capital of two million Baht.[2]

Hawker Siddeley 748 of Thai Airways at Bangkok Airport in 1974

Thai Airways bought the turboprop Avro 748 in 1963, the jet Boeing 737-200 in 1977, Short 330 in 1982, Short 360 and Airbus A310-200 in 1985.[3]

On April 1, 1988, Thai Airways Company Limited (TAC) merged with Thai Airways International, under the cabinet resolution, single national airline of the Kingdom of Thailand, as authorized by General Prem Tinsulanonda, Prime Minister at the time.[2]

Thai Airways's 11 aircraft, consisted of 3 Boeing 737-200, 4 Short 330, 2 Short 360 and 2 Airbus A310-200, combined fleet with Thai Airways International, total up 41 aircraft.[4] Airline codes changed to Thai Airways International's airline codes at the end of 1988.

Thai Airways International operates the Larn Luang Office, the former Thai Airways Company head office, in Pom Prap Sattru Phai.[5]

Destinations[edit]

Domestic Destinations of Thailand:

from/to Bangkok (Don Mueang International Airport)

from/to Chiang Mai (Chiang Mai International Airport)

from/to Hat Yai (Hat Yai International Airport)

International Destinations:

Fleet[edit]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

25 December 1967
Thai Airways Flight 002, a Douglas C-47A (HS-TDH), crashed at Chiang Mai International Airport due to pilot error, killing 4 out of 31 passengers and crew on board.[6]
21 January 1968
A Thai Airways Sud Caravelle IA (HS-TGL) collided with a Thai Defense Beechcraft Baron that was photographing the Caravelle in flight; the Baron lost control and crashed, killing all six on board, but the Caravelle landed safely at Bangkok.[7]
27 April 1980
Thai Airways Flight 231, a Hawker Siddeley HS 748 en route from Khon Kaen to Bangkok, lost altitude during a thunderstorm and crashed about 8 miles from Don Mueang International Airport. All four crew members and 40 of the 49 passengers were killed.
21 June 1980
A Thai Airways Hawker Siddeley HS 748 (HS-THG) overran the runway on takeoff at Chiang Rai Airport after failing to get airborne; all 21 on board survived, but the aircraft was written off.[8]
15 April 1985
A Thai Airways Boeing 737-200 (HS-TBB) hit high ground on Phuket and was destroyed by the impact and subsequent fire. All four passengers and seven crew members were killed. The accident occurred after a failure of both engines was reported.[9]
28 April 1987
A Thai Airways Hawker Siddeley HS 748 (HS-THI) made a wheels-up landing at Chiang Rai Airport after the co-pilot forgot to lower the landing gear; all 43 passengers and crew on board survived, but the aircraft was written off.[10]
31 August 1987
Thai Airways Flight 365, a Boeing 737-200 flying from Hat Yai to Phuket, crashed into the sea off Phuket. All nine crew members and 74 passengers were killed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 29 March 1986. 130.
  2. ^ a b "Thai Airways International - Company History". Archived from the original on 2010-06-26. Retrieved 2010-09-13.
  3. ^ "Thai Aviation History - Fleets of Defunct Thai Airlines" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Thai Airways International - Developments and Advancements of THAI AD. 1979–1988". Archived from the original on 2009-05-29. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
  5. ^ "THAI Shop Contact Us Archived 2009-10-05 at the Wayback Machine." Thai Airways International. Retrieved on 4 March 2010.
  6. ^ Accident description for HS-TDH at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2015-08-09.
  7. ^ Accident description for HS-TGL at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2017-11-3.
  8. ^ Accident description for HS-THG at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 20 February 2014.
  9. ^ Accident description for HS-TBB at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2017-11-03.
  10. ^ Accident description for HS-THI at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 4 February 2014.

External links[edit]